Teaching Phonics

‡ There has been much debate in recent years about just how children should be taught to read.

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What does research say?
Research as well as logic and historical experience suggests that instruction in phonics works better than whole languageboth in fostering literacy and in getting kids to understand and enjoy their reading. Systematic and explicit instruction in phonics leads to higher reading achievement.

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Jolly Phonics

‡ The Jolly Phonics programme is a synthetic phonics method of teaching children how to read and write. ‡ It is a highly structured, systematic multisensory programme.

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Synthetic phonics

‡ Synthetic phonics emphasises both on the teaching of letter sounds and how to blend them together to read a word. This approach is at the centre of Jolly Phonics teaching.

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Articulation
‡Teaching phonics requires a technical skill in pronunciation / diction. ‡Phonemes should be articulated clearly and precisely

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Phonic terminology:
some definitions

‡ Phonics is a method of beginning reading instruction that stresses learning letter-sound relationships.

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Phoneme

A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in a word. We can hear three phonemes in the word ¶coat· which are /k/ /oa/ /t/. When we refer to the phonemes, we can write them in slash marks.

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Grapheme

‡A grapheme is a letter or a group of letters representing one sound t ai igh

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Blending

Blending is recognising the letter sounds in a written word, for example c-u-p, and merging or synthesising them in the order in which they are written to pronounce the word ¶cup·

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Segmenting

Segmenting is identifying the individual sounds in a spoken word (e.g. ¶him· = h ² i - m) and writing down letters for each sound to form the word.

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Consonant blends or clusters.
‡ A consonant blend is two or more consonants that have two or more sounds blended together. You hear two sounds from two letters. ‡ bl tr spl tw sn scr

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Digraphs
A consonant digraph contains two consonants and has one sound.

sh

ck

th

ng

A vowel digraph is composed of two vowels and has ai ee ar one sound

oy

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Short vowel sounds

The short vowel sounds are the first to be introduced, for example the vowel ¶a· with the short vowel sound would sound like ¶a· as in ¶cat· or ¶sat·.

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Long vowel

‡A long vowel is the sound of a vowel when it says its name. For example, the sound of o in the word ¶no· or ¶note·.

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Sight Words / Tricky Words

‡A sight word is a word recognised by memory only.

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The 5 basic skills we use to teach the letter sounds.

1) Learning the letter sounds 2) Letter formation 3) Blending 4) Identifying sounds in words 5) Tricky Words

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Letter sounds covered in year 1

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Areas of spelling covered in year 2

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

Vowel digraphs Alternative spelling of vowel sounds Plural endings Short vowels & consonant doubling Tricky words Consonant blends

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‡ The spelling lessons revise and extend the work on digraphs and short vowels introduced in year 1. There is a focus on writing practice and the alternative pronunciations of vowel sounds.

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Spelling sounds covered in year 2

sh ch th i o u

ng qu ar ff ll

a

e a-e

ss/z ck z

i-e o-e u-e wh ay ow ew ou ow oi nk er ir ur

ea igh y oy or al

au aw
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Spelling lesson format year 2
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Revision Main activity Spelling sheet Dictation Spelling list

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Spelling list

‡ 2 regular two-three letter words. ‡ 5 decodable words from lesson. ‡ 2 tricky words. ‡ 1 challenge word.
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Year 3
‡ The aim of the spelling work in year 3 is to introduce groups of words which use new spelling patterns, and to revise the alternative spellings of vowel sounds. Silent letters, syllables, identifying the short vowels, spelling rules and tricky word families are also covered.
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Spelling covered in year 3
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Vowel digraphs Alternative vowels spelling New spelling patterns Silent letters Syllables Identifying short vowels Spelling rules Tricky word families
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Sounds covered in year 3
silent b wa ue silent h ture silent w ou k silent c ie /ee/ are ore ear le tion sion ei/eigh o /u/ silent k air er wh ch /k/ oi ph ai ou ea /e/ ee or soft c ie ey soft g oa Y

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Spelling List

‡ 2 regular words often with consonant blend. ‡ 6 decodable words from lesson ‡ 2 words from a word group

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