Five Year Plan 6-11

Five
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ India is Bharat Panchatantra Pancha logam Pancha bootham Pancham Punjab

‡ Hand

Social plan Vs Social Policy
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Frame work Need Analysis Survey Report Measures

AREAS OF SOCIAL POLICY
Social policies will be approached in vastly different ways depending on the ideological leanings of the governing power. Important areas of social policy are: 
The welfare state Social security Unemployment insurance Pensions Healthcare Social housing Social care Social exclusion Education policy Crime & Criminal justice Labour regulation

The Planning Commission has been entrusted with the responsibility of the creation.Why India's five year plans For the smooth functioning of any economy. India's five year plans are also supervised by the Planning commission . planning plays an important role. development and execution of India's five year plans. .

6 billion.8 billion (INR) or USD$23.First Five Year Plan (1951-55) Total budget: 206.6% per year € Evolution of good irrigation system € improvement in € roads € civil aviation € railways € Telegraphs € posts € manufacture of fertilizers € electrical equipment . Objectives € the standard of living € Community and agriculture development € Energy and irrigation € Communications and transport € Industry € Land rehabilitation € Social services € Target of GDP growth 2.6% per year ACHIEVEMENTS € GDP 3.1 per year € Achieved had been 3.

Disadvantages ‡ Agriculture. ‡ development of only a few industries ‡ private industry had not developed . including projects that combined irrigation and power generation. received priority.

Second Five Year Plan (1956-1961) OBJECTIVES € To increase by 25% the national income € To make the country more industrialized € To increase employment opportunities so that every citizen gets a job ACHIEVEMENTS € 5 steel plants € a hydro-electric power project € production of coal increased € more railway lines € Land reform measures € improved the living standards of the people Development of € Mining and industry € Community and agriculture development € Power and irrigation € Social services € Communications and transport € Miscellaneous € The large enterprises in seventeen industries were nationalized .

heavy industries in the public sector. and improvement of the economic infrastructure 3 eliminate the importation of consumer goods 3 high tariffs 3 License were required for starting new companies 3 This is when India got its License Raj. the bureaucratic control over the economy 3 When a business was losing money the Government would prevent them from shutting down .Disadvantages 3 By contrast to the first Five-Year Plan emphasis on industrialization. particularly basic.

Third Five Year Plan (1961-1966) OBJECTIVES € More stress to agriculture € subsidies € Sufficient help € Effective use of country's resources € To increase the national income by 5% per year € To increase the production of agriculture so that the nation is self sufficient in food grains € To provide employment opportunities for every citizen of the country € To establish equality among all the people of the country ACHIEVEMENTS € Decentralization € Organizations formed €Panchayat €Zila Parishads € Laid emphasis on €oil conservation € irrigation €Afforestation €dry farming € Many fertilizer and cement plants were built € Green Revolution PMs Jawaharlal Nehru Gulzarilal Nanda Lal Bahadur Shastri .

‡ Food prices rose in 1963. industrial production was considerably below expectations. and the economy was growing at about half of the planned rate ‡ During Sino Indian War. agricultural output was stagnating. causing rioting and looting of grain warehouses in 1964. and the increased foreign aid needed to maintain development expenditures. when a brief war was fought with China on the Himalayan frontier. India witnessed increase in price of products. ‡ War with Pakistan in 1965 sharply reduced the foreign aid available. Defense expenditures increased sharply.Problems faced ‡ In 1962. .

Immediate attention centered on increasing agricultural growth. stimulating exports. ‡ new high-yield seeds becoming available for food grains. ‡ Agriculture was to be expanded. ‡ Three annual plans guided development between 1966 and 1968 ‡ policies and strategies were reevaluated ‡ . ‡ searching for efficient uses of industrial assets.Annual Plans ‡ Successive severe droughts in 1965 and 1966 further disrupted the economy and planning. .

4th Five Year Plan (1969 to 1974) ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ OBJECTIVES Public development to reform and restructure govts expenditure agenda( defense became one major expense) To facilitated growth in exports to alter the socio economic structure of the society ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ACHIEVEMENTS Great advancement has been made with regard to India's national income considered as one of the emerging powers served as a stepping stone for the economic growth Food grains production increased .

famine and drought. India did not pay much heed to long term goals . ‡ Due to recession.problems ‡ a gap was created between the people of the rural areas and those of the urban areas.

regional. and fertilizers where prices sky-rocketed € Several inflationary pressures ACHIEVEMENTS € Food grain production was above 118 million tons due to the improvement of infrastructural facilities € Bombay High had shot up the commercial production of oil in India . oil. and economic disparities € To enhance agricultural productivity € To check rural and urban unemployment € To encourage self-employment € Production support policies in the cottage industry sector € To develop labor intensive technological improvements PROBLEMS € The international economy was in a trouble € Food.Fifth Five Year Plan 1974 to1979 OBJECTIVES € To reduce social.

Problems faced ‡ Prices in the energy and food sector skyrocketed and as a consequence inflation became inevitable ‡ The world economy was in a troublesome state ‡ This had a negative impact on the Indian economy ‡ Annual Plans 1978 &1979 .

Sixth Five Year Plan 1980 to1985 OBJECTIVES € To improve productivity level € To initiate modernization for achieving economic and technological self-reliance € To control poverty and unemployment € To develop indigenous energy sources and efficient energy usage € To promote improved quality of life of the citizens € To introduce Minimum Needs Program for the poor € To initiate Family Planning ACHIEVEMENTS € Speedy industrial development € Emphasis on the information technology sector € self sufficiency in food € science and technology also made a significant advance € several successful programs on improvement of public health € government in the Indian healthcare sector € Government investments in the Indian healthcare sector .

Problems faced ‡ During this time the Prime Minister was Rajiv Gandhi and hence industrial development was the emphasis of this plan some opposed it specially the communist groups. this slowed down the pace of progress. .

clothing. civil aviation. and shelter € Increasing productivity of small and large scale farmers € Making India an Independent Economy . and hooking up of telecommunications with computers € Transport € inland waterways. product pipelines.Meat.Fruits.milk.cereals. € Communications € Emergence of informatics.Vegetables €Pulses. coastal shipping ACHIEVEMENTS € Social Justice € Removal of oppression of the week € Using modern technology € Agricultural development € Anti-poverty programs € Full supply of food.Fish €Egg.Seventh Five Year Plan 1985 to 1989 OBJECTIVES € Anti-poverty program € Improved facilities for education to girls € The government undertook to increase productivity of €Oilseeds.

India faced a crisis in foreign exchange(Forex) reserves .Problems ‡ 1989-91 was a period of political instability in India and hence no five year plan was implemented ‡ In 1991.

6 creating mass awareness programs To encourage growth and diversification of agriculture To strengthen the infrastructural facilities To place greater emphasis on role of private initiative in the development of the industrial sector ‡ Rise in the employment level .Eighth Five Year Plan 1992 to1997 OBJECTIVES ‡ ‡ ‡ ACHIEVEMENTS ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Prioritize the specific sectors which requires ‡ Poverty reduction immediate investment To generate full scale employment ‡ Self-reliance on domestic resources Promote social welfare measures like ‡ Self-sufficiency in agricultural improved healthcare. communication and provision for extensive production education facilities at all levels To check the increasing population growth by ‡ GDP Growth Per Annum 5. sanitation.

and all levels of government ‡ ensured the growth of India's economy. primary health care. energy € to check the growing population increase € to encourage social issues like women empowerment € to create a liberal market for increase in private investments ‡ ACHIEVEMENTS A combined effort of public. ‡ Service sector showed fast growth rate . safe drinking water. private.Ninth Five Year Plan 1997 to 2002 OBJECTIVES € to prioritize rural development € to generate adequate employment opportunities € to stabilize the prices € to ensure food and nutritional security € to provide for the basic infrastructural facilities like education for all. transport.

Tenth Five Year Plan (2002-2007) OBJECTIVES To transform the country into the fastest growing economy of the world targets an annual economic growth of 10% Human and social development The social net Industry and services: Industry.Information technology.Tourism.Internal trade € Forests and environment € Science and technology € Special area programs schooling to be compulsory for children € € € € € .Energy.Construction.Minerals.Real estate.

Eleventh five year plan OBJECTIVES ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Income & Poverty Education Health Women and Children Infrastructure Environment .

11th Five Year Plan (2007-2012) ‡ Main objective . especially the poor. ‡ The Eleventh Plan has an opportunity to restructure policies to achieve a new vision of growth that is much broader based and inclusive. ‡ bringing about a faster reduction in poverty and helping in bridging the divides. .Inclusive Growth ‡ Approach ‡ the quality of life of the mass of our people.

Eleventh five year plan OBJECTIVES € Income & Poverty Education € Health € Women and Children € Infrastructure € Environment € .

. ± Reduce educated unemployment to below 5%. ± Raise real wage rate of unskilled workers by 20 percent. ± Reduce the headcount ratio of consumption poverty by 10 percentage points.Income & Poverty ± Accelerate GDP growth from 8% to 10% and then maintain at 10% in the 12th Plan in order to double per capita income by 2016-17 ± Increase agricultural GDP growth rate to 4% per year to ensure a broader spread of benefits ± Create 70 million new work opportunities.

Education ± Reduce dropout rates of children from elementary school from 52.2% in 2003-04 to 20% by 2011-12 ± Develop minimum standards of educational attainment in elementary school. and by regular testing monitor effectiveness of education to ensure quality ± Increase literacy rate for persons of age 7 years or above to 85% ± Lower gender gap in literacy to 10 percentage point ± Increase the percentage of each cohort going to higher education from the present 10% to 15% by the end of the plan .

Health ± Reduce infant mortality rate to 28 and maternal mortality ratio to 1 per 1000 live births ± Provide clean drinking water for all by 2009 and ensure that there are no slip-backs ± Reduce malnutrition among children of age group 0-3 to half its present level ± Reduce anaemia among women and girls by 50% by the end of the plan .

without any compulsion to work .Women and Children ± Raise the sex ratio for age group 0-6 to 935 by 2011-12 and to 950 by 2016-17 ± Ensure that at least 33 percent of the direct and indirect beneficiaries of all government schemes are women and girl children ± Ensure that all children enjoy a safe childhood.

in times of emergency. Ensure all-weather road connection to all habitation with population 1000 and above (500 in hilly and tribal areas) by 2009. Caller-free Telephone service(104) ± for the rural and urban population of the State to disseminate information.Infrastructure ± Connect every village by telephone by November 2007 and provide broadband connectivity to all villages by 2012 Emergency Transport(108) and Health Information (104) Services: ‡ Toll Free 108 (EMRI): to enable rural poor easy access to hospital services. advice and guidance related to any health problem have been undertaken by the Government. and ensure coverage of all significant habitation by 2015 652 ambulances are operating round-the clock. free of cost. ‡ ‡ .

Urban Development ‡ Hyderabad International Airport commenced work during 2005 and it is made operational in March.. ‡ Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewable Mission (JNNURM): ± two Sub-Missions. ± Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small & Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme(IHSDP) are also associated .2008. Urban Infrastructure & Governance (UI&G) and Basic Services to the Urban Poor(BSUP). viz.

33 crores has been spent during these 3 years. -came into force on 2nd February 2006 -According to this Act. ‡ ‡ Pradhan Mantri Gram SadakYojana (PMGSY) ± launched on 25th December 2000 primarily aiming to provide all-weather road connectivity to unconnected habitations ± till Dec.Rural Development ‡ ‡ four flagship programmes. workers are entitled to 100 days of wage employment for their households in a financial year. 2009. National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS). 6. namely.33 lakh houses have been constructed during the three year period 2007-08 to Dec. ± sharing pattern of 75:25 between the centre and the state. a total amount of Rs. ± Under the IAY scheme. . Indira AwasYojana (IAY) ± most significant rural housing scheme among the central schemes. 2009 in all. 1554.

It aims at improving the quality of life of the rural poor Four components ± National Old Age Pension Scheme (NOAPS) ± National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) ± Indira Gandhi Widow Pension Scheme (IGWPS) ± Indira Gandhi Disability Pension (IGDP).Cont. 1995 ± with the purpose of providing social assistance to the rural poor in India. ± came into effect from August 15. . Government of India.. ‡ National Social Assistance Programm(NSAP) ± sponsored by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD).

Health & Nutrition Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) . . there is no safe source in about 1. 3 more have been approved during the 11th Five Year Plan period .133 habitations during the last three years (2007-08 to 2009-10).implemented under Bharat Nirman programme. of which 1.72 % of water supply schemes are based on ground water as the source and 28% are covered by surface sources. While 22 projects have been approved under AIBP during the 10th Five Year Plan. .reverse osmosis for supplying safe drinking water .Further.647 habitations.33.Drinking Water.064 are fluoride affected. ‡ Agriculture and Water Management & Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme ± ± ± ± AIBP to complete the ongoing Major and Medium Irrigation projects taken up with Central Water Commission and Planning Commission since 1996 ² 97 to create Irrigation Potential at Optimum cost. .

2009) of the 11th Five Year Plan 12.20 lakh acres. 30 medium projects.by constructing a total number of 86 irrigation project -which include 44 major. 4 flood banks -modernizing 8 projects has been mounted since 2004-05.creating 98. was created.COnt ‡ ¶Jalayagnam· .26 lakh acres .26 lakh acres potential including stabilization of 2. .41 lakh acres of new irrigation potential and stabilizing 22. ‡ 12 projects have been completed and water released during 2004-05 to 2008-09. ‡ During the 3 years (2007-08 to December.

..12 grams of protein content is provided per child (classes I to V ) -700 calories and 20 grams of protein content is provided per child (classes VI to X).a minimum content of 450 calories .Cont. .Anganwadi Helper (AWH) to manage the AWC. The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) launched in the country during April 2005 .ICDS Mid Day Meal Scheme (MDMs) .

Environment ± Increase forest and tree cover by 5 percentage points. ± Attain WHO standards of air quality in all major cities by 2011-12. ± Treat all urban waste water by 2011-12 to clean river waters. ± Increase energy efficiency by 20 percentage points by 2016-17. .

04 74.778) Note: (a) Figures in the parentheses are INR in Crore.70 5.94 3.35 9.21.71 8.90 100.62 6.13. & Panchayati Raj Health & Family Welfare Agriculture and Irrigation Social Justice Physical Infrastructure Scientific Departments Energy 10th Plan (2002-07) 7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Sectors Education Rural Devt.39 8.68 10.00 (8.81 55.00 (14.29 13.01 4. N.66 5.97 100. 11th Plan (2007-12) 19.55 6.47 10.711) Total Priority Sectors 9 Others Total .03 25.10 44.Resource Allocation in 11th Plan Sectors Allocation: 10th and 11th Five Year Plan (in per cent to total Plan outlay) S.68 4.22 4.

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