TOPIC : PERCENTAGE SUBTOPIC : Concept of percentage and relationship between percentage and fraction or decimal LEARNING OUTCOME: i.

Express percentage as the number of parts in every 100 ii. Change fraction and decimal to percentage and vice versa SUBTOPIC: Perform computation and solve problems involving percentage. LEARNING OUTCOME : i. Find the percentage of a quantity ii. Find the percentage one number is of another iii. Find a number given the percentage iv. Find the percentage of increase or decrease v) Solve problems involving percentage

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Percentages
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%
%
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Percentages

A percentage is a fraction out of 100.

%

Let¶s count how many squares are there?
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

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The total squares = 100

How many colour squares there?

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20 out of 100

20 100
= 0.2
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1 5
=

20%

Express the shaded area as a percentage. Q1.

46%
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Express the shaded area as a percentage. Q2.

50%
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Express the shaded area as a percentage. Q3.

100%
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Percentages

Fractions

Decimals

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Changing fraction to percentages Q1.

2 5

2 2 ! v 100 5 5 ! 40 %

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Q2.

5 6

5 5 ! v 100% 6 6 1 ! 83 % 3

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Changing decimals to percentages Q1.

0.12
0.12 = 0.12 X 100% = 12%

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Q2.

1.09
1.09 = 1.09 X 100% = 109%

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Changing percentages to fractions Q1.

40 %

40 40 % ! 100 2 ! 5

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Q2.

120 %

120 120 % ! 100 6 ! 5 1 ! 1 5
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Changing percentages to decimals Q1.

30 %

30 30 % ! 100 ! 0.3

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Q2.

1 10 % 2

1 10 1 2 10 % ! 2 100 21 ! z 100 2 1 ! 10.5 v 100 10.5 ! 100 ! 0.105

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Q3. 125 %

125 125 % ! 100 ! 1.25
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Exercise Complete the following table:
Question Percentage Decimal Fraction a. 75% 0.6 b. c.
140.5%

d.

e.

f.

2.5

3 5

3 5 5

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Homework
Page 25. Exercise 2 Questions : 1, 2 , 3 , 4 and 5

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Computations involving percentages
Find the percentage of a quantity

a. 25 % of RM120

25 v 120 ! 30 100
Therefore, 25% of RM120 is RM 30

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b.

There are 30 fishes in Mr. Lim pond and 60 % of the fishes are blue. How many of the fishes are blue ?

60 v 30 ! 18 100
There are 18 blue fishes in the pond.

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FIND PERCENTAGE OF CHANGE

INCREASE

DECREASE

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INCREASE
CHANGES IN VALUE 10- 6 = 4

6

10
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6
ORIGINAL VALUE?

10
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Percentage change=

change in value x 100 % original value

Change in value Original value
Percentage change
=

10 ± 6 = 4 10

4 v 100% 10 ! 40%

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Example 2: Daniel¶s weight increased from 35 kg to 42 kg. Find the percentage of increase. 42kg
Percentage of increase

35kg
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42  35 ! v 100% 35 ! 20%

Page 29, Exercise 6

No 1 : (a), (b), (c) No 2 No 4

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DECREASE

8

4
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Percentage change= change in value x 100 % original value

Change in value Original value
Percentage change
=

8±4=4 8

=

25%

4 8

X 100%

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Homework
Page : 29, Exercise 6 No 2 : a, b c No 5 No 6

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Solving problems involving percentage

A. Profit
Profit is what you gain when you sell something for more than what you paid for it.

Profit = Selling price - Cost price Profit Percentage profit = v 100 % Cost price
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The following table shows the cost price and the selling price of 3 types of fruits. Complete the table and find out which fruit made the most profit ? Price Fruits Cost Durians Papaya Mangoes RM500 RM300 RM250 Selling RM600 RM350 RM400 Percentage Profit profit

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Solution:
DURIAN : Profit = RM600 - RM500 = RM100 100 v 100 % Percentage profit = 500 ! 20 % MANGOES : Profit = RM400 - RM250 = RM150 150 Percentage profit = v 100 % 250 ! 60 %
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PAPAYA: Profit = RM350 - RM300 = RM50 50 v 100 % Percentage profit = 300 50 ! 3 2 ! 16 % 3

Therefore, mangoes made the most profit

B. Loss
You suffer a loss when the selling price is less than the cost price

Loss = Cost price - Selling price Loss v 100% Percentage loss = Cost price

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Ahmad bought a car for RM50 000. Three years later, he sold the car for RM35 000. What was the loss and the percentage loss on the sale of the car ?

Solution :
Loss = RM50 000 - RM35 000 = RM15 000 15 000 v 100 % Percentage loss = 50 000 = 30 %
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C. Discount
Discount is a reuction in the original cost price of an item.
Discount = Original selling price - New selling price Discount Percentage diskaun = v 100 % Original selling price

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Find the percentage of the discount given? Before discount After discount

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Solution:

(80  60) v100% 80

20 ! v 100% 80 ! 25%
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A bag which is normally sold for RM240, is sold for RM180 during a sale. What is the percentage discount ? Solution : Discount = RM240 - RM180 = RM60 60 Percentage diskaun = v 100 % 240 = 25 %

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D. Simple interest Simple interest is the amount of money given or charged by bank or finance company based on the principal.
Simple interest = Interest rate v Principal v Time Simple interest Interest rate = v 100% Principal v Time

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Siti Zubaidah deposits RM8 000 in a finance company for 2 years at an interest rate of 3.8 % per annum. How much interest does she earn at the end of the period ?
Simple interest = 3.8 % v RM8 000 v 2 years 3.8 = v 8 000 v 2 100 = 608 @ Siti Zubaidah will receive RM608 as interest at the end of the period.

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E. Dividend Dividend is the part of a company·s profits that is paid to the company·s shareholders.
Dividend = Rate of dividend v Investment Dividend Rate of dividend = v 100% Investment

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Mr. Albert invested RM5 000 in a unit trust fund. The unit trust fund pays a dividend of 4.5 % a year. Calculate the amount of dividend that he will receive after one year. Solution :
Dividend = 4.5 % v RM5 000 4.5 = v 5 000 100 = 225 @ Mr. Albert will receive RM225 in dividend

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F. Commission Commission is the amount of money given to a middleman or agent for services (selling or promotion) provided.

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Azlan is paid a commission of 5 % for every house she sells. If he sells a house for RM150 000, what is his commission ?
Solution :

Commission = 5 % v RM150 000 5 = v 150 000 100 = 7 500 @ Azlan will receive RM7 500 as commission.
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