MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM

MANAGEMENT
 The process of effectively and efficiently

planning, organizing, leading, implementing, controlling and adjusting the organization’s functional activities to achieve a desired objective.

INFORMATION SYSTEM
 Set of people, procedures, and resources

    

that collects, transforms, and disseminates information in an organization for decision-making. Two main types of information 1. Formal a) Manual b) Computer-based 2. Information a) Word-of-mouth

. organizing. procedures. implementing .controlling and adjusting a set of people. leading. and resources that collects.MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM  The process of effectively and efficiently planning. transforms and disseminates information in a organization.

People Mgt. Management & Strategy  4)Technology of IS-Hardware. Use of IS Strategic Plan  2) Development of IS-Solutions to Business Problems.etc. Software.INFORMATION SYSTEM FRAMEWORK  1) Management of IS.Skills.  3)Applications of IS-in Operations.Resources & Activities. Telecommunications & Data Management  5) Foundation Concepts of IS-Behavioral & Technical Concepts. Ex. .

Accepts RM as inputs. SYSTEM. processes and produces FG.  A manufacturing system.life. .  Ex.A group of interrelated & FUNDAMENTALS OF INFORMATION SYSTEM interacting components or elements working together toward a common goal by accepting inputs & producing outputs in an organized transformation process. brain. circulatory system functioning toward a common goal.the heart. The human body.

Management Information . Manufacturing process.  3) OUTPUTS-Involves transferring elements produced by the transformation process to final destination.COMPONENTS OF A SYSTEM  1)INPUTS. the human breathing process. energy. data.  2)PROCESSING-Involves the transformation process converting inputs to outputs. Ex. human efforts secured & organized for processing. RM.Ex.Involves capturing & assembling elements entering the system for processing.Human Services.FG .Ex.

 5)CONTROL-Involves monitoring and evaluating feedback to determine whether a system is moving toward achieving its goal.Ex.Data about the performance of a system. Ex. 4) FEEDBACK. A Sales Manager exercises Control when he reassigns people to new territories after evaluating feedback about their sales performance. Data on sales performance is a feedback to the sales manager. .

RESOURCES OF AN ORGANIZATION        1)Money 2)Materials 3)Men 4)Management 5)Machines 6)Markets 7)INFORMATION .

Media-usb. Programs-OS.b. error correction 4)Data Resources-Files. Apps 3.b.Forms . Procedures-Data entry. End-users or Clients 1.a. IS specialists 2)Hardware Resources 2.b.INFORMATION SYSTEM RESOURCES            1)People Resources 1. Machines 2.a.Management Reports. Databases 5)Information Products.a. disks 3)Software Resources 3.

are raw facts or observations. .  INFORMATION-Data that have been converted into meaningful and useful context for specific end-users. Monthly sales of hamburgers per store by shift reported to the store manager. Sale of jollibee hamburgers. INFORMATION  DATA.DATA vs. Ex. Ex.

 3)Support of strategic competitive advantage. .Chic-Boy. What product type to push.Ex.ROLES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS  1)Support of business operations-Use of computer-based information system in a retail store. Determine what product gives a firm a competitive advantage.  2)Support of managerial decisionmaking-Ex.

ATM 2)Process Control-Physical process control. product mix . 4)Information reporting system-online sales monitoring report by sales managers. invty levels.etc. 3)Office automation-e-mail. on-     line cash registers.TYPES OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS  1)Transaction Processing-POS system. Petroleum plants. 5)Decision support system-provides managers support for decision making.

processing. output . storage and control. .1. THE COMPUTER HARDWARE  A computer hardware is a system of interrelated components that performs the basic system functions of input. providing end-users with a powerful information processing tool.

SYSTEM OF HARDWARE DEVICES 1. Input devices      keyboards touch screens pens electronic mice optical scanner .

 Performs arithmetic and logic functions 3.SYSTEM OF HARDWARE DEVICES 2. Central Processing Unit (CPU)  Main processing component of a computer system. Output Devices  Video Display Units  Printers  Audio Response Units .

5.SYSTEMS OF HARDWARE DEVICES 4. Control Devices   Control Unit of the CPU Interprets computer program instructions and transmits direction to other components . Storage Devices  Takes place in the primary storage unit or memory and secondary devices (magnetic disk and tape units).

Laptop. Tablets.TYPES OF COMPUTER SYSTEMS Main Frames Mini Computers Micros/Personal Computers PC Stand Alone Notebook.   . 3. Smart Phones 4. Ipad. Networked Computers 1. Netbook. 2.

2. Applications Software Program that directs the performance of a particular use or application of a computer . COMPUTER SOFTWARES 2 Types of Computer Softwares 1. Systems Software Programs that manage and support the resources and operations of the computer system 2.

.OPERATING SYSTEM  An Integrated system of programs that manages the operations of the CPU.  Controls the Input/Output and storage resources and activities of the Computer System.

Other Application Programs . Business Application Programs 2. Scientific Application Programs 3.TYPES OF APPLICATION SOFTWARE PACKAGES 1.

Other End-User Packages – Decision Support Packages . Graphics Packages 6.EXAMPLE OF APPLICATION SOFTWARE PACKAGES Word Processing Packages Electronic Spread Packages Database Management Packages Telecommunication Packages  ProComm Plus  CrossTalk  Kermit 5. 2. 4. Integrated Packages 1.  Microsoft Works 7. 3.

3. . DATABASE MANAGEMENT  Data Resource Management is a managerial activity that applies information systems technology and management tools in managing organization data resources.

TYPES OF DATABASES 1. 4. Operational Databases Management Databases Information Warehouse Databases Distributed Databases End-User Databases External Databases Image Databases (CD-ROM) . 3. 5. 2. 7. 6.

text. images) from one place to another using electronic or light emitting media  Data Communication describes the transmission and receiving of data over communication links between one or more computers. TELECOMMUNICATION  Telecommunication is the sending of information in any form (voice.4. . data.

high speed digital networks with fibre optics and satellite links for local. regional. . TELECOMMUNICATION  Teleprocessing and Telemathics  The integration of telecommunications and computer based information processing technologies  Information SuperHighway  Open. nationwide and global networks.4.

Wide Area Networks  Telecommunication networks covering a large geographic area called remote or long-distance networks Connects Computers and other information processing devices within a limited physical area like an office or building 2.TYPES OF TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS 1. Local Area Networks  .

connecting millions of computers and users worldwide .TYPES OF TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS 3. The Internet  The Largest Network of Networks rapidly growing global web of thousands of businesses. educational and research networks.

 Voice Mail Called voice store and forward where digitized voice messages are used 5.  Electronic Workgroups Two or more people working together on the same task using connected computers 3.TELECOMMUNICATION FOR ENDUSER COLLABORATION 1.   Workgroup Computing Computer Supported Collaboration Collaborative Work Support Systems 2.  Electronic Bulletin Board Allows to post messages in the computer .  Electronic Mail Sending and receiving electronic messages in a global network of computers 4.

Tele Commuting . Tele Conferencing 7.TELECOMMUNICATION FOR ENDUSER COLLABORATION 6.

Decision Support System  Interactive Computer-Based information system using decision models and specialized databases to aid in decision making Management information system tailored to the strategic information needs of top management 2.INFORMATION SYSTEMS FOR BUSINESS APPLICATIONS 1. Executive Information System  .