# Cartesian Coordinate System

Stephen A. Jung

II. III.2D Cartesian Coordinate System  Also known as “Rectangular” coordinates      Locates “XY” values on a flat plane Consist of four quadrants: I. IV Origin is at the center Distances measured “Horizontally” from the Origin are “X” values  Right of Origin are positive  Left of Origin are negative Distances measured “Vertically” from the Origin are “Y” values  Above Origin are positive  Below Origin are negative .

Y II I -X Origin III IV X -Y .2D Cartesian Coordinate System cont.

2D Cartesian Coordinate System cont.   Horizontal Number Line Vertical Number Line .

“Y” value positive = Quadrant “II” “X” value positive.  Specifying “XY” values or “Coordinates”  Form = (X value.g.2D Cartesian Coordinate System cont. “Y” value negative = Quadrant “IV” .8)     Both values positive = Quadrant “I” Both values negative = Quadrant “III” “X” value negative. (6. Y value) e.

Z)  .4.2)  Format =(X. (8.3D Cartesian Coordinate System  “Z” Axis added   Positive values above origin Negative values below origin e.Y.g.

2D & 3D Coordinate Entry in AutoCAD  Three main coordinate entry methods:    Absolute entry Relative entry Polar entry .

“Let’s take a look at AutoCAD” .

AutoCAD Compass    Counter clockwise rotation = positive angles Clockwise rotation = negative angles Angles are measured in degrees .

Polar Coordinate Entry  Coordinates reference last point entered     Form = @distance<angle (in degrees)  @ symbol tells AutoCAD to reference last point entered  distance = the distance you want to go  < = tells AutoCAD an angle is to follow  angle = the angle from your last point e.g. @4<45 Do not specify “Distance” values negative Angles can be positive or negative  AutoCAD Compass .

3 X = -4 Y=3  Values can be negative    .Relative Coordinate Entry  Coordinates reference last point entered  Form = @x.g.3 e. @-4.y   @ symbol tells AutoCAD to reference last point entered e. @4.g.

g.y    e.0  Form = x. usually 0.g.4 X=3 Y=4 e.Absolute Coordinate Entry  Coordinates reference the origin of the drawing. -3. 3.-4 X = -3 Y = -4  Values can be negative    .

8) Quadrant “I” . “Y” positive (6. “X” positive.2D Cartesian Coordinate System cont.

2D Cartesian Coordinate System cont. “Y” negative . (6.8) (-6.-8) Quadrant “III” “X” negative.

“X” negative.8) (-6.2D Cartesian Coordinate System cont.8) (-6. “Y” positive Quadrant “II” (6.-8) .

8) (-6.2D Cartesian Coordinate System cont.-8) (6.8) (-6. “Y” negative . (6.-8) Quadrant “IV” “X” positive.

2D Cartesian Coordinate System cont. Negative Values Positive Values Horizontal Number Line .

2D Cartesian Coordinate System cont. Positive Values Vertical Number Line Negative Values .