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1 2

2 4

2 4

8 16

1 v2 2 v2

2 v4

4 v4

8 16

Exercise 1

? ? ? ? ? ?

3 1 x3 ! x3 3 9

3 8

1 2

>

3 8

is the greater than

1 8

2 3

x2

=

4 6

x2

5 6

2 Therefore, is less than 5 3 6

4 < 6

5 6

1 2 3 Arrange , , in decreasing order. 8 3 4

* make the denominators equal.

1 2 3 v3 v8 v6 , , v3 v8 v6 8 3 4

3 16 18 , , 24 24 24

3 2 1 , , 4 3 8

Mathematics Form 1

Topic: Fractions

Subtopic: Subtopic: Understand the concept of mixed numbers and their representations. Learning outcomes :1.Recognise mixed numbers 2.Represent mixed numbers with diagrams. 3.Write mixed numbers based on given diagrams. 4.Compare and order mixed numbers on number lines.

MIXED NUMBERS

DEFINITION REPRESENT MIXED NUMBERS

Example 1

EXERCISES

Extra

Exercise 1

Example 2 Example 3

Exercise 2

A WHOLE NUMBER

AND

A FRACTION

1 , 2 ,3 , 4

1 1 1 , , .... 2 3 4

DIAGRAM 1

Represent fraction

4 4 1 + 2 4

2 4 1 2 4

DIAGRAM 2

4 4 1 + 1 4

1 4 = 1 1 4

NUMBER LINES

1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5 1 5

2 2+ 5

3 5

2 2 5

3 3 5

EXERCISE 1

1. a.

b.

a.

3

b. 5

Extra Question

1 2 3 2 ,3 and 3 2 3 4

Mark the mixed numbers above on the number line. State the largest mixed number. Arrange the mixed numbers in ascending order.

Check your Answer!

SOLUTIONS

1. Draw the number line

from 2 to 4 2. Divide the line from 2 to 3 into 6 equal parts . 3. Divide the line from 3 to 4 into 12 equal parts. 1 2 4.Mark on the third 2 mark from 2 . 2 3 5.Mark 3 on the eight mark from 3 3 3 on the 6.Finally, mark 4 ninth mark from 3.

1 2 2

2 3

3 4

LEARNING OUTCOMES Recognize proper and improper fractions from given fractions Change mixed numbers into improper fractions Change improper fractions into mixed numbers.

PROPER FRACTIONS

numerator

denominator

PROPER FRACTIONS

1. A proper fraction is a fraction where the numerator is smaller than the numerator denominator. 5 12 27 99 2. For example, , , , and 3 6 13 50 121 are proper fractions.

denominator

IMPROPER FRACTIONS

= 1+ 7 6

1 6

numerator

denominator

IMPROPER FRACTIONS

1. An improper fractions is a fraction numerator where the numerator is equal to or greater than the denominator. 6 6 10 3 16 5 54 7 117 25

2. For example,

and

denominato r

CHANGING MIXED NUMBERS INTO IMPROPER FRACTIONS Multiply the whole number with the denominator of the fractions Add the product to the numerator of the fractions Retain the denominator and write the result as the numerator

EXAMPLE

Add the product to the numerator (6x3) +1

1 3

(6x3)+1 3 19

(10 x 7) + 6

EXAMPLE

10 x 7
+ 6 7

10

6 7

10 x 7

76 7

Multiply the whole number by numerator. Add the product to the numerator. Retain the numerator.

17 8

2 8 17 16 1

2 Therefore, 1 8 8 = 2 1 8

quotient

remainder

17

EXAMPLE

2

47 20

quotient

20 47 -40 7

7 20

47 20 =2 7 20

remainde r

Therefore,

EXERCISE

1. Change the following mixed numbers into improper fractions. 1 1 a) 1 d) 7 12 8 5 6 3 4 5 e) 15 12 2 f) 12 11

b) 2

c) 3

EXERCISE

2. Change the following improper fractions into mixed numbers. 22 7 35 8 84 13 154 d) 15 211 e) 11 300 f) 155

a)

b)

c)

Multiplication

Multiply any three fractions Multiply fractions

Multiply fractions

1 3 v 3 5

Step 1. Multiply the top numbers (numerator) :

3 1 3 1x3 v = = 3 5 3 x 5 15

Step 2. Multiply the bottom numbers (denominator) : Step 3. Simplify the fraction:

3 z3 = 15 z 3

1 5

1 Solve v 6 3 1 6 6 v 6= 3 1 1

=

1v6 3v1

6 3

Solve 2 v 1 4 v 2

3

2 4 9 2 ! ,1 ! 1 5 5

2 9 2 v v = 1 5 3

=

2v9v2 1v5v3

36 = = 15

12 5

2 2 5

Learning Outcomes:

Example 1

3 Calculate z4 15

=

3 z 15

1 3 v 4 15

4 1

=

3 60

Example 2

3 Calculate 4 z 15

4 15 = v 1 3

60 = 3 20 = 1

Multiply by the reciprocal of the divisor

20

To divide fractions

Example 1

2 5 Calculate z 3 8

2 = v 3

16 = 15

8 5

1 1 15

Example 2

Calculate

2 = z 5

2 = v 5

2 2 z2 5 3

8 3 3 8 =

2v3+2 3

8

=

6 = 40

3 20

5 2 Solve 3 z 2 7 5

@

26 7

13

= =

26 7 26 7

12

5 12 6

z v

5 5

12

130 84 23 42

65 42

= 1 42

23

46 =1 84

COMBINED OPERATIONS

LEARNING OUTCOMES:

Performs computations involving combined operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of fractions, including the use of brackets. Solve problems involving combined operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division of fractions, including the use of brackets.

COMBINED OPERATIONS

Order of operations: Brackets . ( ) Multiply or divide from left to right. X

ORDER OF OPERATIONS

() +

EXAMPLE:

2 3 + 3 4 = 8 12 + 9 12 = 17 12 1 12 x 1 17 =

z 17

z 17

LCM of 3 and 4 is 12

7

1 4 +

2 7

=7

=7

4

3

5x 7 2 x 4 + 4x 7 7 x 4

35 28 +

28

LCM of 4 and 7 is 28

=7 =

28

4

43

multiply

43

= 10

1 8 = = = = = z 1 8 1 8 1 8 1 8 5 66

z z z x

2 33

4 5 x 9 5 3x 4 x 5 5x 4 4 45 - 12 20

divide Multiply by the reciprocal of 33 20

33 20 20

3 4 2 1 x7 z2 13 5 3

16 39 8 = x z 13 5 3

3

16 39 3 = x z 1 13 5 8 48 8 = x 5 3 18 = 5 3 =3 5

If Baharuddin receives

of the money,

19

x 630

4 9

x 630

=4X7

= 280

ANSWER = RM280

Rashid received a bonus of RM1920. 3 He gave of the money to his mother. 4 Calculate the amount of money Rashid received?

= 1920 -

3 x 1920 41

480

EXERCISE

1. Calculate the value of the following and express the answer as a fraction in its lowest term. 5 3 12 a) + x 12 4 9 1 2 z 5 7 1

b) 10 - 2

c) 3 x

7-5 2 3

d)

5 6

2 z

1 2

2 5

EXERCISE

2. There are 150 workers in a factory. 1 3 3 5 of them are men and

3. In a class of 42 students,

3 7

1 3

of

boys wear glasses. Find the total number of students wearing glasses.

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