ANDHRA PRADESH

NATIONAL CONFERENCE FOR RABI CAMPAIGN 2005 ± 06 (15th & 16th September 2005)

COMMISSIONER & DIRECTOR OF AGRICULTURE ANDHRA PRADESH

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Kharif 2005 - SEASONAL CONDITIONS (as on 13.9.05)
Rainfall (mm) Normal 2005 (13.9.05) 545.6 Deficit Rainfall (-59% to ±20%)
Water levels in Major Reservoirs
Reservoir Almatti Narayanpur Jurala Thungabhadra Srisailam Nagarjunasagar Singur Nizamsagar Sriramsagar Yeluru Somasila Kandaleru

Actual Deficient 517.0 -5% Srikakulam, Vizianagaram, Visakhapatnam, Prakasam & Nellore

Reservoir Full Reservoir level this Level (ft) year(ft) 1705.00 1704.02 1615.00 1612.61 1045.00 1037.62 1633.00 1633.00 885.00 884.50 590.00 590.00 1717.85 1699.89 1405.00 1379.25 1091.00 1091.00 284.00 228.35 330.00 291.84 278.89 199.22
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AREA & PRODUCTION ( TENTATIVE) DURING KHARIF 2005
Sl. No. Crop Normal Area Season likely Likely Producti Producti vity Correspond- area on (lakh covered (kg/ha) ing Week MTs) 18.33 4.33 8.88 4.29 3.64 8.94 36.15 13.75 3.04 0.83 19.93 8.92 1.27 2.11 48.63 69.19 26 6.5 9.75 5.7 3 9.88 45.63 15.2 3.75 1.37 23.19 9.7 1.2 2.28 54.27 82.75 2907 3925 689 1.55 75.58 25.51 30.58 3.93 5.7 6.28 112.45 16.5 1.88 1.98 26.13 24.35 3.19 189.77

1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9 10

Paddy(Planted) Maize Coarse Grain Redgram Greengram Total Puses Total Foodgrains Groundnut Castor Soybean Total Oilseeds Cotton Chillies Sugarcane Total Drycrops Total Cropped Area

23.73 4.49 9.45 4.66 3.74 9.67 42.85 14.35 2.89 0 21.26 9.82 1.83 2.19 52.73 78.83

1086 501 1445 2510 2658 83232

Note: Total Cropped Area will go upto 82.75 lakh ha. Dry crops to 54.27 lakh ha. Paddy to 26.0 lakh ha Production - Paddy - 75.78 lakh MTs (63.35 in 2004-05), Total Food Grains ± 112.45 lakh MTs (83.46 in 2004-05)
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AREA & PRODUCTION DURING RABI 2004-05 & 2005-06
Area in lakh ha SL. No CROP Normal
1 2 3 PADDY

Productivity (kg/ha)
200405 200506

Production ( lakh MTs. 2004-05 2005-06

200405

200506

10.76
25.76 22.40 33.16

8.47
22.06 22.73 31.20

12.90
27.29 23.49 36.39

3537
----

3774
----

29.95
46.64 ---

48.69
71.24 ---

Food Grains Dry Crops Total Cropped Area

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Crop wise Area & Production Targets for Rabi 2005-06

Sl. No 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Area in Lakh ha. Productivity in Kgs/ha. Production in lakh Qtls Normal Targeted Normal Targeted Targeted Crop Area Area Productivity Productivity Production 2 3 4 5 6 7 Rice 10.76 12.90 3368 3774 486.85 Maize 2.25 2.64 4556 5446 143.77 Jowar 3.50 3.55 964 1106 39.26 Bengalgram 4.00 4.10 1011 1338 54.86 Greengram 2.80 2.90 364 519 15.05 Blackgram 3.60 3.70 610 684 25.31 Groundnut 3.25 3.40 1200 1800 61.20 Sunflower 3.00 3.20 772 1092 34.94 Total Area 33.16 36.39 861.24

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KHARIF 2005 - CROPPING PATTERN TRENDS 

   

Promotion of Crop Diversification- Addl. MSP to Jowar, Bajra, Ragi, Redgram Increase in the areas of Maize, Soybean, Castor & Redgram Reduction in areas of Chillies, Cotton, Tobacco Increased intercropping of Soybean/ Short duration pulses Cotton with

Increased intercropping of Groundnut with Redgram, Bajra, Jowar, Castor
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BUDGET RELEASES AND EXPENDITURE UNDER CSS DURING 2005-06
(Rs. In Lakhs)
Scheme Approved Outlay Central
3463.60 542.71

Releases Central
1169.00 219.51

Expenditure Total
1558.66 292.69

State
1154.52 131.24

Total
4618.12 673.95

State
389.66 73.18

Central
2134.49 159.77

State
711.39 53.26

Total
2845.88 213.03

ISOPOM MM II Cotton Work Plan on Macro Manage ment Basis Total

3300.00

366.68

3666.68

1200.00

133.34

1333.34

597.84

65.36

663.20

7306.31

1652.44

8958.75

2588.51

596.18

3184.69

2892.10

830.01

3722.11

Note: State Govt. have released 3 qtrs. Budget on pre

seasonal basis under State Plan Schemes. On the similar pattern CSS budget may be released
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ADDITIONAL FUNDS REQUIRED DURING 2005-06
( Rs. in lakhs) Sl. No. 1 ISOPOM RVP RMG Capacity building Macro 2 Management Green Manure Seed Distribution ICDP ± Paddy Total Macro Management 3 ANTWA Scheme Addl. Funds Reasons required

Increase in area ± Maize, Pulses, 244.00 Oilseeds 200.00 250.00 136.53 25.00 SRI technology 611.53 600.00

TOTAL

1455.53
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Yie ld tre nds of Paddy in AP
Y ieldK s/h g a 4000 3000 2000 1000 0 2650 2936 2978 2596 3009 3047 3368

P A D D Y

199900

200001

200102

200203 Years

200304

200405*

200506** 

        

Kharif 05 - 26.0 lakh ha area, 75.58 lakh MTs Production Increase productivity from 2860 kg/ha to 2907 kg/ha in Kharif 05 3368 kg/ha to 3774 kg/ha in Rabi 05-06 SRR ± 69% SRI Technology promotion Seed treatment with Carbendizim, Seedling root dip in chloripyriphos Effective nursery management Application of fertilizers based on soil test data Application of zinc in deficient areas Adoption of IPM technologies
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Yie ld tre nds of M aize in AP
5000

K s g /ha

4000 3000 2000 1000 0

3258 2994

3401 2826

3436 2879

3913

M A I Z E

1999-00

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05* 2005-06**

Years 

        

SRR ± 75% Maintenance of optimum plant population -66,000 plants /ha. 1 or 2 irrigations at critical stages like Knee high stage, flowering and grain filling stage. Surface drainage to be provided to protect from water logging. Timely control of weeds ± use herbicides Atrataf. Balanced fertilizers through INM Basal application of ZnSO4 @ 20 kgs/ha Adoption of IPM practices In sequence of crops, maize-groundnut & maizeredgram, maize-sunflower is advocated to maize-maize. Inclusion of pulses in crop sequence.
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Yield trends of Groundnut in AP Yield in Kgs/Ha 1500 1000 500 0 1091 607 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05* Years 200506** 739 660 888 1242

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G R O U N D N U T 

     

Popularize varieties like Tirupathi-2, ICGV-86590, Tirupathi-3, ICGS-86325, Vemana etc. Improving seed production chain to achieve the targeted SRR - 17% Intercropping with redgram, castor, cotton, sorghum and bajra. Use polythene mulch technology Popularization of Rhizobium culture and PSB Supply of Gypusm to increase oil content Popularize IPM technologies
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Yield trends of Sunflower in AP
1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0

818 663 573 853 678 906

974

S U N F L O W E R

Kgs/H a

1999-00

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

2003-04

2004-05*

2005-06**

Years 

    



SRR ± 94% Avoid low lying areas in cultivation. Maintain optimum plant population 75,000 / ha Soil test based fertilizer application for balanced use of fertilizer and supplement for the micronutrient deficiencies. Wherever the bee activities are low advise hand pollination at thetime of flowering for good seed setting. Spraying of 0.2% borax increases the seed setting Adoption of IPM measures for control of Heliothis, Spodptera and necrocis disease.
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Yield trends of Redgram in AP

R E D G R A M

K g s /h a

1000 0

358

427

449

348

418

616 458

1999-00

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03 Years

2003-04

2004-05*

2005-06**

SRR ± 26% Use of improved varieties. Adoption of improved production technologies viz., balanced application of macro and micro nutrients.  Application of Phosphorus through SSP in order to supply Calcium and Sulphur.  As inter crop in Groundnut, Maize, Bajra and other pulse crops.  Popularization of rabi redgram to manage from Heliothis attack. 
 
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Yield trends of Bengalgram in AP

B E N G A L G R A M

1500

1399 1273 979 584 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 1083 1008

1338

Kgs/ha

1000 500 0

2004-05* 2005-06**

Years

Use of improved varieties.  Adoption of improved production technologies viz., balanced application of macro and micro nutrients.  Application of Phosphorus through SSP in order to supply calcium and sulphur.  Adoption of IPM against podborer.  Replacement to non remunerative crops like tobacco and jowar in black soils 

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Intensive Cotton Development Programme under MM II
Impact 

By introduction and implementation of TMC there is a steady increase in area yield and production. The cotton was grown in an area of 5.54 lakh hect. with a production of l7.43 lakhs bales and productivity 204 Kgs during the year 1985-86 has gone up to 11.74 lakh hect. with a production of 21.84 lakh bales with productivity 316 Kgs during the year 2004-05 (final estimated figures). Close monitoring of Bt. Cotton hybrid programme in State  

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SEED SUPPLY PLAN FOR KHARIF 2005
Total Quantity of seed required for Kharif 2005 : 38.76 lakh Qtls. Supply plan prepared ( 35% SRR) :13.45 lakh Qtls. Total seed distributed during Kharif 2005 :13.48 lakh Qtls
SEED REPLACEMENT RATE ACHIEVED
Crop 2005 2004 Crop 2005 2004

Paddy Jowar Bajra Maize Redgram Greengram Blackgram

69 58 14 75 26 29 19

52 23 12 68 16 15 16

Groundnut Sesamum Castor Sunflower Soybean Cotton Average

17 10 34 94 100 100 35

16 9 30 93 55 94

RABI 2005-06 Total Quantity of seed required for Rabi 2005 Supply plan prepared (42 % SRR)
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: 14.99 lakh Qtls. : 5.87 lakh Qtls.
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SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME - KHARIF 2005
1. 2. 3. 4. No. of village covered No. of units ( 4 ha each) covered Qty. of Foundation seed utilized Extent covered
Crop Qty. of Foundation seed in Qtls. 3590.50 51.20 7.30 10.30 1625.20 36.90 741.60 Extent in Ha covered. 4916.00 517.00 50.00 60.00 1011.20 369.00 984.00

: 1166 villages : 1978 Nos. : 6063 Qtls. : 7907 Ha.
Expected Seed Production (Qtls) 1,96,638 3619 250 300 12,134 2952 7,872

Paddy Redgram Greengram Blackgram Groundnut Castor Soybean

Total 6063.00 7907.20 2,23,765 RABI 2005 -- 5.23 lakh qtls seed will be produced in SVP by trained farmers
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State Seed Farm- Kharif 2005 programme
27 Seed Farms

Crop
Paddy Castor Redgram Bengalgram (Rabi) Jowar Soybean Cotton Groundnut Mesta

Breeder seed utilized (Qtls)
254.10 6.60 19.37 10.67 5.75 1.50 0.03 19.50 0.25

Extent in Ha.
335.00 64.20 165.60 40.00 0.75 2.20 0.40 8.00 2.00

Expected yield in Qtls.
20328 396 1937 106.70 7.00 24.00 1.50 156.00 10.00

Total
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312.77

624.40

23034.20
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State Seed Farms - Programme for RABI 2005-06
Crop Breeder seed Proposed (Qtls) 74.80 7.00 68.25 11.50 4.10 31.00 1.00 0.65 10.00 Extent in Ha. Expected Yield (Qtls)) 598.40 70.00 109.2 46.00 16.40 24.80 6.00 16.25 5.00

Paddy Jowar Bengalgram Blackgram Greengram Groundnut Castor Sesamum Safflower

101.40 100.0 93.20 32.40 14.00 14.00 10.0 14.0 100.0

Total

208.30
1

479.00

892.05
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Seeds ± Effective Regulations
1. Establishment of 19 seed testing laboratories under Single window Diagnostic facility 2. Establishment of DNA Finger print unit at State level under consultancy of NBPGRI with approval of ICAR 3. Appointment of Law Officer at District level and State level 4. Notification of certain courts as special courts to take up speedy disposal of cases relating to seeds.

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Effective Soil Health Management  

 

3.00 Lakh soil samples tested during kharif 2005 and soil health cards with fertilizer recommendation communicated to farmers 2.00 lakh soil samples planned to be tested for Rabi 2005-06 14,000 Micro nutrient and 2000 water samples analysed Portable soil testing kits developed by ANGRAU is being supplied for self and quick assessment of soil fertility Proposed to supply 10,000 soil testing kits during 200506 Gypsum being supplied @ 5 M.T. per ha to cover 15,500 ha at 75 % subsidy for reclamation of alkaline soils Zinc Sulphate being supplied @ 50 Kgs /ha at 50% subsidy to cover 2.65 lakh ha for correcting Zinc Deficiency
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INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT
Vermicompost 
 

20,000 vermicompost units are being promoted during 2005-06 at 75% subsidy Technical guidance rendered for construction of shed and vermicompost development Significant impact on soil productivity observed.

Green manure 

50,000 qtls of green manure seed planned to be distributed in the state during 2005-06. 32,000 qtls already distributed. 

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AP Fertilizer Consumption moving towards the right NPK ratios

Product-wise fertilizer consumption (MTS)
S.No Product 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05

1 2 3

N P K

13.62 6.03 2.09

11.83 5.47 2.27

10.36 4.34 2.03

11.39 4.74 2.40

11.57 5.39 2.92

N:P:K Ratio
S.No Product 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05

1 2 3

N P K

7 3 1

5 2 1

5 2 1

5 2 1

4 2 1

During the present year the monsoon being very active in A.P., it is anticipated all time high consumption of Fertilizers. So far 16.91 lakh MTs supplied.
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PROMOTING IPM THROUGH FARMERS¶ FIELD SCHOOLS
Principles 
  

Grow a healthy crop Conserve natural enemies Conduct regular field observations Farmers become IPM experts

Implementation ± Kharif 2005 
 

Villages Covered Farmers trained Modules prepared on FFS (Facilitators¶ manuals)

: 3647 : 1,09,410 : Rice,Cotton, Groundnut,Oilseeds,Pulses, Maize and Non formal education & group dynamics(distributed to field staff) : Rice, Cotton,Groundnut and Redgram (distributed to FFS farmers) 



Telugu booklets on FFS

14 Bioagent Labs strengthened  5 new labs under construction In Rabi 2005 - planned to cover 3417 villages & train another 1,02,510 farmers
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Crop & Agriculture term loan disbursements
In crores) HEAD 2003 ± 04 2004 ± 05

(Rs.

Crop Loans Agrl. term loans Total Agrl. loans

7903 1116 9019
% Increase

10285 3336 13621
51  

For the year 2005, department has identified 10.25 lakh new eligible farmers and playing a facilitator role to bring them to banking net Exemption of stamp duty is increased from Rs. 1.00 lakh to Rs. 2.00 lakhs on documents executed by the farmers for crop loans and reschedule of loans

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KHARIF 2005 CREDIT - As on 31.08.05
Item Year Year (2004-05) (2005-06) % increase

Crop Loans (Crores) Rythu Mitra Groups covered ( Nos) Credit extended to RMGs (Crores)

5360 4527 29.14

8650 7772 84.73 (17,293 Tenant farmers 3,08,657 588

61 72 191

New non loanee farmers covered (Nos)

195430

58 62
27

Credit extended to new non 362 loanee farmers (Crores)
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Promotion of Farm Mechanisation 


Government of India approved models of Power Tillers, ISI marked quality Agricultural Equipments are being distributed under our Farm Mechanization Scheme. An amount of Rs. 4299.56 lakhs have been allocated under different programmes for Farm Mechanization Scheme during the year 2005-06 Impact and adaptability of the equipment 

Implementation of the Mechanization Programme has improved the Power Utility per hectare as follows
2001-02 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 ----1.60 KW / Ha 1.64 KW / Ha 1.70 KW / Ha 1.72 KW / Ha 

In coming 5 years period the Power Utility can be improved to the level of 2.00 KW / Ha by intensifying the programme for having optimal farm productivity in the country.
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EFFECTIVE EXTENSION REACH 
  

    

Capacity enhancement training to all 3500 field functionaries in the department on INM, IPM, Quality control etc., Preparation of village action plan on major crops ± production gaps, credit gaps & mechanisation gaps Rythu Chaitanya Yatras ± pre kharif village level farmers training programme conducted from 25th April to 15th May 05. 18 lakh farmers covered. Organization of Kisan melas in all districts in the State from 20th May to 6th June 05. Providing mobility i.e 4 wheeler on hire basis to all MAOs and divisional ADAs in the state & Cell phone facility Intensive use of bio-fertilizers and bio- pesticides involving RMGs Strengthening of 22 Farmers Training Centres in the state Strengthening of Crop resource groups 3 ANGRAU scientists drafted per each ADA division to visit villages once in a month.
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Mass Media support to Agriculture Extension Scheme  Agril. Technical quickies/ short films of 60 ± 90 seconds duration are being telecasted in the TV channels of TV9,E.TV-2, Teja News and MAA TV every day for the technical awareness among farmers on IPM, Crop diversification, precautions to be taken in purchasing seed, fertilizers, pesticides.  Current information on agriculture practices crop wise are being telecast in DD (6.15 pm to 6.45 pm) and broadcasted through AIR (6.35 am to 6.45 am) every day to bring awareness among farmers to learn and adopt new agriculture operations.  5 video cassettes on management practices of different crops like paddy, cotton, groundnut, castor etc and mandalwise situation based cropping patterns were prepared and distributed to all FTCs  Literature on different subjects like IPM, INM, quality control of inputs etc for capacity enhancement of field functionaries of the dept.  Frequently asked questions in Call Centre during 2004-05 are documented & sent to all Gram Panchayats.
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I.C.T. in AGRICULTURE 

So far hardware is supplied to PTLs, FTCs, Soil testing labs, 70 divisional offices & all the district Head Quarters. AGRISNET proposal for computerization of remaining divisional offices has been sent for GOI approval. APSWAN connection to Commissionerate, all district HQ offices & PTLs Web based Software for monitoring daily crop sown particulars is positioned Software for online monitoring of departmental schemes up to the division level is under progress Web based software for quality control of pesticides , Soil testing is under progress. Software for Employee data base management is under progress.
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PROGRESS OF REFORMS IN APMC
APMC Act has been suitably ammended on the lines suggested in the MODEL APMC Act drafted by Govt. of India

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AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY MANAGEMENT AGENCY
(ATMA) ± 


10 districts

Institutional framework established for preparation of action plan Commissioner & Director of Agriculture ±Nodal Officer State level - Inter Dept. Working group District level - Governing body - Management committee Block level - Block technology team - Farmers advisory committee Project director and staff deployed State level orientation workshop on extension reforms organized State and district level training for Master Trainers and District Core Team organized Preparation of Research extension plan underprogress. SERP will be submitted by 30th Sep¶ 2005
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STATUS OF QUARANTINE FACILITIES IN A.P.

NPPTI has submitted detailed proposals to Ministry of Agriculture, GOI.

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