Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is the feeding of an infant or young child with breast milk directly from female human breasts rather than from a baby bottle or other container. Babies have a sucking reflex that enables them to suck and swallow milk.

Exclusive breastfeeding
Exclusive breastfeeding is recommended up to 6 months of age, with continued breastfeeding along with appropriate complementary foods up to two years of age or beyond.  Breastfeeding has many psychological benefits for children and mother as well as economic benefits for families and societies.

the choice of the best alternative – expressed breast milk from an infant’s own mother.” .World Health Organization Recommendation “The vast majority of mothers can and should breastfeed. breast milk from a healthy wet-nurse or a human-milk bank. For those few health situations where infants cannot. or a breast-milk substitute fed with a cup. or should not. which is a safer method than a feeding bottle and teat – depends on individual circumstances. be breastfed. just as the vast majority of infants can and should be breastfed. Only under exceptional circumstances can a mother’s milk be considered unsuitable for her infant.

after which "infants should receive nutritionally adequate and safe complementary foods while breastfeeding continues for up to two years of age or beyond. The WHO recommends exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life." .

especially to those suffering from diarrheal diseases  Reduces the infant’s exposure to infection  Increase IQ points  .Benefits for the infant Provides a nutritional complete food for the young infant  Strengthens the infants immune system. preventing many infections  Safely rehydrates and provides essential nutrients to a sick child.

Benefits for Mothers  Reduces woman’s risk of excessive blood loss after birth  Provides natural methods of delaying pregnancies (Lactational amenorrhea)  Reduces the risk of ovarian and breast cancers and osteoporosis .

Benefits to Household and Community  Conserve funds that otherwise would be spent on breast milk substitute. supplies and fuel to prepare them  Saves medical cost to families and government by preventing illnesses and by providing immediate postpartum and contraception .

 When the baby cries the mother needs to breastfeed immediately even in public places.  Everything that the mother takes in or everything that she eats is passed to the baby through breastfeeding. the mother will feel pain in her breast especially when the baby’s teeth starts to grow.DISADVANTAGES During breastfeeding.  .

DISADVANTAGES Specialized maternal clothing and bras are expensive  Physical change in breast will occur but not in all women  The father will not be given an opportunity to have a bonding with the baby especially in feeding the baby  .

DISADVANTAGES .

This long gap should not happen more than once each night for each baby. They should act content after every feeding.  You may have a longer gap of 4 to 5 hours when breastfeeding at night. Breastfed babies usually want to feed every 2 to 4 hours.  .  Each baby will usually breastfeed between 8 and 12 times each day.Things to Remember: Breastfeed your babies whenever they shows signs that they want to be fed.

express or pump on a regular schedule. your babies will learn how to breastfeed faster. Get enough rest and sleep when you are breastfeeding. If separated from your babies. If separated from your babies. Over time.Things to Remember:      It may take a baby 10 to 15 minutes to finish breastfeeding on one breast. . Empty both breasts at each feeding session. express or pump on a regular schedule.

Positions for Breastfeeding .

The Cradle Hold .

particularly when they are newborns and not quite able to hold themselves up in any way.  A nursing pillow can be used to help support the baby and mom's arms. It is great because it allows mom to hold the baby closely and support their little bodies.  .The Cradle Hold The cradle hold is one of the most frequently seen breastfeeding positions for babies.

The Cross Cradle Hold .

If you're feeding from the right breast. The forearm is used to support the baby's body. .The Cross Cradle Hold   The baby is in the same position as the cradle hold. while the other hand maneuvers the breast. but here you can use your hands more effectively to help steer the baby's head. your right hand manages the breast while the left hand hold the back of the baby's head and the left arm supports the baby.

The Football Hold .

so that their bottom is against the back of the chair or bed. bend the legs upward. such as after a cesarean section. . If the baby is longer than the space you have between you and where you are sitting.The Football Hold  The football hold is a great position if you really need to see the breast. It works well for large breasted mothers as well as mothers who need to avoid the baby being on their abdomen.  Be sure to use pillows with this position so that you can be sure that the baby is well supported. This prevents you from leaning out.

It gives you a great look at the breast while nursing. .The Football Hold  With this position you can also use the other hand to help better position the baby's mouth or your breast. so works well if you're having latch issues.

Side Lying Position  The side lying position is great for sleeping or resting with baby or after a cesarean section .

.Saddle Hold  The Saddle Hold is a fun way to easily nurse babies who are sitting up. It also works well if your baby has a runny nose or a sore ear.

Twin Cradle Hold  Nursing twins can be done. . this position was one of my favorite positions early on because of the ease of watching them both nurse.

Twin Football Hold  This works well for tiny twins. or if you're recovering from abdominal surgery. .

or however you feel the most comfortable.Twin Saddle Hold  This is great for bigger twins who are sitting up. . Also feel free to do one in football hold and one in the cradle.

Proper Attachment of the Baby .

. When your baby is well latched-on during breastfeeding. To latch-on means that your baby has taken all of your nipple and part of your areola (dark circle around your nipple) far into his mouth. Correct latchon is important for your baby to get enough breast milk. you should have little or no discomfort in your nipple or breast.

. Your baby should be able to suckle milk right away after he latches-on. Suckling should change from quick short sucks to slow deep sucks. You should be able to hear him swallowing and see his jaw move downward with each suck. He should look relaxed until he finishes.

How to Burp a Baby Burping a baby can reduce spitting up and relieve bloating caused by swallowed air.  .  Before you begin. be sure to use a cloth to protect your clothing where your baby's face will be resting. to avoid any obvious messes.

cloth diaper or receiving blanket over your shoulder or wherever your baby's head will rest.Shoulder Position  Put a clean towel. .  Position the baby over one shoulder with his stomach against your chest and with his head resting on your shoulder.  Gently pat your baby on the back and rub it in a circular motion until he burps.

Bulldoggy Burp  Place one hand across the baby's chest. . Lean your baby across that support hand and gently pat or rub his back with your free hand. supporting his chin with your thumb and index finger.

Using an upward and circular motion. gently pat the baby's back until he burps.Lap Burp  Position yourself so that you can comfortably place the baby's head on one thigh and his stomach on the other. .

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