DNA BASED COMPUTERS

REGIONAL COLLEGE FOR EDUCATION RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY SEMINAR SESSION-2010-2011

By ROUSHAN KUMAR THAKUR

. Intel scientists say it will happen in about the year 2018.Conception Moore·s Law states that silicon microprocessors double in complexity roughly every two years. Require a successor to silicon. One day this will no longer hold true when miniaturisation limits are reached.

. Leonard Adleman. Use of ¶biochips· in human bodies may generate opposition from technophobes.Current Problems In the words of Dr. control molecules with the deftness that electrical engineers and physicists control electronsµ. ´we simply cannot. at this time.

Specifications One pound of DNA has the capability to store more information than all the electronic computers ever built. One cm3 of DNA can hold approximately 10 terabytes of data DNA computer the size of a teardrop would be more powerful than the worlds most powerful supercomputer .

Leonard Adleman wrote the paper ´Molecular computation of solutions to combinatorial problemsµ. He then carried out this experiment successfully ² although it took him days to do so! .Evolution of the DNA computer (1) Began in 1994 when Dr.

Used in gene analysis.Evolution of the DNA computer (3) First practical DNA computer unveiled in 2002. .

Evolution of the DNA computer (5) Biological computer developed that could be used to fight cancers. † The Designer molecule then releases chemicals to inhibit its growth or even kill the malignant cells. † Successfully tested on animals. . † ¶Designer DNA· identifies abnormal and is attracted to it.

DNA computers can be made many times smaller than today's computers.Advantages of DNA computers DNA biochips can be made cleanly. DNA computers are massively parallel in their computation. Excellent for NP problems such as the Knight problem and the Travelling Salesman problem. unlike the toxic materials used to make traditional microprocessors. .

DNA has a half-life. † During an operation.Current problems with the DNA computer DNA computers are not completely accurate at this moment in time. there is a 95% chance a particular DNA molecule will ¶compute· correctly. Would cause a problem with a large amount of operations. Solutions could dissolve away before the end result is found. † .

 Adoption ² Should inherit customer base of silicon computers.Environment compatibility (1) DNA computer must aim to be compatible with seven environments to succeed.  . Intrapsychic ² Already complies since it has been conceptualised!  Construction/manufacture ² This will be answered in time.

 Failure ² Inherits this from silicon microprocessors.  Scrapping ² Cleaner to dispose of than current microprocessors.Environment compatibility (2) Continued« Use ² Already seen the potential for this.  Political/ecological ² Could face opposition from technophobes.  .

Conclusion DNA computers showing enormous potential. especially for medical purposes as well as data processing applications. Still a lot of work and resources required to develop it into a fully fledged product. .

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