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SHE PRINCIPLES ‡Employee Wellness ‡ Prevention of Injury ‡ Address to Pollution Control ‡ Legal Compliance ‡ Improvement and development ‡ Participation

of employees ‡ Accountability ‡ Declaration of commitment Signature of CEO

The Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Control Process

.source. situation. or act with a potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill health.HAZARD IDENTIFICATION ‡ HAZARD . or a combination of these.

or death. . illness.HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Types of Hazards Physical Includes unsafe conditions that can cause injury.

or fire . electrocution.HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Types of Hazards Mechanical Moving machinery parts that can cause injury or death Electrical Has the potential to cause electric shock.

or fire CONTROLS ‡Engineering Controls ‡Admin Controls ‡PPE *Electrical Gloves *Apparels *Safety Shoes *Spectacles .Has the potential to cause electric shock. electrocution.

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Types of Hazards Chemical Hazard Results from exposure to any chemical. liquid or gas). in the workplace that exhibits dangerous characteristics. in any form (solid. .

people or infectious plant materials .HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Types of Hazards Radiation Hazard Hazards resulting from exposure to radioactive materials Biological Comes from working with animals.

Hazards resulting from exposure to radioactive materials CONTROLS ‡Engineering Controls ‡Admin controls *Procedures *Permit to work *Badges *Safety Signage ‡PPE *Apparels *Spectacles *Primary needs .

people or infectious plant materials CONTROLS ‡Engineering Controls ‡Admin Controls ‡PPE .Comes from working with animals.

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Types of Hazards Ergonomic Occurs when the type of work. activity requiring too much force Psychological Occurs when work or environment can result in psychological strain/stress . frequent lifting. poor posture. body position. awkward movements. improperly adjusted workstations and chairs. and working conditions put strain on the body Examples: poor lighting.

and working conditions put strain on the body poor posture awkward movements .Occurs when the type of work. body position.

Occurs when work or environment can result in psychological strain/ stress  too much work load & responsibility  working with people of different personalities .

HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Types of Hazards Special Hazards Confined Space Area configuration Toxic substances Physical Electrical Fire Flammable/combustible materials Electrical .

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8 metres (6 feet) or more is required to use fall protection. Approved fall protection: protection: ‡ Full body harness ‡ Safety Lanyard ‡ Lifeline Scaffolding Inspection ‡ Secured casters) ‡ Tagged for Safety ‡ Secured flanks and bracings ‡ Prescribed toe boards ‡ Locking pins ‡ Guard Rails Foundation (lacking .A person working at the height of 1.

Abrasives. explosions Fluxes Lead fumes Dust. Cutting. Grinding. Blazing & Soldering ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Metal fumes Nitrogen dioxide Carbon monoxide Noise Burns Infrared radiation ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Fire. Grains and splinters .Types of hot works and its associated hazards:: Welding.

90 dBA 92 95 97 100 102 CONTROLS: 105 110 ‡ Admin ± safety signage 115 ‡ PPE *Ear Muff *Ear Plug .radiation at several changing frequencies or amplitudes. Permissible Noise Exposure: Duration per day Decibel¶s Reading 8 hours 6 4 3 2 1 1/2 1 1/2 1/4 85 .NOISE . amplitudes.

cough. diabetes. hypertension. cuts.HAZARD IDENTIFICATION Hazardous Event vs Impact Impact Refers to the effect of the hazardous event to the personnel·s safety and health. hearing loss. etc Property damage . diarrhea. fever. Include physical and mental health Types of Impact Slight discomfort Minor body injury such as laceration. contusion Acute minor ill-health effect such as headache. colds. dizziness. etc Major injury causing permanent disability or even death Long term ill health effect such as cancer.

Job Hazard Analysis Job Description-Based (For administrative activities) Instruction-Based (For technical activities) ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Job Position Responsibilities Detailed Tasks/Activities Frequency Duration Hazard Class Hazard Hazardous Event Impact Existing Operational Controls ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Procedure # Procedure Title Detailed Tasks/Activities Frequency Duration Hazard Class Hazard Hazardous Event Impact Existing Operational Controls .

Job Hazard Analysis Contractors Activity-Based ‡ Scope of Work ‡ Position ‡ Detailed Tasks/Activities ‡ Frequency ‡ Duration ‡ Hazard Class ‡ Hazard ‡ Hazardous Event ‡ Impact ‡ Existing Operational Controls ‡ Affected Area ‡ Project ‡ Detailed Activity ‡ Duration ‡ Hazard Class ‡ Hazard ‡ Hazardous Event ‡ Impact ‡ Existing Operational Controls .

Facility Hazard Analysis ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Area Equipment/Facility Use or Processes Involved Hazard Class Hazard Hazardous Event Impact ‡ Existing Operational Controls .

Hazard Class Hazard Elevated area High voltage equipment Toxic fumes Rotating fan Work pressure Video display terminal Hazardous Event Fall from heights Contact with high voltage equipment Inhalation of toxic fumes Caught in between rotating fans Working with too much responsibilities Prolonged work with computer Physical Electrical Chemical Mechanical Psychological Ergonomics .

There is provision for appropriate PPEs 4 ALMOST CERTAIN 1. etc.) yImpact will cause minor damage to property of the concerned section of the plant MINOR RESULTING TO LOST TIME OR CAUSE MINOR PROPERTY DAMAGE yImpact will cause minor injury resulting to lost time yImpact will cause short-term ill health effect (fever. etc.NO engineering controls 2. allergies.There are signage/warnings and/or administrative controls 3. nausea.There are engineering controls 2.NO (ineffective/insufficient) engineering controls 2.There is provision for appropriate PPEs LESS PROBABLE 1. muscle pain.There are signage/warnings and/or administrative controls OR There is provision for appropriate PPEs 5 CERTAIN yNO engineering controls yNO signage/warnings and/or administrative controls yNO PPE .NO signage/warnings and/or administrative controls 3.Rating Probability What is the probability that the impact will occur? Does it have the following controls? Severity To what degree can the impact affect the employees? How extensive is the impact? How long will the impact last? 1 IMPROBABLE 1.) yImpact will cause minor damage to property of two or more sections of the plant MAJOR RESULTING TO PERMANENT DISABILITY AND MAJOR PROPERTYDAMAGE yImpact will cause major injury resulting to permanent disability yImpact will cause long-term ill health effect (permanent hearing loss. etc) yImpact will cause major damage to the whole plant MAJOR RESULTING TO FATALITY AND CATASTROPHE yImpact will cause major injury or illness resulting to fatality yImpact will cause major damage resulting to catastrophe yImpact will cause major damage to the whole plant and neighboring communities 3 PROBABLE 1.There are signage/warnings and/or administrative controls 3.NO provision for appropriate PPEs NEGLIGIBLE/NEAR-MISS yImpact will not result to any injury or ill health effect yImpact will not result to any damage to property 2 MINOR REQUIRING FIRST AID OR CAUSE MINOR PROPERTY DAMAGE yImpact will cause minor injury requiring first aid yImpact will cause temporary ill health discomfort (headache. upper respiratory infection. diarrhea. sore eyes. cancer.There are engineering controls 2. dizziness. hypertension.

RISK RANKING MATRIX .

PPE DISTRIBUTION PLAN ° Attenuation Basin ° TT5 Demin Comp Hse ° Aux Bo Ash Silos ° Tripper House Boiler U1&U2 U2 ESP U1 Turbine Hall Transformer U2 U1 FGD Chimney ° ° Tank Farm Contractors Parking Amenity ° Admin Parking MMS Workshop ° WHSE 1&2 EMS Workshop Legend: -PPE required as per type of activity. ‡Safety shoes ‡Safety helmet ‡Spectacles ‡Safety shoes ‡Safety helmet ‡Spectacles ‡Ear muff/plug ‡Safety shoes ‡Safety helmet ‡Spectacles ‡Respirator ‡Safety shoes ‡Safety helmet ‡Spectacles ‡Respirator ‡Ear muff/plug ‡Safety shoes ‡Safety helmet ‡Spectacles ‡Respirator ‡Safety shoes ‡Safety helmet ‡Spectacles .

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working on heights. electrical and mechanical safety. excavation.COMPREHENSIVE SHE PROGRAMS ‡ Permit to Work System to include Lock out / tag out. confined space entries. scaffolding. hot works and system safety. Oil pollution Control plan Typhoon and disaster procedures Fire Safety Plan Ladder Safety Heavy Equipment utilization Forklift operation Fleet management Office safety Housekeeping Safety walk around program Hearing Conservation program Eye protection program Personal Protective Equipment Work Environmental Measurement Program Contractors· Management plan ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .

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IMPLEMENTATION Written Program signed by the highest Individual in the establishment. ‡ Program with defined responsibilities of the following: Employer Higher Management Level Middle management Level Rank and file employees Contractors ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Program with defined elements and system of implementation Program with training. evaluation and review Program with record keeping system Citation sheets Penalty system ‡ .

COSTS OF ACCIDENTS Represented by an ICEBERG ‡ Medical DIRECT COST ‡ Compensation ‡ Time lost from work by injured Indirect and Hidden Costs of Accidents ‡ Loss time by fellow workers ‡ Damage to tools and equipment ‡ Time damaged equipment is out of service ‡ Spoiled work ‡ Loss time by supervision ‡ Loss of Production ‡ Miscellaneous .100 other items of cost .

THE END RESULT / PRODUCT  Achievement of Millions of Safe man ² hours  Company recognition (ISO 14001. OHSAS 18001)  Great experience for both employer and employees  Achievement of corporate goals  Competitive advantage  Spirit of Teamwork .

Thank you« Let·s make safety a way of Life« .