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FAMILY PLANNING

Definition/Methods/Moral Aspects

THOMAS HERALD M. VERGARA IV- MAXWELL

FAMILY PLANNING
is an effective way of controlling fertility and enhancing a quality life through the proper spacing of every child.

FAMILY PLNNING
Proper Spacing of Every Child Controlling Fertility

Birth Spacing

Methods

BIRTH SPACING
refers to the time interval from one childs birth date until the next childs birth date.

BIRTH SPACING
researchers agree that 2 years to 3 years between births is usually best for the well being of the mother and her children.

BIRTH CONTROL METHOD


This is a way to control unwanted pregnancies. Many methods of family planning are available, so each couple should be able to find one that is right for them.

FACTORS TO CONSIDER
The methods should be free from harmful side EFFECTIVENESS effects both for the person EASE OF ADMINISTRATION using the method and for the sexual partner.

SAFETY

AVAILABILITY

FACTORS TO CONSIDER

It must be SAFETY effective in EFFECTIVENESS preventing an EASE OF ADMINISTRATION unwanted pregnancy.

AVAILABILITY

FACTORS TO CONSIDER If it is to be applied by SAFETY the person like the EFFECTIVENESS chemical or mechanical EASE OF ADMINISTRATION devices, it has to be AVAILABILITY simple and easy.

FACTORS TO CONSIDER

The SAFETY method should not only be EFFECTIVENESS EASE OF ADMINISTRATION cheap but readily AVAILABILITY available.

TYPES BIRTH CONTROL METHOD

Birth control methods work in different ways to prevent pregnancy.

TYPES BIRTH CONTROL METHOD

Some methods prevent sperm from meeting eggs.

TYPES BIRTH CONTROL METHOD

Others affect a womans hormones, altering her reproductive cycle.

TYPES BIRTH CONTROL METHOD

Others affect a womans hormones, altering her reproductive cycle.

TYPES BIRTH CONTROL METHOD Other birth control methods involve behaviors that alter sexual activity in ways that lessen the chance for pregnancy.

BARRIER METHOD
physically block sperm from entering the uterus to unite with an egg.

BARRIER METHOD
must be used with each act of sexual intercourse.

Condoms

MALE CONDOM

a thin sheath made of latex, polyurethane, or less commonly, animal membrane, that fits over an erect penis

Condoms

MALE CONDOM

Almost all men can use male condoms. Only those with a serious allergy to latex cannot use them.

Condoms

MALE CONDOM

Protects against both pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs ) including Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)/ Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

Condoms

MALE CONDOM

Easy to get, easy to use Inexpensive

Condoms

MALE CONDOM

It has no known side effects, although those people who are sensitive or allergic to latex should use polyurethane condoms.

Condoms

MALE CONDOM

Condoms

MALE CONDOM

With typical use, male condoms are 86 % effective in preventing pregnancy.

Female Condom

FEMALE CONDOM

A loose plastic sheath that is inserted into the vagina before sex.

Female Condom

FEMALE CONDOM

Helps protect against both pregnancy and STDs/ HIV/ AIDS

Female Condom

FEMALE CONDOM

More expensive than the male condom and may not be as easily available.

Female Condom

FEMALE CONDOM
Inner ring

Outer ring

Inner ring

Open end

Female Condom

FEMALE CONDOM

the female condom is 79 percent effective in preventing pregnancy.

DIAPHRAGM a shallow, molded cup of thin rubber with a flexible rim.

DIAPHRAGM

Squeeze plenty of spermicidal cream or jelly into diaphragm and around rim

Press the rim together and push the diaphragm into the vagina as far as it goes

DIAPHRAGM
After sex:
Leave the diaphragm in place for AT LEAST 6 hours but NO MORE THAN 24 hours

Touch the diaphragm to make sure it covers the cervix

DIAPHRAGM
With typical use, the diaphragm is about 80 percent effective in preventing pregnancy.

SPERMICIDE
are jellies, creams, foams, suppositories, tablets, or films that block the entrance to the cervix and contain a sperm-killing chemical.

SPERMICIDE
Tablets or suppositories

Insert before sex (up to 1 hour before) Insert deep into vagina using applicator or fingers Do not wash vagina for at least 6 hours after sex If possible, store in a cool, dry place

SPERMICIDE
With typical use, spermicides used alone are effective in preventing pregnancy about 74 percent of the time.

SPERMICIDE
Can irritate the penis or vagina Affect urination

Copper IUD

COPPER INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (IUD)

Small flexible plastic frame with copper sleeves and/or wire.

Copper IUD

COPPER INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (IUD)

Small flexible plastic frame with copper sleeves and/or wire.

Copper IUD

COPPER INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (IUD)

they interfere with the movement of sperm and egg, they decrease the ability of sperm to fertilize an egg, or, rarely, they prevent a fertilized egg from implanting in the lining of the uterus.

Copper IUD

COPPER INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (IUD)

No protection against STDs/ HIV/AIDS

Copper IUD

COPPER INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (IUD)

Possible side-effects
After insertion:
Some cramps for several days Some spotting for a few weeks

Other common side-effects:


Longer and heavier periods Bleeding or spotting between periods More cramps or pain during periods

May get less after a few months

Copper IUD

COPPER INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (IUD)

With typical use, the IUD is about 96 percent effective in preventing pregnancy.

The Pill

BIRTH CONTROL PILL

Contains both estrogen and progestogen hormones.

The Pill

BIRTH CONTROL PILL

Helps reduce menstrual bleeding and cramps

The Pill

BIRTH CONTROL PILL

No protection against STDs or HIV/AIDS

The Pill

BIRTH CONTROL PILL

Take one pill each day, by mouth

If you use the 28-pill pack: Once you have finished all the pills in the pack, start new pack on the 28-pill next day pack If you use the 21-pill pack: Once you have finished all the pills in the pack, wait 7 days before starting new pack

21-pill pack

The Pill

BIRTH CONTROL PILL

With typical use, the pill is 95 percent effective in preventing pregnancy.

Implants

NORPLANT IMPLANT

Contain progestogen but not estrogen hormones.

Implants

NORPLANT IMPLANT

Very effective with nothing to remember for up to 7 years.

Implants

NORPLANT IMPLANT

No protection against STDs or HIV/AIDS

Implants

NORPLANT IMPLANT

Very common: Light spotting or bleeding

Common: Irregular bleeding, no monthly bleeding

Implants

NORPLANT IMPLANT

Implants

NORPLANT IMPLANT

99.9 percent effective in preventing pregnancy.

Vasectomy

VASECTOMY

is performed in a doctors office or clinic using local anaesthesia.

Vasectomy

VASECTOMY

In this minor surgical procedure, each of the two vas deferens is cut and the ends are tied off to prevent sperm from reaching the penis.

Vasectomy

VASECTOMY

Tubes cut here

Vasectomy

VASECTOMY

100 percent effective in preventing pregnancy.

Female Sterilization

TUBAL STERILIZATION

is a more complicated surgical procedure performed under general or spinal anesthesia or local anesthesia with a sedative.

Female Sterilization

TUBAL STERILIZATION

In this procedure the fallopian tubes are cut and tied, blocked, or sealed to prevent eggs from descending from the ovaries to encounter sperm.

Female Sterilization

TUBAL STERILIZATION
Tubes blocked or cut here

Female Sterilization

TUBAL STERILIZATION

100 percent effective in preventing pregnancy.

NATURAL METHOD
Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM) The Cervical Mucus Method (CMM) Two-Day Method (TDM) Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Sympto-Thermal Method (STM) Standard Day Method

CERVICAL MUCUS METHOD (CMM)

THE RED BEAD is day 1 of cycle.

STANDARD DAYS METHOD


Each bead represents a day of your menstrual cycle

Every morning move the rubber ring to the next bead. Always move the ring in the direction of the arrow. WHITE BEAD DAYS are days when you CAN get pregnant. Use a condom or do NOT have sex on these days to prevent pregnancy.

On the first day of your period, move the rubber ring onto the red bead. Mark a calendar to help remember.

BROWN BEAD DAYS are days when pregnancy is unlikely. You can have sex on these days. No condom needed. When your next period starts, move the ring to the red bead again. Skip over any remaining beads.

POSTCOITAL DOUCHE
Plain water, vinegar, and a number of feminine hygiene

WITHRAWAL (COITUS INTERRUPTUS )

is the deliberate removal of the penis from the vagina before ejaculation so that sperm is not deposited in or near the vagina.

ABSTINENCE
Abstinence is the avoidan ce of any sexual activity that could cause pregnancy. Just say NO

B-Y-E
That is how you spell the word which means thats all and thank you for spending some time. h ERALD