Air currents are caused due to pressure gradient b/w two places. Vertical and horizontal air currents are induced which are affected by rotation of earth and contours of land. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ .there exists differential air currents. Winds are influenced by the ground surface at altitudes upto 100meters. As sun heats earth unequally.What is wind power ? ‡ Sun is the source of all renewable energy on earth.

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ . Heavier the air. Wind power is growing at the rate of 30% annually.mass per unit volume. rotor area and the wind speed. with a worldwide installed capacity of 158 gigawatts.more is the energy received by the turbine.e. The amount of energy which the wind transfers to the rotor depends upon the density of air.Thus KE of wind depends on the density of air i. A wind turbine obtains its power input by converting the force of the wind into a torque acting on the rotor blades.‡ Wind is slowed by surface roughness and obstacles. The kinetic energy of a moving body is proportional to weight .

Parts of Wind Turbine .

Electricity from the generator : The high speed output shaft from the gearbox is connected to the generator and it rotates inside the generator. Shaft : The hub is mounted on the shaft. hub. When the atmospheric wind blows over the fan blades they start rotating. Transmission gearbox : The speed of rotation of the shaft is very slow and it is not sufficient to produce the electricity.WORKING OF WIND TURBINE ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Fan blades : The wind turbines comprises of the large fan blades which are connected to the hub. If the wind blows very fast the brakes are applied to control the speed of rotation of fan blades and the shaft. due to this the shaft also starts rotating. It is here that the electricity is produced. increases. To increase the output speed the shaft is connected to the gear box. . Output from the gearbox : The input is given to large gear of the gearbox rotating at slow speed and output is obtained from the small gear hence the speed of the output shaft increases. shaft.

which provides mechanical energy.GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY ‡ Wind power generators convert wind energy into electrical energy. The other end is connected to the electrical grid or storage batteries. ‡ ‡ . One end of the generator is attached to the wind turbine.

CLASSIFICATION OF TURBINES Horizontal axis Vertical axis .

In areas where it is difficult to find sites. Suited for offshore wind plants.planning costs are independent of size. ‡ ‡ .one large turbine on a tall tower uses the wind extremely efficiently.LARGE WIND TURBINES ‡ Able to deliver electricity at lower cost than small turbines as foundation costs.

SMALL WIND TURBINES ‡ Local electrical grids may not be able to handle the large electrical output from a large turbine so small turbines are of much use in these cases. ‡ . Landscape considerations.

clean. ‡ Better wind speeds are available offshore compared to on land. ‡ It blows throught out the day so elecrticity can be produced whole day. is plentiful. ‡ It is an alternative to fossil fuels. . so offshore wind power¶s contribution in terms of electricity supplied is higher. renewable. widely distributed. and produces no greenhouse gases emissions during operation.ADVANTAGES Wind energy is a domestic and renewable source of energy that generates no pollution. ‡ .

‡ Environmental changes can affect wind power generation.DISADVANTAGES Has high capital costs.. ‡ Danger to birds. ‡ Noise is also an issue at some of the wind farms. ‡ . Wind speeds may be declining due to climate change. increased forest growth. a decline of wind speeds would reduce energy yield.

It is affordable.CONCLUSION A wind turbine creates reliable. pollution costfree energy. clean and sustainable. . As the adoption of wind power has been increasing annually there is a scope of obtaining more than 30% of the electricity generated worldwide by wind turbine . Wind power is growing at the rate of 30% annually. with a worldwide installed capacity of 158 giga watts as in 2009. Modern wind turbines range from around 600 kW to 5 MW of rated power. cost-effective.