Macbeth Introduction

Written by William Shakespeare in 1605  Macbeth is a man who overthrows the rightful King of Scotland  Shakespeare wrote Macbeth at the beginning of King James I reign  

Before

James succeeded Elizabeth I he was king of Scotland  Placing the play in James homeland probably pleased him

1

Will the real Macbeth please stand up?
Macbeth was a real king of Scotland  He did kill King Duncan  Reigned from 1040-1057 1040 Unlike the Macbeth in Shakespeare s play  

The

real Macbeth had a legitimate claim to the throne  The real Macbeth was a strong leader  The real Macbeth s reign was successful  The real Macbeth was killed at Lumphanan as opposed to Dunsinane
2

Connections for British Society  

Remember, remember the fifth of November Gunpowder, treason and plot. I see no reason why gunpowder, treason Should ever be forgot... In November 1605 the Gunpowder Plot was discovered
Guy Fawkes and his followers (Roman Catholics) planned to blow up Parliament  They wanted to bring down the British government and put a Catholic rulers on the throne  The plot was discovered and the men involved were tried and killed as traitors  

Shakespeare sided with the king and seemed to think that a play about treason and death would find an audience at this time
3

So this is a comedy 

right?

Macbeth is one of Shakespeare s most famous tragedies (it is also his shortest)  Aside from the violent nature of the plot Shakespeare uses several literary devices to enhance the feeling of evil 
He

creates a serious and sinister mood by having most of the play take place at night  There is a heavy emphasis on the supernatural (witches, dreams, spells, and ghosts)

4

A little taste of Macbeth QuickTimeΠand a decompressor are needed to see this picture. 5 .

Scotland  Duncan s sons.Supernatural influences  Fair being Foul . and rain .Macbeth Act 1 . lightning .Paradox  King Duncan .Malcolm and Donaldbain sons Generals .sense of doom  6 .Scene 1 Witches .Macbeth and Banquo  Thunder .

Macbeth gets title Thane of Cawdor .Macbeth Act 1 .THE SPOILS OF WAR  Macbeth and Banquo .Sweno  Thane of Cawdor rebels against Duncan  Scotland wins .Scene 2 Macdonaldwald s rebellion  Ross tells Duncan of Norway s rebellion King of Norway .Two spent swimmers  7 .

Macbeth Act 1 Scene 3 The witches first prophesy has come true .Thane of Cawdor  Macbeth .only to betray us  8 .The instrument of darkness tell us truths .So foul and fair a day .recalls witches first scene  Banquo . I have not seen .

Let not light see my black and Macbethdeep desires  9 .Macbeth Act 1 Scene 4 Execution of Cawdor  You can t tell what is in a person s heart by looking at his face  Nothing in his life became him like the leaving of it  Duncan.Malcolm to be King Duncan Macbeth.

Macbeth Act 1 Scene 5 Macbeth s home .Husband weak  The milk of human kindness  Lady Macbeth . (Hamlet killed that way)  10 .Castle of Inverness  Lady Macbeth comes up with plan to kill Duncan .Must pour spirits in their ear.

perfect hostess  Duncan s speech full of dramatic irony castle pleasant .Macbeth Act 1 Scene 6 Lady Macbeth .air is sweeter sees a martlet (a summer bird)  to Duncan the castle appears to be a paradise  11 .chameleon .

convinces Macbeth to do the horrid deed  Macbeth s Soliloquy .What could Argumenthave been when he can be King Would kill her own baby to do this  12 . a good King and virtuous man .marked by confusion Duncan .Kinsman and his subject .Macbeth Act 1 Scene 7 LadyMacbeth . a popular King . and death would bring sorrow to Scotland  Lady Macbeth Argument.

2.Macbeth Act 2 Scene 1 Past midnight .Mental disturbance  Is this a dagger which I see before me.The handle toward my hand? Macbeth.Moon has set and the Candles of heaven cannot be seen dark brooding  Banquo draws sword .1.42 3  13 .irony doesn t know Macbeth is going to kill Duncan  Dagger Speech .

he has murdered sleep . hath made me bold.Lady Macbeth .blood is only like paint wash it off  14 Macbeth Act 2 Scene 2 . What hath quenched them have given me fire  Drunk with boldness and on fire with passion  Lady Macbeth -would have murdered Duncan had he not looked like her father  Macbeth has two concerns .That which have made them drunk. bloodiness of deed  Lady Macbeth .

Scene 2 Knocking .2.78 9  15 . 2.knocking of their consciences actual knock  With all great Neptune s ocean wash this blood Clean from my hand? Macbeth.

extraordinary weather -unnatural events .The universe and events related  16 .light comedy  farmer and equivocator have specific religious and historical connotations  A few months before Macbeth performed Gunpowder plot .King James Guy Fawkes and John Garnett (nickname the farmer)  Lennox .Macbeth Act 2 Scene 3 Porter .

Scene 3 Equivocation .not in the plan  Malcolm .England  Donalbain .Ireland  17 .The practice of lying in court about one s religion  Lady Macbeth faints when Macbeth proclaims he has killed the guards avenge the act of treasonous malice .

Ireland  Malcolm .Scene 3 Macbeth says he has killed servants Lady Macbeth faints  Macbeth and other Thanes swear to meet in manly rediness to avenge this act of treasonous malice  There s daggers in men s smiles  Donaldbain .England  18 .

Macbeth Act 2 Scene 4 Macbeth has become King  Donaldbain and Malcolm have fled  Old Man .Traditional figure in lit represents what has been  owl kills falcon .horses of the King s stable have eaten each other  The world he has known has been turned on its head  19 .daylight has been replaced by night .

his own children will be Kings  Even with new title Macbeth does not feel at ease  calls murderers dogs but he shows his inhumanity and imperfections -also wants to kill Fleance  20 .gains comfort from 2nd prediction .Macbeth Act 3 Scene 1 Banquo suspects Macbeth .

2.Act 3 Scene 2 Macbeth plans murder not Lady Macbeth  Macbeth and Lady Macbeth s world not at peace  Macbeth wants to get rid of his bond with humanity  We have scorched the snake. Macbeth. 3. not killed it.2.24 5  21 .15  Duncan is in his grave. 3. After life s fitful fever he sleeps well. Macbeth.

Act 3 Scene 3 Banquo killed .Fleance escapes  Forces of darkness are at odds with light  Murderers capable of poetry  Escape of Fleance turning point Peripeteia .sudden reversal of fortune  Banquo s dying words to revenge  22 .Murderers lantern extinguished .

goes into a fit  Macbeth has lost control  Macbeth will kill Macduff and visit three sisters  It will have blood. Macbeth.152 53  23 Act 3 Scene 4 .4. they say: blood will have blood.Macbeth has Thanes of Scotland over Macduff not there  Murderers tell Macbeth what happened Macbeth losses it  Macbeth sees ghost . 3.

Act 3 Scene 5 Hecate joins three sisters  Some say this scene was not in the orginal play  24 .

Act 3 Scene 6 Lennox reveals doubts about Macbeth Did he kill the guards hastily?  Macduff has fled to England to join forces with Malcolm also asks help from King Edward of England  25 .

blood-covered child who cannot be bloodkilled by any man of woman born  26 .Macbeth Act 4 Scene 1 Double.1. Fire burn. disembodied head of a warrior who warns Macbeth of revenge  2. double.10 1  Macbeth goes to weird sisters and demands to be shown apparitions of the future  1. and cauldron bubble. Witches. toil and trouble. 4.

1. 4. a child wearing a crown promises Macbeth cannot lose in battle until Birnam wood moves to Dunsinane  Macbeth asks about Banquo s sons and sees a procession of Banquo and future kings  Macbethless future  Macduff has fled to England and Macbeth announces revenge of Macduff s wife and children  I ll make assurance double sure. Macbeth.93  27 .3.

Act 4 Scene 2 Lady Macduff feels Macduff has acted dishonestly  Son says the world is full of dishonest men  28 .

3.256  Malcolm tests Macduff s loyalty . 4.says he would be a great tyrant . Macduff.Act 4 Scene 3 At one fell swoop.reverse psychology  Macduff still hates Macbeth .Macduff vows revenge  29 .Malcolm has gotten what he wants Macduff s loyalty  Ross tells him of the slaughter of wife and child .

5. Lady Macbeth.31  All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand.1.sleepwalks and tells fragments of events  30 . 5. Lady Macbeth.1.62 3  Played in dark except one candle  Lady Macbeth has gone mad . damned spot! out. 5.Macbeth Act 5 Scene 1 Out.46 7  What s done cannot be undone. I say! Lady Macbeth.1.

1 candle  31 .overheard by doctor and lady-in-waiting lady-in Lady Macbeth is seen rubbing her hands (quotes at the beginning)  Lady Macbeth needs a divine  Spiritual darkness .

32 .

warrior hero . Mentith.Distemper d Cause  33 .Lennox. and Caithness resolve to join Malcolm and English forces who are at Birnam Wood  Caithness speech .valiant fury .but not righteous .Macbeth Act 5 Scene 2 Four lords of Scotland . Angus.

Macbeth Act 5 Scene 3 Macbeth dismisses reports of invasion ( confident tyrant)  Trusts the prophecies  Servant ( cream faced lilly livered) announces huge army  Doctor tells of Lady Macbeth  yellow leaf .fall of his own reputation  34 .

1577  35 .Macbeth Act 5 Scene 4 English and Scotish armies under leadership of Malcolm meet at Birnam Wood  Malcolm orders soldiers to cut a branch and carry it in front of them as camouflage To shadow the number of our host  taken from Holinshed s Chronicles .

and tomorrow. Macbeth. Macbeth.21  36 . and tomorrow.5.5.brave rhetoric  shriek offstage .Macbeth Act 5 Scene 5 Macbeth fully armed .Power-seeking tyrants tend Powertoward self-destruction self I have supped full with horrors.14 . 5. 5.The queen is dead  Birnam Wood appears to have uprooted itself advancing towards Dunsinane  Shakespeare .Banquo s ghost  Tomorrow.

discipline troopsharbinger or sign of what is to come  37 .age  Macduff order of troops.Macbeth Act 5 Scene 6 Malcolm and his troops have reached Dunsinane  Siward first to advance .

Thou wast born of woman  Macduff .takes place of timingSiward  38 .Macbeth Act 5 Scene 7 Macbeth challenged by son of Siward  Macbeth s forces have surrendered Dunsinane Castle  They have tied me to a stake: I cannot fly  kills young Siward .ironic timing.

Macbeth Act 5 Scene 8 Macbeth and Macduff finally face to face  words are tossed  Macbeth ponders suicide but hey I can t die  Macduff tells him he entered the world Untimely ripp d from mothers womb  Macbeth realizes witches are imperfect speakers  Macbeth dies  39 .

Macbeth Act 5 Scene 9 Malcolm proclaimed new king of Scotland  true friends we miss loyalty he will rule with graciousness and humility  Macduff enters with Macbeth s head  40 .

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