# The Flat-rolling Process

:
Roll Force, Torque, and Power Requirements
 Rolls apply pressure on the flat strip to reduce its
thickness, resulting in a roll force, F
 Roll force in flat rolling can be estimated from
 Total power (for two rolls) is
avg
LwY F =
L = roll-strip contact length
w = width of the strip
Y
avg
= average true stress of the strip
000 , 33
2
hp) (in Power
000 , 60
2
kW) (in Power
FLN
FLN
x
x
=
=
The Flat-rolling Process:
Roll Force, Torque, and Power Requirements
EXAMPLE 13.1
Calculation of Roll Force and Torque in Flat-rolling
An annealed copper strip 228 mm wide and 25 mm thick is
rolled to a thickness of 20 mm in one pass. The roll radius
is 300 mm, and the rolls rotate at 100 rpm. Calculate the
roll force and the power required in this operation.
The Flat-rolling Process:
Roll Force, Torque, and Power Requirements
Solution
Roll-strip contact length is calculated through geometry,
Absolute true strain of the strip is
Average true stress is
The roll force is
223 . 0
20
25
ln =
¦
'
+

'

= s
¸ ) ¸ ) mm 7 . 38 20 25 3000 = = =
f o
h h R L
MN 4 . 17 180
1000
250
1000
7 . 38
= - - = =
avg
LwY F
¸ ) MPa 180 2 / 280 80 = +
The Flat-rolling Process:
Roll Force, Torque, and Power Requirements
Solution
With 100 rpm, the total power is calculated from
Force and the power requirements is difficult to obtained
due to (a) the exact geometry between the roll and the
strip and (b) coefficient of friction and the strength of the
material in the roll gap
W 705
000 , 66
100
1000
7 . 38
10 74 . 1 2
000 , 66
2
6
= - - - - = = x
xFLN
Power

Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd . and Power Requirements EXAMPLE 13. and the rolls rotate at 100 rpm. Calculate the roll force and the power required in this operation. Torque.1 Calculation of Roll Force and Torque in Flat-rolling An annealed copper strip 228 mm wide and 25 mm thick is rolled to a thickness of 20 mm in one pass.The Flat-rolling Process: Roll Force. The roll radius is 300 mm.

L ! R.The Flat-rolling Process: Roll Force. and Power Requirements Solution Roll-strip contact length is calculated through geometry. Torque.

o  h f ! 3000.

25  20 ! 38.7 mm h ¨ 25 ¸ Absolute true strain of the strip is I ! ln© ¹ ! 0.223 ª 20 º Average true stress is .

80  280 / 2 ! 180 MPa The roll force is F ! LwY ! 38.4 MN avg 1000 1000 Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd .7 v 250 v180 ! 17.

000 1000 66. and Power Requirements Solution With 100 rpm. the total power is calculated from 2TFLN 38.74 v10 v v ! 705W 66.000 Force and the power requirements is difficult to obtained due to (a) the exact geometry between the roll and the strip and (b) coefficient of friction and the strength of the material in the roll gap Copyright © 2010 Pearson Education South Asia Pte Ltd . Torque.The Flat-rolling Process: Roll Force.7 100 6 Power ! ! 2T v1.