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GSM BTS ANTENNA

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OBJECTIVES
‡ To know GSM Antenna specifications and definitions ‡ To identify the difference between space and polarization diversity ‡ To comprehend the structure antenna system in a BTS Site
ZTE University

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the

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.zte.RADIO WAVES ‡ Is a form of electromagnetic radiation typically generated as disturbances sent out by oscillating charges on a transmitting antenna Blah bl ah blah b l a h ZTE University www.univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.com. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. .cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.ANTENNA An Antenna is any device used to collect or radiate Electromagnetic Waves ZTE University www.zte.com.univ.

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .com.zte.univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.ANTENNA ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES Operating Frequency Band Input impedance VSWR Polarization Gain Radiation Pattern Horizontal/Vertical beamwidth Downtilt Front/back ratio Sidelobe suppression and null filling ‡ Power capability ‡ 3rd order Intermodulation ‡ Insulation ZTE University www. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.

ANTENNA MECHANICAL PROPERTIES ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Size Weight Radome material Appearance and color Working temperature Storage temperature Windload Connector types Package Size Lightning Protection ZTE University www. . Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.univ.zte.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.

cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. .ANTENNA BASIC STRUCTURE ‡ Antenna are generally composed of stacked of dipole bundling their radiated power to form a desired antenna pattern in vertical plains around the antenna ‡ Depending on the gain desired that wants to be achieved several of those diploes can be arranged on top of one another ZTE University www.univ. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.zte.

com. .zte.GENERATION OF RADIO WAVES DIPOLES Wavelength 1/4 Wavelength 1/2 Wavelength 1/4 Wavelength 1/2 Wavelength Dipole 1800MHz 900MHz 166mm 333mm ZTE University www.univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.

univ.zte.HALF WAVE DIPOLE 1 dipole Multiple dipole matrix Received Power 4 mW Received Power 1mW GAIN= 10log(4mW/1mW) = 6dBd ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. . Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.

univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.ISOTROPIC ANTENNA Antenna (Overlook Omnidirectional array´ Received power 1mW Sector antenna´ Received power 8mW Gain=10log(8mW/1mW) = 9dBi ZTE University www.zte. . Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.

15dB 0dBd = 2. .15dBi Dipole ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.univ.dBd and dBi GAIN COMPARISON Ideal radiating dot source (lossless radiator) 2. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.zte.com.

univ.zte.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.dBd and dBi GAIN COMPARISON ZTE University www. .com.

ANTENNA ARRAYS ZTE University www. . Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.zte.com.univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com. .univ.zte.GSM ANTENNA FREQUENCY RANGE Type GSM 900 GSM 1800 GSM Dual Band Frequency Range 890 1710 890 1710 960 MHz 1880 MHz 960 MHz 1880 MHz ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.

cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.zte.com.univ. .890 = 70MHz ZTE University www.GSM ANTENNA FREQUENCY RANGE Optimum 1/2 wavelength for dipole at 925MHz at 890 MHz at 960 MHz Antenna Dipole BANDWIDTH = 960 .

IMPEDANCE Standard Value: 50.com. . Antenna Cable 50 ohms 50 ohms ZTE University www. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.zte.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.univ.

5W 80 ohms 9.5 W Return Loss 10log(10/0. .com.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.5) = 13dB VSWR (Voltage Standing Wave Ratio) ZTE University www.univ.zte.VOLTAGE STANDING WAVE RATIO (VSWR) Forward: 10W 50 ohms Backward: 0. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.

univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.com. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.VOLTAGE STANDING WAVE RATIO (VSWR) ‡ VSWR 1.5 ‡ + = (VSWR-1)/(VSWR+1) ‡ RetureLoss = -20lg + ZTE University www.zte. .

3dB Peak Peak .BEAMWIDTH 3dB Beamwidth Peak .3dB 10dB Beamwidth Peak .zte.univ.com.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. .10dB 120° (eg) 60° (eg) Peak Peak .10dB ZTE University www.

.univ. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.3dBm HORIZONTAL BEAMWIDTH ‡ Directional Antenna 65°/90°/105°/120° ‡ Omni 360° Omni-directional Directional ZTE University www.com.zte.

3dBm VERTICAL BEAMWIDTH
Omni-directional Directional

ZTE University

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BEAMWIDTH

ZTE University

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ANTENNA STRUCTURE TYPES
Omni-directional Directional

ZTE University

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RADIATION PATTERN Typical Flat-Panel Antenna Typical Omni Antenna ZTE University www.univ.com.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. .zte. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.

cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. POLARIZATION DIVERSITY ZTE University www. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. .zte.TWO TYPES OF DIVERSITY 1.com. SPACE DIVERSITY 2.univ.

.zte.univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.POLARIZATION Vertical Horizontal + 45degree slant . Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.45degree slant ZTE University www.

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. .SPACE DIVERSITY ZTE University www.zte.univ.

POLARIZATION DIVERSITY V/H (Vertical/Horizontal) Slant (+/.45°) ZTE University www.zte.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. .univ.com.

vertical X Polarization.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.zte.com.TYPES OF ANTENNA Linear Polarization.univ. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. s45r ZTE University www. .

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.zte.univ.ANTENNA DOWN TILT ‡ Mechanical down tilt ‡ Fixed electronic down tilt ‡ Adjustable electronic down tilt ZTE University www.com. .cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.

univ.MECHANICAL DOWN TILT ‡ It is achieved by physically tilting the antenna out of the perpendicular by using down tilt kit PROS: Cost efficient and flexible CONS: Has no effect on the side-lobe characteristics of the antenna ‡ ‡ ZTE University www. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.zte.com. .cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.

ELECTRICAL DOWN TILT Input Signal ‡ ‡ ‡ Electrical downtilt can be fixed or switchable Fixed is tuned by the manufacturer Switchable allows adjustment in a certain lever on the rear of the antenna www.cn ZTE University The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.zte. .com.univ.

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.zte. .ELECTRICAL DOWN TILT Non down tilt Electronic downtilt Mechanical downtilt ZTE University www.univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.

univ. . Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.zte.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.com.ELECTRICAL DOWN TILT ZTE University www.

com.zte. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. .ELECTRICAL DOWN TILT ZTE University www.univ.

com.zte.ANTENNA TILT DEVELOPMENT ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. . Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.univ.

com.FRONT-TOFRONT-TO-BACK RATIO Ratio of maximum mainlobe to maximum sidelobe Back power Front power F/B = 10 log(FP/BP) typically 25dB ZTE University www.zte. .cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.univ. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.

univ.zte.com.UPPER SIDELOBE SUPPRESSION AND NULL FILL ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. . Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.

UPPER SIDELOBE SUPPRESSION AND NULL FILL Gain reduction as a function of (vertical angle) ZTE University www. . Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.zte.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.univ.

zte.univ. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com. 2f1-f2. f2.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. 2f2-f1 913 MHz 936 MHz 959 MHz 982 MHz ZTE University www.INTERMODULATION (IM) ‡ It occurs when two signals of a different frequency mix in a nonlinear device ‡ It can be a problem at any site that has two or more transmitters ‡It can be caused by a transmitter of the same system or by a transmitter in another site that is co-sited or has a site in the neighborhood IMD@2v43dBm f1. .

univ.zte. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.PERMITTED POWER ‡ Continuous :25-1500 watts ‡ Peak value:n2vp ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.com. .

univ.com. .ISOLATION 10log(1000mW/1mW) = 30dB 1000mW ( 1W) 1mW ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.zte. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.

univ.zte. . Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.ANTENNA MECHANICAL PROPERTIES ZTE University www.

zte.DIMENSIONS ‡ LvWvH ± Length connected with vertical bandwidth and gain ± Width connected with horizontal bandwidth ± Height connected with techniques adopted ZTE University www.univ. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. .cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.com.

.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.zte.WEIGHT ‡ A factor that can affect transmission and deployment ZTE University www.univ.

RADOME MATERIAL ‡ PVC. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com. Fiberglass ‡ Anti-temperature. . water-proof antiaging weather resistant ZTE University www.univ.zte.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.COLOR ‡ Good-looking ‡ Environment-protecting ZTE University www.com. .cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.univ.zte.

COLOR ZTE University www.com. .zte. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.univ.

zte. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.com. .TEMPERATURE RANGE OPERATING AND STORAGE ‡Typical range -40°C ² +70°C ZTE University www.

com.zte.CONNECTOR TYPE ‡ 7/16´DIN N SMA ‡ Female/male ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. .univ.

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. .com.univ.zte.MAST ‡ Mast diameter 45-90mm ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.

.com.LIGHTNING PROTECTION ‡ Direct Ground ZTE University www. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.zte.univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.

remote control By function: Transmission.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. circle polarization By pattern: By down-tilt: Omni-directional. GSM1800.zte. mechanical. directional Non. . ±45º linear polarization.com. receiving.ANTENNA TYPES By frequency band: GSM900.univ. GSM900/1800 By polarization: Vertical. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. transceiving ZTE University www. Horizontal. electronic adjustment.

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.MULTIPLE BAND ANTENNA ± 870-960MHz and 1710-1880MHz ± Extended band option with 806960MHz ± Dual slant ±45º polarization ± 65º horizontal beamwidth ± Band independent TeletiltŒ control ± 17dBi gain in both bands ± Diplexed or Non-Diplexed versions ± Mechanical downtilt mounting option ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.univ.zte. .com.

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.univ.FEEDER 7/8´ MAIN FEEDER ZTE University www.zte. .com.

JUMPER CABLE 1/2´ JUMPER CABLE ZTE University www. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.univ.zte.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. .

CONNECTOR 7/16´DIN-F DIN CONNECTOR 7/16´DIN-M DIN & N CONNECTOR ZTE University www.com.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.univ.zte. .

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.com.zte. .univ.LIGHTNING ARRESTOR Rf port 2 Grounding ZTE University www.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.

Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. .ACCESSORIES ‡ Trimming Tool or Hand Tool Kit ‡ Clamp ‡ Earthing Kit ‡ Wall Glands ‡ Hoisting Stocking ‡ Universal Ground Bar ZTE University www.com.univ.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.zte.

cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.univ.zte. .com. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited.ANTENNA SYSTEM Antenna 1/2 Clamp 7/16 Din Connector 1/2 Jumper Tower Top Amplifier 7/8³ Cable 7/8³ Cable Grounding Machine house 1/2³ Jumper EMP Grounding clip Grounding bar Cabinet ZTE University www.

ZTE University www.zte.com.cn The information contained in the file is solely property of ZTE corporation.univ. Any kind of disclosing without permission is prohibited. .