Following questions are important

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Short bits Feed back and control System and sub system System performance Open vs. closed system Long questions ‡ What is a system? List out the components of system? ‡ Differentiate between open and closed system and why business is called as open system?

SYSTEM OVERVIEW AND BUSINESS AS A SYSTEM

BAKSHI

In the following lecture you will be familiar with
‡ What is a system? ‡ What is a natural and man made system? ‡ Why business is called as a system? ‡ What are the components of a business system? ‡ What are the types of system?

EXAMPLE OF SYSTEM NATURAL VS MAN MADE .

VARIOUS SUB SYSTEM HUMAN BODY AS A SYSTEM .

SOLAR SYSTEM .

.

COMPUTER SYSTEM .

WHAT IS A SYSTEM ? SYSTEMS ARE CREATED TO SOLVE PROBLEMS. in turn from Greek word sust ma) ± WHICH MEANS AN ORGANIZED RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FUNCTIONAL UNITS / COMPONENTS .  One can think of the SYSTEMS APPROACH as an ORGANIZED WAY OF DEALING WITH A PROBLEM ‡ The word System comes (from Latin word syst ma.

INTERACTING ELEMENTS WORKING TOWARDS A COMMON GOAL BY ACCEPTING INPUT.´ .DEFINATION ³THE SYSTEM IS INTEGRATED SET OF COMPONENTS /ENTITIES THAT INTERACT TO ACHIEVE A PARTICULAR FUNCTION /GOAL´ ³A SYSTEM CONSISTS OF GROUP OF INTERRELATED . PRODUCING OUTPUT IN AN ORGANIZED TRANSFORMATION PROCESS.

perform a duty. .OTHER DEFINATION ‡ A set of detailed methods . procedures . and routines established or formulated to carry out a specific activity. or solve a problem.

factors. ‡ These elements continually influence one another (directly or indirectly) to maintain their activity and the existence of the system.OTHER DEFINATION ‡ An organized purposeful structure regarded as a whole and consisting of interrelated and interdependent elements ( components .entities . parts etc. members. in order to achieve the goal of the system .).

MATERIAL. LAND.In order to call it a system it should have these Core components INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT ‡MAN. CUSTOMER SERVICE .SERVICE.ETC ‡MANUFACTURING. DELIVERY . PRODUCTION . DEVELOPMENT.MECHINE.ENERGY. ECONOMIC RESOURCES. INFORMATION ETC .PAYMENT. ENGINEERING.ETC ‡PRODUCT.FACILITIES.

The organizational system Feed back management control input process output Feed back control .

A SYSTEM FOR A PRODUCTION UNIT AND HEALTHCARE .

ENERG. INFORMATION ETC s t o c k h o l d e r s Financial institution OTHER SYSTEMS OTHER SYSTEMS .OTHER SYSTEMS OTHER SYSTEMS OTHER SYSTEMS competitors community c u s t o m e r s CONTROL G o v t Feedback Signals CONTROL SIGNALS MANAGEMENT Feedback Signals CONTROL SIGNALS INFORMATION SYSTEM s u p p l i e r s INPUT PROCESS ‡MAN.L AND.DEVELOPME NT.DELIVERY.ECO NOMIC RESOURCES. PRODUCTION.FACILITIES.SERVICE.MATERIAL.MECHINE.ETC ‡PRODUCT. ENGINEERING.PAYMENT.ETC OUTPUT System Boundary Labor union OTHER SYSTEMS ‡MANUFACTURING.CUSTOMER SERVICE.

ETS PROCESS OUTCOME ‡CURED PATIENT.ECON OMIC RESOURCES.PE OPLE.SUPPORTIVE.DEAD BODY.OTHER SYSTEMS OTHER SYSTEMS OTHER SYSTEMS competitors community c u s t o m e r s CONTROL G o v t Feedback Signals CONTROL SIGNALS MANAGEMENT Feedback Signals CONTROL SIGNALS INFORMATION SYSTEM s u p p l i e r s s t o c k h o l d e r s STRUCTURE ‡INFRASTRUCTURE.MONEY.THERAPEU TICS.FACILITIES.LAMA. REFERENCE ‡DIAGNOSTICS. PATIENTS.TECHNOLOGY.ADMINI STRATIVE ETC System Boundary Labor union OTHER SYSTEMS OTHER SYSTEMS Financial institution OTHER SYSTEMS .

INTERFACE 8. STRUCTURE 7. BOUNDARY 5. FEEDBACK AND CONTROL . SUBSYSTEM 9. PROCESS 3. INPUT 2.COMPONENTS OF A SYSTEM The Components Of A System Are 1. ENVIRONMENT 6. OUTPUT 4.

.) A system has VARIOUS SUB SYSTEM.BUSINESS AS A SYSTEM Business is considered as ORGANIZATIONAL SYSTEM  THE ECONOMIC RESOURCES (INPUT) ARE TRANSFORMED BY VARIOUS OPERATIONS (PROCESSES) INTO GOODS/ SERVICES (OUTPUT) INFORMATION SYSTEM PROVIDES (FEEDBACK) ON THE SYSTEM TO THE MANAGEMENT FOR THE DIRECTION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE SYSTEM (CONTROL) AS IT EXCHANGES INPUT & OUTPUT WITH ITS (ENVIRONMENT. AND DEFINES ITS OPERATIONAL TERRITORY. BOUNDARY. which separates it self from EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT .

the process can be manual.PAYMENT.G.g. PRODUCT.INFORMATION . Computerized. DATA. ENERGY . THE QUALITY OF INPUT ELEMENTS DECIDES THE PROCESS EFFICIENCY AND OUTPUT E. HUMAN EFFORTS ETC Process It is a TRANSFORMATION ACTIVITY that converts input.SERVICE.output. fully automated. ENGINEERING ETC Output The elements which had been produced after transformation process (end product) Output is a DEPENDENT VARIABLE and is based on quality of input and process..Input It Involves CAPTURING AND ASSEMBLING ELEMENTS THAT ENTER THE SYSTEM To Be Processed. e. E. MANUFACTURING . semi automatic.RAW MATERIALS . WHICH IS A MAIN SOURCE OF FEED BACK.G.

(cont) Environment .Boundary It DEFINES THE EXTENT AND SCOPE OF THE SYSTEM ACTIVITY A BOUNDARY SEPARATES A SYSTEM FROM ITS EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT A boundary can be physical/logical e. SKIN. govt. INFORMATION SYSTEM OPERATIONS SURROUNDING OF A SYSTEM IN which a system operates is called environment It consists of interacting entities like (customers. suppliers« ) Environment PROVIDES INPUT TO THE SYSTEM Environment STRONGLY INFLUENCE THE SYSTEM and determines boundaries some times Environment can be internal /external.g. EGG SHELL.

cash collected becomes input to financial subsystem which in turn becomes input to payments etc) .Subsystem A system internally have small system (SYSTEM WITH IN SYSTEM) A subsystem provides SPECIALIZED TASK relative to OVERALL OBJECTIVE OF SYSTEM A sub system has INDIVIDUAL OBJECTIVE in time with the systems overall objective e. BILLING IS A PART OF ALMOST ALL THE SUB SYSTEMS OF HOSPITAL If a subsystem fails the entire system has to suffer The OUTPUT OF ONE SUBSYSTEM BECOME INPUT TO ANOTHER SUB SYSTEM (e. INVENTORY BELONGS TO BOTH PRODUCTION AND FINANCE .g.g.

Interface INTERFACE IS COMMON CONNECTION AT THE SYSTEM AND SUBSYSTEM An interface serves as a MEDIUM TO CONVEY THE OUTPUT FROM ONE SYSTEM TO ANOTHER SYSTEM Information flow and exchange is through interface Feedback Feedback is an INDICATOR and control CONTAINING INFORMATION ABOUT THE CURRENT PERFORMANCE OF THE SYSTEM CONTROL INVOLVES MONITORING AND EVALUATING FEED BACK to determine whether a system is making towards the achievement of its goals (cont) .

FEED BACK CAN BE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE Positive feedback tells that system is moving in the right direction (activities can be repeated /improved) Negative feedback tells a failure/fault so necessary adjustments can be done to improve the overall system. A SALES MANAGER EXCESSES CONTROL WHEN HE FINDS NEGATIVE FEEDBACK ABOUT SALES PERFORMANCE. (cont) .‡Feedback WITH FEEDBACK AND CONTROL NECESSARY and adjustment to the system can be done to ensure control GOOD WORKING OF THE SYSTEM A system which has FEEDBACK AND CONTROL COMPONENT is also called as CYBERNETICS SYSTEM (SELF MONITORING AND SELF REGULATING SYSTEM) Feedback has data about performance of the system e.g. With effective feedback and control a system can continuously improved .

Feed back management control Feed back control output control input process .

eco system. closed system Deterministic system vs. solar system) vs.TYPES OF SYSTEM Natural system (human body. probabilistic system . man made system (computer) Open system vs.

CLOSED SYSTEM A CLOSED SYSTEM IS THEORETICAL CONSTRUCTS THE COMPONENTS WITHIN THE CLOSED SYSTEM ARE ASSUMED TO EXIST IN A SELF-SUFFICIENT STATE A CLOSED SYSTEM IS SELF CONTAINED AND HAS HIGH AND RIGID BOUNDARIES IN CLOSED SYSTEM THERE IS NO EXCHANGE OF MATERIALS AND PARTS WITH THE EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT ALL OTHER INFLUENCES OR VARIABLES FROM OUTSIDE THE SYSTEM ARE CONSIDERED TO BE NONEXISTENT OR INSIGNIFICANT THERE IS NO PERFECT CLOSED SYSTEM EXISTING No exchange with the environment .

AN IT HAS TO ADJUST ACCORDING TO ENVIRONMENT . Feed back input process output . DATA WITH THE ENVIRONMENT IT IS AN EXPOSED SYSTEM WHICH HAS FREE INTERACTION WITH ENVIRONMENT SYSTEMS ENVIRONMENT HAS GREAT IMPACT ON OPEN SYSTEM . MATERIAL.G.OPEN SYSTEM ARE THE REAL-WORLD SYSTEMS  THAT HAVE PERMEABLE BOUNDARIES THROUGH WHICH THEY CONTINUALLY EXCHANGE ENERGY. INFORMATION . AND INFORMATION WITH THEIR EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT THE LARGER SYSTEM IN WHICH THEY EXIST IT IS OPEN TO THE ENVIRONMENT (INTERACTS WITH OTHER SYSTEM IN ITS ENVIRONMENT)E. BUSINESS IS A OPEN SYSTEM IN OPEN SYSTEM THERE IS FREE EXCHANGE OF MATERIALS.

LABOR UNION ETC THE OUT PUT (GOODS. SEMI FINISHED PRODUCTS.BUSINESS AS A OPEN SYSTEM IT ACCEPTS MATERIALS FROM THE ENVIRONMENT (SUPPLIERS) IT ACCEPTS MAN POWER FROM THE ENVIRONMENT IT UTILIZES OTHER ECONOMIC RESOURCES FROM THE ENVIRONMENT IT HAS TO ADJUST (FOLLOW RULES AND REGULATIONS OF GOVT ) SUPPLIERS. IT TAKES FEED BACK AND IMPLEMENT CONTROL . FINISHED .PAYMENTS) ARE GIVEN BACK TO THE ENVIRONMENT. SERVICES.

INFORMATION SYSTEMS Bakshi .

‡ What is IS ‡ What does IS consists of ‡ Classification of IS ‡ What is TPS ‡ Types of TPS ‡ What is MIS ‡ Structure and parts of MIS .What are we going to learn««.

Can IS bring changes ? ± NO IS ALONE JUST CANNOT BRING CHANGE BY ITSELF ± The involvement from each and every department (FUNCTIONAL AREA) and activity(HIREARCHY) is important .Myth about IS success 1.

Myth about IS success 2.Do I have to spend more on IT &IS ? ‡ The cost of information system depends ON VARIOUS factors but ADOPT IT IN YOUR WORK CULTURE ‡ it pays in longer run ‡ THERE ARE BOTH FINANCIAL AND NONFINANCIAL BENEFITS ASSOCIATED .

Myth about IS success 3. the initial transit period is difficult but later on the results can be seen .Is my Hospital going to accept IS ? ‡ Yes.

.Myth about IS success 4. I have invested on IS and it is not giving me results ? ± It may happen if your information system is not FULLY INTEGRATED ± THE ACTIVITS AND FUNCTIONAL UNITS DOES NOT RESPOND.

.Myth about IS success 5. Where can I see the benefits of IS implementation ? ± The benefits can be seen on VARIOUS aspects SUCH AS BETTER CUSTOMER SERVICE. IMPROVED WORK EFFICENCY. COST REDUCTION. WORK PROCESS IMPROVEMENT.. TIMELY INFORMATION SUPPLY «. ERROR REDUCTION.

marketing Human resource Information manufact system uring finance INFORMATION SYSTEM IS NOT AN INDEPENDENT SYSTEM YOU CANNOT EXPECT THE RESULTS IF IT IS NOT AN FULLY INTEGRATED SYSTEM .

AND DISSEMINATE INFORMATION IN AN ORGANIZATION .Information system ‡An information system is an ORGANIZED COMBINATION OF ‡PEOPLE ‡ HARDWARE ‡SOFTWARE ‡ COMMUNICATION NETWORKS ‡ DATA RESOURCES ‡THAT COLLECT. TRANSFORM.

‡A information system includes ‡HARDWARE ‡SOFTWARE ‡ INFORMATION .DATA & APPLICATIONS ‡COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS .

Information system consists of people data software hardware networks + COLLECT TRANSFORM DISSEMINATE INFORMATION + AVAILABLE FOR ORGANIZATIONAL NEEDS Diagrammatic representation THIS INFORMATION IS .

Information system classification for a production unit

Information system

Support business operations

Operational support system

Management support system

Support managerial decision making

Transaction processing system Processing business transaction

Process control system Control of industrial processing

Enterprise collaboratio n system Team and work group collaboration

Management information system Pre specified reporting to managers

Decision support system Interactive decision support

Executive informatio n system Information tailored for executives

Information system classification for a hospital

Information system

Support business operations

Hospital Operational support system

Hospital Management support system

Support managerial decision making

Transaction Data processing capture system system Processing Capturing of business data at point transaction of origin ³(EDI,POS,PR OCESS CONTROL)

Enterprise collaboratio n system Team and work group collaboration

Hospital Management information system Pre specified reporting to managers

Hospital Decision support system Interactive decision support

Executive informatio n system Information tailored for executives

What is Management Information System
‡Management information system is *AN INTEGRATED USER MACHINE SYSTEM *FOR PROVIDING INFORMATION *TO SUPPORT THE OPERATIONS, MANAGEMENT, ANALYSIS AND DECISION MAKING FUNCTION *IN AN ORGANIZATION The system utilizes *COMPUTER HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE *MANUAL PROCEDURES *MODELS FOR ANALYSIS, PLANNING, AND CONTROL, DECISION MAKING. *AND HAS A DATA BASE

Parts of MIS FUNCTIONAL SUBSYSTEM All functional area in a organization ACTIVITY SUBSYSTEM All activity in a organization THE STRUCTURE CAN BE REPRESENTED BY USING A PYRAMID 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 .

Parts of MIS FUNCTIONAL SUBSYSTEM 1.OPERATIONAL SUBSYSTEM 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 .PRODUCTION SUBSYSTEM 4.PERSONNEL SUBSYSTEM 5.STRATEGIC SUBSYSTEM 2.TACTICAL SUBSYSTEM 3.SALES AND MARKETING SUBSYSTEM 2.FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING SUBSYSTEM 3.LOGESTICS SUBSYSTEM ACTIVITY SUBSYSTEM 1.

1 1 2 3 4 5 + 2 3 = 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 .

SALES AND FINANCE PRODUCTI LOGISTIC PERSONN AND ON S EL MARKETING ACCOUNTIN G STRATEGIC PLANNING MODEL TACTICAL CONTROL BASE DATA BASE MANAG EMENT SYSTEM OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT (DBMS) COMMON TRANASACTION PROCESSING APPLICATION UNIQUE FILES COMMON DATABASE DATA BASE .

FOR A HOSPITAL THE MIS CAN HAVE .

SUPPORTIVE SUBSYSTEM 4.OPERATIONAL SUBSYSTEM 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 3 .NONCLINICAL/PARA MEDICAL SUBSYSTEM 3.CLINICAL SUBSYSTEMS 2.STRATEGIC SUBSYSTEM 2.TACTICAL SUBSYSTEM 3.ENGINEERING SUBSYSTEM ACTIVITY SUBSYSTEM 1.‡ MIS in the hospital has following MIS FUNCTIONAL SUBSYSTEM 1.ADMINISTRATIVE SUBSYSTEM 5.

1 1 2 3 4 5 + 2 3 = 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 .

CLINICAL NON SUPPORTIVE CLINICAL SUB SUB SYSTEM SUB SYSTEM SYSTEM ADMINIS TRATIVE SUB SYSTEM ENGINEERING SUB SYSTEM STRATEGIC PLANNING TACTICAL CONTROL DATA MODEL BASE BASE MANAG EMENT SYSTEM OPERATIONAL MANAGEMENT (DBMS) COMMON TRANASACTION PROCESSING APPLICATION UNIQUE FILES COMMON DATABASE DATA BASE .

SUPPORTIVE SUBSYSTEM ‡HOUSE KEEPING MODULES ‡LAUNDARY MODULES ‡AMBULANCE AND TRANSPORTATION MODULES ‡SECURITY BASED MODULES ‡PARKING MODULES ‡CORRESPONDENCE MODULE 4.MECHINICAL.ADMINISTRATIVE SUBSYSTEM ‡MARKETING MODULES ‡HUMAN RESOURCE MODULES ‡LOSGISTICS AND INVENTORY MODULE ‡FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING MODULES ‡RESEARCH AND DEVELOMENT ‡MEDICAL RECORDMODULES 5.NON CLINICAL SUBSYSTEM ‡LABROTARY MODULES ‡PHARMACY MODULES ‡RADIOLOGY MODULES ‡BLOOD BANK MODULES ‡DIETARY MODULES ‡INFECTION CONTROL MODULES ‡MORTARY RELATED MODULES 3.CLINICAL SUBSYSTEM ‡OUT PATIENT RELATED MODULES ‡INPATIENT RELATED MODULES ‡CASUALTY / ICU RELATED MODULES ‡OPERATION THEATER RELATED MODULES ‡LABOUR ROOM RELATED MODULES ‡NURSING SERVICES RELATED MODULES 2.CIVIL ENGINEERING MODULES .ELECTRICAL.1.ENGINEERING & MAINTAINANCE MODULES BIOMEDICAL.

Goals of an MIS ‡ Provide managers with information ‡ Regular. organize and plan better . routine operations ‡ Control.

Employees Corporate databases of internal data Databases of external data Corporate intranet Decision support systems Executive support systems Business transactions Transaction processing systems Databases of valid transactions Management information systems Application databases Operational databases Drill-down reports Exception reports Demand reports Key-indicator reports Expert systems Input and error list Scheduled reports .

Outputs of a Management Information System ‡ Scheduled reports ‡ Produced periodically. weekly. or on a schedule (daily. monthly) ‡ Key-indicator report ‡ Summarizes the previous day¶s critical activities ‡ Typically available at the beginning of each day ‡ Demand report ‡ Gives certain information at a manager¶s request ‡ Exception report ‡ Automatically produced when a situation is unusual or requires management action .

Etc.Internet An Organization¶s MIS Financial MIS Business transactions Transaction processing systems Databases of valid transactions Accounting MIS Drill down reports Exception reports Demand reports Marketing MIS Key-indicator reports Scheduled reports Business transactions Databases of external data Human Resources MIS Etc. Extranet .

Typical Inputs and Outputs ‡ Inputs: Information from the TPS ‡ Outputs: hard and softcopy reports ±Scheduled reports ±On-demand reports ±Key-indicator (business fundamentals) ±Exception reports .

What Kinds Of People Pursue MIS Degrees? The Profiles Of MIS Professionals Are Varied. But In General. Such Individuals Possess Many Of The Following Traits: ‡Good Problem Solving Skills ‡Ability To Effectively Manage Time And Resources ‡A Clear Vision Of ³The Big Picture´ As Well As The ³Small Details´ ‡A Desire To Work Closely With Other People ‡Excellent Communication Skills ‡Ability To Think Strategically About Technology ‡A Desire To Take Responsibility For Developing And Implementing Their Own Ideas .

What are typical career options for MIS professionals? ‡IT Consultant ‡Web Developer ‡Information Systems Manager ‡Business Intelligence Analyst ‡Network Administrator ‡Business Application Developer ‡Systems Analyst ‡Technical Support Specialist ‡Business Analyst ‡Systems Developer .

$56.165 .What is an average salary for an MIS professional? From 2002 to 2009. MIS undergraduate starting average salaries rose from $42. .000.

.

MIS. and AI/ES ‡ Hierarchy: Information EIS/ES DSS Routine Decision support Input & output Less More Less More MIS Data TPS More Less More Sophistication & complexity of processing & analysis Less . DSS.TPS.

PAYROLL. ACCOUNTS PAYABLE AND RECEIVABLE. INVENTORY TRANSACTIONS««. That are generated IN AN ORGANIZATION ‡ IN A HOSPITAL THE TRANSACTION. SUPPLIERS ACCOUNTS . PATHOLOGICAL TEST INFORMATION.Transactions ‡ Transactions are « ‡ BASIC BUSINESS OPERATIONS SUCH AS CUSTOMER ORDERS.. INVOICES. PURCHASE ORDERS. SUCH AS PATIENT INFORMATION . Are generated every time and every where ‡ Who should involve and take care of each and every transaction TPS . THE LEDGER. AND PAYROLL CHECKS«. RECEIPTS.

‡ Transaction processing systems (TPS) ‡IS A SYSTEM THAT PERFORM ROUTINE OPERATIONS AND SERVE AS A FOUNDATION FOR OTHER SYSTEMS ‡ TWO TYPES OF TPS .

Two types of TPS: Batch AND On-Line Transaction Processing .

PLACING THEM IN GROUPS OR BATCHES .Batch processing ± Batch processing ‡ A SYSTEM WHEREBY BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS ARE ACCUMULATED OVER A PERIOD OF TIME AND PREPARED FOR PROCESSING AS A SINGLE UNIT OR BATCH ‡ In batch processing. the FIRM COLLECTS DATA FROM TRANSACTIONS AS THEY OCCUR.

data are processed as soon as a transaction occurs .On-line transaction processing (OLTP) ‡ A system WHEREBY EACH TRANSACTION IS PROCESSED IMMEDIATELY. WITHOUT THE DELAY OF ACCUMULATING TRANSACTIONS INTO A BATCH ‡ In online processing.

Batch processing Data entry of accumulated transactions Input (batched) Output EXAMPLE :-BILL GENERATION OF credit card transactions ones in 30 days .

On-line processing Terminal Terminal Terminal Output Terminal Immediate processing of each transaction Terminal Terminal EXAMPLE :-ATM transactions .

Objectives of TPS ± PROCESS DATA GENERATED BY AND ABOUT transactions ± Maintain a HIGH DEGREE OF ACCURACY ± Ensure DATA AND INFORMATION INTEGRITY AND ACCURACY ± Produce TIMELY DOCUMENTS AND REPORTS ± Increase WORKERS EFFICIENCY ± Help provide INCREASED AND ENHANCED SERVICE ± Help BUILD AND MAINTAIN CUSTOMER INFORMATION and loyalty ± Achieve COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE .

spare parts.Event Data entry & input Processing Documents & reports Documents: ‡ pick list Internally generated transactions: ‡ shipped orders ‡ purchase orders ‡ employee time cards Externally generated transactions: ‡ customer orders ‡ vendor invoices ‡ customer payments Database update: ‡ customer orders ‡ inventory ‡ purchase orders ‡ customers ‡ suppliers Database ‡ cheques to vendors ‡ receiving notices ‡ A/C paycheques Operational reports: ‡ finished product inventory status ‡ raw materials. packing materials. inventory status .

Data Processing Activities Common to TPSs ‡ A transaction processing cycle ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Data collection Data editing Data correction Data manipulation Data storage Document production .

Original data Data collection Data edit Data manipulation Data storage Document production Data correction .

WHEN DID HMIS STARTED AND WHAT ARE ITS GENERATION OR HOW CAN WE SEE THE HMIS BAKSHI .

. THE PLAYERS INVOLVED. SWEDEN. THE TECHNICAL POSSIBILITIES EXPLAIN THE SITUATION MAKES HIS MORE COMPLEX BUT NOT IMPOSSIBLE. ‡ The FIRST HIS WAS DEVELOPED IN MID 1960 in the UNITED STATES AND FEW EUROPEAN COUNTRIES (NETHERLANDS.WHEN DID IT STARTED«. SWITZERLAND) ‡ Although SEVERAL HUNDREDS OF HMIS are available in the market VERY FEW COVER ALL THE REQUIREMENTS OF A HOSPITAL OR PROVIDE ADEQUATE INTEGRATION WITH THE LARGE HEALTHCARE NETWORK. THE EXISTING ORGANIZATION. ‡ The DIVERSITY OF TASK TO BE PERFORMED.

HOW DID IT EVOLVED«.BILLING +RECORD KEEPING +ADMINISTRATION ‡ GENERATION 4-INTEGRATED HIS .BILLING +RECORD KEEPING ‡ GENERATION 3. ‡ GENERATION 1 ± BILLING ‡ GENERATION 2.

HOW DID IT EVOLVED«. GENERATION 1 GENERATION 2 GENERATION 3 GENERATION 4 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful