A PRESENTATION ON VOIP

BY: ANUP KAWTIA 0501206124 COMP SC. & ENGG.
10 September 2008 A PRESENTATION ON VOIP 1

CONTENTS
• • • • • • • • • • •
10 September 2008

Introduction How it works? Types Clients Protocols VOIP Service- Features VOIP vs. PSTN Advantages Disadvantages VoIP Subscribers worldwide VOIP Service- Providers
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Introduction
What is Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) ?
• The ability to make phone calls over IP-based data network. • The method of digitizing voice, encapsulating the digitized voice into packets and transmitting those packets over a packet switched IP network. • The multi-billion revenue opportunity for the 21st century.

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How VOIP works?
• Conversion of the analog voice signal to digital format • Compress signal Internet protocol (IP) packets for transmission over the internet • Transmit • Conversion of the digital signal back to analog

IP Network

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VOIP Types
• PC- to- PC VOIP • PC- to- Phone VOIP • Phone- to- Phone VOIP

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PC- to- PC VOIP
• Voice Communication between PCs connected to the Internet. • Needs PC users online simultaneously. • Needs a PC with sound card, microphone and same software such as MS NetMeeting at both ends. • Only costs of Internet access is involved. • No need of Gateway on either side.

Internet Modem Central Office Central Office Modem

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PC- to- Phone VOIP
• Voice communication from PC on one end to phone on PSTN via gateway on the other. • Needs gateway on the phone side to convert IP packets back to telephone signals. • Gateway located as near to the callee to minimize the price for the gateway-to-callee connection. • The cost to caller is charged by gateway operator and is determined by the call placed from the gateway to the callee.
Gatekeeper

Internet

Modem

Central Office

VoIP Gateway

Centra l Office
7

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A PRESENTATION ON VOIP

Phone- to- Phone VOIP
• Needs two gateways, one to convert circuit switched signals to packet switched signals and the other to perform reverse action. • Allows consumers to place phone calls using just their ordinary home phones; No additional hardware, software, or Internet connectivity required. • Cost Involved • Local Call cost • Cost Charged by Gateway Operators
Gatekeeper

VoIP Central Gateway Office

IP

VoIP Service Provider
A PRESENTATION ON VOIP

VoIP Gateway Central Office

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VOIP Clients
• Analog Telephone Adaptor

• VOIP Phones

• Wireless VOIP Phones

• VOIP Soft Phones

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VOIP Protocols
• H.32 3 • Handles voice, video, and data conferencing • Most VoIP traffic utilises this today • Se ssion Ini tiati on P ro tocol (SI P) • Signaling protocol • Currently most favoured protocol for new systems • Rea ltime T ra nsp or t Pr oto co l (RT P) • Transport protocol • Fast, scaleable and efficient • Me dia G atewa y Co ntr ol Pr ot oco l (MG CP) • Signaling and control protocol • Reduces traffic between gateways
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VOIP Service- Features
• • • • • • • • • • Call forwarding Call hold Call waiting Calling Line Identification (CLIP) . Directories—missed, placed, received calls list Message waiting indication Hands-free, full-duplex speakerphone Speed dial—multiple speed dials per phone Station volume controls (audio, ringer) Recent dial list—calls to phone, calls from phone, auto-dial, and edit dial • Multi-party conferencing

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VOIP vs. PSTN
Network Features Switch Connection Bit Rate Info resending Delay PSTN Circuit Switched Connection Oriented Fixed and low <=64kb/s Cannot Must be low and stable VOIP Packet Switched Connectionless Wide variation to Gb/s Can be done very fast Can be high and varying

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Advantages of VOIP
• • • • • Cost Reduction More Bandwidth Integration of Voice and Data network Network Efficiency Easily Portable

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Disadvantages of VOIP
• The Quality of Service: • Delays • Jitter • Packet Loss • High Speed Internet • Power Outage • 911 Services • Directory Assistance

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VoIP Subscribers worldwide

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VOIP Service- Providers
• iBase • Teleglobe • Vonage • Skype • Lingo • EarthLink • Pulver • Google
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Conclusion
• Must be clear that VoIP is indeed cost-effective. • Protect its investment in circuit switched telecom operations since VoIP would be complementary to its existing technology • There must be significantly lower total cost of operation compared to today’s PSTN • Technology is not fully developed to the point where it can replace the services and quality provided by PSTN • Service Providers are awaiting the development of the remaining pieces of technology that will ensue quality transport in the last mile

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References
• www.google.co.in • www.wikipedia.org

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Thanks for your kind attention!
Thank you

Questions are welcome!

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