Introduction to Fluid Mechanics Chapter 3 Fluid Statics

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Main Topics 
The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics Pressure Variation in a Static Fluid Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces Buoyancy
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The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Body Force

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The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Surface Force

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The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Surface Force

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The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Surface Force

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The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Total Force

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The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Newton¶s Second Law

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The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Pressure-Height Relation

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Pressure Variation in a Static Fluid 
Incompressible Fluid: Manometers

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Pressure Variation in a Static Fluid 
Compressible Fluid: Ideal Gas

Need additional information, e.g., T(z) for atmosphere
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Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Plane Submerged Surface

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Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Plane Submerged Surface

We can find FR, and y´ and x´, by integrating, or «
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Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Plane Submerged Surface
‡ Algebraic Equations ± Total Pressure Force

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Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Plane Submerged Surface
‡ Algebraic Equations ± Net Pressure Force

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Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Curved Submerged Surface

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Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Curved Submerged Surface
‡ Horizontal Force = Equivalent Vertical Plane Force ‡ Vertical Force = Weight of Fluid Directly Above (+ Free Surface Pressure Force)

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Buoyancy

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Buoyancy

For example, for a hot air balloon (Example Problem 3.8):

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