September 10, 2011 GJC Audio-Visual Room

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ selection

of which news stories will be

covered € amount of space or time given to stories € way the story is presented € images and language used to cover the story € importance given to the story by its placement € way the audience is guided to interpret the story

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Editor

in chief € Associate editor € Literary Editor € Contributors

€ Managing

editor € News Editor € Sports Editor € Layout Artist € Features Editor € Circulation Manager

Mr. Antonio T. Delgado

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

NEWS is information about current events printed in newspapers or broadcast by the media. --Microsoft Encarta, 2009.

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Recent

information € Current events € Somebody or something interesting € Something previously unknown

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Timeliness € Proximity

or Nearness € Significance € Prominence € Oddity or Unusualness € Conflict

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Human € Drama

Interest

€ Romance € Progress € Number

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Accuracy € Brevity € Clarity € Style € Objectivity

(briefness)

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Classroom

story € Enrolment story € Meeting story € Program/Party Story € Experiments/Surveys € Honor roll/Dean·s list story

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Awards

story € School Improvement story € Election story € School Organization/Club story € Out-of-School Activity € Special Occasion story

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Must

have a nose for news € Must not be afraid of people € Must be knowledgeable in style € Must be able to finish articles on time

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Beats

² offices, departments, library € School calendar € Invitations and Memos € Different clubs and organizations € Sports teams € Students and teachers € Community

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Straight

news ² consists of facts reported without elaboration € News feature ² based on facts; writer may give his impressions, may describe and narrate without resorting to biased opinion

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Most interesting or most important
Least interesting or least important

The Inverted Pyramid of news suggests that news be told in order of most interesting or important to least interesting or important

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Inverted Pyramid of News

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

I·LL TAKE THE LEAD!

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

1st paragraph: Most important part of the article, summarizes the story € The Hook: Arouses the readers interest € Answers right away the most important questions: 5 W·s and 1 H
€ The

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Who? € What? € When? € Where? € Why? € How?

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Depending on the nature of the story and its driving news elements, a lead can focus on one or a few of the six question words.

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Who? ³ The school board passed a resolution last night banning the wearing of caps in all school buildings. What? ³ Cap wearing was banned in all school buildings last night after the school board passed a new resolution.

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Where? ³ In General de Jesus College last night, the school board passed a resolution to ban the wearing of caps in all school buildings. When? ³ Last night, the school board passed a resolution banning cap wearing in all school buildings.

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

How? ³ By a 6-1 margin last night, the school board passed a resolution banning hat wearing in all school buildings. Why? ³ Citing a pattern of early-onset baldness in GJC·s teenagers, the board of education last night passed a resolution that restricts cap wearing in all school buildings.

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Astonisher Lead Better attend your classes on November 5! Contrast Lead Twenty years ago, he was the school·s janitor. Now, he came back to become the college dean. Epigram Lead ² verse, quotation Like father, like son«

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Picture Lead ² describes to create a mental picture of the subject. The new dean, although only in his 30s, is already silver-haired. Background Lead ² describes the setting Decorated with buntings and multicolored lights, the quadrangle became a grand setting for a barrio fiesta as GJC celebrated its«..

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Parody Lead ² a parody of a well-known song or poem Tell me not in mournful numbers, Life is but an empty dream.. This must be the desperate conclusion of a 45-year old man who killed himself.. Punch Lead - short, forceful, explosive God is dead!

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Quotation Lead ´Ignorance, not poverty, causes malnutrition.µ Thus revealed former Isabela governor Grace Padaca to « Question Lead Who will be the next Ms. Intramurals? The answer will be known on«

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Start

with the most important or unusual idea of the news event. € Pack the most important info in one sentence € Go direct to the point

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Rarely

use the ´whenµ and ´whereµ

leads € Use less than 30 words € Don·t start with articles: a, an, the

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Who wants to read an article that begins: ´A basketball team from the IT department won the semi-finals in basketball.µ Instead try: ´With seconds left on the time clock, BSIT·s own Andres Dimagiba scored the winning shot that lead the team into the Intramurals· Basketball Semi Finals.µ

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Who wants to read an article that begins: ´The General de Jesus College Board met Tuesday night at General de Jesus College to discuss the new dress code.µ Instead try: ´A proposal to change uniforms received a lukewarm reception at last Tuesday night·s school board meeting.µ

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

WHAT A GREAT BODY!

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ The

details of the summary lead € Arranged from most important to the least important € One sentence, one paragraph structure € Sentences are generally less than 25 words

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

€ Use

transitional devices € Include quotations from at least two different people € Do not editorialize

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

Subject-verb-object sentences of generally less than 24 words € One idea per sentence € Don·t delay meaning, don·t use a lot of commas € Use strong verbs and an active voice € Simplify terms

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

the details € Process the details What is the news value? What details should be included? Who are my target readers? Are there important details missing? € Rewrite € Edit for mechanics and structure
€ Gather

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

´Live to express, not to impress.µ

Prepared by:

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September 2011 Vol.1 Issue 1

GJCians study news writing
igh 2 classes discuss topic

LEAD takes center stage
One of the most important elements of news writing is the opening paragraph or the introduction. Journalists refer to this as the "lead.´ Because newspapers are read rapidly, the opening of the story requires the most attention from both the reader and the writer. The reader samples the story and then makes the choice of reading on or jumping to another article. (Continued)

Anything that concerns important events around the world is considered newsworthy. The importance of news cannot be overestimated because the success of a newspaper depends on its coverage and the quality of its writing. Although news writing involves getting the facts and sending them out to the reader, it undergoes a three part process before reaching the reader: Coverage, Interpretation, and Play. All these elements are necessary to ensure a wellwritten news article that likewise conforms to all journalistic standards and requirements.

Students write their own articles after learning the dynamics of news writing.

BODY found... in article
From the lead and his notes, the reporter writes the body of the news story. If the LEAD has ³told the story in a NUTSHELL,´ the BODY only has to retell the story in detail by explaining the features in the lead and adding minor features not summarized in the lead.