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Welcome to Linux Community

What is GNU/Linux?
A free Unix-type operating system developed under the GNU General Public License.
Open source Popular Support most of the platforms available

UNIX. Dennis Ritchie 1973.A Short History of UNIX ± ± Multics. HP-UX. MIT 1969. Rewrite UNIX with C Berkeley UNIX(BSD UNIX) Commercial products SunOS. SCO UNIX ± ± ± . Solaris. AT&T Bell Lab. GE. Ken Thompson. AIX.

A Short History of Linux .

A Short History of Linux(2) .

Is Linux difficult ? This may be true. But the real question is: do you really want to learn it? .

Advanced graphical user interface. ‡ . very stable. networktransparent X-windowing system with a "window manager" (typically KDE or GNOME but several are available). Linux uses a standard. ‡ The graphical desktop under Linux can be made to look like MS Windows (or probably ANY other graphical user interface of your choice).What are the benefits of Linux? Linux can give you: ‡ A modern. multitasking environment. multi-user.

Linux has no viruses because it is too secure an operating system for the viruses to spread with any degree of efficiency. audio players. general-interest desktop applications.Dozens of excellent. typing tutor. free. file managers. email programs. spreadsheets. . bitmap and vector graphics editing programs. These include a range of web browsers. etc. CD writers. word processors. some good games. Freedom from viruses.

It is a standard selected for countless projects that are not going to go away. .linuxjournal.html). for which Linux is the operating system (http://www2.Linux is quite positively here-to-stay because of its open-source nature (Linux cannot possibly be put out-of-business). and some of them are quite "mission-critical." Try the International Space Station.com/lj-issues/issue59/3024.

and distribute or sell unmodified copies of the software in the source or binary form. your own) modifications. without any limitations.In a nutshell. as long as you do not distribute or sell the modified version. modify. free of charge.. use the software with propriatory (e. sell support for the software. . and distribute or sell a modified version of the software as long as the source code is included and licenced on the same terms as the original you received (the GPL). the GNU General Public Licence (GPL) allows anybody to: use the software at no charge. copy. without any limitations.g.

commercial-only product. Speaking plainly. the GPL licence just forbids stealing existing (somebody else's) software for incorporatio into a closed. . and then distrubute a this modified version of the software under a propriatory licence. modify the software.What the GPL license *does not* allow code recipients to do is to take somebody elses software licenced under GPL.

Read your MS Windows license agreement to find out that there is no guarantee whatsoever that ANYTHING will work. and there are no damages awarded by courts. I can sue if things go wrong. . Trying to sue would be a waste of your money. Things go wrong on many MS Windows NT machines every day.I need warranty and security. With commercial software.

Linux Distros A Linux distribution. often simply distribution or distro.Ubuntu. is a member of the Linux family of Unix-like computer operating systems. Gentoo . Debain. SuSe. Distros mainly based on µLook and Feel¶ and Applications Distros: Red Hat Fedora.

In Linux all directories are attached to the root directory.. D:.) a file resides on to select it. which is identified by a forwardslash. the file's physical location is part of it's name.. Under Windows. . "/".. below are some second-level directories: .File System Windows uses letters of the alphabet to represent different devices and different hard disk partitions. For example.root. you need to know what volume (C:.

including the command shell ‡ /boot Boot-up routines ‡ /dev Device files for all your peripherals ‡ /etc System configuration files ‡ /home User directories ‡ /lib Shared libraries and modules ‡ /lost+found Lost-cluster files. recovered from a disk-check ‡ /mnt Mounted file-systems ‡ /opt Optional software ‡/proc Kernel-processes pseudo file-system ‡ /root Administrator¶s home directory ‡ /sbin System administration binaries ‡/usr User-oriented software ‡ /var Various other files: mail.‡ /bin System binaries. spooling and logging .

.Linux Help man info command ±help Forums.

add section number: . macro packages and so forth System administation man 1 passwd. man 5 passwd  ± To select correct section.man command ± The ³-k´ option man ±k print Manual pages are divided in 8 sections:        ± User commands System calls Libc calls Devices File formats and protocols Games Conventions.

sometimes a replacement for manual pages Example : info ls .info command A program for reading documentation.

wikipedia.Links : http://en.kernel.org/wiki/Unix http://en.org/wiki/Linux Download Source Code from: http://www.org Books: Unix User Guide ± Rebecca Thomas Your UNIX: The Ultimate Guide-Sumitabha Das .wikipedia.

Thank you .