WHY ABC Part II

2011 Patrick

Correct and Consistent Condom Use

KEY MESSAGE

Correct, consistent condom use substantially reduces, but cannot fully eliminate, the risk of pregnancy, and contracting HIV/AIDS and other STIs.

OBJECTIVE To understand both the facts and the myths about condoms. to know how to use a condom correctly. . and to have the life skills necessary to put the information into practice.

WORD PLAY ON CONDOMS .

Female condoms . worn on the penis or inserted into the vagina. organs. It is a mechanical barrier used to stop the exchange of body fluids between genital organs.What is a condom? ‡ Its a protective sheath usually made from latex or polyurethane pouch. There are ONLY two types of condoms: Male condoms.

.Male condom A male condom is a thin. loose-fitting and flexible looseplastic tube worn on top of the penis It Serves as a physical barrier to sperms from entering vagina.

loose-fitting and looseflexible plastic tube worn inside the vagina.Female condom A female condom is a thin. .

MYTHS WHAT MYTHS HAVE YOU HEARD ABOUT CONDOMS? .

With a little practice.to increase the fun of making love with condoms. ‡ Condoms make sex less messy.Reasons Why People Use Condoms ‡ Condoms are the only contraceptive that help prevent both pregnancy and the spread of sexually transmitted diseases (including HIV) and unintended pregnancies when used correctly and consistently. they can also add confidence to the enjoyment of sex. textures and sizes . ‡ Condoms are widely available in pharmacies. . supermarkets and convenience stores. ‡ You don't need a prescription or have to visit a doctor. ‡ Condoms are only needed when you are having sex unlike some other contraceptives which require you to take or have them all of the time. hall dispensers. flavours. DUAL PROTECTION ‡ Condoms are available in various shapes. colours. ‡ Condoms are user friendly.

Common Myths about Condom Use ‡ Condoms are 100% effective in eliminating the risk of eliminating pregnancy and contracting an STI. ‡ Condoms promote sex and people who use them are promiscuous. ‡ Free government condoms are less effective than purchased ones. ‡ Are not at all effective in reducing risk. .

and contracting HIV or other STIs. consistent condom use substantially reduces but cannot fully eliminate the risk of pregnancy. ‡ Dual contraception use also helps to decrease the risk of pregnancy. Condoms are more effective at preventing pregnancy than HIV and STI transmission.Facts about Condoms ‡ Correct. and HIV and STI transmission during sexual intercourse. ‡ Only abstinence effectively eliminates the risk of pregnancy. .

.. condoms reduce but do not eliminate the risk of transmission.Facts about Condoms For HIV transmission.. ‡ for chlamydia are about 50%. Hearst 40). For transmission of other STIs. the estimated risk reduction provided by male condoms during vaginal sex is about 80-87%. Risk reduction estimates for ‡ Gonorrhea range from 50-75%. the risk reduction provided by male condoms varies with the infectiousness of the organism. For syphilis. trichomoniasis and other infections a reduction in risk has been reported (Holmes 455-456). In general. Estimates of condom effectiveness during anal sex are lower due to higher breakage rates (Davis and Weller 275. .

Gently apply pressure to the condom wrapper to make sure it has a slight pillow-like quality to it. Check the expiry date on the condom wrapper . 2. using them for practicing applying condoms alone especially by less experienced users is advised. 3. Otherwise air may have escaped from tear or punctures and the condom itself may be damaged as well.Steps for Using A Male Condom 1. Do not use out of date condoms for sexual contacts. Be careful not to damage the condom with sharp objects. Exercising caution.Condoms have a printed expiry date and batch number. indicating air inside and pillowproper and unbroken sealing. open the foil (or plastic) wrapper along one side. .

6. Hold the condom by the tip. . Ensure that the penis is fully erect ² a condom may fall off the penis which is only partially erect. If the condom is sticky or brittle. This tip is there to contain the discharge in ejaculation. Air pockets can cause the condom to burst. 5. discard it and use another one.Steps for Using A Male Condom 4. Press firmly together the tip of the condom to expel air that may be trapped inside the condom.

. Touching the wrong side of the condom with the penis can transfer bodily fluids. If it does not unroll.Steps for Using A Male Condom 7. Unroll the condom over the shaft of the penis. Unroll it all the way. 9. discard it and start over with a new condom. 8. you must start over with a new condom. retract the foreskin before applying the condom. defeating its purpose. If you accidentally try to put it on the wrong way. it is on the wrong way and way. Check that the condom is in the right direction to unroll down the penis and before unrolling put it on the tip of the penis. In case of an uncircumcised penis.

especially if lubrication was used on the inside. It may be essential to lubricate the outside of the condom to keep it from breaking. . Do not allow the penis to go flaccid at any time while wearing or putting on the condom.Steps for Using A Male Condom 10. or you will have to discard the condom. 12. Make sure the condom isn't loose or at risk of coming off. 11.

grasp the flexible inner ring and squeeze it with the thumb and second or middle finger so it becomes long and narrow . The inner ring is used for insertion and to help hold the sheath in place during intercourse. The outer ring covers the area around the opening of the vagina. tear at the notch on the top right of the package. While holding the Female condom at the closed end. Do not use scissors or a knife to open.Steps for Using a Female Condom Open the Female condom package carefully.

sit or lie down Gently insert the inner ring of the female condom into the vagina. . The outer ring should remain on the outside of the vagina. Place.Steps for Using a Female Condom Choose a position that is comfortable for insertion of the Female Condom ± squat. Be sure the sheath is not twisted. and push the inner ring up as far as it will go. the index finger on the inside of the Female condom. raise one leg. Feel the inner ring go up and move into place.

Steps for Using a Female Condom The female condom is now in place and ready for use with your partner. When you are ready. Do not put it into the toilet. and throw it in the garbage. Wrap the used Female condom in the package or in tissue. To remove the Female condom. condom. gently guide your partner¶s penis into the condom's opening with your hand to make sure that it enters properly ± be sure that the penis is not entering on the side. twist the outer ring and gently pull the condom out. . between the sheath and the vaginal wall.

Condoms can break or slip during a sex act. Condoms should be used prior to their expiration date. Dryness watercreates more friction and can tear a condom. ± If it however breaks. It is possible to damage a condom when opening the package. women may consider taking Plan Bmergency Contraception (the 'Morning After' Pill) to prevent pregnancy.Common Mistakes/ Failures with Condoms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Beginning the sexual act before putting on a condom. ± To keep a condom from slipping off. make sure there is enough lubrication from natural secretions or a water-based lubricant. . make sure the rim stays near the base of the penis during intercourse. Taking the condom off before finishing the sex act. ± To prevent a condom from breaking.

Condom Race .

‡ Store condoms in cool. dry places. ± Male condoms and female condoms should not be used at the same time ± Placing two male condoms on a penis can raise the chance of tearing ‡ After sex play. ‡ Do not use the same condom if you engage in both vaginal and anal intercourse.. ± Exposure to heat.Dos and DON·T·s with Condoms ‡ DO NOT use oil-based lubricants with the condoms oil± Vaseline or edible oils. intercourse.. . DO NOT REUSE it. weaken male condoms and make them less effective. such as a back-pocket wallet or a hot glove backcompartment can create microscopic holes. throw away the condom. ‡ DO NOT use two condoms at once.

ADVANTAGES/DISDVANTAGES OF CONDOM USE .

‡ Use can be part of sex play. ‡ Easy to use. ‡ May decrease women's risk for developing pre-cancerous cells on the precervix. ‡ Does not affect future fertility. ‡ Available without a prescription.Advantages of the Male Condoms ‡ Prevents the spread of sexually transmitted infections. including HIV and AIDS. ‡ Birth control for men. ‡ No hormonal side effects. .

Erection not necessary to keep condom in place. Does not reduce a male partner's stimulation.Advantages of the Female Condoms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Prevents the spread of sexually transmitted infections. Protects the vagina and vulva. No hormonal side effects. Prelubricated and can be used with oil and water-based lubricants.. Insertion can be part of sex fore play. waterCan be inserted before sex play begins ± even eight hours before. including HIV and AIDS. Does not affect future fertility . Available without a prescription. Can be used by people with latex sensitivities.

Possible allergic reaction. Can break or leak.Disadvantages of the Male Condoms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Must be readily available. Decreased sensation for some people. Can interrupt sex play. .

Does not contain spermicide. About three times more expensive than male condoms . Sometimes difficult to insert or use.Disadvantages of the Female Condoms ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Noticeable during sex. Can break or leak.

try using condoms without latex. ‡ You can also try a spermicide with different chemicals than the one you used. If your spermicide contains nonoxynol-9.Side Effects ‡ If you or your partner experiences genital burning or itching. try one nonoxynolwithout. it may be a sign of an allergy to either the condom or spermicide used. . ‡ If you used a latex condom.

people can have infections without realizing it I'll feel more relaxed. you don't need a condom Answer Trust isn't the point. that will help you keep it hard. I can make it feel better for you. . If I am more relaxed. I do Not if I help put it on Women can get pregnant and get STDs from pre-ejaculate preI'd like to use it anyway. It will help to protect us from infections we may not realize we have. I'll help you put it on.Persuading your Partner Excuse Don't you trust me? It does not feel as good with a condom I don't stay hard when I put on a condom I don't have a condom with me Putting it on interrupts everything I will pull out in time I'm on the pill.

Tips that can help you to feel more confident and relaxed about using condoms.you'll be ready. ‡ Keep condoms handy at all times. ‡ If you feel that condoms interrupt your passion then try introducing condoms into your lovemaking. If things start getting steamy .at the height of the passion you may not want to. . It can be really sexy if your partner helps you put it on or you do it together. It's not a good idea to find yourself having to rush out at the crucial moment to buy condoms .

. It shows that you are responsible and confident and when the time comes it will all be worthwhile. be proud. don't get embarrassed.‡ When you buy condoms. It can be more fun to go shopping for condoms with your partner or friend. If anything.

‡ If you are new to condoms. Knowing where you both stand before the passion starts will make you a lot more confident that you both agree and are happy about using a condom. It removes anxiety and embarrassment.‡ Talk with your partner about using a condom before having sex. It does not take long to become a master. the best way to learn how to use them is to practice putting them on by yourself or your partner. .

and contracting HIV/AIDS and other STIs. consistent condom use substantially reduces. the risk of pregnancy. but cannot fully eliminate.KEY MESSAGE Correct. .

O.or.ke . Box 5166 ² 00100 Nairobi ² Kenya Tel: + 254 (02) 2730913/4/5 Fax: + 254 (02) 2730914 Website: www. 3rd Floor Off Statehouse/ Mamlaka Road P.Thank You I Choose Life ² Africa Ufungamano House.ichooselife.

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