GSM Cell Parameters

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Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

Descriptions
1. Cell Parameters Overview 2. Cell Parameters Introduction 3. Case Study

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Cell Parameters Overview 

Cell Parameters include the most of radio network parameters transmitted via Um interface. 

Via receiving cell parameters, MS is able to exactly select, access and coordinate with the network through which different kinds of service is provided. 

Via reasonably cell parameters, BTS can run in high point and whole system can be effectively utilized to provide more and better services although basing on limited resources.

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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All rights reserved. Ltd.Cell Parameters Overview  Cell Parameters can be sent through two kinds of logical channels BCCH (in idle mode) SACCH (in dedicated mode) Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page4 .

Cell Parameters Overview 2. Page5 . Cell Parameters Introduction 3.Descriptions 1.. All rights reserved. Ltd. Case Study Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

Introduction to Cell Parameters  Huawei GSM cell parameters: Network Identity Parameters Idle Mode Parameters Call Control Parameters Cell Selection and Reselection Parameters Other Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page6 . Ltd. All rights reserved.

Ltd.) Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.) Cell Reselection Mode (Cell Reselection Para.) Access Network (Call Control Para.) Dedicated Mode (Call Control Para. All rights reserved. ) Cell Selection (Cell Selection Para. Page7 ..) Paging Mode (Idle Mode Para.Cell Data Mapping in Different Statuses of MS Power on Select Network (Network Identity Para.) Idle Mode (Idle Mode Para.

Page8 .. All rights reserved. Ltd.Network Identity Parameter ² CGI  Network identity parameters mainly include Cell Global Identity (CGI) Base Station Identity Code (BSIC) Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

Network Identity Parameter ² CGI   CGI=MCC+MNC+LAC+CI Once MS receives SYS INFO.  At the same time. so that the network can know the LA in which MS is currently located. Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. it decodes the CGI information. During the location update process.. Page9 . it judges whether the current location area is changed. and decides whether it can stay in the cell according to the MCC and MNC indicated by CGI. so as to decide whether to execute location update. MS will report the new LAI to the network. Ltd.

Page10 . The coding range is decimal 000~999. It indicates the home country of the mobile subscriber. Ltd..  Format: MCC is composed of 3 decimal numbers.Mobile Country Code MCC  Definition: MCC consists of 3 decimal numbers. All rights reserved.  Location: Cell Attributes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved. Page11 . The coding range is decimal 00~999.  Format: MNC is composed of two decimal numbers..Mobile Network Code MNC  Definition: MNC is used to uniquely identify a specific GSM PLMN network in a certain country (decided by MCC).  Location: Cell Attributes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

the whole area covered by each GSM PLMN is divided into different location areas.  Format: LAI contains LAC.Location Area Code LAC  Definition: To locate the location of MS. Page12 . LAC is used to identify different location areas.  Location: Cell Attributes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. and 1111). 0408.. One location area can contain one or more cells. Ltd. LAC adopts hexadecimal coding. The code 0000H and FFFFH cannot be used (please refer to specification GSM0303. which is composed of two bytes. All rights reserved. The available range is from 0001H to FFFEH.

the network operator needs to allocate one code for each cell.   Format: CI is composed of 16 bits. The available range is 0~65535.Cell Identity CI  Definition: To uniquely identify each cell in the GSM PLMN. Cell identity.. together with LAI. which is the cell identity (CI). Page13 . All rights reserved. is used for identity of each cell in the world. Location: Cell Attributes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

 Practically it is still possible that a same BCCH is re-used in the surrounding cells.. each BTS is allocated with a color code. their BSIC must be different so that MS can identify two neighbor cells with same BCCH. which is called BSIC. Page14 . For cells using the same BCCH in a relevant near distance. Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.Network Identity Parameter ² BSIC   BSIC=NCC+BCC In GSM system. Ltd.  In network planning. All rights reserved. make sure that BCCH of neighbor cells are different from the serving cell¶s BCCH to reduce the interference. MS can identify two cells with the same BCCH by the help of BSIC.

Network Color Code NCC 

Definition: NCC is a part of BSIC. MS uses it to distinguish adjacent BTS that belong to different GSM PLMN. 



Format: NCC is composed of 3 bits, with the range of 0 to 7. Location: Cell Attributes

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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BTS Color Code BCC 

Definition: BCC is a part of BSIC. For its function, please refer to above sections. 



Format: BCC is composed of 3 bits. The available range is 0~7. Location: Cell Attributes

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Idle Mode Parameters 
     

ATT CCCH Conf BS_AG_BLKS_RES BS_PA_MFRAMES Paging Times Period of Periodic Location Update(T3212) Neighbor Cell Description (BA Table)

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. All rights reserved. Ltd. the network will not process the connection to the called mobile subscriber when MS is power-off.ATT    Value Range: Yes. If it is set to ³Yes´. No Default Value Yes Description: It is Attach-detach allowed. Page18 .  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Thus network processing time and radio resources are saved. It is used to inform MS whether IMSI attach-detach is allowed in this cell. Otherwise the network will process the connection even though the MS has been powered off.

CCCH configuration determines the capacity of PCH. Page19 .  Description: It is Common Control Channel Configuration. AGCH and RACH.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. For others. 4 Noncompounding CCCHs. it is configured according to the number of TRX in the cell. All rights reserved. 1 Non-Compounding CCCH.. one combined CCCH is recommended (in a system with few paging messages in location area).CCCH Conf  Value Range: 1 Compounding CCCH . Ltd. This parameter can be automatically configured by system according to the TRX channel configuration. 3 Non-compounding CCCHs. 2 Non-Compounding CCCHs.  Default Value: When there is one TRX in the cell.

Ltd..  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page20 . It is the number of CCCH channel message blocks that are reserved in one multi-frame for access granted channels (AGCH). 1(1 combined CCCH) Description: It is also called Access Granted Blocks Reserved. 0~2 (1 combined CCCH)    Unit: Block Default Value: 2 (Non-combined CCCH).BS_AG_BLKS_RES  Value Range: 0~7 (Non-Compounding CCCHs). All rights reserved.

All rights reserved.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. It defines the number of multi-frames used as a cycle of paging sub-channels.BS_PA_MFRAMES     Value Range: 2~9 Unit: Multi-frame period (51 frames) Default Value: 2 Multi-frame period Description: It is Paging Channel Multi-frames. Page21 . Ltd.

Page22 . All rights reserved. The total paging times are approximate to be the multiplication of the two.  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Together with the paging times configured in MSC. they jointly control the paging resend times..Paging Times     Value Range:1~8 Unit: Times Default Value: 4 Description: This parameter is used for BTS to determine whether paging is resent.

It defines the interval of periodic location update. Ltd.. All rights reserved. Page23 .Period of Periodic Location Update(T3212)     Value Range: 0~255 Unit: 6 minutes Default Value: 20 Description: It is the Periodic Location Update Timer.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

Page24 .. LA 1 LA 2 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd.Definition of Location Update  Inform the system the LA (Location Area) where the MS is to be paged.

Condition of Location Update   Periodical location update Moving into a new LA LA 1 LA 2 LA 3 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page25 . All rights reserved.. Ltd.

All rights reserved. Ltd.Procedure of Location Update MSC BSC MS 1 Hour 1 Hour 1 Hour u ++ + + + Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page26 ..

Abnormal Occasion The subscriber you dialed has been powered off But I am always powered on LA 1 LA 2 LA 3 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page27 . Ltd. All rights reserved.

Page28 . Ltd..Reason1 of Abnormal Occasion MSC BSC MS 1 Hour 1 Hour 1 Hour Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.

Page29 . Ltd. All rights reserved.Reason2 of Abnormal Occasion MSC BSC MS 1 Hour 1 Hour 1 Hour e Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co..

the system will still sometimes voice ³The subscriber you dialed is powered off´. Ltd. All rights reserved.. Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page30 .Application of T3212 LAC ³Ping-pong Reselect´ A T3212=4 B T3212=8 Even if T3212 setting is less than the system (MSC) query time.

Page31 .. All rights reserved.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Advanced Table BA2 describes BCCH frequencies of the adjacent cells to be measured when the MS is in dedicated mode. Ltd. Table BA1 describes BCCH frequencies of the adjacent cells to be measured when the MS is in idle mode.  Location: Cell Attributes/Handover data/Advanced Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.Neighbor Cell Description  There are table BA1 and table BA2.

All rights reserved.. Ltd. Page32 .Application of Neighbor Cell Description B A D C A B C D Theoretical Neighbor Cells Actual Neighbor Cells Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

Application of Neighbor Cell Description B A C A Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page33 .

Call Control Parameters       MS MAX Retrans TX-integer RACH Min. Access Level NCC Allowed RLT SACCH Multi-Frames      Common Access Control Class Special Access Control Class MBR ECSC Emergent Call Disable Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.. Ltd. Page34 .

Page35 . MS MAX Retrans is the upper limit of times that MS is allowed to send ³Channel Request´ in one immediate assignment procedure. 2. 4.. 7 Unit: Time(s) Default Value: 4 Times Description: It is one of the random access control parameters.  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.MS MAX Retrans     Value Range: 1. Ltd. All rights reserved.

14. 32. Page36 .615ms) Default Value: 32 Description: Used to calculate the number of timeslots in the interval between multiple channel requests sent by MS. 20.TX-integer     Value Range: 3~12. 16. All rights reserved. Ltd.. 4. 25.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. 50 Unit: RACH Timeslot (equals to a TDMA frame.

10. 14.Calculation of S S TX-integer Non-Combined CCCH Combined CCCH 3. 8. 50 4. 12. All rights reserved. 11. 32 55 76 109 163 217 41 52 58 86 115 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. 16 5. Page37 . Ltd. 20 6. 25 7. 9..

Page38 . the BTS determines the threshold of the level for the random access of the MS. the BTS regards that this timeslot has an access request. Only when the receive level for the burst timeslot of the random access is greater than the threshold. All rights reserved. Access Level     Value Range: -121~-47 Unit: dbm Default Value: -115 Description: The parameter affects the access of an MS. That is to say. When the receive level of the RACH burst is lower than the threshold. the BTS regards this access as an invalid access and no decoding is performed. Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Advanced/Access Control  Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.RACH Min. Ltd..

 Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page39 . Ltd.Radio Link Timeout     Value Range: 4~64. the step size is 4 Unit: SACCH period (480ms) Default Value: 52 Description: This parameter is used for MS to decide downlink disconnection in case of SACCH decoding failures. All rights reserved..

Ltd.Application of Radio Link Timeout Poor coverage P A Q B Impact of radio link timeout Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved.. Page40 .

Ltd.. Call Type Normal Call AMR FR AMR HR Parameter Radio Link Timeout (SACCH period(480ms)) Default Value 52 AFR Radio Link Timeout (SACCH period(480ms)) 64 AHR Radio Link Timeout (SACCH period(480ms)) 52 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. to improve the AMR network coverage performance. in practice the AMR FR/HR RLT should be set higher.Radio Link Timeout  To increase the robustness of the SACCH channel. Page41 . and to lower the call drop rate.

. When this timer reaches 0. Every time BTS succeeds to decode the MR. This parameter and the radio link timeout (RLT) are used to judge the uplink/downlink radio connection failure. then BTS sends a radio connection failure message to BSC. this timer decreases by 1. BSS judges the uplink radio link failure according to uplink SACCH BER.  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Page42 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. this timer increases by 2. Ltd. . BTS judges that the uplink radio connection fails. Every time BTS fails to decode the MR sent from MS.SACCH Multi-Frames     Value Range: 0~63 Unit: SACCH period (480ms) Default Value: 31 Description: It is a timer used to determine whether the uplink radio link connection fails.

to improve the AMR network coverage performance. Ltd. and to lower the call drop rate.. All rights reserved. in practice the AMR FR/HR SACCH Multi-Frames should be set higher. Page43 . Call Type Normal Call AMR FR AMR HR Parameter SACCH Multi-Frames (SACCH period(480ms)) Default Value 31 AFR SACCH Multi-Frames (SACCH period(480ms)) 48 AHR SACCH Multi-Frames (SACCH period(480ms)) 32 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.SACCH Multi-Frames  To increase the robustness of the SACCH channel.

Page44 .. All rights reserved. If a neighbor cell¶s NCC is permitted. MS will report MRs of it to the network.   Default Value: 11111111 Description: Network Color Code.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.NCC Permitted  Value Range: Selection of 0~7 Perm. It lists NCC that need be measured by MS. Ltd.

Page45 . Ltd. ³1´ stands for forbidden and ³0´ for permitted.Common Access Control Class    Value Range: Level 0~9 Forbidden Default Value: 0000000000 Description: One of the parameters of random access control information. to permit or forbid the network access of some common level users. All rights reserved. It is used for load control of ordinary subscribers.  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co..

Ltd.. Page46 .  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. permitting or forbidding the network access of some special level users.Special Access Control Class    Value Range: Level 10~14 Forbidden Default Value: 00000 Description: It is used for load control. ³1´ stands for forbidden and ³0´ for permitted. All rights reserved.

MBR    Value Range: 0~3 Default Value: 0 Description: Multi-Band Reporting. All rights reserved..  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. It is used to inform MS to report the adjacent cells in a controllable way. Page47 .

Ltd.. All rights reserved.Application of MBR GSM1800 A -92dBm B -82dBm S H -84dBm GSM900 C -68dBm D -90dBm F -88dBm G -96dBm E -78dBm Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page48 .

 Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Yes: The MS reports Classmark3 to the network immediately after link setup. No: The MS is forbidden to report its Classmark3 to network initiatively. It indicates if an MS in the cell is allowed to use early Classmark sending.. Page49 . Ltd. No Default Value: No Description: Early Classmark Sending Control.ECSC    Value Range: Yes.

. the abilities that MS supports.Definition of Classmark  In GSM system. Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.   There are 3 kinds of classmark:Classmark1 Classmark2 Classmark3. Page50 . band ability. BSC decodes the information according to the requirement of network and transfer to the network. Network knows about abilities of MS either via inquiring for MS¶s CLASSMARK or via requiring MS to report CLASSMARK3 immediately by itself after link setup. encryption ability. is described by the classmark. power ability. All rights reserved. such as service ability.

 CR message reports the information of Classmrk 2. after the SCCP connection is established and before MS BSS receiving message "CM Service Accepted" there will be a class mark Classmark Enquiry MSC Classmark Request update flow. MS will report Classmark 3 information which is related to the dual-band capability.Classmark Update Flow  For dual-band MS. All rights reserved. Page51 . And in the class mark update flow.. Ltd. Classmark Change Classmark Update Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved. Page52 .Information about Classmark 2/3 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd..

  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. When EC Disable is set to ³No´.. Otherwise it is prohibited. it means emergency call is permitted. Page53 . Ltd. No Default Value: No Description: Emergence Call Disable.Emergent Call Disable   Value Range: Yes.

Cell Selection/Reselection Parameters          RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH CBQ (Cell_Bar_Qualify) CBA (Cell_Bar_Access) CRO (Cell Reselection Offset) TO (Temporary Offset) PT (Penalty Time) PI (Cell Reselect Parameters Indication) CRH ( Cell Reselection Hysteresis) Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd. Page54 . All rights reserved.

Cell Selection Process  There are two kinds of cell selection Stored list cell selection Normal cell selection  In fact. Ltd.. Page55 . All rights reserved. the process might be different for different MSs Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

Stored List Cell Selection Search the BCCH which have been stored Can decode any frequency? Yes No Normal cell selection Can reside in any cell ? Yes No Try to reside in its neighbor cell? Yes No Come into idle mode Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page56 .. Ltd. All rights reserved.

C1>0 . on BCCH Right PLMN&C1>0& priority is Normal ? All frequency not satisfy Come into idle mode Right PLMN&C1>0& priority is Low ? All frequency not satisfy No YES YES YES No Try the cell of other PLMN allowed in the SIM card No Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved..Normal Cell Selection Search all frequency Rank according to receiving level Select the frequency with the highest Rx_level Select the next frequency with the higher Rx_level No Is it a BCCH carrier? Stay in a cell(RX-LEV is strongest. read cell para. Page57 . cell priority is not prohibited) without considering the PLMN No Emergency call mode YES Decode SCH.

0) RLA_C: Receiving level of MS RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN: Minimum receiving level of MS permitted to access MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH: Maximum transmit power level of MSs P: Maximum Physical supported transmitting power of MS. Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.Cell Selection Parameter C1=RLA_C-RXLEV_ACCESS_MINMAX((MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH . All rights reserved..P). Page58 . Ltd.

Page59 .RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN    Value Range: 0~63 (-110 dBm ~ -47 dBm) Default Value: 8 Description: It means the minimum receive signal level required for MS to access a cell.. All rights reserved.  Location: Cell Attributes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd.

0 (1800/1900MHz cell) Description: This parameter determines the maximum transmit power level of the MS when it begins to access a cell and has not yet received power control command.MS_TXPWR_MAX_CCH     Value Range: 0~19 Unit: level Default Value: 5 (900MHz cell). All rights reserved. Page60 .  Location: Cell Attributes/Other Attributes/Advanced/Public Channel Control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. Ltd.

Page61 ..CBA    Value Range: 0. Ltd. worked together with CBQ to set the priority status of the cell in idle mode for cell selection and reselection. All rights reserved.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. 1 Default Value: 0 Description: Cell_Bar_Access.

CBQ only affects the cell selection.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page62 . All rights reserved. but is not related to cell reselection. It works with CBA to define the access priorities of cells. Ltd.CBQ    Value Range: 0 . 1 Default Value: 0 Description: Cell_Bar_Qualify.

Application of CBA and CBQ CBA 0 1 0 1 CBQ 0 0 1 1 Cell Selection Priority Normal Forbidden Low Low Cell Reselection Priority Normal Forbidden Normal Normal Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page63 . All rights reserved. Ltd.

Ltd.. Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.Application of CBQ A B The traffic of cell A and B is heavy. CBQ=³0´. Page64 . Set these two cells with CBA=³1´. All rights reserved.

Ltd. Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. All rights reserved. Page65 . Set B to ³Normal´ and A to ³Low´.Application of CBA A B B is a micro cell.

Cell Reselection Process  Cell reselection for cells in the same location area If the C2 value of the target cell is higher than that of the serving cell for longer than 5 seconds.  Cell reselection for cells in different location areas If the C2 value of the target cell is higher than that of the serving cell by at least the value of CRH for longer than 5 seconds. Ltd.  Two consecutive cell reselections caused by C2 have a time interval of 15 seconds.. All rights reserved. a location update process and the cell reselection process will be performed. a cell reselection process will be performed and the MS tunes to the new cell. or down link fails. In other words to say. Page66   Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. then the MS cannot reselect to another cell by the cause of C2 within 15 seconds. If current serving cell is prohibited. . if because of C2 a MS reselected to a cell. or C1 is less than 0 continuously for 5s. MS starts a cell reselection if the access times exceed the MAX retrans. cell reselection will also be triggered.

when PT-T<0 H(PT-T)=1.Cell Reselection Parameter C2=C1+CRO-TO*H(PT-T) C2=C1-CRO When PT is not equal to 31 When PT is equal to 31 For neighbour cell: H(PT-T)=0. when PT-T • 0 For serving cell: H(PT-T) = 0 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page67 ..

Page68 . All rights reserved. Ltd.    Unit: 2dB Default Value: 0 Description: Cell Reselect Offset..CRO  Value Range: 0~63( the corresponding level value: 0~126dB. stepped every 2dB). It is a parameter in C2 calculation to give an intentional modification in MS cell reselection.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

. All rights reserved.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Advanced/Idle Parameter Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. 7 corresponds to ³Infinite´). Ltd.TO  Value Range: 0~7 (the corresponding value is 0~60dB. It is a parameter in C2 criterion to give a temporary modification within PT time. Page69 .   Default Value: 0 Description: Cell Reselect Temporary Offset.

It is used to ensure the safety and validity of cell reselection because it helps to avoid frequent cell reselection.PT  Value Range: 0~31(the corresponding time is 20~620s). All rights reserved. Page70 . 31(reserved for changing the effect of CRO on C2) Unit: Second Default Value: 0 Description: Cell Reselect Penalty Time. Ltd.. Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Advanced/Idle Parameter     Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

 Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. No Default Value: Yes Description: Cell Reselect Parameters Indication. ³Temporary Offset(TO)´ and ³Penalty Time(PT)´..PI    Value Range: Yes . Ltd. sent on the broadcast channel of the cell. It is an indication to the existence of ³Cell Reselect Offset(CRO)´. All rights reserved. Page71 .

CRH     Value Range: 0~14. the step size is 2dB Unit: dB Default Value: 6 Description: Cell Reselection Hysteresis. All rights reserved. Page72 . It is the parameter used when cell reselection happens between two location areas.. Ltd.  Location: Cell Attributes/Idle Mode/Basic Idle Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved.. T3105          PWRC Cell Extension Type Max TA Interference Band Threshold Interference Calculation Period UL DTX DL DTX T200 and N200 Use LAPDm N200 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. Info.Other Parameters           Call Reestablishment Forbidden TCH Immediate Assignment Immediate Assignment Optimization Direct Retry Assignment Cell Load Judge Enable Cell Direct Try Forbidden Threshold Directed Retry Load Access Threshold Min Power Level for Direct Try Max Resend Times of Phy. Page73 .

No Default Value: Yes Description: Informing MS whether call reestablishment is allowed or not. Ltd. Page74 .Call Reestablishment Forbidden    Value Range: Yes. All rights reserved.  Location: Cell Attributes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co..

The option "No" means that only SDCCH can be assigned.TCH Immediate Assignment    Value Range: Yes. Page75 .. All rights reserved.  Location: Cell Attributes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. No Default Value : No Description: Option "Yes" means that TCH channel can be immediately assigned as signaling and traffic channel when SDCCH has no available resource. Ltd.

Yes: when the Transmission Mode of the BTS is Satellite transmission No: when the Transmission Mode of the BTS is Terrestrial transmission  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Advanced/Call Control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.Immediate Assignment Optimization    Value Range: Yes.e. Page76 . No Default Value : No Description: This parameter is mainly used for satellite transmission. to reduce the impact of satellite transmission delay.. All rights reserved. i.. Ltd.

All rights reserved. Ltd. « Page77 .Signaling Flow of Immediate Assignment Optimization MS Channel_req BTS Channel_Required Channel_Active Channel_Active_Ack IMMEDIATE ASSIGN COMMAND First SABM UA Establish_IND (CM Service Req) CR(Complete_L3_ information) CC CM Service Accepted (NOTE 1) MS BTS BSC BSC MSC CHAN_ACT IMM_ASS_CMD Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co..

No Default Value : Yes Description: This parameter indicates the whether the directed retry on the TCH is allowed. If this parameter is set to Yes.. the handover procedure is used and the MS is handed over to the neighboring cell.  Location: Cell Attributes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page78 . Ltd.Direct Retry    Value Range: Yes. All rights reserved.

Assignment Cell Load Judge Enable    Value Range: Enable.  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Disable Default Value: Disable Description: When the Assignment Cell Load Judge Enabled is set to Yes. the direct try flow is allowed if the following two conditions are met: The cell supports the direct retry function. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page79 . The load of the cell is larger than or equal to the Cell Direct Try Forbidden Threshold..

All rights reserved. Page80 . Ltd..Cell Direct Try Forbidden Threshold     Value Range: 0~100(%) Unit: None Default Value: 50 Description: If the parameter Assignment Cell Load Judge Enabled is set to Yes.  Location: Cell Attributes/Other Attributes/Advanced/Other Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. the direct retry process is started and channels are assigned when the cell supports direct retry and the load of the current cell is equal to or greater than the value of Cell Direct Try Forbidden Threshold during channel assignment.

Directed Retry Load Access Threshold     Value Range: 0~100(%) Unit: None Default Value : 85 Description: This parameter is used to adjust the candidate target cells during direct retry. only the cells whose loads are smaller than or equal to the Directed Retry Load Access Threshold are selected as candidate target cells. When target cells are selected during direct retry. All rights reserved. Ltd. Page81 ..  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Basic Call Control Parameters Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

All rights reserved.  Location: Cell Attributes/ Handover Data/Advanced/HO Control Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. If the receiving level of the cell exceeds the value of this parameter.Min Power Level for Direct Try    Value Range: 0~63 (-110dBm~-47dBm) Default Value :16 Description: This parameter indicates the selection of candidate cell for direct try. Page82 . Ltd. this cell can be selected as candidate target cells.

If the number of resending times exceeds Ny1 and BTS still has not received any correct SAMB frame from MS. BTS will send BSC the connection failure message and handover failure message.Max Resend Times of Phy.. Info. it will release the newly assigned dedicated channel and stop timer T3105.  Location: Cell Attributes/Handover Data/Advanced/Cell HO Data Page83 Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.  Range Value :1~255 Unit: Times Default Value :30 Description: This parameter specifies the maximum times Ny1 for re-    sending physical information. . All rights reserved. Ltd. After BSC receives the messages.

. the BTS starts the timer T3105. If the timer T3105 times out before receive the SAMB frame from MS. Location: Cell Attributes/Handover Data/Advanced/Cell HO Data  Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. All rights reserved.T3105     Range Value : 0~255 Unit: 10ms Default Value : 7 Description: When BTS sends physical information to the MS. BTS re-sends physical information to MS and restarts the timer T3105. Page84 .

Intra-BSC Handover Signaling Flow
MS BTS1 BSC BTS2 Measure Report from MS Channel_Active Channel_Active_Ack HANDOVER COMMAND Handover Access PHYINFO PHYINFO First SABM UA MS MSC

Handover_Detect

Establish_IND

HANDOVER COMPLETE Handover_Performed

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PWRC 
 

Value range: Yes, No. Default Value: Yes Description: It is used to indicate MS whether to delete received level value obtained from the timeslots of BCCH when MS measures receiving level during base band hopping mode.
When it is set to ³No´, it means the influence of receiving level on BCCH is in consideration. If it is set to ³Yes´, process it in the way mentioned above. 

Location: Cell Attributes/Other Attributes/Advanced/Public Channel Control

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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Cell Extension Type 


Value Range: Normal cell, Double TS Ext cell Default Value: Configure this parameter according to the practical situation. 

Description: It indicates whether a cell is an extended cell and the extended cell mode. 

Location: Cell Attributes

Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All rights reserved.

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. Location: Cell Attributes  Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. it determines whether channel assignment should take place in the current cell by comparing the TA with the value of this parameter. All rights reserved.Max TA  Value Range: 0~63 (Normal cell) 0~255 (Double TS Ext cell)   Unit: Bit period (1 bit = 0. When BTS receives the channel request message. Page88 .55km) Default Value 62 for normal cell 219 for dual TS extended cell  Description: Maximum Time Advance. It determines the actual coverage area of BTS.

. All rights reserved.Interference Band Threshold 0~5    Value Range: 110~85 Unit: -dBm Default Values 110 ( Interference band threshold 0) 105 ( Interference band threshold 1) 98 ( Interference band threshold 2 ) 92 ( Interference band threshold 3 ) 87 ( Interference band threshold 4 ) 85 ( Interference band threshold 5)  Description: It decides the corresponding value for each interference band (from band 0 to band 5) and used to measure the uplink interference during the SDCCH/TCH(F)/TCH(H) timeslot is in idle mode. Ltd.. Location: Cell Attributes/Other Attributes/Advanced/Other Parameters Page89  Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

Location: Cell Attributes/Other Attributes/Advanced/Other Parameters  Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. All rights reserved. The average interference level is used to classify the interference levels on idle channels into five interference bands.. the interference levels measured on idle channels in the period defined by this parameter are averaged. A too small value of this parameter wastes the resources. Ltd. Page90 . A too big value of this parameter cannot reflect the change of interference.Interference Calculation Period     Value range: 1~31 Unit: SACCH period (480 ms) Default Values: 20 Description: Before the BTS transmits the radio resource indication message to the BSC.

Ltd. Shall not use Default Value: Shall use Description: It is used to indicate whether MS uses DTX function.UL DTX    Value Range: May use. All rights reserved.  Location: Cell Attributes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Page91 .. It shows the DTX state of the MS in the previous measurement period. Shall use.

the setting of this parameter can determine whether downlink DTX is used in the cell. If downlink DTX is allowed in the MSC.. All rights reserved.DL DTX    Value range: Yes. The use of downlink DTX is also controlled by the DTX switch in the MSC. downlink DTX is not used regardless of the setting of this parameter. Page92 . No Default Value: Yes Description: This parameter indicates whether downlink DTX is used in a cell. If downlink DTX is forbidden in the MSC. Ltd.  Location: Cell Attributes Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.

Ltd. the sender will regard that the receiver has not received the message and will resend the message. Different timer values should be set for different LAPDm channels such as SDCCH. Therefore. Page93 . a timer should be started when the sender sends a message. If this message is lost for unknown reasons.  N200 The maximum resend times are determined by N200. All rights reserved. it will occur that both ends keep waiting. leading to system deadlock. the opposite end is requested to acknowledge the reception. Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Advanced/Timer Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. FACCH and SACCH..T200 and N200  T200 : T200 timers are used to avoid deadlock during data transfer on the data link layer. This is because these channels have different transmission rate. On the LAPDm layer. If the timer times out. every time a message is sent.

Use LAPDm N200    Range: Yes. All rights reserved. Ltd..  Location: Cell Attributes/Call Control/Advanced/Timer Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. otherwise not. Page94 . No Default Value : No Description: Determines whether BSC delivers LAPDm N200 parameters to BTS. then LPADm N200 parameters will be delivered to BTS. If it configured as Yes.

Page95 .) BA1 Interference Band Threshold/ Interference Calculation Period Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co..) BA2 / RLT / MBR NCC Allowed / PWRC Emergent Call Disabled Call Re-establishment Forbidden UL DTX / DL DTX SACCH Multi-Frames Max Resend Times of Phy. / T3105 Max TA T200 and N200 Use LAPDm N200 TCH immediate assignment Immediate assignment optimization Direct Retry Para.) C2 (CRO. CBQ Dedicated Mode (Call Control Para. ) Cell Selection (Cell Selection Para. All rights reserved.) ATT T3212 CCCH Conf BS_AG_BLKS_RES BS_PA_MFRAMES Paging Times Idle Mode (Idle Mode Para.) Common/Special Access Control Class Cell Reselection Mode (Cell Reselection Para. BSIC (Network Identity Para.PI) CRH DSC Paging Mode (Idle Mode Para. MS MAX Retrans / ECSC Access Network TX-integer / RACH Min.) C1(RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN/ MS TXPWR_MAX_CCH) CBA. Ltd.TO.PT.Cell Data Mapping in Different Statuses of MS Power on Select Network CGI. Access Level (Call Control Para. Info.

Descriptions 1. All rights reserved. Cell Parameters Overview 2. Case Study Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.. Page96 . Cell Parameters Introduction 3. Ltd.

. The signal strength measured is less than -95dBm. Page97 . it is found out that the signal is poor in a certain section of suburban highway. All rights reserved. -80 -95 A B -92 C Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. Add neighbor relationship to Cell A and B for each other.  Handling Procedure Modify the data in BSC. Ltd. The coverage problem is thus solved.Case 1: Island Effect  Case Description During the process of optimization in a certain area.

Case 2: Incorrect CGI Causes MS Unable to Register on the Network  Case description  The subscriber complained that MS could not register to the network. So the network register flow was not normal. Ltd.. MS could not get registered in the network. Page98 .  Default Value and summary CGI is a very important parameter and should be configured correctly. All rights reserved. Although the signal was very good. Some subscribers also complained that MS could make MTC could not make MOC.  Cause analysis CGI of the cell was modified. or it was difficult to register to the network between BTS A and B. Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. but MS indicated that the signal was very good. thus to ensured that the CGI data in BSC and MSC are the same. or no network mark was displayed on the MS.

Some frequencies are the suburb BTS signals far away from this area. Page99 . the ³RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN´ of each cell should be kept same. Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co.  Default Value and summary In area with complicated coverage. The problem of signal fluctuation is solved.Case 3: RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN Causes Signal Fluctuation  Case description Subscribers complain that the signal fluctuates in a certain area.. we can see that there are a lot of cells¶ signals in this area. The cell reselection of MS is rather frequent.  Handling procedure Modify parameter ³RXLEV_ACCESS_MIN´ of all cells in urban area and make them consistent with each other. Onsite test shows that this phenomenon does exist. Ltd. From the testing mobile. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. Two days¶ observation shows no subscriber complaint and the problem is solved.. some MS often lost connection with network suddenly. But from sometime on. The network has been working properly. Copyright © 2008 Huawei Technologies Co. The complaint from subscribers in urban area increased. There are four BTSs. 60 minutes.Case 4 Too Small T3212 Causes MS Lose Connection with Network  Case description A local GSM network has more than 6000 subscribers. Ltd. Page100 . i.e. Modify the corresponding time of MSC to 180 minutes.  Handling procedure Modify T3212 to 10.

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