Concept of God

:
As Per Quran
A Presentation for a gathering during
Ramadan

Importance of This Topic

The Language “Barrier”

Presentation Highlight
Part-1 Names of God (Proper names and
attributive names)
Part-2 Attributes of God
Part-3 Commands and Prohibitions
Part-4 Conclusion

Part-1 : What is His Name-?
What is a name?
- Identification Tag?
- To distinguish one from another of similar
kind?
Why do we need name for someone which is
absolutely unique?
Names are needed from human perspective,
so as to interact with Supreme Force of
Universe. It is for our help that God has given
His names to us.

What is His Name ? (Contd.)
(Contd
Names of God could be divided into two
categories:

Proper Names
Attributive Names

Proper Names of God
Allah: This is most common name

َّ‫ال‬

used in Quran and repeated some 3000
times.
It is derived Al + Ilah; Al means “The” and
“Ilah” could be god, so Allah means “The god”
or God
َّ‫ُقلْ ا ْدعُوا ال‬
RAHMAN : “Call him by Allah or
َ‫َأوْ ادْعُوا الرّحْمَن‬
call him by RAHMAN” (17:110)
Other Names : “And to God belongs
most beautiful names” (7:180)

‫وَلِّ الَسْمَا ُء‬
ُ‫سنَى فَادْعُوه‬
ْ ُ‫الْح‬
‫ِبهَا‬

Attributive names of God-1
Most names mentioned in Quran are of this
category.
If some attributes look common with
humans, then it is only for our understanding

Caution: God is not like any thing in this
Universe
There is nothing like him (42:11)
Say He is Allah the one and
only, the Eternal, the Absolute,
He begets not, nor is he
begotten and there is none like
him (112:1-4)
No sleep or slumber overtakes
Him (2: 255)
He feeds every one but needs
no feeding (6:14)
God is free from all needs (35:15)

ٌ‫لَيْسَ كَمِثْ ِلهِ شَيْء‬
ُّ‫ُقلْ ُهوَ الُّ أَحَدٌ ال‬
ْ‫صمَدُ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَم‬
ّ ‫ال‬
ً‫يُولَدْ وَلَمْ يَ ُكنْ َلهُ كُفُوا‬
ٌ‫أَحَد‬
ٌ‫ل تَأْخُذُهُ سِ َنةٌ وَل نَوْم‬
ُ‫َوهُوَ يُطْعِمُ وَل يُطْعَم‬
ُ‫وَالُّ ُهوَ الْغَنِيّ الْحَمِيد‬

Attributive Names of Allah
Quran mentions more than 99 names of
God, which are distributed thru out
verses of Quran
Due to shortage of time, we would
discuss only few of them.

Names relating to Personality
AL HAIY : The Living (4 Times)
AL QUDDOUS: The All Holy (2 Times)
AL MALIK: The King ( 16 Times)

ّ‫الْحَي‬
ُ‫الْقُدّوس‬
ُ‫الْمَلِك‬

AL QAYYOUM: Self Subsiding (2 Times)

ُ‫الْقَيّوم‬

AL HAKEEM: The Wise (95 Times)

ُِ‫حكِيم‬
َ ْ‫ال‬

AL SALAAM: Source of Peace (1 Times)

ُ‫السّلم‬

Relating to Power
AL AZIZ: Exalted in Might (130 Times)

ُ‫الْعَزِيز‬

AL JABBAR: The Compeller (1 Times)

ُ‫الْجَبّار‬

AL QAHHAR: The Irresistible (6 Times)

ُ‫الْ َقهّار‬

AL ALIE: Most High ( 6 Times)

ّ‫ا ْلعَلِي‬

AL AZEEEM: The Supreme (10 Times)

ُ‫ا ْلعَظِيم‬

AL QAWI: The Almighty (8 Times)

ّ‫الْ َقوِي‬

Relating to Creativity
RABB: Lord or Cherisher (128 Times)
AL KHALIQ: The Creator (5 Times)
AL BARI: The Evolver (1 Times)
AL MUSAWWIR: The Bestower of
Forms (1 Times)

ّ‫َرب‬
ُ‫الْخَالِق‬
ُ‫ا ْلبَا ِرئ‬
ُ‫صوّر‬
َ ُ‫ا ْلم‬

Relating to Interaction with Creations
AL SAMEE’: The Listener (94 Times)

ُ ُ‫سمِيع‬
ّ ‫ال‬

AL BASEER: The All Seer (43 Times)

ٌ‫بَصِير‬

AL KHABEER: The All

ٌ‫خبِير‬
َ

Knowledgeable (37 Times)

AL ALEEM: The Omniscient

‫ا ْل َعلِيم‬

(134 Times)

AL MUJEEB: The Responsive (1 Times) ٌ‫مُجِيب‬
AL RAQEEB: The Watcher (4 Times)

ٌ‫رَقِيب‬

Relating to Mercy
AL RAHEEM: The Most Merciful

ُ‫الرّحِيم‬

(229 Times)

AL GAFFAR: The Forgiver (83 Times)
AL WAHHAB: Granter of Bounties

‫غَفّار‬
ُ‫ا ْلوَهّاب‬

(3 Times)

AL TAWWAB: Oft Forgiving (12 Times)

ُ‫ال ّتوّاب‬

AL KAREEM: The Generous (3 Times)

ٌ‫كَرِيم‬

AL HALEEM: The forbearing (13 Times)

ٌ‫حلِيم‬
َ

l “Pairing of Attributes”

Examples: AZIZ (MIGHT), IT IS PAIRED
WITH
HAKEEM : 46 times
(Mighty but Wise)

ُ‫حكِيم‬
َ ْ‫ا ْلعَزِي ُز ال‬

RAHEEM: 12 Times
(Mighty but Merciful)

ُ‫ا ْلعَزِي ُز الرّحِيم‬

ALEEM : 05 Times
(Mighty but Knowing)

ِ‫الْعَزِيزِ ا ْلعَلِيم‬

INTIQAM: 02 TIMES
(Mighty and capable of taking
revenge)

ٍ‫عَزِيزٌ ذُو انتِقَام‬

Example: RAHEEM (Merciful is paired
with)
RAHMAN (116 Times)
Merciful and Gracious

‫الرحمن الرحيم‬

TAWWAB (10 Times)
Merciful and Oft Forgiving)

ُ‫ال ّتوّابُ الرّحِيم‬

GHAFOOR (65 Times)
Merciful and Forgiver of Sin

ٌ‫غَفُورٌ رَحِيم‬

RAOOF (04 Times)
Merciful and kind

ٌ‫رَءُوفٌ رَحِيم‬

Caution: Names which should not be
used for God
Shun such men who profane
َ‫وَذَرُوا اّلذِينَ ُيلْحِدُون‬
names of God (7:180)
ِ‫فِي أَسْمَائِه‬
We should avoid profaning God’s name or
attributes that are not fit for His Majesty:
Names which are for any of His creations, like
sun, moon, star, fire, water, air etc.
Names which are emotions, like Love, Mercy ,
Knowledge, Life etc.
Names which denote bad things, like creator of
lie, disease, Oppression etc

Part-2 Attributes of God: Perfect
Knowledge
From God nothing is hidden
on Earth or in heavens (3:5)

‫ع َليْهِ شَيْ ٌء‬
َ ‫إِنّ الَّ ل يَخْفَى‬
ِ‫فِي الَرْضِ وَل فِي السّمَاء‬

..Not a leaf falls but with His
knowledge… (6:59)

ّ‫وَمَا تَسْقُطُ مِنْ وَرَقَةٍ إِل‬
‫يَ ْعلَ ُمهَا‬

ِ‫ظلُمَاتِ الَرْض‬
ُ ‫حبّةٍ فِي‬
َ ‫وَل‬
There is not a grain in the
‫وَل رَطْبٍ وَل يَابِسٍ إِلّ فِي‬
darkness of earth…except in
ٍ‫ِكتَابٍ ُمبِين‬
a record clear (6:59)
ِ ‫أَنّ الَّ َيعْ َلمُ مَا فِي السّ َموَا‬
God has knowledge of what is ‫ت‬
in the heavens and on earth… ّ‫وَمَا فِي الَرْضِ وَأَنّ الَّ ِب ُكل‬
ٌ‫علِيم‬
َ ٍ‫شَيْء‬
(5:100)

Attributes of God: Sole Creator
It is He who has created for you
every thing on this earth (2:29)
God is Creator of every thing (39:62)

It is God who begins (the process
of) creation then repeats it (30:11)

ْ‫خلَقَ َلكُم‬
َ ‫ُهوَ اّلذِي‬
ِ‫مَا فِي الَرْض‬
ً‫جَمِيعا‬
ّ‫الُّ خَالِقُ ُكل‬
ٍ‫شَيْء‬

ّ‫الُّ َيبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُم‬
ُ‫ُيعِيدُه‬

Attributes of God: Cherisher / Sustainer
There is no moving creature on
earth but is sustenance
depends on God (11:6)

‫وَمَا ِمنْ دَا ّبةٍ فِي‬
ِّ‫الَرْضِ إِلّ عَلَى ال‬
‫رِ ْز ُقهَا‬

For God is one who gives (all)
‫ِإنّ الَّ ُهوَ الرّزّاقُ ذُو‬
sustenance:- Lord of Power
ُ‫الْ ُقوّةِ ا ْلمَتِين‬
Steadfast (forever) (41:58)
And there is not a thing but (its
‫يءٍ إِ ّل‬
ْ َ‫وَِإنْ ِمنْ ش‬
sources) and treasures are with
‫عِنْدَنَا خَزَائِنُهُ َومَا‬
God (15:21)
ٍ‫نُنَزُّلهُ إِلّ بِقَدَرٍ مَعْلُوم‬

Cherisher : Every Thing Serving Man
And He has subjected to
you, as from him, all that is
in heavens and on earth

ِ ‫س َموَا‬
‫ت‬
ّ ‫وَسَخّرَ لَكُمْ مَا فِي ال‬
ُ‫جمِيعاً مِ ْنه‬
َ ِ‫وَمَا فِي الَرْض‬

(45: 14)

It is He who has made the
ships subject to you and
the sea, and subjected sun
and Moon, pursuing their
course and subjected to
you day and night (14:32, 33)

َ ‫َوسَخّرَ لَكُمْ الْفُلْكَ لِتَجْ ِر‬
‫ي‬
ْ‫فِي الْبَحْرِ بِأَمْرِهِ وَسَخّرَ لَكُم‬
َ‫الَنهَارَ َوسَخّرَ لَكُمْ الشّمْس‬
ْ‫وَالْقَمَرَ دَائِبَ ْينِ وَسَخّرَ لَكُم‬
َ‫اللّ ْيلَ وَال ّنهَار‬

Attributes of God: Mercy
And my Mercy Exceeds to
all things (7:136)

ٍ‫يء‬
ْ َ‫حمَتِي وَسِعَتْ ُكلّ ش‬
ْ َ‫وَر‬

And He is oft forgiving full
of loving kindness (85:14)

ُ‫َو ُهوَ الْغَفُورُ ا ْلوَدُود‬

Attributes of God: Nearness
And We are nearer to him than
(his) jugular vein (50:16)

ْ‫حنُ َأقْرَبُ إِلَ ْيهِ مِن‬
ْ َ‫وَن‬
ِ‫حَ ْبلِ ا ْلوَرِيد‬

And when my servants ask you
concerning Me, I am indeed
close to them: I listen to the
prayer of every supplicant when
he calls me (2: 186)
And your Lord says “Call on
me: I will answer your prayers”

‫ك عِبَادِي‬
َ ‫وَإِذَا سَأَ َل‬
ٌ‫عَنّي فَإِنّي قَرِيب‬
‫عوَةَ الدّاعِي‬
ْ ‫أُجِيبُ َد‬
‫إِذَا َدعَانِي‬
‫َوقَالَ رَبّكُمْ ا ْدعُونِي‬
ْ‫أَسْتَجِبْ لَكُم‬

Attributes of God: Justice
God is never injustice in the
least, if there is any good
(done) He doubles it (4:40)

َ‫ِإنّ الَّ ل يَظْلِمُ مِثْقَال‬
ٍ‫ذَرّة‬

And I am not to do injustice to
my servants (50: 29)

ِ‫ظلّمٍ لِلْعَبِيد‬
َ ِ‫َومَا أَنَا ب‬

Attributes of God: Extra Reward for good
deeds
He who does good shall have ten
times to his credit, he who does evil
shall only be recompensed according
to his evil, and he will not be
wronged (6:160)
And God gives multifold increase to
who He pleases (2: 261)
And God rewards to whom he
desires without measure (24:38)

‫حسَ َنةِ فَلَ ُه‬
َ ْ‫َمنْ جَاءَ بِال‬
َ‫عَشْرُ َأمْثَا ِلهَا َو َمنْ جَاء‬
ّ‫بِالسّيّ َئةِ فَل يُجْزَى ِإل‬
َ‫مِثْ َلهَا َوهُمْ ل يُظْلَمُون‬
ْ ‫وَالُّ يُضَاعِفُ لِ َم‬
‫ن‬
ٌ‫س ٌع عَلِيم‬
ِ ‫َيشَاءُ وَالُّ وَا‬
ُ‫وَالُّ يَرْ ُزقُ َمنْ يَشَاء‬
ٍ‫حسَاب‬
ِ ِ‫بِغَيْر‬

God: Powerful and Irresistible
If God touches you with
affliction, none can remove it
but He; if He touches you with
happiness, He has power over
all things (6:17)

ُ ‫سسْكَ ا‬
ّ‫ل‬
َ ْ‫وَإِنْ َيم‬
ُ‫بِضُرّ فَل كَاشِفَ َله‬
َ‫سك‬
ْ ‫س‬
َ ْ‫إِلّ ُهوَ وَِإنْ َيم‬
ّ‫بِخَيْرٍ َف ُه َو عَلَى ُكل‬
ٌ‫يءٍ قَدِير‬
ْ َ‫ش‬

If God touches you with hurt,
ُّ‫سسْكَ ال‬
َ ْ‫وَإِنْ َيم‬
none can remove it but He; but if ُ‫بِضُرّ فَل كَاشِفَ َله‬
He desires some benefit for you,
َ‫إِلّ ُهوَ وَِإنْ يُرِ ْدك‬
there is none who can keep
ِ‫بِخَيْرٍ فَل رَادّ لِفَضْ ِله‬
back His favors (10:108)

Powerful : No one can intercede without
His permission
Who is there who can
intercede in His presence
except as He permits (2 :255)

ُ‫َمنْ ذَا الّذِي َيشْ َفع‬
ِ‫عِنْدَهُ ِإلّ بِإِذْ ِنه‬

On that day no intercession
‫ع ُة‬
َ ‫َيوْمَئِذٍ ل تَن َفعُ الشّفَا‬
shall avail, except for those for ُ‫ح َمن‬
ْ ّ‫ِإلّ َمنْ أَذِنَ َلهُ الر‬
whom permission is granted
ً‫وَرَضِيَ لَهُ َقوْل‬
by (God) Most Gracious and
whose word is acceptable to
him (20 :109)

Merciful God: No one should despair of
His Mercy
O my servants who have
transgressed against their souls,
despair not of mercy of God, for
God forgives all sins; for He is
oft forgiving Most Merciful (39:53)

And who despairs of the mercy
of his Lord, except such as go
astray (15:56)

َ‫ُقلْ يَا عِبَادِي الّذِين‬
‫أَسْ َرفُوا عَلَى‬
‫سهِمْ ل تَقْنَطُوا‬
ِ ‫أَنْ ُف‬
ّ‫ِمنْ رَحْ َمةِ الِّ ِإن‬
َ‫الَّ يَغْفِرُ الذّنُوب‬
َ‫جَمِيعاً إِنّهُ ُهو‬
ُ‫الْغَفُورُ الرّحِيم‬
ْ‫قَالَ وَ َمنْ يَقْنَطُ ِمن‬
ّ‫ح َمةِ رَ ّبهِ إِل‬
ْ َ‫ر‬
‫الضّالّون‬

Part-3 : God Commands all Good thing
God commands Justice, Doing of
Good, and liberality to kith and kin
(16:90)

God commands you to render back
your trusts to those to whom they are
due (4:58)
And when you judge between man
and man judge with justice (4:58)
And when you judge between them
judge with equity for God loves those
who are equitable (5:42)

ِ ْ‫إِنّ الَّ يَأْمُرُ بِالْعَد‬
‫ل‬
‫حسَانِ وَإِيتَاءِ ذِي‬
ْ ِ‫وَال‬
‫الْقُرْبَى‬
ْ َ‫إِنّ الَّ يَأْمُرُكُمْ أ‬
‫ن‬
‫تُؤَدّوا الَمَانَاتِ إِلَى‬
‫أَهْلِهَا‬
َ ْ‫وَإِذَا حَكَمْتُمْ بَي‬
‫ن‬
‫النّاسِ أَنْ تَحْكُمُوا‬
ِ‫بِالْعَدْل‬
ْ‫وَإِنْ حَكَمْتَ فَاحْكُم‬
َّ‫بَيْنَهُمْ بِالْ ِقسْطِ إِنّ ال‬
َ‫حبّ الْمُ ْقسِطِين‬
ِ ُ‫ي‬

God Prohibits all bad and shameful deeds
And (God) prohibits, all shameful
deeds, and injustice and rebellion
(14:90)
And do not come near to shameful
deeds, open or secret, and do not
take life, which God has made
sacred except by way of justice and
law (6:151)
Give measure and weight with
Justice…When you speak, speak
justly, even if a near relative is
concerned and fulfill the trusts of
God (6:152)

‫َويَ ْنهَى عَنْ الْفَحْشَا ِء‬
ْ‫ظكُمْ لَ َعلّ ُكم‬
ُ ِ‫وَالْمُنكَرِ وَا ْلبَغْيِ يَع‬
َ‫تَذَكّرُون‬
‫وَل تَقْ َربُوا الْ َفوَاحِشَ مَا‬
‫ظهَرَ ِم ْنهَا وَمَا بَطَنَ وَل‬
َ
ُّ ‫تَ ْق ُتلُوا النّفْسَ اّلتِي حَ ّرمَ ا‬
‫ل‬
ّ‫إِلّ بِالْحَق‬
َ ‫وََأوْفُوا الْ َك ْيلَ وَالْمِيزَا‬
‫ن‬
ّ‫بِالْقِسْطِ ل ُن َكلّفُ نَفْساً إِل‬
‫وُسْ َعهَا وَإِذَا ُق ْل ُتمْ فَاعْ ِدلُوا‬
ِّ‫وَ َلوْ كَانَ ذَا قُرْبَى َو ِب َعهْدِ ال‬
‫َأوْفُو‬

Conclusion: God as per Quran is therefore
Unique: He is absolutely Unique and is not comparable to any
thing in this universe.
Living: He is a living and Powerful God, He hears sees and
knows everything in this Universe.
Creator: He is the sole Creator, Cherisher and sustainer of this
Universe.
Merciful: He is Most Merciful and Most Kind of any thing we
can imagine. His Mercy exceeds His Justice
Beautiful names: He has most beautiful names, but we should
avoid names which are not suitable for His Grace
Commands and Prohibitions: God commands every good thing
in this universe and prohibits every thing which is bad for
physical or moral life of humans.

Thank you

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