Web based Information Services for Engineering Science and Technology

I R N Goudar Head
Information Centre for Aerospace Science & Technology NAL, Bangalore 560 017 goudar@css.nal.res.in

The Internet offers a gateway to a myriad of online databases, library catalogues and collections, and software and document archives, in addition to frequently used storeand-forward services, such as UserNet News and e-mail

Web: An Ideal Media and Source of Information 
WWW provides hypertext access to documents located anywhere on the Internet.  Web facilitates combination of text, pictures, sound, animation and video.  Many varying information systems are tied into a homogeneous browsable, searchable web.  Efficient information delivery.  Information on desktops of users.  Vast majority of Internet services are free for taking.
Contd...

 WWW is a very successful distributed information system. etc. colour. belief. creed..  Information sharing with global dimensions.  Physical disabilities don·t matter for usage of sources. Net is equal opportunity provider without caste.  Net requires motivation and motivated learning is much more fun..  New dimension and new responsibility for Library & Information Science Profession. Contd. .

 Integration of local and remote Library & Information services using web browser as a common user interface.  IP enabling for accessing information databases.  Internet is forcing libraries to move from ¶Owning· models to ¶Access· models.  Facilitates keeping abreast of rapidly changing data. Easy way to get access to Government produced information. .

Internet Access Vs CD-ROM Access Criteria Currency Internet Access Generally more current CD-ROM Access Depends on update frequency Retrieval Ease of Access Depends on many factors Better search capabilities Slow access affects web databases Less maintenance Independent CD-ROM networks should be immune More especially when networked Run on particular platform Maintenance Platform dependency .

Internet: Some Interesting Statistics ‡ Over 350 million users today ‡ Will cross a billion mark by 2005 ‡ 150 million likely to get connected in 2000 ‡ Eastern and southern European prefer Wireless Web Access on cell phones and palmtops ‡ UN¶s Human Development reveals that 88% of World¶s Internet users are in wealthy and developed nation ‡ Adult sites were a $1 billion industry in 1998 ‡ Teens >25% visit X-rated sites ‡ 51% of American classrooms have net connection .

642.217.961 02/1986 2.174 07/1988 33.739.000 36.852.000 16.000 1.000 890.000 10/1988 56.024 10/1985 1.212.000 376.000 9.000 43.000 3.000 1.000 10/1989 159.670.Internet Domain Survey-Number of Internet Hosts DATE HOSTS DATE 10/1990 01/1991 07/1991 10/1991 01/1992 04/1992 07/1992 10/1992 01/1993 04/1993 07/1993 10/1993 01/1994 HOSTS 313.000 4.000 1.136.000 535.486.000 DATE 07/1994 10/1994 01/1995 07/1995 01/1996 07/1996 01/1997 07/1997 01/1998 07/1998 01/1999 07/1999 01/2000 HOSTS 3.000 01/1989 80.540.000 727.089 12/1987 28.000 2.000 07/1989 130.000 19.000 2.776.000 72.146.000 .000 992.000 12.000 617.092 08/1981 213 05/1982 235 08/1983 562 10/1984 1.056.000 1.881.000 29.398.472.230.864.000 56.218.313.308 11/1986 5.000 6.

What Users Do on the Internet Activity Email General information Surfing Reading Hobbies Product information Travel information Work/Business Entertainment/Games Buying Stock quotes Job search Chat rooms Homework Auctions Banking Trading stocks Internet users (percent) 90% 77 69 67 63 62 54% 46 36 36 27 26 24% 21 13 12 7 .

AOL Network* Microsoft sites* Yahoo sites* Lycos* Excite@Home* GO Network* About. 5.475 28. 3.230 49. 2.972 14.489 14. 6. 11. 8.256 14.309 48. 4.065 17.851 32.926 16.Top Web Sites (May 2000) Rank Web site Unique visitors (thousands) 59. 12.319 1. 7. 10.com sites* NBC Internet* Amazon* Time Warner Online* AltaVista Network* Ask Jeeves* . 9.751 23.183 13.

com Barnes & Noble. 6.Top Shopping Sites (May 2000) Rank Web site Unique visitors (thousands) 14.040 13.419 7.167 4. 2.528 5.com . 3. 8.768 1.com Webstakes. 7.com Priceline. 4.908 4.243 5.com BizRate. 10.042 12.046 11. 5.com AOL Shoppping Channel AmericanGreetings.com MyPoints. 9.922 4.com Blue Mountain eCards eBay. Amazon.

331 1.215 1. 4. 5. University of California.Top Education Sites (May 2000) Rank Web site Unique visitors (thousands) 1.455 1.550 1. 7.261 . 3.017 1. 6.168 1. 10. 9. 8.733 1. 2.098 1.135 1. Berkeley University of Michigan University of Texas at Austin Massachusetts Institute of Technology Harvard University University of Tennessee University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Cornell University University of Virginia University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 1.

683 1. 3. 7. Department of Education U. 10.Top Government Sites (May 2000) Rank Web site Unique visitors (thousands) 1.148 1. Navy U.945 1. Army Library of Congress National Park Service U.694 1. 2. 5. 8.S.344 1. 6.S.192 1. NASA State of California National Institutes of Health National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration U. Geological Survey .061 947 936 1.S.S. 9.808 1. 4.

Media Content: Internet .

Listservs and Discussion Groups Subject Databases Community Information Government Resources Bulletin Boards Information & Services at Remote sites Library Catalogues Commercial Resources Document Delivery Shopping and other Commercial transactions .

Why? ‡ Facilitate and promote library use ‡ Basic information about library and its services ‡ On-line access to local sources ‡ Gateway to networked information sources ‡ Integrate Push-based services .Library Websites .

Cataloguing & Classification Push-based services .Uses of Internet Access in Libraries Basic Library & Information Services Networked CD-ROM Databases Links to remote information Interactive homepages ILL & Document Delivery Library Website: Applications OPAC Document Acquisition Indexing.

Library Website Development ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Design Authoring & Testing Launch Maintenance .

A case study of ICAST.Library Website . NAL .

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Listservs & Discussion Group ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Variety of topics Exchange current information Conduct a dialogue Particular interest to information managers .

Subject Databases ‡ ‡ ‡ Especially from R&D/Academic institutions Number is increasing Ex: India University¶s Biology files .

Community Information ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Usually through public libraries Catalogue of local public libraries Tour of art gallery Tourist Information Weather bulletins .

Government Resources ‡ ‡ ‡ National and local governments Legal information Government institutions ‡ Ex: NIC¶s site .

Library Catalogues ‡ ‡ ‡ Increased number of catalogues on net Usually large university libraries and public libraries Few Indian too .

Shopping & Other Commercial Transactions ‡ ‡ Shopping Malls On-line Book Shop ‡ Amezon ‡ Music. etc. . CDs. toys. gifts.

other agencies OCLC. BLDSC ISI.Document Delivery ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Libraries. NTIS UMI. AIAA. . National Translation Centre Derwent. Publishers. etc.

Video (AVI.Basic Library Information & Services Applications ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Library hours Contact persons Policy/Plan Documents Quality Manuals Calenders Direct e-mail link for sources ‡ Databases ‡ Contents pages Access ‡ Browse & Select Content Format ‡ Text (HTML. MPEG) . Audio(WAV). ASCII). Images (GIF. PDF. JPEG).

OVID .Networked CD-ROM Databases ‡ Platform independent access to windows application on the net Ex: Citrix¶s Metaframe using ICA ‡ ‡ List of networked databases and access using browsers Trend is towards hard disc hosting Ex: ERL.

Bibliographic ‡ ‡ ‡ Internet Public Library Links to other library catalogues Links to frequently used bookmark files .Links to Remote Information ‡ ‡ ‡ Connection to resources around the world Links to Internet sites of relevance to its users Links to commercial databases Full text.

OPAC ‡ Non . Free WAIS. ‡ Web .enabled databases .web enabled OPACs ‡ Telnet access ‡ Export OPAC records into text files. index using webenabled softwares like MG.

Cataloguing & Classification ‡ ‡ ‡ Contents of book request form .Catalogue data Remote access to catalogues data Access to thesauri and controlled vocabularies .Indexing.

etc) Links to books databases Book sellers sites Journals Distributors Online shops (Amazon) Book request forms .Document Acquisitions ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Links to publishers catalogues (books. journals.

Push-based Services ‡ Current Awareness Service ‡ List of Applications ‡ Hosting on web ‡ E-mail delivery ‡ Profile based alert services ‡ SDI ‡ Table of Contents ‡ Web Alert Service ‡ Web hosting ‡ E-mail delivery .

ILL & Document Delivery ‡ Public access catalogues of other library ‡ In-built request forms ‡ Document Delivery .

Interactive homepages ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Fill-in form for services & feedback Reservation of library material Circulation Inter Library Loan Reference question .

Design ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Content Content formats Audience Structuring & navigation Layout Site search (Tools like SWISH) Site map and site index Feedback & help .

Authoring & Testing ‡ HTML Editor ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Netscape Navigator & Composer Microsoft Front Page Dreamweaver Template .based design for large sites .

Launch ‡ Quality Testing ‡ ‡ usability. consistency. compatibility Publicity ‡ ‡ Site registration Links by other sites . accuracy.

Maintenance ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Updating Analysis of Link updation Back ups. trouble shooting Periodic testing .