System Structure of the BTS3900A

The BTS3900A consists of the following modules: *The BBU3900 is used for baseband processing and enables interaction between the BTS and the BSC. *The DRFU, the double-transceiver filter unit, performs modulation and demodulation between baseband signals and RF signals, processes data, and combines and divides signals. *The power distribution box and RF cabinet provides space for BBU3900 and DRFU and the functions of power distribution, heat dissipation, and surge protection.

Structure of the BTS3900A Cabinet
The BTS3900A cabinet consists of the RF cabinet and the APM30 power cabinet. The RF cabinet is categorized into two types: 3RFU cabinet and 6RFU cabinet. For the BTS3900A, the APM30 battery cabinet and APM30 transmission cabinet are optional. The battery cabinet provides longtime backup power, and the transmission cabinet can accommodate the transmission equipment of the user. The components of the BTS3900A include the DRFU, BBU, DCDU-02, FMUA, FAN unit, and GATM, among which the GATM is optional. Figure 2-1 shows the typical configuration of a BTS3900A cabinet that consists of a 6RFU cabinet and an APM30 power cabinet.

.

.

The logical structure of the BTS3900A consists of the RF subsystem. Figure 2-5 shows the logical structure of the BTS3900A. power subsystem. and antenna subsystem. It mainly consists of the BBU and DRFUs. The logical subsystems of the BTS3900A are as follows: *RF subsystem whose functions are implemented by the DRFU *Control subsystem whose functions are implemented by the BBU *Power subsystem whose functions are implemented by the following modules: – PDU – Power Subrack (AC/DC) – DCDU-02 – DCDU-03A – Battery *Antenna subsystem whose functions are implemented by the following modules: – GATM – TMA – Antennas . control subsystem.Logical Structure of the BTS3900A Logical Structure of the BTS3900A This describes the logical structure of the BTS3900A.

signaling protocol software. and the platform software provides support for the application software. and data center. OM software. ALCAP processing. and SAAL processing . OM software. and data center. which performs transport data configuration. Platform Software The platform software provides support for the signaling protocol software. The latter three are application software. Figure 2-6 shows the software structure of the BTS.Software Structure of the BTS The BTS software consists of the platform software. The functions of the platform software are as follows: *Timing management *Task management *Memory management *Module management *Managing the loading and running of the application software *Providing the message forwarding mechanism between modules *Tracing massages between modules to facilitate troubleshooting Signaling Protocol Software The functions of the signaling protocol software are as follows: *Processing the radio network layer protocol *Processing the transport network layer protocol.

The functions of the OM software are as follows: *Equipment management *Data configuration *Performance management *Commissioning management *Alarm management *Software management *Tracing management *Security management *Backup management *Log management Data Center The data center stores the configuration data of all the modules. .*Managing the internal logical resources (such as cells and channels) of the BTS and the mapping between physical resources and logical resources OM Software The OM software works together with the maintenance terminals such as the LMT to maintain the BTS.

The description of the power distribution is as follows: *When the external 220 V AC is used.Power Distribution Modes of the BTS3900A The BTS3900A allows the 220 V AC input. Part of the -48 V DC is distributed to the DCDU-02. . The DCDU-02 then distributes the -48 V DC to certain modules. the PDU leads the 220 V AC into the PSU (AC/DC) in the power subrack (AC/DC). and then transmits the converted DC back to the PDU. *When the APM30 transmission cabinet is configured. *The power subrack (AC/DC) performs the charging and discharging of the batteries. *The PDU distributes the -48 V DC. Part of the -48 V DC is directly distributed to certain modules. The PSU converts the 220 V AC to -48 V DC. The DCDU03A then distributes the -48 V DC to certain modules. the PDU leads the -48 V DC to the DCDU-03A in the transmission cabinet.

*The BBU can provides up to two RS485 bus ports and 16 Boolean inputs. The monitoring system monitors the power. *The modules on the RS485 bus 0 cannot substitute those on the RS485 bus 1.This describes the monitoring system of the BTS3900A. . *If two MPUs with the same DIP switch setting are configured. fans. they cannot be installed on the same bus. and environment.

Components of the Monitoring System Table 4-1 Monitoring signals of the BTS3900A Unit Address FMUA (mandatory) bus0 GATM2 (optional) bus0 PMU (mandatory) bus1 AFMU (mandatory) bus1 GATM1 (optional) bus1 FMUA (optional) bus1 .

*Collects surge protection alarm information of the DC power distribution unit. *Provides Boolean input signal monitoring ports. *Stops the rotation of the fans when the ambient temperature is low. *Power distribution monitoring and alarm Reporting Provides the monitoring of surge protection failure *Collecting environment alarm information in the cabinet.Functions of the Monitoring System Table 4-2 Functions of the Monitoring System Unit FAN Control *Fan failure monitoring *Adjust the fan speed *Temperature and fan speed monitoring Reports the RET control alarm signals. smoke alarm. standby Boolean alarms. door control alarms. and connects to the Boolean monitoring signals in dry contact mode or OC mode. The fan speed can be adjusted based on the temperature or adjusted by the central processing unit. humidity alarm. and door status alarm. The environment alarm is classified into temperature alarm. and standby analog values. *Manages the power system and charging and discharging of batteries. *Communicates with the central processing unit through the RS232/RS422 serial port. *It reports water alarms. battery temperature. *Communicates with the central processing unit through the two RS485 ports *Input voltage monitoring *Provides independent 12 V DC/24 V DC temperature and humidity sensor ports. water immersion alarm. ambient humidity and temperature. *Monitors the operating status of fans. GATM EMUA PMU DCDU-02 FMUA . smokes alarms. *Provides six external Boolean output control ports in relay node mode. *Temperature monitoring and reporting *RS485 port cascading and extension *The FMUAs can be cascaded.

Then. BITS Clock The BBU3900 supports the BITS clock mode by providing a port for the 2. the oven controlled crystal oscillator (OCXO) on the GTMU of the BBU3900 provides the 13 MHz clock to ensure the normal operation of the BTS. phase locking. Line Clock The BBU3900 directly extracts clock signals from the E1/T1 interface.048 MHz BITS clock. BITS clock. Free-Run Clock When the external reference clocks are unavailable. and phase adjusting.Reference Clocks of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The BTS3900/BTS3900A supports three types of reference clocks: line clock. the BBU exports the precise 2 MHz and 8 kHz clocks after frequency dividing. and free-run clock. . The 2 MHz and 8 kHz clocks are used for frame synchronization and bit synchronization in the BTS3900/BTS3900A.

Signal Flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The signal flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A consists of the traffic signal flow and the signaling flow of the BTS. Figure 6-1 shows the DL traffic signal flow of the BTS3900/BTS3900A. and then transmits the data to the DRFU through the CPRI signal cable 3. the BBU and DRFUs work together to process the DL traffic signals. 2. UL traffic signal flow. DL Traffic Signal Flow The DL traffic signal flow is transmitted from the BSC to the MS through the BTS3900/ BTS3900A. and signaling flow. The BTS3900/BTS3900A signal flow is classified into the DL traffic signal flow. The DL traffic signal flow is as follows: 1. the BBU processes the E1 signals as follows: (1) Extracts clock signals from the E1 signals (2) Configures the BTS system based on the data configuration on the OML (3) Encapsulates the E1 data in the format of the CPRI frame. In the BTS3900/BTS3900A. After receiving the signals. the DRFU processes the signals as follows: (1) Decapsulates the high-speed CPRI frames to obtain the baseband signals (2) Transmits the baseband signals to the relevant operation units for encapsulation and interleaving (3) Converts the digital signals into the analog signals and modulates the analog signals into RF signals (4) Combines or divides the RF signals based on its own configuration (5) Transmits the combined or divided signals to the antenna subsystem . The BSC sends E1 signals to the BBU through E1 or optical cables. After receiving the E1 signals.

If the TMA is configured. the BBU processes the signals as follows: (1) Decapsulates the high-speed CPRI frames to obtain the baseband signals (2) Encapsulates the baseband signals in the format of the E1 frame. The antenna receives the signals sent from the MS. The UL traffic signal flow is as follows: 1. 2. or Rx2 in (2) Converts the divided analog signals into the digital signals to obtain the baseband signals (3) Transmits the baseband signals to the relevant operation units for decryption and de-interleaving (4) Encapsulates the processed data in the format of the CPRI frame. the UL traffic signal flow is transmitted from the MS to the BSC through the BTS3900/BTS3900A. Figure 6-2 shows the UL traffic signal flow.UL Traffic Signal Flow Opposite to the DL traffic signal flow. After receiving the signals. the DRFU processes the signals as follows: (1) Divides the UL signals received from the antenna. After receiving the UL signals. the received signals are amplified by the TMA and then transmitted to the DRFU through the feeder. and then transmits the data to the BBU through the CPRI signal cable 3. Rx1 in. the BBU and DRFUs work together to process the UL traffic signals. and then transmits the signals to the BSC through the E1 cable or the optical cable . In the BTS3900/BTS3900A.

The signaling data received from the BSC is transmitted to the BBU through the Abis interface. 4. The BBU decapsulates the received CPRI signals to obtain the baseband signals. and then transmits the data to the DRFU through the CPRI signal cable.Signaling Flow This describes the BTS3900/BTS3900A signaling flow on the Abis interface. The BBU serves as the control unit and works with DRFU to process the signaling. the BBU transmits the information on the BTS status to the BSC through the Abis interface. and then transmits the signaling data to the DRFU through the CPRI signal cable. 3. transmits the baseband signals to the relevant operation units for processing. Then. . 6. 5. The DRFU decapsulates the CPRI signals into the baseband signals. Figure 6-3 shows the signaling flow The signaling flow is as follows: 1. 2. The BBU encapsulates the signaling data in the format of the CPRI frame. The BBU encapsulates the data of its own status in the format of the CPRI frame. The BBU obtains the status of the BTS by analyzing the baseband signals.

or 4-way receive diversity mode in configurations lower than S2. the BTS3900/BTS3900A solution can be applied in S8/8/8 and S4/4/4+S4/4/4 dualband cell configurations. each sector has four antenna channels. DRFUs. The BTS3900/BTS3900A solution is recommended in S4/4/4 cell configuration or lower configurations. and the configurations of S8 to S12 use a triple antenna. each sector has two antenna channels. transmit diversity. • • • • • • • Antenna Configuration Principles One antenna can serve up to two DRFUs to support the S4/4/4 configuration. the configuration mode that implements the smooth upgrade is preferred. A single cabinet provides up to 12 TRXs with the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4 and supports the dual-band application. the receive diversity is adopted in the GSM. In the BTS3900/BTS3900A. That is. The DRFU can work in PBT.Configuration Principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A The BTS3900/BTS3900A uses DRFU transceiver module and DRFU built-in duplexer. two feeder (two single antennas or one dual-polarized antenna) must be configured in a cell. When one internal combination is allowed. Wide coverage. • . By default. the cell configuration of S4 and lower configurations use a single antenna. and BBU need to be configured. the antenna subsystem. When multiple antennas are permitted. for the 4-antenna receive diversity. the configurations of S5 to S8 use a double antenna. Each sector of the BTS must be configured with the minimum number of antennas. The DRFU supports wide coverage. If multiple types of hardware configurations meet the requirements for configuring the parameters in network planning. Basic Configuration Principles Smooth upgrade of configuration. For the 2-antenna receive diversity.

RF Configuration Principles Table 8-1 RF configuration principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A .

both Rx1 in and Rx2 in can be the input ports for receive diversity of the two TRXs. The TRXs provided by the middle DRFU belong to different cells. Table 8-1 RF configuration principles of the BTS3900/BTS3900A Configuration principles of a single cabinet   Star topology is adopted between the BBU None and DRFUs. Rx2 in is the input port for receive diversity of TRX 2. Rx1 in is the input port for RX diversity of TRX 1. When the two TRXs provided by the DRFU belong to different cells. which belongs to the second cell. and Rx2 out are used for the interconnection between the DRFU modules. Rx1 out. . When the two TRXs provided by the DRFU belong to the same cell. They are connected to jumpers.  Rx1 in. if DRFU slot 1 is idle. Then. The input port for RX main diversity of TRX 2 is ANT2. which belongs to the first cell. A single cabinet supports the maximum cell configuration of S4/4/4. The Rx2 in port is the input port. Rx2 in. the Rx1 in port on the middle DRFU is the input port. for receive diversity of TRX 2. for receive diversity of TRX 1. They are connected to CPRI ports on the BBU. Example In the S3/3 configuration.RF Configuration Principles Principle Configuration principles of the DRFU ports Description  ANT1 and ANT2 are the TX ports of the duplexer. The DRFUs and the high-speed interfaces on the BBU have a one-to-one mapping relationship. That is. CPRI port 1 on the BBU is also idle.  CPRI_0 and CPRI_1 are= the ports for high speed signal cables. three DRFUs need to be configured. The input port for RX main diversity of TRX 2 is ANT1.

Therefore. the actual configuration does not involve the mode of configuring two TRXs in one sector. one BBU supports 6 x 3 = 18 DRFUs. None Configuring two TRXs in one sector A single DRFU does not support the S1/1 application. *If combination is required. transmit diversity. That is. for a site in S5/4/7 cell configuration. *When star and chain topologies are adopted between the BBU and DRFUs. or 4-way receive diversity mode. the cavity combiner must be configured outside the DRFU and one combination is recommended. *When the DRFU works in transmit PBT. nine DRFUs are installed meeting the requirements of S6/4/8 cell configuration but data is still configured in S5/4/7 cell configuration. . however. That is. three levels of DRFUs on a chain can be connected to one BBU.Principle Configuration principles of multiple cabinets Description *When star and ring topologies are adopted between the BBU and DRFUs. three levels of DRFUs in a ring can be connected to one BBU. three DRFUs support the S3/3 application. Example None Non-combination in the transmit channel *The non-combination configuration is recommended for the DRFU to avoid the power loss in combination and to reduce the power consumption of the BTS. a DRFU provides only one TRX. one BBU supports 3 x 3 = 9 DRFUs. For example.

Number of DRFUs = round up (Number of TRXs after two TRXs are configured in one sector ÷ 2) l S3/3/3: Number of DRFUs = round up (9 ÷ 2) = 5. Number of DRFUs = (6 + 6 + 6) ÷ 2 = 9. the cell configuration is S2/(2/3)/ (3/2). the S5/5/5 configuration is S6/6/6. the second S5 is divided into S3 + S2. TRX allocation in double antenna mode After TRX allocation. S1/2/3: Number of DRFUs = round up [(6 + 1) ÷ 2] = 4. Then. an odd number of TRXs can be configured for a cell. the cell configuration is S3/(3/2)/ 4. Then. S5 can be divided into S3 + S2. . l After two TRXs are configured in one sector. *In S2/5/5. Number of DRFUs = round up [(Number of TRXs + Number of S1 cells) ÷ 2] *When the number of TRXs of the site is greater than 12. the first S5 is divided into S2 + S3. two TRXs should be configured for a cell.Principle Description Example Number of DRFUs *When the number of TRXs of the site is less than 12. the cells with the odd number of TRXs are adjacent cells. *S5 = S3 + S2 or S5 = S2 + S3 *S6 = S4 + S2 or S6 = S3 + S3 *S7 = S4 + S3 or S7 = S3 + S4 *S8 = S4 + S4 *In S3/5/4.

*When two RF cabinets are configured and the number of DRFUs of each band is less than 6. The DRFUs are installed in the slots according to the typical S4/4/4 configuration. If the number of DRFUs of the two bands is less than 3. the band with fewer DRFUs shares the cabinet with the other band. the 900 MHz DRFUs are installed in the first cabinet and the 1800 MHz DRFUs are installed in the second cabinet.Principle Configuring double TRXs in a site Description *If the number of DRFUs is less than or equal to 6 in a double-TRX site. When two RF cabinets are configured and the number of DRFUs of one band is greater than 6. Mixed configuration of DRFUs are not allowed. the two TRXs are configured in the same cabinet. and the 1800 MHz DRFUs are installed in the 3 slots on the right. Example None . the 900 MHz DRFUs are installed in the 3 slots on the left.

Figure 8-1 shows the BBU slots. The UPEU. cannot be configured with the UEIU at the same time. however. *1 pcs can be configured when the backup power is required. *Not required in the BTS3900 *1 pcs must be configured in the BTS3900A. *In the outdoor application. 1 pcs must be configured when two or more than two APM30 power cabinets are configured. a single BBU can support up to 36 TRXs. The UELP occupies slot 0. UBFA UPEU 1 pcs must be configured.Configuration Principles of the BBU One BBU provides six CPRI ports. *The GTMU occupies slot 5 and slot 6. *1 pcs must be configured. In the chain topology. *1 pcs must be configured when three or more than three BTS3900 cabinets are configured. UEIU GTMU UELP . Board or Module BSBC Description 1 pcs must be configured. *1 pcs must be configured.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful