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Anis Setyaningsih Ema Nur Kholifah M. Reyhan M. Oktaviani Nuranggraeni Siska Setyaningsih

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PYRAMID AND CONE
PART OF PYRAMID DEFINITION OF PYRAMID RIGHT VS OBLIQUE PYRAMID REGULAR VS IRREGULAR PYRAMID TYPES OF PYRAMID DEFINITION OF CONE RIGHT CIRCULAR VS OBLIQUE CONE

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PARTS OF PYRAMID

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What is the pyramid?
A pyramid is a polyhedron with one face (known as the "base") a polygon and all the other faces triangles meeting at a common polygon vertex (known as the "apex").

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Volume = 1/3 × [Base Area] × Height Surface Area = [Base Area] + [the sum of area of triangular on perpendicular]

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Right vs Oblique Pyramid
This tells you where the top (apex) of the pyramid is. If the apex is directly above the center of the base, then it is a Right Pyramid, otherwise it is an Oblique Pyramid.

Right Pyramid

Oblique Pyramid

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Regular vs Irregular Pyramid
This tells us about the shape of the base. If the base is a regular polygon, then it is a Regular Pyramid, otherwise it is an Irregular Pyramid.

Regular Pyramid

Base is Regular

Irregular Pyramid Pendidikan Matematika Reguler 2011

Base is Irregular

TYPES OF PYRAMID
There are many types of Pyramids, and they are named after the shape of their base. 1. Triangular Pyramid 2. Square Pyramid 3. Pentagonal Pyramid

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TRIANGULAR PYRAMID
Interesting things: It has 4 Faces - The 3 Side Faces are Triangles - The Base is also a Triangle It has 4 Vertices (corner points) It has 6 Edges It is also a tetrahedron

Volume = 1/3 × [Base Area] × Height Surface Area : = [Base Area] + [the sum of area of triangular on perpendicular]

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SQUARE PYRAMID
interesting things: a. It has 5 Faces - The 4 Side Faces are Triangles - The Base is a Square b. It has 5 Vertices (corner points) c. It has 8 Edges

Volume = 1/3 × [Base Area] × Height Surface Area = [Base Area] + [the sum of area of triangular on perpendicular]

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PENTAGONAL PYRAMID
Notice these interesting things: a. It has 6 Faces - The 5 Side Faces are Triangles - The Base is a Pentagon a. It has 6 Vertices (corner points) b. It has 10 Edges

Volume = 1/3 × [Base Area] × Height Surface Area : = [Base Area] + [the sum of area of triangular on perpendicular]

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CONE
Cone is a threedimensional figure that has one circular base and one vertex. Characteristics: 1. Having two sides of the field (1 field side of the circle and one field side of the blanket) 2. Having two faces and a vertex

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The total surface area of side and base = r(r+s) Volume of Cone

= 1/3 x [base area] x [height]
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Right Circular vs Oblique Cone
When the base of a right cone is a circle, it is called a right circular cone. And When the vertex of a cone is not aligned directly above the center of its base, it is called an oblique cone.

Right Circular Cone

Oblique Cone

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The diagram shows a cone of height 24 cm and base diameter 14 cm. What is volume and the total surface area of side and base? Volume : Use the formula : x [base area] x [height] = x x r2 x h = x 22/7 x 72 x 24 = 1232 cm3 The total surface area of side and base Use the formula : r(r+s) S2 = r2 + h2 = 72 + 242 = 625, S = 625 = 25 = 22/7 x 7 (7 + 25) = 22 (32) = 704 cm2
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ANY QUESTION?

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