Avoiding common errors and Paragraph writing

introduction
Communication is an art, and like any other art one must be properly trained to do so. There are ample of writers and speakers who do numerous mistakes while writing & speaking and don¶t even know where they are falling short. Here, we have tried to investigate all the common faults done by writers and now putting them here. Bad writing may be negated at initial stages but only by practice and conscious efforts they can be removed.

" is therefore correct." "thou.Ainµt Some people believe that we should never use the word "ain't" in the English language." "she. It is." "you." or any proper noun. . It is a contraction for "am not." "they. however. It can not be used with "we." "he. a legitimate and valid word ± if it is used in the right place. "I ain't going to school today." The sentence." It can be used only for the first person singular (I). "I am not going to school today. It means.

It is a thing. "Please advise me. Say. something that you do. It is some action. something that you give. Say." Advise is a verb.Advice versus Advise Advice is a noun." . "Please give me some advice.

related to emotion.Affect and Effect As verbs." Do not use the slash. Slash A slash (/) can be used as "either or" when the choice is between "and" and "or. they also differ. . To effect some action is to cause it to happen. they differ. To affect some thing is to have some influence upon it." Say: "She is bringing chocolates and/or wine. however to make the same statement about nouns (do not say chocolates/wine) or in other places where the two concepts are interchangeable. Affect is like affection. Effect is a result. As nouns.

. for example. "Apart" means two things are separate or away from each other. A "part" means one thing is a portion or an element of another. A wall is usually seen as a "part" of a house. while a fence is seen as "apart" from the house. the other includes two words.Apart and a Part One is a single word.

then the two together make a whole. It is considered more sincere than flattery. the word "compliment" is an observation of some good quality in a person. In contrast. . The word "complement" is related to the word "complete." If one thing complements another.Complement and Compliment The change from an "e" to an "I" makes a big difference in these two words.

" Do not use it as a singular noun (like fact) or as a collective (like water)." This is very seldom used nowadays. ." Right: "I need only one datum from that report. like "facts." If you want the singular of data (one bit of information) then use the word.Datum and Data The word "data" is a plural noun. "datum. Right: "There are many data in that report.

"Please reply to this email message. Say. "They reverted to barbarism. Avoid using "etc. as in "reply to a message." It does not mean to reply.etc End of thinking creatively (E.T. Opposed means there is a conflict between the two.C.³ Revert To revert means to degenerate to an earlier condition." Opposed to Do not use "opposed to" when you mean "contrasted with"." Say. Contrast means there is a difference. .).

" The word has a Latin origin so we do not make the plural by adding the letter "s. but metaphorically it could be in a newspaper or on the internet. Historically it was a physical gathering place." The word "fora" refers to several places for discussion. . More than one "forum" is not "forums." They are "fora.Forum and For a A forum is a place being used for communication within a group or collection of persons. Few people use the word "fora" any more.

. Substantive refers to content. Enough or more than enough for the purpose. Substantive and Substantial Do not say substantive when you mean substantial. in contrast to form or superficial characteristics.Hippopotomonstrousquipedalianism Do not use long words. Substantial refers to a large amount.

" or "Hopefully I will come in time.fully" words if you do not specify who is doing the action. ." Say "We hope that the bear will stay out of the village. Say: "They stood hopefully in the rain waiting for the rock star to appear.Hopefully Do not use "hopefully" unless you state exactly who is doing the hoping." and "I hope that I will come in time.³ *Avoid all ".." Do not say: "Hopefully the bear will stay out of the village..

"Please." It is used to begin a request that the listener or reader do something or refrain from doing something. It implies that the listener is in an inferior class or is your servant and you are annoyed with him or her. it is best to use the word. When asking an individual to do something. It is rude to use it when talking to a single person." . It is polite and appropriate to use it on public notices.Kindly Be careful when you use the word "kindly. posters or broadcasts.

The same with a comma. the second set of marks are put after the comma. if we are logical. . then we put the closing quotation marks. or outside the quotation marks if they refer to the sentence as a whole. that we should put a full stop. For other punctuation marks. as we might logically assume. When we use quotation marks. We would think. not before. after the closing set of quotation marks.Quotation Marks English is not a logical language. as the end of a sentence. they go inside the quotations if they refer to the content of the quotation. Not so. We first put the full stop (period) to end a sentence.

further away from here.³ Upholding and Holding Up When you uphold something." Should of the phrase "should of" is wrong.Their. "They're" is a contraction for "they are. "There" is a place. you hinder it or prohibit it from continuing or developing. you support and help to maintain it. When you hold something up. . Their There and They're "Their" is an adjective. It must be "should have. It describes something that belongs to them.

presents and develops one main idea about the topic. It conveys the overall point of the paragraph. And it can be divided into three major parts. It helps the reader know about what the paragraph is all about. It helps the writer focus on the idea written about. The Topic Sentence It is normally the first sentence of the paragraph. A.Paragraph What is a paragraph? It is a group of sentences that introduces. .

The Supporting Details ‡ They are sentences used to support the main idea stated in the topic sentence. ‡ They give more information about the main idea through examples. ‡ They should be strong convincing points on which the topic sentence can rely upon.B. ‡ They should be clear evidence that what the topic sentence says is trustworthy. ‡ They say in details what the topic sentence says in general. .

‡ It prepares the reader for a smooth transition to the next paragraph if there is one. ‡ It eventually indicates the end of a paragraph. .C. ‡ It is compulsory for the completion of the paragraph unity. ‡ It sums up what the topic sentence and the supporting details talk about. The Concluding Sentence ‡ It is a reflection of the main idea pronounced in the topic sentence. ‡ It is the closing sentence that reminds the readers of what they have to value.

while and after writing. Take a sheet of paper and just start jotting down notes that have tight connection with your topic. mistakes and word-order are to be overlooked momentarily. BEFORE WRITING: In this stage it is important to specify the topic you are intending to tackle. After you gathered the data necessary for your topic the next step is to be taken.how to write a paragraph Paragraph writing consists of many necessary elements to be taken into consideration before. In this stage. I. .

They give information that reinforces the main idea stated in the topic sentence. Supporting Details: These are sentences that support the topic sentence. So there should at least be three supporting details because one or two make the paragraph less convincing and not worth the effort done to build it. Keep in mind that the readers will greatly rely on what it says so as they can decide if the paragraph is worth reading or not. WHILE WRITING: Topic Sentence : Choose a topic sentence for your paragraph that states the main idea of your topic.II. The topic sentence is a statement that generally introduces the topic and thus it is often referred to as: the opening statement. .

AFTER WRITING: Reviewing: This final step can be called the editing step. . technically speaking. This is a very crucial stage of your work process as you should review what you have done and make sure the paragraph is eligible. spelling and punctuation. III. Among the things that this stage is about are: ‡ Coherence and cohesion of the content ‡ The stability of the form ‡ The linking words ‡ Grammar.Concluding Sentence : This is the last sentence of your paragraph and it should reflect what you have talked about in your paragraph and it should echo the topic sentence in a way or another. ‡ Clear handwriting.

other factors are to be mulled over: ‡ Your main idea should be expressed in the topic sentence in a full. I will tell «  Show but don¶t tell. . clear declarative sentence.Apart from these essentials. ‡ Don¶t repeat yourself now then thinking that you are reinforcing your point. ‡ Don¶t use complex or far fetched terms that may puzzle the corrector. ‡ Your topic sentence should in no way be a purpose statement such as:  The purpose of this paragraph is «  I will prove in this paragraph «  In this paragraph.

it¶s better to explain and give examples. ‡ Instead of giving definitions. ‡ Irrelevant supporting details should immediately be discarded. Keep simple. ‡ Your supporting details shouldn¶t be too excessive. . Stick to your topic.‡ Don¶t use long winding sentences. ‡ Never introduce or present new ideas. ‡ Try not to be redundant or out of point.

³thank you´ -Shubham sinha -amant kumar -nikhil dhar -wilander everett .

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