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BLU-RAY DISK

By : M.Viswanath
08N71A0432

HISTORY
GENERATION: Compact disc (CD): --- 650/700 MB It is with us for over 20 years. Wavelength of laser which reads data: 780nm Color of laser: Red
st 1

2nd GENERATION: Digital versatile disc (DVD): --- 4.7 GB It offers high quality sound and video than CD. Wavelength of laser which reads data: 650 nm Color of laser: Red

3rd GENERATION: Blu-ray disc (BD): --- 25/50 GB -Next generation optical disc format. -Developed by blu-ray disc association (which includes Apple, Hitachi, HP, LG, Panasonic, Pioneer, Philips, Samsung, Sharp, Sony)

-Wavelength of laser which reads data: 405 nm -Color of laser: Blue-violet which was developed by SHUJI NAKAMURA at NICHIA CORPORATION

FORMAT OF BD
It comes in four different formats: BD-ROM (read only) : for reading recorded
content.

BD-R (recordable) : for PC data storage. BD-RW (rewritable) : for PC data storage. BD-RE (rewritable) : for HDTV (high definition
television) recording.

TYPES OF BD:
SINGLE LAYER : - Can hold data up to 25/27 GB that means 2 hrs of HD video or about 13 hrs of standard video. DOUBLE LAYER : - Can hold data up to 50 GB that means 4.5 hrs of HD video or more than 20 hrs of standard video.

THE TECHNOLOGY
Pits : spiral grooves that run from the centre of the disc to its edges Bumps : other sides of these edges. Track pitch : it is the distance between the two tracks (of pits) on the surface. -------------------------------Disc store digitally encoded data in PITS. --------------------------------

So, in blu-ray disc: Pit size 0.15 microns ( more than twice as small as the pits on DVD ) Track-pitch is : 0.32 microns Laser needed : blue-violet laser (405 nm) Data transfer rate : 36 Mbps

Courtesy Blu-ray Disc Founders Blu-ray Disc Format White Paper

Numerical Aperture measures the ability of a lens to gather and focus light. As the numerical aperture increases, the focusing power increases and the beam size decreases

Phase change implies that the disc section is either an amorphous or crystalline state. The reflectivity changes accordingly thus representing a binary bit

COMPARISON IN BUILDING BD AND DVD


BD
 Data is placed on top of a 1.1 mm thick polycarbonate layer  Doesnt suffer from BIREFRINGENCE  Doesnt suffer from DISC TILT  Hard coating is placed outside to protect from scratches or fingerprints

DVD
 Data is sandwiched b/w two polycarbonate layers, each 0.6 mm thick  Suffer from BIREFRINGENCE  Suffer from DISC TILT  No such hard coating is placed

This issue has introduced a competitor, the HDDVD, that based its technology around being compatible with the DVD Recently the BDA has developed recorders that are BD/DVD/CD compatible JVC has advanced the BD by developing a BD/DVD combo disc that stores both DVD and BD data. It is composed of two DVD layers and a third BD layer storing 33.5 GB total

BLU RAY S DURABILITY ADVANTAGE




Various hard coating technologies make Bly ray disc most durable and family -friendly HardHard-coating technology provides resistance to: - Finger prints - Marks - Scratches - Dust Much more ROBUST than todays polycarbonatepolycarbonate-based CD/DVDs (and HD DVDs)

FEATURES OF BD
With BD we can: Record HDTV without any quality loss Instantly skip to any spot on disc Record one program while watching other on the disc Create playlists

Edit or reorder programs recorded on disc Automatically search for an empty space on the disc to avoid recording over a program Access to web to download subtitles and other extra features And many more

BLUBLU-RAYS DENSITY ADVANTAGE


Higher density enables better data seek times Shorter to travel for same amount of data results in faster data seek Better for random access of data

THE NAME
The blu-ray name is a combination of blue, for the color of the laser that is used and ray for optical ray. The e in blue was purposefully left off, according to the manufacturers, because an everyday word cannot be a trademark.

On GAURD
Blu-ray discs are better armed than current DVDs. They come equipped with a secure encryption system a unique ID that protects against video piracy and copyright infringement.

Error rates increased in reading and writing after the original BD suffered scratches and fingerprints For protection, the prototype BD was enclosed in a case The case increased the size of the disc drive

DO MORE WITH BLU


More capacity, Density and Performance More Industry Support/Consumer Reach (BDA has 140+ members) More Durable More Interactive User Experience More Flexible Content Protection: AAC, BD+ Renewability Technology and ROM Mark

Thank You