adjudication briefing

Slamet Cahyono

adjudication briefing
‡ format of tournament ‡ rules ‡ practicalities

tournament format
‡ 3 Preliminary rounds ‡ round 1 is randomly drawn ‡ rounds 2-3 are power matched ‡ top 16 teams break through to knockout rounds

points to note
‡ judging conflicts (e.g. will not judge own team) ‡ consensus decisions among the panel ‡ oral adjudications in rounds 1-2 ‡ closed adjudications rounds 3 ‡ adjudicator accreditation (tests, feedback & experience)

Judges should be familiar with the Worlds rules ‡ points of information ‡ definitions ‡ matter ² the content of a speech ‡ manner ² the structure and style of a speech ‡ the role of different teams in the debate ‡ marking scheme rules .

govt whip . deputy leader of opposition 6. 8. leader of opposition 4. opposition whip 3. prime minister 2. member of govt 7.positions in the debate 1. deputy prime minister 5. member of opp.

basic format ‡ 20 minutes preparation time ‡ printed or written material permitted ‡ electronic equipment prohibited ‡ 7 minute speeches .

points of information ‡ first and last minutes of speech are protected ‡ time signal to indicate these points ‡ member offering POI should stand ‡ speaker may accept or decline .

points of information ‡ POIs should not exceed 15 seconds ‡ the speaker may ask the offering member to sit where the offeror has had a reasonable chance to be understood ‡ members should attempt to answer at least 2 POIs in their speech ‡ there are no ´points of orderµ or ´points of personal privilegeµ .

challenges. rebuttal.points of information ‡ may take any form the offeror wishes ‡ questions. even jokes ‡ POIs assessed as ´matterµ . facts. clarification.

assessing points of information ‡ effectiveness and persuasiveness ‡ member offering point of information ‡ speaker answering point of information ‡ participation in debate as a whole .

´this house believes the glass is half fullµ ‡ semi-closed motions e.g. ´this house would alter its genetic codeµ ‡ closed motions e.g.g.motions ‡ open motions e. ´this house would bomb Iraqµ .

definitions ‡ the definition should state the issue(s) for debate arising from the motion. stating the meaning of any terms in the motion which require interpretation ‡ PM should provide the definition at the beginning of his/her speech .

definitions ‡ the definition must: (a) have a clear and logical link to the motion (b) not be self-proving /truistic (c) not be time-set (d) not be place-set unfairly .

g. ´this house would bomb Iraqµ . ´this house would alter its genetic codeµ ‡ closed motions: take stricter approach e.(a) ´clear and logical linkµ ‡ average reasonable person would accept the link between motion and definition as explained by the speaker ‡ semi-closed motions: treat the motion as an issue for debate e.g.

´we·re going to argue that murder should be illegalµ ‡ x is already the case. ´we·re going to argue that the murder rate in the US is higher than in Scotlandµ . and there is no reasonable rebuttal e.(b) self-proving definitions ‡ x should / should not be done. and so there is no reasonable rebuttal e.g.g.

´we·re going to argue that the european union should adopt the single currencyµ ‡ it·s a fair definition. because there is a reasonable rebuttal .(b) self-proving definitions ‡ ´status quoµ cases are not necessarily unreasonable e.g.

(c) time setting ‡ ´.µ ‡ all debates must take place in the present . You·re about to be introduced to Adolf Hitler.... and you·re not particularly pleased to see him. We·re going to argue that you should shoot him and save millions of·s 1936. you·ve got a gun in your pocket..

(d) unfair place setting ‡ the members should debate the motion in the spirit of the motion and the tournament ‡ have regard to the issue being debated ‡ have regard to the teams in the debate .

‡ only the leader of the opposition may challenge the definition ² no-one else ‡ the leader of the opposition should substitute an alternative definition .definitional challenges ‡ the leader of the opposition may challenge the definition if it violates one of the four criteria above and he should clearly state that he·s doing so.

assessing definitional challenges ‡ the adjudicator should determine the definition to be ´unreasonableµ where it violates any of the criteria above ‡ the onus to establish that the definition is unreasonable is on the members challenging it. . ‡ where the definition is unreasonable. the opposition should substitute an alternative definition that should be accepted by the adjudicator provided it is not also unreasonable.

.assessing definitional challenges ‡ where an alternative definition is substituted by the opening opposition. the closing government may accept that definition and introduce matter which is inconsistent with the opening government·s matter.

facts and any other material that attempts to further the case ‡ matter includes points of information . case studies.matter ‡ matter is the content of a speech ‡ matter includes arguments and reasoning. examples.

and also with the other team on their side of the debate .the elements of matter ‡ matter should be: ‡ relevant to the debate ‡ logical ‡ consistent ² within their speech. with their partner.

the elements of matter ‡ all members (except the last two in the debate) should present positive matter ‡ the govt whip may choose to do so ‡ the opp whip may not do so ‡ all members (except the prime minister) should present rebuttal .

assessing matter ‡ matter should be persuasive ‡ adopt the viewpoint of an ´average reasonable personµ ² disregard any specialist knowledge you may have ‡ Judge should not allow bias or discrimination to influence their decision .

manner ‡ manner is the presentation of the speech ‡ style ‡ structure .

style ‡ any element which affects the overall effectiveness of the speaker·s presentation ‡ eye contact ‡ voice modulation ‡ hand gestures ‡ clarity of language and expression ‡ use of notes .

and a series of arguments ‡ use the allotted time properly ‡ teamwork .structure ‡ structure of the speech should: ‡ include an introduction. conclusion.

assessing manner ‡ overall effectiveness of presentation ‡ at a world championship. there are many styles which are appropriate. and you should not discriminate against a speaker simply because their manner would be considered ´inappropriateµ in your own country .

the role of teams in the debate ‡ 1st govt: ² definition ² justification of case ² rebuttal of 1st opp (deputy prime minister) ‡ 1st opposition: ² rebuttal ² alternative where appropriate .

the role of teams in the debate ‡ 2nd govt ² anything which makes them stand out from the debate ² job is simply to ´be betterµ than 1st govt ² how does a team do this? .

g.g.the role of teams in the debate ‡ 2nd govt ² introduce new material consistent with 1st govt ² e. different focus to the case ² e.g. new lines of argument ² e. widening / narrowing of debate ² repetition of 1st govt isn·t enough .

with particular emphasis on own team ‡ responsive to dynamics of debate -spend more time on the more important issues ‡ no one correct way of doing this ² speaker by speaker ² issue by issue ² thematic .summary speeches ‡ Summary of debate as a whole.

where they fail to arrive more than 5 minutes after the scheduled time for the debate . If the ballot is incorrectly filled out then there is a danger that the wrong result will be entered) ‡ teams may be placed last automatically. 2nd. 2. 3rd. 0 point for ranking.ranking teams ‡ rank teams from 1st to 4th (Note: judges MUST fill out their ballots 1st. 4th and the tab system will convert into the 3. 1.

B 80-89 good above average to very the standard you would expect to see from a speaker in contention to make the break. if any.marking scheme A 90-100 excellent to flawless the standard of speech you would expect to see from a speaker at the semifinal / grand final level of the tournament. weaknesses. this speaker has clear strengths and some minor weaknesses. . this speaker has few.

marking scheme C 70-79 D 60-69 E 50-59 average poor to below average very poor the speaker has strengths and weaknesses in roughly equal proportions. the speaker has fundamental weaknesses and few. strengths. the speaker has clear problems and some minor strengths. if any. .

practicalities ‡ consensus decision making ‡ speed ballot (must be filled in ASAP) ‡ detail ballot (One per room not one per judge) ‡ oral adjudications (given by the chair judge unless dissenting) .

This is a change from past Worlds and was first done in Toronto ‡ no ´low point winsµ i.agreeing rankings and scores ‡ agree team rankings 1st ² 4th ‡ Fill in and return the Speed ballot to a runner outside your room ‡ award individual speaker marks (this is done by concensus and ONE form is returned.e the team that finishes first must get more speaker marks than the team in second and so on .

agreeing rankings and scores ‡ agree rankings and scores by consensus. and only then. Where all judges are deadlocked in different opinions and no majority can be reached then. Where unanimous consensus cannot be reached the judges vote. ‡ The Chair judge does NOT have the right to over-ride the majority decision if he/she is dissenting ‡ You must make a decision. may the chair make an overriding decision .

oral adjudications ‡ ballots go in before you start ‡ chair of panel (unless dissenting) ‡ announce team rankings ‡ reasons behind decision ‡ constructive criticism ‡ don·t exceed 10 minutes .

feedback and complaints ‡ oral adjudication ‡ queries and clarification ² ´polite and non-confrontationalµ ‡ adjudicator evaluation form ‡ adjudication team ‡ all complaints will be followed up .

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