ƒ ƒ ƒ . It is a maladaptive behavior. ƒ It is a long lasting most of the time lifelong problem. It is the possession of abnormal personality traits. ƒ It causes significant impairment in socialoccupational functioning.It is not a mental disorder. ƒ It produces distress to the individual and to others.


Improve the behavior to become an appropriate one. Blunted or inappropriate affect. Peculiar thinking. ƒ Present reality. Has unusual perceptual experiences including bodily illusion. Eccentric appearance or behavior. Has belief of magical-thinking. Stereotypical.CHARACTERISTICS: ƒ ƒ ƒ INTERVENTIONS: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ The person has idea of reference. ƒ . It is much better that the client hears what you are talking when in front of the individual to decrease suspiciousness. over elaborate things. Person is very superstitious. Few close relationships. Uncomfortable in social situations.

ƒ Appears cold and detached. . ƒ INTERVENTIONS: ƒ Encourage socializations by joining programs and organizations in the community. lack sexual experiences. ƒ Chooses to be alone. prefers to be alone and detached.CHARACTERISTICS: doesn t want to socialize. Lacks desire for close relationship/friend. ƒ Avoid activities.

CHARACTERISTICS: ƒ INTERVENTIONS: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Suspicious. More common to men. ƒ If talking in front of the individual. Become angry and threatening when they perceived to be attacked by others. ƒ . Fear personal information will be used against him. often humorless and serious. Develop trust with other people. Fear in confiding with others. Interpret remarks as demeaning and threatening. let them hear what you are saying. ƒ Do not touch the patient without warning. Sometimes potential to violence because of suspiciousness. jealous. Holds grudges towards others. shorttempered.

(Dependent or the Anxious and Fearful) .

Uninvolved with others unless certain of being liked.CHARACTERISTICS: ƒ INTERVENTIONS: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Avoids occupations involving interpersonal contact due to fears of disapproval and rejection. Fears intimate relationships due to fear of shame/ridicule. Preoccupied of being criticized or rejected in social situations. . Very reluctant to take risk or engage in activities due to possibility of being embarrassed. Inhibited and feels inadequate in new interpersonal situations. ƒ Recognition. invitation and promotion of self-esteem. Believes self to be socially inept (awkward) and appealing and inferior to others.

Encourage assertive training on individual to develop independence. Needs others to be responsible for important areas in life.CHARACTERISTICS: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ INTERVENTIONS: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ most commonly seen in toddlers. Patient unable to make daily decision without much advice and reassurances. Performs unpleasant task to obtain support from others. ƒ . Anxious or helpless when alone because of fear of being unable to care for self. Problems with any shaping with projects or doing things on his own because of little self-confidence. Seldom disagrees with others because of fear of lose of support or approval. Preoccupied with fear of being alone to care for self. Urgently seeks another relationship for support and after a close relationship ends. ƒ Increase the responsibility of the individual.

CHARACTERISTICS: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Preoccupied with details. ƒ Rigid and stubborn. Unable to discard worthless or worn out object. rules and organizations. Others must do things in his/her way in work or taskrelated activities. Over contentious and inflexible. Perfectionism that interferes with task completion. ƒ . ƒ Reluctant to spend and hoard money. Too busy working to have friends and leisure activity. list.

(Antisocial/Dramatic Emotional Flamboyant) .

Extrovert and thrives on being the center of attraction. Positive reinforcement in the form of attention. Person uses somatic complaints to avoid responsibilities and support dependency. .CHARACTERISTICS: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ INTERVENTIONS: ƒ ƒ dramatizes all events and draws attention to self. recognition/praise or give unselfish or uncentered behavior. Overly dramatic Draws attention to self.

ƒ Offer self by being available when needed. Rapid mood shift. Problems with anger. Frantic avoidance of abandonment. impulsivity. ƒ . Unstable and intense interpersonal relationship.CHARACTERISTICS: ƒ INTERVENTIONS: may be due to neglect over involvement or abusive family having usual defense mechanism is Splitting . Chronic feeling of emptiness. Identify disturbance. ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Offer activities to divert attention. Transient dissociative and paranoid symptoms. selfmutilating behavior. real or imagined.

. Supportive confrontation. success and brilliance Believes that he/she is special Needs to be admired Sense of entitlement Takes advantage of others for own benefit.CHARACTERISTICS: ƒ ƒ ƒ INTERVENTIONS: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ Arrogant Grandiose self-importance Fantasies of unlimited power. ƒ ƒ Limit setting.

Engages in illegal activities like stealing.CHARACTERISTICS: ƒ ƒ ƒ INTERVENTIONS: ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ ƒ at age 15. Aggressive behavior Lack of guilt or remorse Impulsiveness Irresponsible with work in finances Recklessness Manipulative behavior Consistency and firmness in confronting behaviors. diagnosed with Conduct Disorder Violates the rights of others. ƒ Consistency in imposing rules and policies. learn to say NO . ƒ Do not tolerate manipulative behavior. lying and cheating. ƒ .

Prepared by: Rudy Gel C. Villaruz .

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