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Konkan Railway Presents

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection


Bhanu Tayal, Director Operation & Commercial & Narendra Singh Deo, CSTE/ACD, Konkan Railway

Gate Accidents - A Challenge Accepted

Based on Radio communication, Microprocessors and Global Positioning System (GPS) technology, the Anti-Collision devices at Level Crossing Gates and on board Locomotives can apply brakes and/or alarm the crew of the Train to apply brakes in time, in case the Gate is open to road traffic or the track area is obstructed by any vehicle.

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

Necessity
Unacceptable (or INTOLERABLE Region) Risk cannot be justified except in extraordinary circumstances

ALARP (or TOLERABLE Region)

RISK

Tolerable only if risk reduction is impractical or if cost grossly disproportionate to improvement gained

Broadly Acceptable (or NEGLIGIBLE Region) No Need for ALARP

Necessary to maintain assurance that risk remains at this level

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

Necessity

European approach to public safety and safety in the workplace as set out in the Framework Directive of the European Union (89/391/EEC). This states that safety is an objective which should not be subordinated to purely economic considerations.

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

Factors affecting probability of collision of Road vehicle with train at LC Gates


1. Rail traffic density 2. Road traffic density 3. Visibility of the track, warning signs to road users. 4. Absence of full width barrier protection 5. Absence of Hooter & Flasher 6. Poor road surface condition 7. Poor alignment and elevation of road crossing 8. Whether conditions 9. Human error
A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

Criteria for provision of LC Gates Criteria for provision of LC Gates


Unmanned Level Crossing 2 6,000 TVU < 10,000 All unmanned Level Crossings to be manned on programmed basis 3 10,000 TVU < 100,000 Manned Level Crossing 4 TVU greater than or = Road 100,000 Flyover/overpass 1 TVU < 6,000
TVU Train Vehicle Unit

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

Some Statistics on US Rail Road


4500 4000 3500 3000

Numbers

2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

Collisions Fatalities Injuries

Courtesy: Federal Railroad Administration


A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

Some Statistics of UK Rail


Courtesy: Rail Safety & Standard Board -2007 Annual safety performance report UK
16 Pedestrian Road Vehicle On board train Total 11 10 8 11 11 15 14 13 12

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Number of level crossing fatalities

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8 6 6

5 4

0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

Some Statistics of UK Rail


Courtesy: Rail Safety & Standard Board -2007 Annual safety performance report UK
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Passive Automatically protected Manually protected

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Train collisions with road vehicles

6 20 12 11 15 5 4 5 4 7 10 18 12 5 11 11 13 11 12 8 5 7 1 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 1 2005 2 2006 2007 4 4

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

Some Statistics of Australian Railway


100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Courtesy: Australian Transport Safety Bureau
A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection
Collisions at Level Crossings

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Some Statistics on IR
500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 98-99 99-00 00-01 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07 Total No of Accidents No of LC Gate AcCourtesy: Indian Railways cidents

Courtsey Indian Railway


A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Some Statistics on IR
45.00% 40.00% 35.00% 30.00% 25.00% 20.00% 15.00% 10.00% 5.00% 0.00% 98-99 99-00 00-01 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07

Trend of LC Accidents
Courtesy: Indian Railways

% of Total accidents

Courtsey Indian Railway


A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Some Statistics on IR
Courtsey Indian Railway
500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 0 98-99 99-00 00-01 01-02 02-03 03-04 04-05 05-06 06-07
A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

Courtesy: Indian Railways

Total No of Accidents No of LC Gate Accidents No of fatalities at Lcs

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ACD A Solution against Collision found Anti-Collision Device (ACD) A KRCL Patent Unique features Prevents in a mid-section Head-on Collisions Side Collisions Rear-end Collisions Accidents at Level Crossings No other Technology in the World supports above features
A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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ACD Testing and validation Anti-Collision Device (ACD) It has been validated by Electronic Test & Development Centre, Chennai, India. The product is tested and inspected by Lloyd Register Asia (LRA, India) before dispatching to the site.
ETDC Website: www.stqc.nic.in LRA Website: www.lr.org

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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ACD WORKING

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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ACD Project commissioned in Indian Railway (Work sanctioned for another 3500RKm) Route Kms = 1760, Stations = 202

1 Fixed ACDs
Station ACD, Level Crossing ACD, ACD Repeater, Locoshed ACD etc. 578

2 Mobile ACDs Loco ACD Guard ACD (Passenger) Guard ACD (Freight) 567 82 133

Total

1360
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A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

GPS based wireless Level Crossing Protection System A subset of ACD system with limited functionality of Level Crossing protection Consists of Gate and Loco units with redundant radio modems Repeaters required for ensuring communication in the defined zone of 3Km.

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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GPS Satellites
Location Speed Course of Travel Time

UHF Data Radio Modem

Gate UNIT

GPS Receiver

Inter-ACD Radio Communication

Loco

Working of on-board System Receive inputs from satellites, communicate with Gate Unit using radio modems & use intelligence to act To prevent dangerous Collisions
A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Salient Features - What the system does Train Approach Warning for road users at Level Crossings in the form of Audio Visual indication Detection of obstruction by road vehicle at level crossing Detection of Gate condition whether it is OPEN or CLOSED? Advance audio visual information to the train crew regarding the condition of the gate as detected by the Gate ACD.

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Gate protection system CAN NOT Prevent a Train Collision when


The Train is a NON ACD Train or Gate is not provided with Gate ACD ACD functions by reacting to another ACD, as such if one of the two identities is not provided with ACD, the protection against collision will be missing Adequate braking distance at that speed is not available when a dangerous collision-like situation arises suddenly However, severity of the collision would be reduced as a function of the reaction time

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Unit
for Locomotive
( L 435 x W 203 x H 342 mm )

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Driver Console
DRIVER'S CONSOLE
L 9 9 9 9 9

( L215 x W80 x H125)

1 9 : 2 6

SOS

ACD-OK

ACD-M

KONKAN RAILWAY CORPORATION LTD.

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Unit at Manned LC Gate

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Location Box for Gate Unit

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Scenario - Gate Approach


ST 34 6 GATE APPROACH 19:26

Train approaches the Gate ST 346 At approximately 2000m from the Gate Gate Approach message and audio buzzer appears for 10 seconds
A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Scenario Gate OPEN


ST 34 6 GATE OPEN 19:26

Level Crossing Gate ST 346 is detected to be OPEN Audio Visual


Indication is automatically activated to draw the attention of the Driver and brakes are applied to reduce the speed to 15 Km/h.
A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Scenario Gate occupied


ST 34 6 GATE O CCUPIE D 19:26

Level Crossing Gate ST 346 is detected to be occupied by the road vehicle Audio Visual Indication is automatically activated to draw the attention of the Driver and brakes are applied to reduce the speed to 15 Km/h.
A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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System Adaptability Loco Unit can be provided in any type of Diesel or Electric Locomotive The Auto Braking Unit (ABU) is suitable for Air Brake/Vacuum brake/Computerised Control Braking systems Level Crossing Unit can be installed at any type of Gate working system to detect OPEN/CLOSE condition of gate Loco and Level Crossing Units are capable of withstanding -10 deg C to +70 Deg C temp variation
A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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System Benefits It does not require any inputs to be fed by the crew at
the start of journey, thus human error is eliminated. Very economical and cost effective Easily adaptable and expandable Does not degrade the existing safety level Employs state-of-art hardware and software technology No way side equipment required, hence no requirement of Power No cabling on the track required (which is more expensive and cumbersome)

Less susceptible to Vandalism.


A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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GPS based wireless gate protection system Implementation Plan


Survey & Route Design Manufacturing and Installation of Units with accessories Commissioning of individual Loco & Gate Unit installations Training of Personnel Configuration & Customization of the route Commissioning of the Route Post warranty Annual Maintenance (if required) NOTE - System can be implemented in 1000 RKm track within one year after the order is received. This excludes installation in Locomotives which takes 12 hrs for each Locomotive at the shed.
A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Maintenance Support System (MSS) Daily Reports of incidences of Warning to the Driver due to Gate OPEN or Obstruction Date wise Report of incidences of Warning to the Driver due to Gate OPEN or Obstruction Daily Maintenance Report Failure of Loco Unit and Gate Unit Date wise Maintenance Report Failure of Loco Unit and Gate Unit

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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Thank You

A cost effective system for Railway Level Crossing Protection

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