Air Force Materiel Command

War-Winning Capabilities « On Time, On Cost

Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) in Air Force
Mark Reboulet AFMC LSO/LOA Mark.reboulet@wpafb.af.mil (937) 257-7181 Integrity - Service - Excellence

Overview
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ RFID Defined Marketing vs Engineers Transaction of record vs monitoring Why RFID? AF RFID initiatives Future opportunities Way ahead

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Defining RFID
‡ New technology is defined by what we understand ‡ New technology over time evolves

Horseless carriage --- automobile --- car --- SUV --- hybrid ---?
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Marketing vs Engineers

Technology

God
Marketing

Physics
Engineers

Time
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Transaction of Record vs Monitoring
‡ Goal: 100% read rate ‡ Reality: Something less than 100% read rate ‡ Process monitoring (50%-70% read rate)
A«.B«.C«.D«.E«.F (Fill in the blanks)

‡ Transaction of Record (100% read rate)
A«.B«.C«.D«.E«.F (Process must maintain 100%)

Know what you are trying to accomplish before you start
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Why RFID? Bar Codes not going away !  Improve data accuracy  Performs in rugged. harsh environments  Facilitate source data collection where data is available  Limited or no human intervention  Eliminates human error 6 .

AF Specific RFID initiatives 7 .

AF RFID Utilization  Afloat Pre-positioned Fleet (APF)  Tagged (Active) all containers last three years at Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point (MOTSU)  Passive RFID Military Shipping Label  Track boxes from base through consolidation process at Arial Port and Army Theater Distribution Center with final delivery to destination base  AMTS (Proposed RFID integration)  Tracks assets from DLA to Depot operations and back  WR-ALC Gyro RTLS  Tracks repair assets through the overhaul process 8 .

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USAF Afloat Pre-Positioned Fleet STEP 1: Label the assets with bar codes 10 .

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update ITV Server AFSILC Mobile & Pod 12 2D Pallet Barcode Label .USAF Afloat Pre-Positioned Fleet ‡ STEP 2: STUFF AND PROCESS THE CONTAINER ± Scan 2D labels and load all pallets into ISO. ± Scan Tag ID barcode & write ISO manifest to Tag using the Reader Pod RF TAG ± Print build sheets and manifest labels.

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USAF Afloat Pre-Positioned Fleet ‡ STEP 3: Update the World Wide Port System and lift to vessel 14 .

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AF Passive RFMSL Overview demonstrate the ability of a prototype EPC (Electronic Product Code) Class 0 passive RFID Military Shipping Label (MSL) to automatically record transportation event transactions and associate them to content level detail in Department of Defense (DOD) In-transit visibility system with minimal human intervention. Dover-Ramstein consolidation/airlift. multiple Outside Continental United States (OCONUS) destinations 18  Short Summary: The initial implementation will  Location's): Multiple Continental United States . (CONUS) AF and Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) sites for tag creation.

Locate TCN ± Transportation Control Number Aerial Port (APOD) (Stand-alone PC) Pallet ID ± lead TCN Loc Update Dest Base (Stand-alone PC) Theater Dist Ctr (TDC) (Stand-alone PC) 19 .RFMSL Architecture Aerial Port Small Package (Printer Intercept) Source Base/DLA (Printer Intercept) Tag ID .TCN mapping Data Warehouse TCN ± Content Data mapping ITV Server Aerial Port CAP Station (Printer Intercept) Aerial Port (APOE) (Stand-alone PC) Cargo Flow Information Flow Loc .

Dover AFB 20 .

Dover AFB 21 .

Dover AFB 22 .

Dover AFB Small Package Line 23 .

Dover AFB Active to Passive Transfer 24 .

Ramstein AB 25 .

Theater Distribution Center GE 26 .

Theater Distribution Center GE 27 .

Ramstein AB 28 .

Spangdahlem AB 29 .

and WR-ALC ± Can use multiple database formats 30 .RFID Enable AMTS ‡ Automated Material Tracking System (AMTS) began as a means to increase supply warehousing efficiency and reduce overall parts supply costs ± Technology bridge between existing AF legacy systems and DLA ± Web-based solution created for real-time tracking of more than 1 million materiel pieces transferred between AFMC divisions and the DLA Agencies at OC-ALC. OO-ALC.

AMTS«The Issue Process Customer Inputs Material Request G402-EPS MID-TIER DSS Information Receive Requisition Warehouse Release Warehouse Pick Manifest Time Placed on Truck Manifest DSS MAINFRAME DROP OFF POINT Manifest SCS MAINFRAME Driver Scans Manifest Real Time Interface AMTS SERVER DD Form1348 IR/RD D035K Information Issue information Denials Reversals Customer Inchecks Property and Scans Individual Documents 31 .

AMTS«Turn-in Process Customer Inputs Material Turn In G402-EPS MID-TIER DLA WAREHOUSE Receives Turn In Process Receipt DSS MAINFRAME PPMR Data to: Receipt Data From: DSS SCS MAINFRAME AMTS SERVER Priority data Receipt data Manifest New functionality ± Is this receipt a MICAP? Items Scanned Into AMTS ± Manifest Built/Printed Driver Scans Manifest CUSTOMER PICK UP AREA 32 .

Gyro Shop RTLS ‡ Real-time tracking of critical gyro assets through repair shop 33 .

‡ expediting of priority maintenance ‡ full asset visibility at all management levels 34 .Gyro Shop RTLS Benefits: ‡improved scheduling process ‡ reduced time in the maintenance process ‡ elimination of asset loss.

Future Opportunities ‡ Medical ± Mail order drug validation ‡ Base supply ± RFID DD form 1348-1A ‡ Automated Cross Dock ‡ Hazmat Pharmacy ± Track usage/exposure ‡ Shop/manufacturing floor tracking ± RTLS 35 .

Way Ahead ‡ AF is stepping out with active and passive RFID ‡ Initial implementation demonstrated passive RFID has a play in TAV ‡ Continue to participate with industry ‡ Know where you want to go or any path will take you there! 36 .

Questions For more information: http://www.dodait.org http://www.acq.com http://www.osd.mil/dpap/UID/ 37 .dodrfid.

Back-up Slides 38 .

RFID Standards Many to choose from! 39 .

RFID Standards ‡ ISO 10374.Supply chain applications of RFID Product packaging ‡ ISO 17367 .Supply chain applications of RFID .Supply chain applications of RFID Product tagging 40 .Supply chain applications of RFID Transport units ‡ ISO 17366 .Supply chain applications of RFID Freight containers ‡ ISO 17364 . Freight containers ² RF automatic identification ‡ ISO 17363 .2.Returnable transport items ‡ ISO 17365 .

Parameters for air interface at 860-960 MHz  ISO/IEC 18000-7 .92 MHz 41 .Standards RFID for Item Management Air Interface (ISO 18000)  ISO/IEC 18000-1 .Air interface  ISO/IEC 18000-2 .Generic parameters .Parameters for active air interface at 433.45 GHz  ISO/IEC 18000-6 .56 MHz  ISO/IEC 18000-4 .Parameters for air interface below 135 kHz  ISO/IEC 18000-3 .Parameters for air interface at 13.Parameters for air interface at 2.

RFID Experts Group ‡ Formed in February 2004 to assist DoD with RFID implementation ‡ Under the AIM Global umbrella in July 2004 ‡ Reaching out for international cooperation ± ± ± ± Europe Japan Korea China 42 .

REG Terms of Reference (ToRs) ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ToR: Reader System Implementation & Operations ToR: Enabled Labels & Packaging ToR: Recyclability ToR: Tag Quality ToR: Education & Certification ToR: Global Operation ToR: Privacy ToR: Safety ToR: Security ToR: Sensors and Transducers ToR: Technology Selection 43 .

Information technology ² Radio frequency identification for item management ² Implementation guidelines ± Part 2: Recyclability of RF tags ‡ ISO/IEC 24729-3. Information technology ² Radio frequency identification for item management ² Implementation guidelines ± Part 1: RFID-enabled labels ‡ ISO/IEC 24729-2. Information technology ² Radio frequency identification for item management ² Implementation guidelines ± Part 3: RFID interrogator/antenna installation 44 .ISO/IEC Implementation ToRs ‡ ISO/IEC 24729-1.

26M annually One day of pipeline = $79.5.2M Orders .5 M Sq Ft 52.2M Contracts ± 8200 / day Annual value pipeline =$28.Defense Logistics is Big Business SKU/NSN .000+ containers annually 45 .9B Open Storage Covered Storage 20.2 M Sq Ft 1.75M air shipments 208K S/T air cargo 5.1million M/T sealift 100.

pallet. air pallets ± SAVI 433 Mhz readers ± SAVI 410 tags ± DoD tag data formats ‡ Passive RFID ± case. UID item packaging ± EPC std UHF readers ± EPC Class 0 & 1 std tags ± Migration to EPC UHF Generation 2 std ± EPC and DoD tag data formats 46 .RFID Policy Scope ‡ Active RFID ± freight containers.

Facing new challenges« ‡ Rapidly moving force on a ‡ ‡ ‡ Improve business processes now ‡ Influence the direction and cost of technology development dynamic battlefield Demand for better information on assets Need for more effective management of inventory 47 .

The RFID Supply Chain Vision Implement knowledge-enabled logistics through fully automated visibility and management of assets in support of the warfighter Manufacturers/ Suppliers Distribution Centers/Depots POEs/PODs Transportation/ Supply/ Theater Depots/TDCs Customers PASSIVE ACTIVE PASSIVE Using good information to reduce bad inventory. 48 .

consolidated air pallets.Active RFID Mandates  Freight containers. large engine containers shipped to overseas DOD receiving points  Tags are unique to the DOD and will rarely be a contractual obligation on suppliers 49 .

Passive RFID Mandates  Cases & pallets shipped to key DOD receiving points beginning Jan 2005 in accordance with supplier implementation plan  Tags will be EPC-compliant and will be a contractual obligation on suppliers 50 .

IX. Palletized Unit Loads. Palletized Unit Loads. 2005 Classes of Supply:  II. 2006 Classes of Supply:  Begin All Classes Level of Tagging:  Shipping Containers. Palletized Unit Loads. Exterior Containers Ship to locations:  San Joaquin.Passive RFID Implementation For DOD Suppliers January 1. 2007 Classes of Supply:  All Classes Level of Tagging:  Shipping Containers. Exterior Containers. VI. I (PORs/MREs) Level of Tagging:  Shipping Containers.000 DoD Manufacturers/Suppliers New contracts and revisions January 1. Susquehanna Level of Tagging Ship to Locations Classes of Supply 43. UID Item Unit Pack Ship to locations: All Locations 51 . TRANSCOM Facilities & Service Maintenance Facilities January 1. Exterior Containers Ship to locations:  Strategic CONUS DLA Depots.

Complimentary Active and Passive RFID Active Container Tag associated to a« Passive Pallet Tag associated to a« Passive Carton Tag associated to « 8 UID Packaging Tags each with 1 associated 52 UID item .

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