writing

@

career
Monjurul Alam majewel1975@yahoo.com

Remember, you are Marketing yourself
You are trying to sell: Your experience, Your education, Your accomplishments, and Your transferable skills
Be sure to structure your resume with the most important information FIRST

Purpose of a CV
‡ What is your purpose in writing a CV?
± ± ± ± ± ± To obtain an interview To supplement an application To prepare to complete applications To prepare a recommender/reference To apply for a scholarship/award/grant/fellowship To provide a bio

‡ Who is your audience/reader? ‡ Be strategic

CV? Resume?
‡ Curriculum Vitae (CV)
± For an academic position ± Bullet points of accomplishments

‡ Resume
± For an industry or non-academic position ± Uses text form ± Shorter than a CV, more targeted to the position

CVs vs. Resumes
Resume
‡ Industry
Private, Non-profit

Curriculum Vitae
‡ Industry
Medical Institutions Research Organizations Educational Organizations

‡ Format
Brief, concise, focused

‡ Length
One page, maybe two

‡ Format
Detailed, descriptive

‡ Length
Varies with experience

CV Content

Name & Contact Information
‡ Do not write ³Curriculum Vitae´ on your CV ‡ On top of page:
± ± ± ± ± Name ± slightly larger font size (14 or 16) Contact information ± legible font size (11 or 12) Address Phone number(s) (cell, res, etc) Email address (remove hyperlink, professional)

Education
‡ List all degrees in reverse chronological order ‡ Abbreviating degrees is appropriate; writing them out is preferred ‡ Indicate graduation with honors

Experience «.
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Elaborate on your relevant experience Use bullets, avoid paragraphs Begin descriptions with strong, descriptive action verbs Include complete but succinct descriptions Focus on skills and accomplishments rather than including a comprehensive list of job duties

CV Appearance - proofread
‡ Use all periods or no periods at the end of bullet points ‡ Dashes used in dates ± consistent size, consistent spacing ‡ Check for spelling and grammatical errors ‡ Spell-check does not check words in all caps

CV Appearance - Final Copy
‡ Avoid graphics, pictures (exception: picture included in residency application), color ink ‡ Print on laser printer ‡ Use high quality, 100% cotton paper in white or off-white ‡ Don¶t staple or fold ‡ Don¶t print on both sides of paper ‡ If mailing, use large envelope

Formatting
‡ Use 11- or 12-point font size with 1´- to 1.5´-inch margins. ‡ Choose an attractive font. (Times New Roman is most common.) ‡ Enlarge/bold name on first page. ‡ Include name & page number in header/footer on each page after the first. ‡ Dates to the right. ‡ Use reverse chronological order within sections. ‡ Avoid underlining. ‡ Use caps/bolding/italics selectively; consistent formatting. ‡ Avoid personal pronouns. ‡ Use action verbs, measurable results.

Style
‡ Make your documents your own. ‡ Avoid CV and cover letter templates. ‡ There is no exhaustive list of categories.
± Use guides but don¶t bind yourself to terms.

‡ Be honest; don¶t exaggerate. ‡ Put yourself in the shoes of your readers.

CV Writing Tips
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Focus on the job you want Emphasis on achievement and results Easy to read design and language Spelling mistakes are unforgivable Education or employment first Quantify every statement Ask someone to review your CV

CV tips «.cont·d
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Positive (your advertisement) Targeted at opportunity, highlight relevant areas Appropriate style Interesting content - no clichés Brief and punchy - 15 - 30 second attention span 2 pages maximum Spell and grammar checked Arms length test

To Make Your Résumé Computer Scannable
‡ Prepare a simple, unadorned résumé
± Use standard fonts, 10- to 14-point (preferably 12point) ± Avoid script, italics, and underlining ± Avoid graphics, shading, and columns

‡ Use a high-quality laser printer
± Black ink on white paper ± Single-sided copy, not stapled

‡ Send an original or a high quality copy
± Do not fax ± Do not fold

‡ Use a keyword summary

Do·s«
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Be brief - a two page resume is ideal Prepare CVs for individual companies Customize your resume for your job target Use action verbs/ positive words ± it will create strong impact. eg. motivated, monitored, created, analyzed, coordinated etc.

Don·ts«
‡ Avoid folding your CV ‡ Don¶t include irrelevant information ± previous Salary, unproofed awards, prizes and publications etc. ‡ Say what you did, not what you think ‡ Personal information ± marital status, religion, health, native place etc. ‡ Avoid unusual font size, stylish letters, graphics, underlining and unusual spacing etc. ‡ Avoid repeating information ‡ Avoid personal pronouns (I, my, me) ‡ Don¶t outsource, do it yourself.

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