Embedded Systems | Microcontroller | Pic Microcontroller

Embedded systems

uC or MCU) is a small computer on a single integrated circuit containing a processor core.What is a MCU??? ‡ A microcontroller (sometimes abbreviated µC. and programmable input/output peripherals. . memory. Microcontrollers are designed for embedded applications. ‡ Program memory in the form of NOR flash or OTP ROM or one time programmable ROM is also often included on chip. as well as a typically small amount of RAM. in contrast to the microprocessors used in personal computers or other general purpose applications.

Mixed signal microcontrollers are common. and input/output devices. By reducing the size and cost compared to a design that uses a separate microprocessor. toys and other embedded systems.What does MCU do??? ‡ Microcontrollers are used in automatically controlled products and devices. implantable medical devices. appliances. such as automobile engine control systems. microcontrollers make it economical to digitally control even more devices and processes. power tools. integrating analog components needed to control non-digital electronic systems. office machines. memory. . remote controls.

Available MCUs . ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ PIC Atmel AVR BasicStamp IBM Motorola etc .

whom in 2006 have been ranked first in world-wide sales of 8-bit microcontrollers. .PIC MCU family ‡ There are number of different types of microcontrollers for many different types of applications. ‡ These MCUs (Microcontroller Units) offer a great price/performance ratio and use technology that has been proven to be very reliable and easy to develop with. ‡ One of the more popular and easier to use line of microcontroller products for such task oriented applications are the 8-bit PIC18 microcontrollers from Microchip. The most familiar to the common person are the Intel processors that run a typical desktop computer.

but also powerful enough to allow a lot of complexity and freedom in the design process of an embedded system. ‡ Microchip Technology makes it easy to begin developing with their PIC18 MCUs through their various development tools and demonstrations boards.Overview of the PIC18 Family of Microcontrollers ‡ The PIC18 family of MCUs from Microchip are some of the fastest and most feature loaded 8-bit PIC MCUs on the market. ‡ But there are free demo board PCB designs which we can utilize. with a maximum clock speed of 40 MHz and 128 kB of Flash memory ‡ These microcontrollers are small enough for many embedded applications. .

many of the PIC18 MCUs have other device-specific features built into them depending if the design calls for a particular type of technology.and 16-bit timer modules with various features. universal synchronous receiver and transmitter. comparator. master synchronous serial port module.Features of the PIC18 ‡ The typical PIC18 MCU is feature-loaded with every I/O pin connected to an internal peripheral device. The I/O pins that these features run on can be alternatively be used as standard input/outputs in the design if the specific feature to those pins is not used. 10-bit analog-to-digital converter. All of these PIC18-wide features can be turned on or off in the program code. Typical features include 8. and more [4]. capture/compare/PWM modules. Some of the more design-specific features include . In addition to these common features.

0B.Is a way of communication among PCs and MCUs 10 Base-T Ethernet Given these wide-array of features.0 PSP parallel slave port Onboard LCD Controller CAN 2. a PIC18 microcontroller is a cost-effective solution to all kinds of embedded design projects.Features of the PIC18 Motor Control PWMs Full Speed USB 2. .

are also easily accomplished with designs implemented using the PIC18 MCUs. where PIC MCUs are used in every aspect of automotive electronics from ABS and airbags to suspension and powertrain. . reliability. ease of development. sensors. and features. etc.PIC18 Applications . PIC MCUs are ideal for automotive applications because of their low-cost. The PIC18 MCUs are widely used in everyday modern devices because of their cost and ease of development. Controlling external devices such as motors. One of the most prominent industries that make use of the PIC family of microcontrollers is the automotive industry. LCDs.

The simple instruction set. and wide range of features make the PIC18 MCUs a popular choice among professors in universities around the world for teaching embedded design with interesting hands-on projects for students.PIC18 Applications . . easyto-use development tools and demonstration boards. A high-performance motor controller that makes use of a PIC18 s on-board USB feature to communicate with a laptop for complex algorithm processing and to communicate with a more complex PIC motor controller The PIC18 family of MCUs also find their way into the classroom as one of the premier methods of teaching embedded design.

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