Sustainable Development

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The Global Crises 

Rising demand for depleting resources  Degradation of our eco system  Rise of capitalism and the ever increasing gap between the haves and the have-nots  Globalization decline of the rich culture and heritage


in particular the essential needs of the world's poor. It contains within it two key concepts: the concept of 'needs'. .Definition Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. and the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environment's ability to meet present and future needs. to which overriding priority should be given.


The Rio Declaration  Earth Summit  United Nations Conference on Environment and Development at Rio de Janeiro  3 to 14 June 1992  Enlists 27 Doctrines of Sustainable Development .

protect and restore the health and integrity of earth¶s ecosystem.Main features  Human beings are entitled to healthy and productive life in harmony with nature  States shall cooperate in a spirit of global partnership to conserve.  States shall enact effective environmental legislations and shall maintain environmental standards .


The 4th Pillar  UNESCO 2001 declaration  The universal declaration on cultural diversity quoted- ".. It becomes one of the roots of development understood not simply in terms of economic growth. emotional. but also as a means to achieve a more satisfactory intellectual. moral and spiritual existence´  21st Agenda for culture and the United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) Executive Bureau lead the preparation of the policy statement ³CULTURE: FOURTH PILLAR OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT´  Passed on 17 November 2010 .cultural diversity is as necessary for humankind as biodiversity is for nature..

.Economic Sustainability   Enhancing profitability Increasing shareholder value  Creating wealth whilst aggressively pursuing opportunities for growth.

.Social Sustainability  Achieving high rates of economic growth in order to enable all sections of society  Enhance their quality of life and live with dignity.

Eco sustainability(Green Development)  process of making sure current processes of interaction with the environment are pursued with the idea of keeping the environment as pristine as naturally possible  When natural capital (the sum total of nature's resources) is used up unsustainable situation faster than it can be replenished Consumption of renewable resources More than nature's ability to replenish Equal to nature's ability to replenish Less than nature's ability to replenish State of environment Environmental degradation Environmental equilibrium Environmental renewal Sustainability Not sustainable Steady state economy Environmentally sustainable .

Eco sustainability(Green Development)  Example: multi-functionality of many natural resources.  Eco-efficiency calculated as the economic value added by a firm in relation to its aggregated ecological impact. for example. regulate water flow. not only provide the raw material for paper but they also maintain biodiversity. . and absorb CO2. Forests.

Four Basic Principles of sustainability  Reduce the dependence on fossil fuels and heavy metals ‡ Reduce the dependence on synthetic chemicals that persist in the environment ‡ .

Four Basic Principles of sustainability  Reduce the destruction of nature ‡ Ensure we are not stopping people globally from meeting their needs .

Organizations for Sustainable Development  United Nations Environment Programme  Centre of excellence for sustainable development (India)  Foundation for business and sustainable development  World association for sustainable development  International institute for sustainable development  Institute for trade standards and sustainable development .

 The current scenario in the country calls for a sustainable development .Sustainable Development in INDIA  India¶s rapid economic growth in last several years has made us aware of two stark realities: It has lifted millions out of poverty Economic growth has been accompanied by accelerated depletion of natural resources and rapid deterioration in environment quality  India is not endowed with sufficient natural capital in comparison to the population it supports.  India is ranked 127 in the Human Development Index.

Environment and Forest . of India are involved in making decision for SD. Water resources .  Major participation is by the Ministries of External Affairs . Non-Conventional Energy Sources and Planning Commission  National environment appellate authority act  Forest (conservation)Act. finance.Role of The Government  Almost all ministries of the Govt.1980  National Environment Tribunal Act . Agriculture .

 provide interesting solutions to local industries and government. . to meet the MDGs.Delhi Sustainable Development Summit  Annual summit organized by The Energy and Resources Institute(TERI)  A research and policy organization in India in the pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)since 2001.

Environmental Jurisprudence in INDIA  Green Benches established for the speedy disposal of environmental cases  Consists of an µempowered committee¶ which advises the court on these matters  Environmental protection fund  Writ petitions in important cases (such as Taj Mahal trapezium case . Vellore tanneries case) .

overgrazing .Success Stories of sustainable Development in INDIA  Conversion of road transport system to CNG in Delhi  All smelting industries in Agra were removed as they caused severe air pollution and gross damage to the Taj Mahal  The National Joint Forest Management . Haryana Province      Over exploitation of the forest resources Heavy Deforestation . soil erosion on the foothills of Himalayas (siwalik) Provided incentives to the inhabitants Increased water provision Improved household incomes .

How sustainable is IIST.. ‡ Use the building roofs for water harvesting ‡ Speedy construction avoid huge spending on temporary arrangements ‡ Food wastes from the mess should be well managed ..

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