SURVEY OF TOXIC SUBSTANCES

Gopirajan J. Rasamy MS0911031471

smokestacks. Acute: Slight headache. welding and tobacco smoke. most ingredients from Automobile exhaust. fever. 2. chest pain and pneumonia 4. poorly ventilated charcoal. Sulfur Dioxide and Sulfur Trioxide Automobile exhaust. paper manufacturing and chemical industries. foundries. Outdoor Air Pollutants 1. fluid build-up in the lung. major air pollutant Interaction between organic in heavily industrialized areas compounds. Affects eyes and the skin. lung irritation. Five forms are found in nature Burning of fuels in furnaces and internal combustion engines. penetrate lungs. Particulates Size important in determining Automobile emissions. shortness of breath Chronic: Headache. smoking tobacco products. in presence of sunlight. coughing and breathing problems. copper smelting. chest pain. Carbon Monoxide Characteristics Common Source Of Exposure Symptoms of Exposure Colorless. difficulty in breathing. effect and the composition blowing dust . power plants. refineries. 3. irritability. kerosene or gas stoves. Nitrogen Oxides Coughing. chest pain. increased respiration. Ozone Colorless. Odorless. Tasteless Automobile exhaust. eye irritation. chills. coke ovens. nose. impaired judgment and fainting. pneumoconiosis and cancer 5. fluid in the lungs Silicosis. Eyes. detonation of explosives. upper respiratory system.NAME A. petroleum refineries. irregular heartbeat. Sulfur Oxides 2 types. nausea.

dizziness. cancer. abdominal pain. kidneys. toxicity to fetus in mothers exposed. Acute: Nausea. dermatitis. abdominal cramps. fluid in the lungs. loss of appetite. Arsenic Characteristics Common Source Of Exposure Potable pot. wine and seafood. peripheral vascular disease. cardiovascular system and skeleton In children: Encephalopathy resulting in lethargy. in fertilizers 3. permanent CNS damage. bloody diarrhea.NAME A. Rx through Chelation therapy. breast milk. Lead Most widespread toxic metal on earth. liver damage. Exist in number of forms. Mercury Third most toxic substance in the world. vomiting. Neurotoxic effects in adults. Shellfish. Cadmium Gather and concentrate in plants. Rx through Chelation therapy. fluorescent tubes. china. tremor and personality disturbances. Through ingestion and inhalation Symptoms of Exposure Fever. . . Chronic: COPD. emphysema. Trivalent or pentavalent form 2. electrical products. anorexia. liver enlargement. dizziness. poisoning of the nervous system. pneumonia. Batteries. vomiting. keratosis and death. irritation of nose and throat. 4. ceramic glass. leukemia. In adults: High BP. plastic. Used to produce vapor lamps. paint products. Heavy Metals 1. Primary route is ingestion. tobacco. coughing. contaminated irrigations and found Contaminated beverages or food. irritability. thermometers. adverse reproductive effects. kidney disease.

anxiety. nerve damages. liver dysfunction Organophosphates Carbamates 2. Fungicides 4. dementia 3. Fumigants 5. ingestion Peripheral nervous system. lethargy. dizziness. decrease antibody production. vomiting. Headache. Pulmonary irritation. Herbicides Chronic and dermal Liver problems. Dermatitis. Dermal absorption. Pesticides 1. chest tightness. headache. nausea. inhalation. vomiting. arrhythmia. Rodenticides . loss of consciousness.NAME A. nausea. seizures. headache. Skin irritation. chloracne. Insecticides Characteristics Common Source Of Exposure Symptoms of Exposure Organochlorides. dermatitis.

fish from contaminated water. capacitors. by product of gasoline. fatigue. Chloracne. .NAME Characteristics Common Source Of Exposure Symptoms of Exposure 1. 2. accumulate in fat tissue and milk. Polychlorinated Biphenyls Plasticizers. anorexia. Inhalation CNS effect. developmental and fetotoxic effects. Benzenes Most prevalent solvent. adhesives. bone marrow damage. death. unconsciousness.

Reference: Agency for Toxic Substances & Disease Registry Module Four – Lecture Notes .