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LET PEOPLE BE

THE

SOLUTION

CAN: COMMUNITY ARCHITECT NETWORK: ACHR : USA : Dec. 2011

process + tools

design process as learning process

the communities show each other their ideas for change

together we planned the arrangement of lots

we combined the ideas into one plan

+

=

this is the story of Lautoka

Learning from people case studies

NEPAL MYANMAR

Bangladesh LAO

Philippines

Case of Nong Daung Thung Community, LAO Community Profile
Ownership: government land Age: 50 years Households: 84 units Population: 500 persons Problems: 1. land security 2. infrastructure 3. housing 4. community fund Start: April, 2009 Team: 1. WCEP 2. Faculty of Architecture, Planning National University of Laos 3. Laotian community architects

Surveying & Mapping

Prioritize problems & Finding Solution Together

Forming community organization

Meeting & negotiation with Government

What ROAD mean ?

Encourage the other community with sharing the same situation

Training and workshop for YPs and student in Lao collaborate with National University of Lao

comprehensive site planning by people
PanThakhin women saving group Ale yaw ward,Hlaing Tar Yar Township,Yangoon Women for the world + ACGC [architecture engineering construction and general service co-operative limited] ACHR : ACCA :chawanad & supawut 13 -16 .08.2010

Pan Thakhin women saving group has30 members/families Have 3 sub-groups No.1 has 8 families No.2 has 9 families No. has 12 families 8 families have land 21 families rent private land They want to buy government land near by to settle new community for 21 families Community site PanThakhin women saving group Ale yaw ward,Hlaing Tar Yar Township,Yangoon

Planning in real scale

1 sq.ft.

North Okalapa community

Hliang thar yar community

Hliang Thar Yar community
30 families Land for relocation 200x100 feet =20000 sq.f. One family : 15x32 = 480 sq.f. Land cost =10,000 usd. Infarstructure =5,000 usd Housing loan = for one families not more than 900 usd. People can save for housing =15-20 usd./month Repayment =5 years[5-6% interest] Cost of the projects Housing loan 900[land 500 +house 400]x30 =2700 us. Infarstucture [ toilet, water pump] = 5,000 usd. Total support = 33,000 usd. + 30 families, 150 people.

North Okalapa community
30 families Land for relocation 200x100 feet =20000 sq.f. One family : 15x32 = 480 sq.f. Land cost =10,000 usd. Infarstructure =5,000 usd Housing loan = for one families not more than 900 usd. People can save for housing =15-20 usd./month Repayment =5 years[20% interest for the whole loan/ 5 years] Cost of the projects Housing loan 900[land 500 +house 400]x30 =2700 us. Infarstucture [ toilet, water pump] = 5,000 usd. Total support = 33,000 usd. + 30 families, 150 people.

300 usd.-500 usd

40,000x2 townships=80,000 usd 15,000 usd for small upgrading 3000 usdx2 =6000 for city process.

Pilot project for landless people 50 families (for 2 townships) -total fund 80,000 usd -Housing loan 37,000 usd 700-900 usd/house for land and house -Grant for basic infrastructure 10,000 usd 200 usd/ house for toilet, septic tank,share water pump -city fund 33,000 usd can implement around 30-40 units. -repayment with in 5-6 years 900 usd/house With 20% interest.

House in Hliang tar yar: Yangon Jan.2011

House cost 300 usd. :repayment in5 years: 20,000-15,000 kyt per month [20usd.]

One pig[20,000 kyt]+6 month+food from resturant = 200,000 kyt -20,000kyt[small pig]=180,000 kyt= saving 30,000 kyt/month = repay for house 20,000 kyt +saving 10,000 kyt

Biogas Digester Type
Cement tank

Philippines

The Matina Bamboo Footbridge Project

presented on: Seri Presentasi dan Diskusi 5 Oktober 2011, Jurusan Arsitektur Universitas Pelita Harapan

Andrea Fitrianto - ACHR / SaBa -

1: Matina Crossing Davao City - Mindanao PH
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ as an actual infrastructure need long term goal of tenure security it¶s appropriate technology it promotes on-site upgrading it¶s community-led initiative Arroyo Compound land area: 24 Ha status: in court no. saving members 300 hh out of total 2.000 hh

Action Plan (begin Feb 2010) ‡ Continuing the People¶s Process ‡ Maintain NGO/CBO support ‡ Engage academes ‡ Engage pros & experts comprise of nationalities of Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Colombian, Germany, Philippines and Indonesia. ‡ Keep on the construction schedule (March 2011)

Bridge Design
species: Dendrocalamus asper (Apos) connection: G.I. bolts & nuts, p.c. grout span: 23 meters cost: PHP 400.000 (~USD 9.000) as a community loan

Capacity Building
workshops, trainings, presentations conducted with participation of young architects/ professionals, community builders and leaders, moms & nanays« ‡ Feb¶10 bamboo bridge design workshop ‡ Nov¶10 Propagation/ treatment workshop ‡ Jan¶11 mini-workshop on bamboo shelter ‡ Jan¶11 mini-workshop on furniture making ‡ Jan¶11 regional bamboo workshop covering environmental, construction, and economic issues

Socially Responsible
Participatory processes from decision making to the ground work e.g. on deciding VSD location and forming task teams Building network: ‡ People to people exchange. Community members learn from the Indonesian carpenters ‡ Engaging students and academes (Uni. Mindanao, UP Mindanao) ‡ Engagement of pros & experts comprise of nationalities of Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Colombia, Germany, Philippines and Indonesia.

³a community-driven upgrading´

before

after

Bridge Workshop Feb 2010

Bangladesh

LOW INCOME HOUSING PROJECT
In Mandartala, Gopalganj Municipality
Regional Workshop on Comprehensive Site Planning and Low Cost Housing Gopalganj Municipality, Bangladesh from 09 to 18 June, 2011

Levels Level measurement was based on the TBM, taken on the top of box culvert at RHD RL=100 m

Basically the site is located on the low land, with the height of 8 10 feet above the sea level

The average level is 0.81 m (1.64 feet) lower than the higway.

Water Level: *data will be given soon

Site Plan of Mandartola Land, Gopalganj Purashava, Bangladesh

Existing house on the site, a temporary structure which is made of bamboo and tin-sheet material.

Latrtine located near the house.

Existing buildings on the site There are 3 households exist on the site, since they are not permanent, they can be adjusted to the Mandartala Housing Project.

Photos of the site

Women of evicted families

Workshop which was held on 22nd of March, 2011

Existing locations of evicted families

Meeting with the community

Settlement pattern of the rural areas in Bangladesh: during rainy season approximately 70% of the country is flooded. In general the areas for infrastructure are built on filled up land, higher than the field level.

Schematic B

Bamboo plantation

small cluster for 9 families 16.5 x 27 m = 445.5 sq. m.

NEPAL

Case study from ACCA in Bharatpur city:Nepal:Salayani community
Learning from Salayani community Bharatpur city Nepal Lumanti l chawanad l jiroj lchanwit 05.2009

City wide slum upgrading process in Bharatpur
Bharatpur Municipality
Thimura Ramnagar

KV Line Indrayeni Aptari Narayanipath Nagarban Baraghare Balkumari Lanku Lama Tole Ganeshsthan Kailaseswor Jakadimai

Gaikharka Naurange

Shivaghat Salyani Nayabasti

Salyani

All about our communities

1 meeting with municipality 2 sign agreement with municipality 3 workshop on survey&mapping

3 city survey 4 our houses and information meeting with Salyani community-pilot project.

6 1st

Mapping and data survey

Women group start draw their map of community children with their imagination

How s can you live ? what is the problems? People divide in small group to work together.

Dream houses.

Mapping did by people in each sub group

31 households -6 sub groups-5 houses each group.

The relationship mapping-problems,social structure,caste,community planing,infrastructure,life style,self sufficiency houses s design

People explain their dream house s model

People measure the area of their dream house in the real scale then they realized the dream house is bigger than the plot size.

Improvement plan by people.

Thimura Ramnagar

KV Line Indrayeni Aptari Narayanipath Balkumari Nagarban Baraghare Lanku Gaikharka Naurange Lama Tole Ganeshsthan Kailaseswor Jakadimai

Shivaghat Salyani Nayabasti

Salyani

DEC 2010

One pig + 1 year +[food 100 NRP/month]+ banana trees around CF = 25,000 NRP = houses

Role of Community Architect
Enhance Federation s/communities capacities thru:

Enabling communities to make informed decisions Ensuring that people are in the forefront Translating between formal and informal Helping generate & advocate for alternatives that are pro-people ‡ Assisting in participatory research ‡ Assisting community to maintain sustainable links with other technical support networks

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

WE MAKE THE ROAD BY WALKING

Impact 2009-2010 1 community base workshop to link Yps and University in 10 countries with 15 workshops. 2 created Yps group in 10 countries
3 Link with community architects in Asia [professional group] in 16 countries 4 Link with University in 10 countries 5 Knowledge cultivation 4 publications hand book + 2 Documentary films 6 Regional Community architect meeting in 2010 more than 120 people from 18 countries participated. 7 provide seed fund to support community architect in 9 countries.[5000 usd per country]

Indo-China 1. Thailand (CAN) 2. Laos (WCEP) 3. Cambodia (UPDF) 4. Vietnam (ENDA) 5. Myanmar (WFW) Pacific Region 6 Malaysia (Penang People Forum) 7 Indonesia (AKOM) 8 Philippine (HPFP, TAMPEI,TAO) 9 Fiji (P-CAN) South Asia 10. Nepal (LUMANTI) 11. India (Hunnarshala) 12. Pakistan (OPP, TTRC) East Asia 13. Mongolia (UDRC) 14. Japan (Kawakoe, Kochi citizen s council) 15. Korea (Asian Bridge) Tibet Region 16. Mongolia / India / Tibet (THF)

Community Architect s Movement 2009-2011

Indo-China 1. Thailand (CAN) 2. Laos 3. Cambodia 4. Vietnam 5. Myanmar Pacific Region 6 Malasia 7 Indonesia 8 Philippine (TAMPEI,TAO) 9 Fiji (P-CAN) South Asia 10. Nepal 11 Bangladesh East Asia 12 Mongolia THF 13 Mongolia / India / Tibet

Young Professionals (Yps) Activities supporting People s Movement 2009-2010
A. Workshop & working together
1. Building local Yp s platform working support community s network 2. Linking academic with community s network 3. Supporting technical input / knowledge to communities & Yps 4. Working together with Yps on actual ACCA projects

B. Knowledge cultivation & sharing
1. Publication: - Design by-with-for-People - Community Mapping s Handbook 2. Documentary film of Yp s work 3. Community Architect s Blog / Facebook

C. Regional Community Architect Meeting Sharing / Learning / Networking

D. Community Architect Seed Fund - Building-up national platform of community architect 5,000 US per country

A. Workshop & working together
1. Building local Yp s platform working support community s network 2. Linking academic with community s network 3. Supporting technical input / knowledge to communities & Yps 4. Working together with Yps on actual ACCA projects

B. Knowledge cultivation & sharing

How we work together ?

1. Publication: - Design by-with-for-People - Community Mapping s Handbook - Comprehensive site planning - Initiating People s Process 2. Documentary film of Yp s work 3. Community Architect s Blog / Facebook

C. Regional Community Architect Meeting Sharing / Learning / Networking D. Community Architect Seed Fund - Building-up national platform of community architect 5,000 USD per country

Group of YPs in Asian:
Cambodia : working support UPDF

Vietnam: working support CDF through ENDA & ACVN

Group of YPs in Asian:
Laos PDR: working support WCEP

Myanmar: working support the women for the world

Group of YPs in Asian:
Philippines: TAMPEI Yp s organization working support HPFPI

Fiji: P-CAN working support PCN

Group of YPs in Asian:
THF: THF group works with community in Tibet, India, Mongolia

Mongolia: working support UDRC

Nepal: working support LUMANTI

Workshop:
How to organize the workshop to mobilize Yps & community s movement in city-wide scale? Laos PDR:
- Link academic to start ACCA movement by city survey (history / ecology / informal settlement) - Follow-up by working together

Mongolia:
- Comprehensive planning - Compressed earthen block workshop

Myanmar:
- Community + Yps workshop - Bio Gas workshop

Lesson Learnt about organizing the workshop

How to can the people be the Subject of change ?

Philippines:
- Problem-based workshop within 5 communities in Davao - Bamboo workshop

Regional Community Architect Meeting :
12-16 June 2010 @ Chiang Mai, Thailand

Sharing / Learning / Networking - Together

Participant :
120 peoples from 15 countries (working agency / Yp / community builder)

Sharing Sessions :
Issues; Asian community architect s movement / Participatory city planning / Disaster recovering / Comprehensive & small scale s upgrading / Urban Regeneration / Heritage for people

Exposure Trip :
CODI project / Heritage projects (Samchuk market, Wat Ket community)

Follow-up :
How to develop Community Architect in countries and region ? Community Architect Seed Fund Program (5,000 US / country)

Knowledge Cultivation & Sharing :
How to create knowledge pool and sharing platform among community architect s network ?

Compilation of community architect s experience in Asia

Participatory process of design Documentary film

People Process of ACCA in Nepal
Regional community architect Meeting: Documentary film

Comprehensive Site Planning handbook Community mapping s handbook

Related Interests