MIT 1 Scholar Group Maraim Mahmood()(Group Leader) Affaq Ahmed(12135) Aftab Islam(12138) Saba Akhter(12119) Sidra Butt(12133) Saira() .

Japanese Culture .

funerals. they do have customs and rituals that are observed on special occasions like birthdays.Religion Today many religions are practiced in Japan. weddings. but most Japanese follow a meld of Shintoism and Buddhism. and religious holidays. . Although religion does not play a major role in the everyday life of the average Japanese.

the temple of Todai-ji was built at Nara in 752.C. the Shinto Sun Goddess. There were kami representing mountains. Understanding the relationship between Buddhism and Shintoism can be confusing for foreigners. After its arrival from China and Korea in 538 A. who were opponents of Buddhism. Each uji had a leader who served as both the war-chief and spiritual leader.. later to be known as The Great Sun Buddha. The Dainichi Nyorai was associated with Amaterasu. the religion spread unimpeded. or Dainichi Nyorai in Japanese. "We live as Shintoists.D. The Yayoi lived in clans called uji. When a clan defeated another clan in war they would assimilate the defeated clan's kami into their existing religion.History y The exact origins of Shintoism are still unknown. rivers.D. A common saying in Japan is. After the defeat of the Mononobe clan in 587 A. Kami represented objects in nature and wondrous aspects of the world. Each clan was associated with a single god. and even rocks. storms. Archaeological evidence suggests some form of it was being practiced by the Yayoi people (400 B. . The evidence of this syncretism can be seen throughout Japan.. In this way the Yayoi slowly built a complex hierarchy of kami." y . Many people were reluctant to accept Buddhism at that time because of nationalism and xenophobism. With the identification of the Dainichi Nyorai with a Shinto kami so began the syncretism of Shintoism and Buddhism. It is the largest wooden structure in the world housing a fifteen-meter high gilt-bronze statue of the Cosmic Buddha. under Emperor Shomu's order. Buddhism spread rapidly throughout Japan.D. but die as Buddhists. or kami.). Today. Almost two centuries later.250 A.

.Festival y One of the more well-known festivals in Japan is the Bon Festival. Many people also take this opportunity to return to their native towns to be with their families and visit local temples to pray and give offerings. This festival is characterized by visits to Buddhist temples and the decoration of alters of the departed. ancestral graves are cleaned by family members in preparation for the return of the souls of the deceased. Days before the festival. also known as O-bon. an event that marks the annual visitation of departed ancestors to the surviving members of their family.

Farmers who owned their own land ranked higher than farmers who did not. They worked with wood and metal and some became wellknown as expert Samura sword makers. or artisans. The highest ranking of the peasants were farmers. The noble class made up roughly twelve percent of the population with peasants making up the rest. Craftsmen. . in later times when Japan began to use money more as currency merchants became more wealthy. were the second highest ranking after the farmers. y Peasants Peasants were divided into several sub-classes.HIERARCHY IN FEUDAL JAPAN y Society was divided into two classes in Feudal Japan. However. the nobility and the peasants. Merchants were the lowest ranking because it was felt they made their living off of other people's work.

Japan is the largest automobile producer in the world. Coffee is very popular and Japan imports approximately 85% of Jamaica's annual coffee production. including T-shirts and other fashion items.500 earthquakes every year in Japan. including more than 200 volcanoes.Interesting Facts About Japan y y y y y y y y y . For many Japanese couples Christmas is celebrated like Valentine's Day in the western world. There are around 1. Religion does not play a big role in the lives of most Japanese and many do not understand the difference between Shintoism and Buddhism. More than 70% of Japan consists of mountains. . Raw horse meat is a popular food in Japan. Poorly written English can be found everywhere. Japan's literacy rate is almost 100%.

Donburi. Bagel Lunchbox  Tako-yaki (grilled or fried octopus)  Sushi is a dish of rice cooked with vinegar topped with seafood (often uncooked) or made into rolls . Lunchbox.Japanese Food  Bento box. Oneplate lunchbox.

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