Sampling errors

‡ Error is defined as ³ an act, assertion, or belief that unintentionally deviates from what is correct, right, or true´. ‡ The absolute value of the difference between an unbiased point estimate and the corresponding population parameter is known as a sampling error.

.‡ It arises because the data is collected from a part. rather than the whole of the population. ‡ Sampling errors can be reduced but cannot be eliminated.

‡ Non sampling error: also known as systematic errors ± Occur due to the nature of study design ± It includes non observational error and measurement error.Types of errors ‡ Random sampling error: difference between the sample results and the results of a census conducted by identical procedure. .

supervisor.‡ Non observational error occurs when the data cannot be collected from the sampling unit. ‡ Measurement error: because of interviewers. and even the data processing system .