# Introduction to Fluid Mechanics Chapter 3 Fluid Statics

Main Topics 
The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics Pressure Variation in a Static Fluid Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces Buoyancy

The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Body Force

The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Surface Force

The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Surface Force

The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Surface Force

The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Total Force

The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Newton¶s Second Law

The Basic Equations of Fluid Statics 
Pressure-Height Relation

Pressure Variation in a Static Fluid 
Incompressible Fluid: Manometers

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Pressure Variation in a Static Fluid 
Compressible Fluid: Ideal Gas

Need additional information, e.g., T(z) for atmosphere

Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Plane Submerged Surface

Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Plane Submerged Surface

We can find FR, and y´ and x´, by integrating, or «

Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Plane Submerged Surface
 Algebraic Equations ± Total Pressure Force

Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Plane Submerged Surface
 Algebraic Equations ± Net Pressure Force

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Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Curved Submerged Surface

Hydrostatic Force on Submerged Surfaces 
Curved Submerged Surface
 Horizontal Force = Equivalent Vertical Plane Force  Vertical Force = Weight of Fluid Directly Above (+ Free Surface Pressure Force)

Buoyancy

Buoyancy

For example, for a hot air balloon (Example Problem 3.8):

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