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# AS1684

Understanding

Residential Timber Framed Construction

Tie Down Example
• • • • • Wind classification - N2 Sheet roof Single storey „L‟- shaped Gable & hip roofs

Tie - Down Design Process (Clause 9.3)
1. Determine if specific tie-down required 2. Determine the wind uplift load width 3. Determine the uplift pressure 4. Calculate the wind uplift force 5. Determine the Joint Group 6. Enter the appropriate design strength & select a suitable tie-down connection 7. Determine shear force 8. Enter the appropriate design strength & select a suitable shear connection Table 9.2 Clause 9.6.2 and Fig 9.5 Table 9.5 Clause 9.6.4 Table 9.15, Fig 9.6 Tables 9.16 to 9.25

Clauses 9.7.5 & 9.7.6 Tables 9.27 to 9.30

1. Determine if specific tie-down required

a) Use Tables 9.2 (uplift) and 9.3(shear) to determine if Nominal and additional Specific fixings are required. Specific connections required

AS1684.2 p166

1. Determine if specific tie-down required Cont.

No specific connections required

AS1684.2 p165

2 p167/168 . b) Determine Nominal Fixing requirements. (Clause 9. Determine if specific tie-down required Cont.4) AS1684.5 & Table 9.1.

1. (Roof battens to rafters/trusses) c) Determine Specific Tie-Down Requirements The area to be held down via roof battens is calculated by multiplying the: Batten Spacing x Tie . . Determine if specific tie-down required Cont.Down Spacing resulting in the area of roof acting on the Tie Down connection at that point.

Determine the wind uplift load width/area (Roof battens to rafters/trusses) Wind uplift area = Batten Spacing x Tie-Down Spacing Wind uplift area of roof acting on batten tie-down connection: = 0.9m = 0. manufacturers specifications for the sheet roofing may require closer batten spacing to ensure satisfactory performance of the sheeting.9m x 0.2. Check manufacturers requirements .81m2 NOTE: Whilst in this example the roof batten spacing has nominally been specified as 900mm. in high wind areas.

3.5 [pg 170] .Table 9. General area A different Net Uplift Pressure is applied to each category . Determine the uplift pressure (Roof battens to rafters/trusses) Roof battens fall into 2 categories 1. Within 1200 mm of edges 2.

Determine the uplift pressure (Roof battens – General areas and Edge areas) .3.

3. Determine the uplift pressure (Roof battens to rafters/trusses) .

84 kPa (kN/m2) = 1. Calculate the wind uplift force (Roof battens to rafters/trusses) Roof battens to rafters/trusses Within 1200 mm of edges. Net Uplift Force = Wind Uplift Area of roof x Net Uplift Pressure 0.81m2 x 1.49 kN .4.

81m2 x 0. Net Uplift Force = Wind Uplift Area of roof x Net Uplift Pressure 0. Calculate the wind uplift force (Roof battens to rafters/trusses) Roof battens to rafters/trusses General Area.98 kPa (kN/m2) = 0.4.79 kN .

Joint Group = JD4 (truss specification) AS1684.5.2 p180/181 . Determine the joint group (Roof battens to rafters/trusses) Select the appropriate Joint Group 38 x 75 unseasoned batten to seasoned pine truss.

0 12 JD5 3.6 4.7 7.[Table 9.25] Batten to truss (within 1200mm of edges) Uplift Capacity = 1.5 8.14 Type 17 screw Diagram (d) 38 x 75 or 38  50 mm batten No14 Type17 screws as per table Two screws shall be used only with 75 mm wide batten Screws (length) 1/75 mm long 1/90 mm long 2/75 mm long 2/90 mm long J2 5.0 9.6 5.2 9.4 JD6 2.2 p207 .2 4.2 5.4 11 15 J3 4.5 6.1/75mm long.8 6. No.4 JD4 4.6.4 7.2 AS1684.49 kN Adopt .4 11 J4 2.7 7. Select a suitable tie-down connection (Roof battens to rafters/trusses) Select a Tie-down connection .4 3.7 3.

7 JD5 0.2 2/75  3.0 2.60 0.30 0.6.25] Batten to truss (General Area) Uplift Capacity = 0.0 JD6 0.79 kN Adopt .75 Two nails shall be used only with 75 mm wide batten 2. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.1 2. (Roof battens to rafters/trusses) Select a Tie-down connection .05 deformed shank nails Diagram (b) 38 x 75 or 38 x 50 mm batten Deformed shank J2 1/75  3.2 JD4 0.8 2.8 J3 1.43 0.90 1.5 2.2 p207 .[Table 9.2/75 x 3.65 1.05 2/75  3.86 1.05 1.3 1.5 J4 0.72 Nailed as per table Connection can be used throughout the roof area AS1684.

For all other connections (truss to wall frame. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont. d) Determine specific tie-down requirements where appropriate. i) Uplift Load Width ii) Uplift Area iii) Wind Uplift Force iv) Joint Group .. wall frame to floor).6. the following inputs are required..

(Clause 9.2 p 168/169 .2 and Figure 9. excluding roof battens.6.6. This is used to determine the tie-down requirements for each structural joint. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.5) AS1684. i) Uplift Load Width.

Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.6.2 p169 . ULW for roof and wall frames ULW ULW ULW Indicates Tie-down connection locations ULW ULW ULW ULW for floor frames (c) Roof truss construction FIGURE 9.5 ROOF UPLIFT LOAD WIDTH ULW AS1684.

.3m. (Roof trusses to wall frame) The Uplift Load Width (ULW) will be taken across the lounge/dining area.6.6m (including overhangs) and therefore the truss ULW is 4. This is the “worst case” and will be applied throughout the structure for convenience. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont. The width is 8.

Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.6. (Roof trusses to wall frame) ii) Uplift Load Area. This is calculated by multiplying ULW x Tie .Down Spacing = ULA .

6. (Roof trusses to wall frame) ULA = 4.3m x 0. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.87 m2 .9m = 3.

6.6.5) for the joint in question. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont. (Clause 9. We now require a pressure to use in designing the connection.4 and Figure 9. (Roof trusses to wall frame) iii) Wind Uplift Force.5) AS1684.2 p 170 . This can be determined by multiplying the - Uplift Load Area x Net Uplift Pressure (Table 9.

6. (Roof trusses to wall frame) . Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.

87 m2x 0. (Roof trusses to wall frame) Wind Uplift Force: = Uplift Load Area x Net Uplift Pressure Rafters/Trusses to wall frames . Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.6. Wind Uplift Force = 3.74kN/m2 (kPa) = 2.86 kN AS1684.2 p 170 .Top and bottom plates to studs.

5 & Table 9.6.6. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont. iv) Joint Group.15) AS1684.2 p 180 . (Clause 9. This is the rating assigned to a piece or parcel of timber to indicate the design capacity appropriate to that timber for a range of connectors.

.

Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont. Where a timber joint is comprised of two or more different species. in general.6.5) AS1684.6. the joint group allocated to that joint shall.2 p 180 . be that appropriate to the weakest material in that joint (Clause 9.

Joint group (J. JD rating) shall be based on this member as design strength is controlled by the shank of the nail or screw in withdrawal (c) Joint type 3 AS1684.2 p 181 . JD rating) shall be based on the weakest of either member as design strength is controlled by shear or bearing of the bolt in both members (b) Joint type 2 Joint group (J. JD rating) shall be based on this member as design strength is controlled by the nails working in shear (a) Joint type 1 Joint group (J.

Joint group (J. AS1684. JD rating) shall be based on the weakest of either member as the design strength is controlled by the nails working in shear in both members (e) Joint type 2 Large arrows indicate direction of load.2 p 181 . JD rating) shall be based on the weakest of either member as the design strength is controlled by the nails or screws in shear in both members (d) Joint type 4 Joint group (J.

Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.6. d) Select tie-down connections. .

9 4.21) Required uplift capacity = 2.5 2.6.5 JD4 JD5 JD6 3.9 3.1 Framing Anchor with 4/2. 4/2.8 mm nails to each end No .86 kN Joint Group = JD4 (softwood) Adopt .5 kN) (b) Framing anchor as per table.9 2.2 p 198 .7 AS1684. (3.2 p 195 2 8.2 AS1684.5 2.2 5.9 J3 J4 3.3 5.9 4. of anchors J2 1 4. (Roof trusses to wall frame) (see Table 9. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.8 ø nails to each end.

7 5.9 3.9 8.5 4.2 p 190 .I.86 kN Joint Group = JD4 (softwood) Adopt .5 8.8 G.4 JD5 JD6 2.5 J3 3.19) Required uplift capacity = 2.8 4.5 4.8 G.3 8.9 2.8  nails each end as noted No.9 6.7 5. (3.6.7 5.30 x 0.9 JD4 3. (Wall studs to top and bottom plates) (see Table 9.2 2.2 a AS1684.9 6. strap 2.2 5.8 ø nails at each end. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.5 3.9 8.I strap with 2/2. of nailsJ2 2 3 4 6 a NOTE: a = 100 mm or longer to prevent splitting for number of nails used. 4.3 4.9 3.4 J4 2.5 kN) (d) 30  0.

Strap with 2 / 2. (Wall studs to top and bottom plates) Note: A Strap connection could be used to eliminate the need for a framing anchor by being nailed to one side of the stud. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.6.8 ø nails at each end. . looped over the truss and finally nailed to the other side of the stud.

Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont. (Bottom Plates to Floor Frame or Slab) .6.

45 m x 0. = ULW x tie-down spacing (joist spacing) x Net Uplift Pressure 4.81 kN .42 kN/m2 (kPa) = 0. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.6. (Bottom Plates to Floor Frame or Slab) Wind Uplift Force: = Uplift Load Area x Net Uplift Pressure Single or upper storey bottom plates to floor frame or slab.3 m x 0.

2 p 188 .6. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.3/90 x 3. 40 mm Penetration) AS1684. (Bottom Plates to Floor Frame or Slab) Required uplift capacity = 0.81 kN Joint Group = JD4 (softwood bottom plates) Adopt .05 ø Nails (Min.

Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont. Equivalent capacity 2 nails each end of strap 4 nails each end of strap .6. (Bottom Plates to Floor Frame or Slab) NOTE: Similar connection details can also be “manipulated” to provide additional connections that can be used to achieve the required tie-down.

(Bottom Plates to Floor Frame or Slab) .6. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont.

1. the maximum tie-down spacing can also be determined as follows: Wind Uplift Force = ULW x tie-down spacing x Net Uplift Pressure Therefore.3 x 0.0 kN (masonry anchor capacity to resist force) = 4.42 kN/m2 Tie-down spacing = 1.3 m x tie-down spacing m x 0.42) x 1000 = 550mm .0 / (4. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont. (Bottom Plates to Floor Frame or Slab) For this connection.6.

2 provides numerous connection details that can be used to achieve the required tie-down.6.18 (e) AS1684. Select a suitable tie-down connection Cont. (Bottom Plates to Floor Frame or Slab) NOTE: AS1684. There are also new connectors available and manufacturers should be approached to provide the relevant connector capacities – refer Table 9.2 p 189 .

7.213) Based on examination of Table 9. pg.7. Determine shear force Determine specific shear force fixing requirements.3.1 .7. where appropriate. Refer to clauses 9.9.6 (pages 209 .166 No specific connections required .

8. Select shear connection No specific shear connections required for this example. .

Acknowledgement Prepared and reviewed by:  TPC Solutions Pty Ltd (Vic)  Timber Queensland  Place Designs (Qld) This educational resource has been prepared as part of the Forest & Wood Products Australia Technical Resources Program – Supporting Timber Education & Training .