Some facts 
Capital: London  Official language: English  Ethnic groups: 87.5% White, 6.0% South Asian, 2.9% Black, 1.9% Mixed race, 0.8% Chinese, 0.8% Other  Government: Non-devolved state within a constitutional monarchy  Monarch: Elizabeth II  Legislature: Parliament of the United Kingdom  Area: 130,395 km2  Population: 51,446,000  Currency: Pound sterling (GBP)  Patron saint: Saint George

has been England's national flag since the 13th century. George's Cross. The English monarch paid a tribute to the Doge of Genoa from 1190 onwards. known as St.National symbols Flag The national flag of England. so that English ships could fly the flag as a means of protection when entering the Mediterranean. Originally the flag was used by the maritime state the Republic of Genoa. .

National symbols The Royal Banner The Royal Banner of England is the English banner of arms. . that features the Royal Arms of England.

Other symbols .

Sport Football English football has a league system which incorporates thousands of clubs. and include another 72 clubs. The other three fully professional divisions are the run by The Football League. and is topped by four fully professional divisions. The elite Premier League has 20 teams and is the richest football league in the world. the oldest league in the world. .

seventeen of them in England and one in Wales. the fortunes of the England team being closely followed by many people who never attend a live game.Sport Cricket Cricket was invented in England and is widely covered in the media.There are thousands of teams but there eighteen professional county clubs. .

one of the four Grand Slams.Sport Tennis Tennis is also one of England's important sports. . Only a few tournaments attract numerous spectators of which Wimbledon is by far the most important: many thousands attend the championships every year and millions watch on television both at home and abroad. being held in England. this can be seen through one of the most prestigious tournaments in tennis. Tennis originated in England and is played by amateur players and a small number of professionals. Wimbledon.

. English culture is often difficult to differentiate from the culture of the United Kingdom as a whole. there are some cultural practices that are associated specifically with England.Culture of England The culture of England refers to the idiosyncratic cultural norms of England and the English people. However. Because of England's dominant position within the United Kingdom in terms of population.

. such as bread and cheese. roasted and stewed meats. and a reliance on the high quality of natural produce. honesty of flavour. and dates from the royal court of Richard II. the Forme of Cury. the food of England has historically been characterised by its simplicity of approach. contains recipes for these.Culture of England Cuisine Since the early modern era. meat and game pies. The 14th century English cookbook. and freshwater and saltwater fish. Traditional meals have ancient origins.

to contemporary urban myths and facets of cryptozoology such as the Beast of Bodmin Moor. England abounds with folklore. in all forms. from such obvious manifestations as semi-historical Robin Hood tales. but variants of these tales are associated with locations in England. .Culture of England Folklore English folklore is the folk tradition that has evolved in England over the centuries. such as Glastonbury and Tintagel. The famous Arthurian legends may not have originated in England.

Culture of England Architecture and gardens English architecture begins with the architecture of the Anglo-Saxons. and in some cases show evidence of reused Roman work. All except one timber church are built of stone or brick. although in some cases the Anglo-Saxon part is small and much-altered. at least fifty surviving English churches are of Anglo-Saxon origin. .

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It is often considered to be typified by landscape painting. Hogarth also developed a distinctive style of satirical painting.M. Turner and John Constable. Portraitists like Thomas Gainsborough.Culture of England Art English art was dominated by imported artists throughout much of the Renaissance. .W. but in the 18th century a native tradition became much admired. such as the work of J. Joshua Reynolds and William Hogarth are also significant.

Due to the British Empire.Culture of England Law English law is the legal system of England and Wales. it has been exported across the world: it is the basis of common law jurisprudence of most Commonwealth countries. and English law prior to the American revolution is still part of the law of the United States. though it has no superseding jurisdiction. . except in Louisiana. and provides the basis for many American legal traditions and policies.

a member of the West Germanic language family. with lexical influence from Norman-French.Culture of England Language English people traditionally speak the English language. . is currently spoken by about 3. Cornish. The modern English language evolved from Old English. Latin.500 people. and Old Norse. a Celtic language originating in Cornwall.

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new laws Penny saved is a penny gained Speak of the devil and he will appear What can't be cured. after supper walk a mile As sure as eggs is eggs Drive the nail that will go New lords. must be endured .English proverbs After dinner sit a while.

Famous people William Shakespeare Winston Churchil Isaac Newton .

Famous people Francis Bacon Charles Darwin Charlie Chaplin .

Famous people Hugh Grant Orlando Bloom Daniel Radcliffe .

Famous people Sir Elton John Keira Knightley Robbie Williams .

‡ Be an active listener.How to communicate with people from England? ‡ Speak English ‡ Smile ‡ Shake hands when meeting and when leaving. ‡ Be polite ‡ Don t ask about football . and ask if you do not understand something in the conversation.

also the trainers to highly fashionable boots and shoes with heels or without. In some schools children must wear jackets and ties. In other schools the uniform is more casual. ‡ Footware can be from the likes of Nike and Addidas Trainers (sneakers) to Leather Brogues (Wingtips) and for ladies . ‡ Most children wear a school uniform when they are at school. Special clothers for the climate include heavy overcoats or anoraks for cold wintry weather to raincoats and umbrellas.Clothing ‡ As the UK is very much a western society . for weather rain.they wear very much the same as any other modern western society ranging from Jeans and Tee shirts (whether with designer labels or not) to full business suits for office work (if required). .

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Nonverbal communication There are a number of different aspects of nonverbal communication in England. such as what to wear. Some cultures have very similar nonverbal methods of communication and very similar customs. . to how to greet people. and how to act during meetings. others differ drastically. The following is only a few of the hundreds of different parts of the nonverbal communication system.

or a person of lower status to a person of higher status .Nonverbal communication When dressing for a business meeting: ‡ Conservative dress is the norm for both men and women in British business culture ‡ Darker colors (black. ‡ It is a general rule in England that a man stands as a woman enters a room ‡ Usually. Tips to remember when meeting people. one would introduce a younger person to an older person. dark blue. followed by a polite Hello or Good Morning. charcoal grey) and heavier fabrics (wool) are predominate ‡ No one wears a morning suit and bowler hat to work nowadays but the traditional pinstripe is still immensely popular. ‡ The handshake is a common form of greeting.

. 6 ‡ Taking off your pants in a business meeting is frowned upon by a large portion of the proffesional world. 2 ‡ In the UK. a common gesture to silently invite a colleague to the pub is made by putting the back of the thumb just below the lower lip. tipping it repeatedly.Forbidden gestures ‡ If you hold up two fingers in a v sign and the palm is facing inward it means up yours . whilst holding the other fingers close together as if sipping an imaginary pint of beer.

when the traffic lights turn green to cross.Eye-contact ‡ In England. In London. somehow managing to avoid any physical contact with other pedestrians. It is to be avoided in most circumstances. . Here it seemed as if they were looking for something. The English might see you. eye contact is minimal. ‡ The differences in eye contact are also noticeable when crossing the road. the English look down at the ground and walk as fast as possible. as they eyed me up and down.

.. In other words stereotyping is believing that people of a certain group. sometimes never. over generalised belief about a particular group or class of people. (Cardwell. But it is partly true and partly false because it is impossible to know everybody Stereotypes disappear very slowly.a fixed.Stereotypes A stereotype is ". 1996). . race or religion all have the same characteristics when they don't.

funny to say We think we are only the ones who are correct We think what is different is usually bad .easy to remember.Stereotypes Why stereotypes? We like to simplify things It is simple to make.

Stereotypes English people are very punctual The English love their pets more than other people They eat a big breakfast it he morning In England they love gardening and their parks are always clean ‡ The English are always drinking tea ‡ The English do everything in a different way:  They drive on the left  They don t use kms but miles  They don t use kilos but pounds ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .

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