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New city-wide Community Upgrading and Housing Development in Asia

From Asian Coalition for Community Action Program (ACCA)
Asian Coalition for Housing Rights Presenting to the World Bank 6 December 2011

Support for City-wide upgrading
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Support in one city Small projects, 15,000 $ per city (5 proj xmax.3,000$ per proj, could cover upto 10 proj.) One first housing proj. max.40,000 $ City development coordination 3,000 $ Exchange visits, community survey and mapping, support to community fund, City CDF, city development committee, etc.

Total about 58,000-60,000 USD per city

City-wide community survey and household survey By community network and the City leading to formulation of joint information of all urban poor communities

A

Communities and cities survey all communities in 27 cities together in Cambodia

NATION WIDE

SETTLEMENT

SURVEY 2009

Result ‡ Cover cities: 27
‡ # Sangkats: 206 ‡ # settlements: 831 ‡ # houses: 78,072 ‡ # H.holds: 132,396 ‡ # Pop. : 443,996

CDF network in Vietnam
8 clusters: 1. North West 2. North East 3. North delta 4. North central 5. South central 6. Central highland 7. South East 8. South West

1st round: 1. Lang son (North East) 2. Viet tri (North Delta) 3. Vinh (North Central)

Mongolia working in 12 countries
Already approved 3 housing projects , 22 small dev. Projects Saving group approach±tool of integration and people driven development process

Community people are actively planning to upgrade and changing slums to proper settlements. The poor themselves are the best actors in planning their new lives
Picture from ACCA Program now implementing in 140 cities around Asia Picture from Myanmar, Vietnam, Fiji and Thailand

Some community upgrading, housing projects from Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar (with support of only 40,000 USD as
housing loans to pilot community and starting the City Development Fund)

Participatory planning by community support by community network NGOs and the city and community architect from ACHR in Nepal now active in 5 cities
With the support from community architect

HOUSING LOAN from City CDF and 3 housing projects implemented before winter

Borrower Gantsesteg, Borrower Tsegmid, Loan amount-1 million MNT

Borrower Jumdaan,

Borrower Amgalan,

Borrower Amgalan,

Community shared the budget and built together using local carpenters and community people
It is cheaper, faster and build commnual working strength together. After the house building, community savings, rice bank, library, livelihood program by community following

A Karen village after process of rehabilitation

comprehensive site planning by peo PanThakhin women saving group Ale
yaw ward,Hlaing Tar Yar Township,Yangoon

Small projects

SMALL PROJECT
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Spean Yol Bridge Phsa Depo Toilets Sonsom Prak Pole lights Nesarth 4 Road Songkhom Drainage Srey Apivath Pole light Andong tek Road Peam Krasob Road Mouy U spea 82 80 100 70 30 211 372 154 105 $1,000 $450 $1,300 $2,200 $500 $900 $2,700 $3,000 $450

SMALL PROJECTS
6 concrete road projects (Viet Tri: 3, Lang Son:2, Vinh: 1) with 390 beneficiary households, total budget 84,923US$, (ACCA: 15%, communities:42.6%, local budget: 42.4%). 3 sewerage projects(Viet Tri:1, Vinh: 2) with 86 beneficiary households, total budget 42,409 US$ (ACCA: 16.8%, communities: 67.7%, local budget: 15.5%) 1 water supply project (Lang Son) with 50 beneficiary households, total budget 8,831US$ (ACCA: 34%, in ± kind contribution of communities: 59.4%, local budget: 6.6%)

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community upgrading process, Philippines

New politics of Cooperation and building LOCAL PARTNERSHIP

Building network, partnership with city and broader alliances It is important to build community network and alliance with the city and other actors to support and to get various aspects of collaboration

Asian Coalition for Community Action(ACCA) Joint working mechanism ‡ Regional committee
From 9 countries+community+2 senior, meeting, learning, sharing, deciding, supporting each others, country, exchange visits, Forum of communities, Community architects, etc.link with internationals,

‡ National joint Committee
Linking groups and government and cities to work together to make decision, learn, assess, advocate, buildng joint capacity and making policy change

‡ City-Development Committee
Joint working platform of community netwrk, cities, civic groups, academia to plan and support change in city together; land, CDF, upgrading, others

‡ Community Network
Link communiies to work and support each other, strngthen community savings and fund as basic process, survey-having information, making upgrading plan, negotiate for various change, deciding together things to work with others

The assessment team asking many questions

ACCA PROJECT 2009 65 Cities

ACCA PROJECT 2010 107 CITIES

ACCA PROJECT 2011 143 CITIES

MONGOLIA

JAPAN AFGHANISTAN CHINA SOUTH KOREA NEPAL PAKISTAN BURMA LAO PDR INDIA BANGLADESH VIETNAM THAILAND PHILIPPINES CAMBODIA MALAYSIA SRILANKA INDONEISIA FIJI

ACCA PROJECT IN 19 COUNTRIES IN ASIA

Number of cities in 19 countries support by ACCA Program

Mongolia 12 Vietnam 12 Sri Lanka 9 Nepal 9 Thailand 9 Indonesia 7 Burma 6 Bangladesh 4 Pakistan 3 India 2 Afghanistan 1 South Korea 4 China 2 Malaysia 1 Japan 1 Fiji 3

Total ACCA Finance 11 million $
Untill September 2011
‡Total 19 countries ‡Total 143 cities ‡Total small projects 700 ‡Total no. of housing proj. 84 ‡Total no of disaster proj. 19 ‡Total no of CDF 107 ‡ More than 80% budget approved

Budget contributions to the Big project
Budget from other 1,594,572 US$ Budget from ACCA 2,307,067 US$ Budget from community 1,868,772 US$ 65 projects in 65 cities in 15 countries 6,838 households directly benefiting

Budget from government 35,677,110 US$

Budget contributions to the Small project
Budget from other 92,095 US$ Budget from government 21,632 US$ 433 projects in 92 cities, in 15 countries 65,744 households directly benefiting

Budget from community 541,748 US$

Budget from ACCA 1,022,939 US$

City Development Funds

Contribution from ACCA Contribution from community

contribution from govt. from others

We are able and ready to make change

THANK YOU