INDUSTRIAL COMPRESSOR BASIS

01/04/2009

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Índice

Index
1. Introduction 2. Compressor types used in processing plants 3. Methods of capacity control for the Principal types of Compressors

4. Flow capacities and discharge pressures for different compressor types
5. Speed and flow capacity ranges of standard compressor drives 6. Centrifugal compressors

Presentación Corporativa CTN. © CNT interested If you are 2009

about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.com pág. 2

© CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail. Introduction Presentación Corporativa CTN.Índice 1. 3 .com pág.

Índice 1. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail. as well as the set of required pressure in different equipment and lines (reactors.The transportation of vapors and gases.Compressors are gas transportation machines that perform the function of increasing the gas pressure by confinement or by kinetic energy conversion Presentación Corporativa CTN.etc) is an important portion of the total operating cost of processing plants . 4 . instrument air lines . Introduction ..The optimization of this unit operation can substantially lower the total operating cost of the plant .com pág.

© CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.Índice 2. Compressor types used in processing plants Presentación Corporativa CTN.com pág. 5 .

6 . lobe.Reciprocating . © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail. sliding vane. liquid ring) .Índice 2.com pág.Rotary (blower. helical-screw.Dynamic compressors (pressurize gases by acceleration) -Centrifugal Presentación Corporativa CTN. Compressor types used in processing plants -Principal types of compressors used in processing plants: -Positive-displacement (pressurize gases through confinement) .

wikipedia.com pág. 7 .org/wiki/Centrifugal_fan Presentación Corporativa CTN.Índice 2. Compressor types used in processing plants Blower http://en. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.

aspx Presentación Corporativa CTN.Índice 2.compair.com pág.com/About_Us/Compressed_Air_Explain ed--03Types_of_compressors. 8 . Compressor types used in processing plants Sliding vane compressor http://www. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.

com pág. 9 .gif Presentación Corporativa CTN. Compressor types used in processing plants Typically used as a vacuum pump but can also be used as a gas compressor Liquid ring compressor http://www.simerics.com/animation/ring_pump_gas. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.Índice 2.

Índice 2.ac.city.uk/~sj376/pr_3d. 10 .com pág.gif Presentación Corporativa CTN. Compressor types used in processing plants Helical-screw compressor http://www.staff. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.

Compressor types used in processing plants Lobe compressor http://www. 11 .simerics.gif Presentación Corporativa CTN. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.Índice 2.com pág.com/animation/lobe_compressor_ani.

12 .com pág. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.fr/animations/pist.gif Presentación Corporativa CTN. Compressor types used in processing plants Reciprocating compressor http://patcelte.chez-alice.Índice 2.

wikipedia. 13 . Compressor types used in processing plants Axial compressor http://en. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.org/wiki/Axial_compressor Presentación Corporativa CTN.com pág.Índice 2.

com pág.gif Presentación Corporativa CTN.saephils.Índice 2. Compressor types used in processing plants Centrifugal compressor http://www.com/products/aircompressor s/images/aircomptypes/rotation_model. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail. 14 .

Índice 3.com pág. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail. Methods of capacity control for the Principal types of Compressors Presentación Corporativa CTN. 15 .

Índice 3.com pág. 16 . Methods of capacity control for the Principal types of Compressors Presentación Corporativa CTN. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.

© CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail. Flow capacities and discharge pressures for different compressor types Presentación Corporativa CTN.Índice 4.com pág. 17 .

Flow capacities and discharge pressures for different compressor types Presentación Corporativa CTN.Índice 4. © CNT 2009 pág. 18 .

19 .com pág. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.Índice 5. Speed and flow capacity ranges of standard compressor drives Presentación Corporativa CTN.

Índice 5. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail. 20 .com pág.7 m3/h) Presentación Corporativa CTN. Speed and flow capacity ranges of standard compressor drives (1 ft3/min = 1.

21 .Índice 6. © CNT 2009 pág. Centrifugal compressors Presentación Corporativa CTN.

com pág. Centrifugal Compressors The centrifugal compressor is a machine that converts the momentum of gas into a pressure head The dynamic compressor achieves a pressure rise by adding kinetic-energy/velocity to a continuous flow of fluid through the rotor or impeller This kinetic energy is then converted to an increase in static pressure by slowing the flow through a diffuser Presentación Corporativa CTN.Índice 6. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail. 22 .

com pág. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail. 23 .Índice 6. Centrifugal Compressors Rotor or impeller Presentación Corporativa CTN.

com pág. Centrifugal Compressors Impeller – Diffuser Presentación Corporativa CTN. 24 . © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.Índice 6.

com pág. 25 . Centrifugal Compressors Diffuser Presentación Corporativa CTN.Índice 6. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.

Índice 6. Centrifugal Compressors Presentación Corporativa CTN.com pág. © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail. 26 .

Índice Sources Photos and Illustrations: Photos of compressors taken from internet Explanations: Instrument Engineers Handbook-Fourth Edition Presentación Corporativa CTN.com pág. 27 . © CNT interested If you are 2009 about the topic contact Julian Saez julsaez@gmail.

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