Vedas one of the oldest Books

Vedas are among the oldest literatures of mankind. mankind. Several millennium years BC Vedas contain Science, Maths, Astronomy, Psychology, Religion, Poetry, Philosophy and many more. Vedas do not denigrade human beings as Heathens & Kafirs. It does not talk of Crusades, Jihads, Gazi etc. They talk of Universal Happiness, Love and Peace.

Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda

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Ancient Books of Vedic Knowledge
4 Vedas
y Rig

6 Vedangas
y Siksha (Phonetics) y Vyakarana (Grammer)

4 Upa Vedas
y Ayurveda (Charak Samhita)

4 Upangas
y Mimamsa (Jaimini)

y Yajur

y Chhandas (Metres)

y Dhanurveda (Vishwamitra)

y Nyaya (Rishi Gautam)

y Sama

y Niruktam y Gandharva Veda (Bharat (Etymology ± Muni) origin of words) y Jyotisham (AstronomyEye of Ved) y Stapathya Veda & Artha Shastra (Bhrugu Ved Vyas)

y Puranas (Ved Vyas)

y Atharva

y Dharma Shastras (Manu, Parashar, Yajnavalkya etc)
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y Kalpam (ceremonieslimbs of Ved) Noble Thoughts come from all Let
directions. Rig Veda

JYOTISHJYOTISH-SHASTRA
Jyotis-Sashtra Surya Bhagwan Taught Mayan Aryabhatta, Varahamihir, Bhaskaracharya

Sidhanta Skanda Vyakta Ganit Avyakta Ganit Sameekaran

Hora Skanda Horoscope 12 Zodiac Signs
Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda

Samhita Skanda Sagunas, Nimitta Scents
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Sulva Sidhanta and Modern Science are same 4. Rig Veda .0416 cm Circumference of earth .Vedic Physics Measurement of Length 8 Paramanu = 1 Trasarenu 8 Trasarenu = 1 Renu 8 Renu = 1 Balagna 8 Balagna = 1 Likhya 8 Likhya = 1 Yuka 8 Yuka = 1 Yava 8 Yava = 1 Angula 24 Angula = 1 Hasta 4 Hasta = 1 Danda 2000 Danda = 1 Krosha 4 Krosha = 1 Yojana 1 Danada = 1 Metre 1Angula = 1.02x107 Danda 4 X 107 Metre 4 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

Rig Veda 5 .Vedic Physics Measurement of Mass 10 16 32 48 Krishnala = 1 Maasha Maasha = 1 Suvarna Pala (Gold Pala) Maasha = 1 Raupya Pala (Silver Pala) Maasha = 1 Lauha Pala (Iron Pala) Many other Forms of Weight were also in usage Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

Rig Veda 6 .24o C 113 Pada Kakshya = Boiling Pt of water = 100o C 101 Kakshya = Boiling Pt of Mercury = 357o C 50 Linka = Boiling Point of Gold = 1062o C * The temp between Freezing Pt of Water and Melting Pt of Gold is divided into 50 Linkas Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.54o C = 21.885o C = 3.Vedic Physics Temperature (Linka) 1 Pralinka = 1 Padakakshya 4 Pada Kakshya = 1 Kakshya 6 Kakshya = 1 Linka = 0.

4 seconds 60 Vipalas =1 Pala = 24 seconds 60 Palas =1 Ghatika = 24 Minutes 60 Ghatikas =1 Divas = 1 day or 24 Hours 7 Divas = 1 Saptah = 1 week 15 Divas = 1 Paksha = 1 Fortnight 2 Paksha = 1 Maas = 1 Month 2 Maas = 1 Ritu = 1 Season 6 Maas = 1 Ayana (Uttarayan & Dakshinayan) 6 Ritu = 2 Ayanas = 12 Maas = 1 Varsha = 1 Year 12 Years = 1 Kumbha 60 Years = Sashtiyapta Purti 100 Years = 1 Shatabda 10 Shatabda = 1 Sahasrabda = 1 Millenium = 1.Vedic Physics Measurement of Time Vedic Units of Time (a) Smaller Units of Time TRUTI = 33. Rig Veda 7 .750th fraction of a second is the smallest unit of time 100 Truti =1 Tatpara 45 Tatpara =1 Nimesha 30 Nimesha =1 Prana = 4 secs 3 Nimesh =1 Vipala = 0.000 years Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

000. the smallest Unit of Time = 33. years. the largest Unit of Time 8 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda .1104 X 1014 Solar Years = 311.32 Million Years 1000 Maha Yug = 1 Kalpa = 4.000 years 864. Thus the Vedic Seers had thought of the smallest and the largest units of time namely.040.32 Billion Years = Morning of Brahma 2 Kalpa = 1 Day of Brahma = 2.64 Billion Years 360 Days of Brahma = 1 Year of Brahma = 3110.04 Trillion Years = 3.000.000. = 311.000 years 1296.000 years 1728.000 solar years.000. TRUTI .750th part of a Second Maha Kalpa or Brahma Ayu.000 solar years.4 Billion Years = 3.000 years 4.000 Maha Yug = 8.040.1104 Trillion Years 1 Maha Kalpa or Brahma Ayu = 100 Years of Brahma = 311.Vedic Physics Measurement of Time Vedic Units of Time (b) Higher Units of Time 432 Sahasrabda = 2 Yug =1 3 Yug =1 4 Yug =1 10 Yug =1 1 Kali Yug or Yug Dwapar Yug Treta Yug Satya Yug Maha Yug = = = = = 432.

Vedic Physics Measurement of Time Vedic Units of Time Other Fractions of time 2 Ghatkas = 1 Muhurta 60 Ghatikas = 30 Muhurtas 2.Krishna Paksha 12 Maas: Months Chaitra. Hemant. Vaishakh Shravan Bhadrapad Margasheersh Paush 6 Ritus Seasons Vasant. Sharad. Sishir Dakshinayan 2 Ayanas Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. = 48 Minutes = 1 Day = 1 Hour = 1 Month (Bright Half of Moon) (Dark Half of Moon) Jyeshtha Ashwin Maagh Ashaadh Kartik Falgun Gresshma. Rig Veda 9 . Uttarayan Varsha.5 Ghatikas = 1 Hora 2 Paksas = 1 Maas .Shukla Paksha .

536 miles per second West only in 17 century !! Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.202 Yojanas in half Nimesha = 186. Rig Veda 10 .Vedic Physics Speed of Light 1300 AD ±Sayanacharya PM of Vijayanagar Emperor Bukka I Speed of Light 2.

Rig Veda 11 . cosmology and meteorology. Sir William Jones (1746-1794) 1746Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. culture. included. music. we learn a practical art of surgery. ethics. religion.Quotes on Vedic Sciences From the Vedas (ancient Indian Scriptures). law. medicine. meteorology. house building under which mechanised art is included. science. They are encyclopedia of every aspect of life.

Rig Veda 12 . without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.Quotes on Indian Mathematics We owe a lot to Indians. made. Albert Einstein Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. who taught us how to count.

Laplace French Astronomer and Mathematician 1749.Vedic Mathematics ³It was India that gave us the ingenious method of expressing all numbers by means of ten symbols (Decimal System) System) « a profound and important idea which escaped the genius of Archimedes and Apollonius. two of the greatest men produced by antiquity. Rig Veda 13 .´ antiquity.1827 1749Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

Tatitreeya Samhita 7-2-20-1 7. Rig Veda .20in 100 BCE 1 10 100 103 105 107 109 1011 1013 1015 Ekam Dasham Shatam Sahasram Lakshaha Kotihi Ayutam Niyutam Kankaram Vivaram 1017 1019 1021 1023 1025 1027 1029 1031 1033 Parardhaha Nivaahaha Utsangaha Bahulam Naagbaalaha Titilambham Vyavasthaana Pragnaptihi Hetuheelam Karahuhu 14 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

Tatitreeya Samhita 7-2-20-1 7. Rig Veda 15 .20in 100 BCE 1035 1037 1039 1041 1043 1045 1047 1049 1051 1053 Hetvindreeyam Samaapta lambhaha Gananaagatihi Niravadyam Mudraabaalam Sarvabaalam Vishamagnagatihi Sarvagnaha Vibhtangamaa Tallaakshanam In Anuyogdwaar Sutra 100 BCE one numeral is raised as high as 10140 The highest prefix used for raising 10 to a power in Today¶s Maths is D for 1030 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

Rig Veda 16 .Mathematical Puzzles 1 Rupee = 100 Paise = 10 X 10 Paise = 1/10 Re X 1/10 Re = 1/100 Re = 1 Paise 1 Rupee = 100 Paise ¥1 Rupee = ¥100 Paise = 10 Paise 1 Rupee = 100 Paise ¼ Rupee = 100/4 = 25 Paise ¥1/4 Re = ½ Re = 5 Paise Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

But Ram guesses it. There are 3 other. . But one of them being weight. caps and places on their heads. All the coins weigh 10 grams them. weighing machine only once. They then sat flower. Using a balance only twice. Bharat and Laxman are standing one behind the other. Vasishtha brings 3 them. How? heads. There are also 3 liter and 7 liter can. and sat one on each flower. One of the bags contains coins with only 9 grams each. divide the milk into 5 liters. empty measuring jars. 5. one flower remained extra. 2 birds to a flower. Using a each. One bird did not find a flower. defective weighs a few grams less. black and 2 white caps in the room behind them. 4. Rig Veda 17 2.Mathematical Puzzles 1. flower. They flew beneath. how will you identify which bag contains the defective coins? There are 10 liters of milk in a can. How many birds and extra. each. liters. each. it. Without using any other vessel how will you jars. Some birds on a tree saw a few flowers in the pond beneath. color of the cap on their heads. 3. flowers were there? There are 9 balls of identical size and weight. you identify the defective ball? There are 10 bags with coins in them. Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Bharat and Laxman cannot guess the heads. Ram. how will less.

persons selling tea and snacks. for Lord Ganesh ji. did the priest pluck from the tree? At one cross-road junction.Mathematical Puzzles 6. "NO". 24 flowers from a the temple tree and offers 8 flowers to each of the deity while doing puja. . How many flowers ji. On a particular rainy day he could puja. the flowers became double. double. twice the amount and now he completed the puja at the shrine of Lord Shiva ji. flowers in a well once. how to find the right choice to reach Bangalore. What could be Bangalore. one road goes to Bangalore and the crossother road leads to Chennai. that question? Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. At the junction there are two Chennai. He therefore dipped the puja. left. performed the puja in Lord Vishnu ji¶s shrine. By asking just one question to any one person. They became double. To any question asked they will say lies. not find enough flowers to do the puja. dipped the remaining flowers in the holy water for the third time. puja in Ganesh ji¶s shrine with 8 flowers. Rig Veda 18 7. The temple priest generally plucks ji. dipped the remaining flowers in holy water. Lo there were no flowers left. one who always tells truth and the other always tells lies. Lord Vishnu ji and Lord Shiva ji. "YES" or "NO". A temple in a village has 3 shrines. He then did the once. The flowers once again became time.

3. There are 3 black and 2 white caps in the room behind them. But one of them being defective weighs a few grams less. The flowers once again became twice the amount and now he completed the puja at the shrine of Lord Shiva ji. 4. By asking just one question to any one person. 8. Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. One bird did not find a flower. One of the bags contains coins with only 9 grams each. Without using any other vessel how will you divide the milk into 5 liters. dipped the remaining flowers in holy water. Vasishtha brings 3 caps and places on their heads. 7. Bharat and Laxman are standing one behind the other. He then did the puja in Ganesh ji¶s shrine with 8 flowers. dipped the remaining flowers in the holy water for the third time. There are also 3 liter and 7 liter empty measuring jars. how will you identify which bag contains the defective coins? There are 10 liters of milk in a can. Lo there were no flowers left. Using a weighing machine only once. He therefore dipped the flowers in a well once. performed the puja in Lord Vishnu ji¶s shrine. the flowers became double. They then sat 2 birds to a flower. How many birds and flowers were there? There are 9 balls of identical size and weight. They became double. How? Some birds on a tree saw a few flowers in the pond beneath. how will you identify the defective ball? There are 10 bags with coins in them. They flew and sat one on each flower. one who always tells truth and the other always tells lies. Rig Veda 19 . What could be that question? Ram. 2. 6. Bharat and Laxman cannot guess the color of the cap on their heads. At crossthe junction there are two persons selling tea and snacks. one flower remained extra. But Ram guesses it. Lord Vishnu ji and Lord Shiva ji. one road goes to Bangalore and the other road leads to Chennai. A temple in a village has 3 shrines.Mathematical Puzzles 1. To any question asked they will say "YES" or "NO". How many flowers did the priest pluck from the tree? At one cross-road junction. how to find the right choice to reach Bangalore. On a particular rainy day he could not find enough flowers to do the puja. for Lord Ganesh ji. All the coins weigh 10 grams each. 5. Using a balance only twice. The temple priest generally plucks 24 flowers from a the temple tree and offers 8 flowers to each of the deity while doing puja.

Rig Veda 20 ‡ Case 3: . including all odd digits} Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.Multiplying by 5 ‡ Case 1: ‡ Case 2: All Even Digits Odd and Even Digits {last Digit is even} Odd and Even Digits {last Digit is odd.

Multiplying by 5 ± All Even Digits ‡ Step 1: ‡ Step 2: Divide by 2 Add a Zero ‡ Example: 5 x 4 ‡ Step 1: Divide 4 by 2 = ‡ Step 2: Add Zero = ‡ Example: 5 x 12 = 2 20 6/0 = 60 21 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda .

Multiplying by 5 ± All Even Digits ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Example: 5 X 2 4 6 Step 1: (Divide 246 by 2) =1 2 3 Step 2: (Add Zero) 0 Answer is 1230 ‡ Solve: ‡ 5X4820 ‡ 5X24824 ‡ 5X4800066 ‡ 5X6222480 22 ‡ Solve: ‡ 5X286 ‡ 5X464844 ‡ 5X20046824 ‡ 5X80640682 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda .

Rig Veda 23 .Multiplying by 5 ±Even and Odd Digits (Last Digit ± Even) ‡ Example: 5 X 2 3 6 ‡ Step 1 : Put a dot below all odd numbers ‡ Step 2 : Subtract one from all odd Digits to make them EVEN and write this Even Digit above the Odd Digit ‡ Step 3 : Carry Forward this one to the Digit on the Right of the Odd Digit ‡ Step 4 : Divide each Digit by 2 and Add Zero Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

Rig Veda 24 .... 6 9. 6 89. 4 write this Even Digit above the Odd Digit ‡ Step 2 : Subtract one from all odd Digits to make them EVEN and ‡ 2 23. 4 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.Multiplying by 5 ±Even and Odd Digits (Last Digit ± Even) ‡ Example: 5 X 2 3 6 9 4 ‡ Step 1 : Put a dot below all odd numbers ‡ 2 3..

Multiplying by 5 ±Even and Odd Digits (Last Digit ± Even) ‡ Step 3 : Carry Forward this one to the Digit on the Right of the Odd Digit ‡ ‡ Step 4 : ‡ 2 23. 16 89. 14 Divide each Digit by 2 and Add Zero 118470 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda Answer 25 .

Multiplying by 5 ±Even and Odd Digits (Last Digit ± Even) ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Solve 5X234 5X20304 5X2003004 5X4356778 5X12345678 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 26 .

Multiplying by 5 ±All Odd Digits ‡ Example : ‡ Step 1 : ‡ Step 2 : ‡ Step 3 : 357 Subtract one from all Odd Digits and make them Even Carry forward this one to the Digit on Right side Divide by 2 and add Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda ³5´ 27 .

Multiplying by 5 ±All Odd Digits ‡ Example : ‡ Step 1 : ‡ ‡ Step 2 : ‡ ‡ Step 3 : ‡ 357 Subtract one from all Odd Digits and make them Even 246 Carry forward this one to the Digit on Right side 2 14 16 Divide by 2 and add ³5´ 1785 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda Answer 28 .

Multiplying by 5 ±All Odd Digits ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Solve 5X 3579 5X 9753 5X 13079 5X 3055 77 5 X 999 777 555 5 X 303 507 7009 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 29 .

Multiplying by 5 ± Any Number ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Solve 5X 2358 5X 123056 5X 23456789 5X 123456789 5X 987654321 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 30 .

1st to explain Pythagoras Theorem) Theorem) Apastamba (600)  Katyayana (500)  Umaswati (150 B.E. 558) 505Brahmagupta (c. 550 C.MATHEMATICIAN TIME PERIOD Baudhayana (700 B.)  Aryabhata (476-c. 598-c. Rig Veda 31 . 505-c. 670) 598Govindaswami (c.C.C. 800-850) 800 Mahavira (Mahaviracharya) (850)  Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.E.E.) (476Varahamihira (c.

MATHEMATICIAN TIME PERIOD Pruthudakaswami (850)  Sridhara (900)  Manjula (930)  Aryabhata II (950)  Prashastidhara (958)  Halayudha (975)  Jayadeva (1000)  Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 32 .

MATHEMATICIAN TIME PERIOD Sripathi (1039)  Hemachandra Suri (b. 1185) (1114 Cangadeva (1205)  Madhava of Sangamagramma (c. Rig Veda 33 . 13401340-1425)  Narayama Pandit (1350)  Paramesvara (1360-1455) (1360 Nilakantha Somayaji (1455-1555) (1455 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. 1089)  Bhaskara (1114-c.

Rig Veda 34 . 1500-1560) 1500Narayana (c. 1660-1740) 1660Jaganath Pandit (1700)  Sankara Varman (1800)  Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.MATHEMATICIAN TIME PERIOD Sankara Variar (c. 1550-1621) 1550Putumana Somayaji (c. 1500-1575) 1500 Jyesthadeva (550)  Acyuta Pisarati (c.

Algebra. which simplifies multiplication. squaring. Trigonometry. Geometry. Solving of Equations. Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. complex numbers. divisibility. Calculus and in most branches of modern Maths. cubing. It is useful in Arithmetic.What is Vedic Mathematics? ‡ It is an ancient technique. Rig Veda 35 ‡ . Even recurring decimals and auxiliary fractions can be handled by Vedic mathematics. square and cube roots.

Who Brought Vedic Maths to limelight? ‡ The subject was revived largely due to the efforts of Jagadguru Swami Bharathikrishna Tirthaji of Govardhan Peeth. Varanasi (UP).H. Having researched the subject for years. Bunglow Road. Jagadguru Swami Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaj. even his efforts would have gone in vain but for the enterprise of some disciples who took down notes during his last days. Patna. in the 1960s. ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ These are now available in a book called ³VEDIC MATHEMATICS´ by H. Rig Veda 36 . That resulted in the book. or Chowk. Jawahar Nagar. Puri Jaganath (1884-1960). Publishers Motilal Banarasidass. Vedic Mathematics. or Ashok Raj Path. (Bihar) Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Delhi ±110 007.

Rs. Publishers: Motilal Banarasidass. Jawahar Nagar. Jagadguru Swami Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaj. 125/. or Chowk. Patna.To Purchase Book Vedic Mathematics ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ³VEDIC MATHEMATICS´ by H. Delhi ±110 007. (Bihar) ‡ ‡ Available in leading Book-shops in major cities in Bharat.H.Bound Volume Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 37 .Paper Back Rs. Varanasi (UP). 250/. or Ashok Raj Path. Bunglow Road.

each volume . 50/.To Purchase Book Vedic Mathematics ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rs. Rig Veda 38 ³Introduction to VEDIC MATHEMATICS´ Volume I and II by V. Bangurnagar. Dandeli (UK) 581 325.Seshachala Rao. Publishers: Dandeli Education Society.G. Unkalkar and S. Karnataka. Available in leading Book-shops in Bangalore.

Tavad Unikrut. 700. 900.Square of Numbers Yavd Unena. 40. 100. 1000 ‡ Case 2 : ‡ Numbers near the base 20. 200. Rig Veda 39 . 300. Vargam Cha Yojayet As much the Difference So much further Difference Square the Difference ‡ Case 1: ‡ Numbers near the Base 10. «. 30. 400. Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

1000 etc ‡ Example: 98 x 98 .02 = 96 ‡ Step 3: Square the Difference ie 02 x 02 = 04 ‡ Step 4: Answer is 96 04 40 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda .Square of Numbers Near the Base 100.02 ‡ Step 1: Difference from 100 is ‡ Step 2: So much Further Difference means subtract 02 from 98 which is 98 .

1000 etc ‡ Example: 96 x 96 .Square of Numbers Near the Base 100.04 ‡ Step 1: Difference from 100 is ‡ Step 2: So much Further Difference means subtract 04 from 96 which is 96 . Rig Veda .04 = 92 ‡ Step 3: Square the Difference ie 04 x 04 = 16 ‡ Step 4: Answer is 92 16 41 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

Square of Numbers Near the Base 100. 1000 etc ‡ Example: 103 X 103 ‡ Step 1: ‡ Step 2: Difference from 100 is + 03 So much Further Difference means ADD 03 to 103 which is 103 + 03 = 106 Square the Difference ie 03 x 03 = 09 Answer is 106 09 42 ‡ Step 3: ‡ Step 4: Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda .

1000 etc ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Solve 97 X 97 89 X 89 101 X 101 109 X 109 999 X 999 1005 X 1005 95 X 95 88 X 88 105 X 105 111 X 111 995 X 995 1012 X 1012 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.Square of Numbers Near the Base 100. Rig Veda 92 X 92 91 X 91 106 X 106 112 X 112 991 X 991 9999 X 9999 43 .

Square of Numbers Near the Base 20. 30. 70 etc ‡ Example: 22 X 22 ‡ Step 1: ‡ Step 2: Difference from 20 is +2 So much Further Difference means add 2 to 22 which is 22 + 2 = 24 Multiply by base 2 ie 24 x 2 = 48 Square the Difference ie 2x2 = 4 Answer is 48 / 4 = 484 44 ‡ Step 3: ‡ Step 4: ‡ Step 5: Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda .

30. 70 etc ‡ Example: 79 X 79 ‡ Step 1: ‡ Step 2: Difference from 80 is = 624 1 -1 So much Further Difference means Subtract 1 from 79 which is 79 ± 1 = 78 Multiply by base 8 ie 78 x 8 = 624 Square the Difference ie 1x1 = 1 Answer is 624 / 1 6241 45 ‡ Step 3: ‡ Step 4: ‡ Step 5: Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda .Square of Numbers Near the Base 20.

Square of Numbers
Near the Base 200, 300, 700 etc
‡ Example: 799 X 799 ‡ Step 1: ‡ Step 2: Difference from 800 is = 6384 01 - 01

So much Further Difference means Subtract 01 from 799 which is 799 ± 01 = 798 Multiply by base 8 ie 798 x 8 = 6384 Square the Difference ie 01 x 01 = 01 Answer is 6384 / 01 = 638,401
46

‡ Step 3: ‡ Step 4: ‡ Step 5:

Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda

Quotes on Mathematics
Bhaskara¶s (1120 A.D.)
Cakravaal method is beyond all praise; praise; it is certainly the finest thing achieved in the theory of numbers before Lagrange. Lagrange.

Hankel, Germany
Are the countrymen of Bhaskara and Sankaracharya inferior to those of Newton and Darwin?

Sister Nivedita
Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 47

Quotes on Mathematics
"... the world owes most to India in the realm of mathematics, which was developed to a stage more advanced than that reached by any other nation of antiquity. The success of antiquity. Indian mathematics was mainly due to the fact that Indians had a clear conception of the abstract number (Algebra) as distinct from the numerical quantity of objects or spatial extension. extension."

The Wonder That was India Australian Indologist A.L. Basham
Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 48

Burke Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda (A German Historian of Maths)49 . generalities.Quotes on Mathematics The Theorem of Pythogorus was known to the ancient Indian mathematicians in all its generalities. world. The much travelled Pythogorus probably got this theorem from India and publicised it all over the world.

Rig Veda 50 .To Multiply by 11 ‡ Clue: Add adjacent numbers write the the first and last digit as they are Add two adjacent digits from the right and fill the gaps Carry forward 1 if need be to the left ‡ Step 1: ‡ Step 2: ‡ Step 3: Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

To Multiply by 11 ± No Carry Forward ‡ Example: 11 X 24 ‡ Step 1: write the the first and last digits as they are ‡ ‡ Step 2: 2 N 4 Add two adjacent digits from the right and fill the gaps 2 6 4 (2 + 4 = 6) ‡ Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 51 .

Rig Veda 52 .To Multiply by 11 ‡ Example: 11 X 17 ‡ Step 1: write the the first and last digits as they are ‡ ‡ Step 2: 1 N 7 Add two adjacent digits from the right and fill the gaps 1 8 7 (1 + 7 = 8) ‡ Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

To Multiply by 11 ‡Solve any five: ‡11 11 X ‡11 X ‡11 X ‡11 X X 22 27 44 62 81 11 11 X 11 X 11 X 11 X X 33 36 54 72 71 53 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda .

Hence Carry forward ‡ Step 1: write the the first and last digits as they are ‡ ‡ Step 2: Add 3 N 8 two adjacent digits from the right and fill the gaps 4 1 8 (3 + 8 = 11) ‡ Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 54 .To Multiply by 11 ± Carry Forward ‡ Example:11 X 38 ‡ Here 3 + 8 = 11.

To Multiply by 11 ± Carry Forward ‡Solve any five: 11 X 29 11 X 39 11 X 48 11 X 68 ‡11 X 99 11 X 88 ‡11 X 76 11 X 67 ‡11 X 85 11 X 58 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 55 .

Rig Veda 56 .To Multiply by 11 ± 3 or more Digits ‡ Example: 11 X 2 3 4 ‡ Step 1: write the the first and last digits as they are ‡ 2 N M 4 Add two adjacent digits from the right and fill the gaps ‡ Step 2: ‡ 2 5 7 4 (2 + 3 & 3 + 4) Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

Rig Veda 57 .To Multiply by 11 ± 3 or more Digits ‡ Example: 11 X 2 6 2 3 4 ‡ Step 1: write the the first and last digits as they are ‡ 2 N M P Q 4 Add two adjacent digits from the right and fill the gaps ‡ Step 2: ‡ 2 8 8 5 7 4 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

To Multiply by 11 ± 3 or more Digits with Carry Forward ‡ Example: 11 X 2 8 1 9 4 ‡ Step 1: write the the first and last digits as they are ‡ 2 N M P Q 4 Add two adjacent digits from the right and fill the gaps Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 58 ‡ Step 2: ‡ 3 1 0 1 3 4 .

To Multiply by 11 ± Carry Forward ‡ Solve any five: ‡ 11 ‡ 11 ‡ 11 ‡ 11 ‡ 11 X X X X X 2709 45318 8272 72635 987654 11 11 11 11 11 X X X X X 3509 62815 9292 1234567 9080706 59 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda .

Rig Veda 60 . Sankracharya Sri Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaja rediscovered Vedic Mathematics between 1911 and 1918. The Vedic system methods are not only simple and comprehensible but inspiring to interested students. Vedic Mathematics has formulae and techniques for almost every field of Mathematics. subLet Noble Thoughts come from all directions.Vedic Mathematics Vedic Mathematics is an ancient system of mathematics originated in India. The entire Vedic Mathematics system consists of hundreds of tricks that students can use throughout their educational career. They are further divided into 16 sutras and 14 sub-sutras. This knowledge was passed down by oral tradition until writing was invented. With the Vedic system one can solve difficult problems and huge sums immediately. In fact.

Sutras Ekadhikena Purvena Nikhilam Navata scaramam Darsatah Urdhva Tiryagbhyam Paravartya Yojayet Sunyam Samyasamucchaye Anurupye Sunyamanyat SankalanaSankalana-vyavkalanabhyam Puranpuranabhyam ChalanaChalana-Kalanabhyam Yavdunam Vyastisamastih Sesanyankena Charmena Sopantyadyaym Uantyam Ekanyunena Purvena Gunitasamuchachayah Let Noble Thoughts come from all Gunaksamuchchayah directions. 13. 4. 10. 7. 2. 9. 5. 6. 14. 8. 12. Rig Veda 61 . 16. 15. 3. 11.16 1.

9.SubSub-Sutras 1. 7. 11. 14. 13. 8. 10. 5. 6. Rig Veda 62 . Anurupyena Sisyate Sesasamjnah Adyamadyenantyamantyena Kevalaih Saptakam Gunyat Vestanam Yavdunam Tavdunam Yavdunam Tavdunam Varganchya Yojayet Antyayordasakepi Antyayoreva Samuchchyagunitah Lopanasthapanabhyam Vilokanam Gunitsamuchchayah Samuchchayagunitah Dhvajanka Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. 12. 2. 4. 3.

General Multiplication ‡ Sutra is ´URDHVA TIRYAKµ Vertical and Cross-wise ‡ General Multiplication of 2 digits. Rig Veda 63 . more digits Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. 3 digits.

Rig Veda .multiply 1X3 + 1X2 ie 3 + 2 = 5 ‡ Hundred Place: ‡ Hence answer is ± (Vertically multiply 1 and 1 which both are in tens place) 1 5 6 64 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.General Multiplication of 2 digits ‡ 1 2 ‡X 1 3 ‡ X 6 5 1 ± (vertically multiplying 2 and 3 ± both are units) ‡ Answer: Unit Place : ‡ Tens place: ± Cross.

Rig Veda 65 .General Multiplication of 2 digits ‡ Solve any Five: ‡ 12 X 13 ‡ 14 X 23 ‡ 26 X 51 ‡ 27 X 52 22 X 13 45 X 45 34 X 43 35 X 45 22 x 23 17 X 11 16 X 41 24 X 42 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

General Multiplication of 3 digits ‡ 1 2 1 ‡ X 1 3 2 ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ± X *X Answer: Unit Place : Tens place: ± 2 7 9 5 1 15.multiply 1X3 + 2X2 ie 3 + 4 = 7 Hundred Place: ± (Vertically & Cross multiply 1X2 + 1X1 + 2X3 Thousand Place: ± (Cross multiply 1X3 + 1X2 Ten Thousand Place: ± (Vertically multiply 1X1 The Answer is: Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.972 (vertically multiplying 1 and 2 ± both are units) Cross. Rig Veda 66 .

1 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. 9 _ _ _ _ 4. 2 6 8 ‡ Pl note that all big digits like can be transformed into small digits when subtracted from 10 to 6. 3. 7.32 = 2 6.3 4 ± 1 = _ 2 0 1 x 1 3 2 X *X Answer: Unit Place : (vertically multiplying 1 and 2 ± both are units) Tens place: Hundred Place: Thousand Place: Ten Thousand Place: 3 6 ‡ 2 6 3 0 0 2 . 2.2 _ . Rig Veda 67 .General Multiplication of 3 digits ‡ 1 9 9 ‡ X 1 3 2 ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ± this is same as ___ . 8.

Moon. Rig Veda 68 .C. ³Calendars and Constellation´ Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. The Vedas contain an account of the dimensions of Earth. Galaxies.  Emmelin  in Plunret. Planets and Galaxies. Sun.Quotes on Astronomy  There were very advanced Hindu astronomers in 600 B.

. «.99 etc ‡ ‡ 9 is ‡ ‡ 19 is ‡ ‡ 99 is 10 ± 1 20 ± 1 100 ± 1 = = = _ 1 1 _ 2 1 _ 10 1 ‡ And so on«. 29.To Create Tables for 9. Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. 19. Rig Veda 69 .

Rig Veda 70 .1 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.To Create Tables for 9 X9 _ 1 1 1X9 2X9 3X9 4X9 5X9 6X9 7X9 8X9 9X9 10 X 9 0 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Here 9 is _ 11 09 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 09 18 27 36 45 54 63 72 81 90 10 .

To Create Tables for 19 X19 _ 2 1 1X19 2X19 8 3X19 4X19 5X19 5 6X19 4 7X19 3 8X19 2 9X19 1 10 X 19 1 9 3 7 6 9 11 13 15 17 0 Here 19 is _ 21 19 38 5 7 95 11 4 13 3 15 2 17 1 19 0 19 0 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 20-1 19 57 76 71 .

Complete this « Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.To Create Tables for 29 X29 _ 3 1 1X29 2X29 3X29 4X29 5X29 5 6X29 4 7X29 3 8X29 2 9X29 1 10 X 29 2 9 8 7 6 ? ? ? ? ? 0 Here 29 is _ 31 29 5? 8? 11? 14? 17? 20? 23? 26? 290 29 5 8 8 7 11 6 14 5 17 4 20 3 23 2 26 1 290 30-1 Pl. Rig Veda 72 .

To Create Tables for 29 Create Tables for 39 199 49 59 999 69 79 etc 89 99 109 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 73 .

3 x 7 = 21 Step 2: Multiply the previous by one more than itself. 5 x 5 = 25 Multiply the previous by one more than itself. 9 x (9 + 1) = 9 x 10 = 90 Put these numbers together. Rig Veda . 13 x (13 + 1) = 13 x 14= 182 Step 3: Put these numbers together.025 Example 2: 135 x 135 = ? Step 1: Multiply the last digits of the numbers.221 Let Noble Thoughts come from all 74 directions. Example 1: Step 1: Step 2: Step 3: 95 x 95 = ? Multiply the last digits of the numbers. 13 x (13 + 1) = 13 x 14= 182 Step 3: Put these numbers together. 18.225 Example 3: 133 x 137 = ? Step 1: Multiply the last digits of the numbers. 9. 5 x 5 = 25 Step 2: Multiply the previous by one more than itself. For example. This formula is commonly used in multiplication and division.Ekadhikena Purvena Ekadhikena Purvena means ³By One More Than the Previous One´. 18. use the Ekadhikena Purvena to square the number 135. The Ekadhikena Purvena can also be used to square certain numbers ending in 5 or where the sum of the ones digits is 10.

25) 18x ± 18 = 18x ± 18 18x ± 18 = 0 18x = 18 x = 1 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.25 (16x ± 3) + (2x ± 15) = (7x + 7) + (11x . I will show two examples of the Sunyam Samyasamucchaye. it is zero´. you can conclude that either side is equal to zero. (7x + 5) + (9x + 7) = (9x ± 5) + (7x +17) 16x + 12 = 16x + 12 According to the sutra. Under this sutra there are many formulae you can use in the branch of Algebra. Therefore 16x + 12 = 0 16x = -12 x = -3/4 Example 2: 16x ± 3 = 2x . Below. Example 1: 7x + 5 = 9x + 7 9x ± 5 7x +17 In this case. if both sides of the equation are equal. the numerator of the first part of the equation plus the numerator of the second part is equal to the denominator of the first part plus the denominator of the second part.15 7x + 7 11x .Sunyam Samyasamucchaye Sunyam Samyasamuchchaye means ³If the Samuccaye is the same. Rig Veda 75 .

By this method. 37 33 9 Step 3: Multiply diagonally and add. Example 1: 37 x 33 = ? Step 1: Write 33 under 37 37 33 Step 2: Multiply the left most column and write it below. 7 x 3 = 21 37 33 901 32_ Step 5: Add the two numbers you have left. next to 9 and put the tens digit below 9. 0. (3 x 3) + (3 x 7) = 9 + 21 = 30 Since 30 is a 2 digit number. Rig Veda 76 . 37 33 90 3 Step 4: Multiply the right most column and put the ones digit next to 0 and the tens digit below 0. 901 + 320 Let Noble Thoughts come from all 1221 directions.Urdhva Tiryagbhyam Urdhva Tiryagbhyam means ³Vertically and Crosswise´. This sutra is commonly used for the multiplication of two positive integers with any number of digits. you can multiply any two numbers that have the same number of digits. I keep the last digit.

but replace the coefficients of y with the coefficients of x. repeat the above steps. But start with 3 x 4. Step 3: Now cross multiply the coefficients of x and y.Paravartya Yojayet Paravartya Yojayet means ³Transpose and Apply´. not 2 x 5. 42 ± 40 = 2. Rig Veda 77 . x = 2/2 = 1 Step 4: To get y. With the Paravartya Yojayet you can solve for x and y instantly in your mind. 3 x 14 = 42 8 x 5 = 40 Step 2: Subtract these values. 3 x 4 = 12 2 x 5 = 10 12 ± 10 = 2. start by cross multiplying the y-coefficients with the constants. This is the denominator of x. y = (32 ± 28)/(12 ± 10) = 2 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Example 1: 2x + 3y = 8 4x + 5y = 14 Step 1: For the value of x. This sutra is mainly used in solving simultaneous simple equations. This is the numerator for the value x.

Here is how it works. 80 x 80 = 6400 Step 3: Subtract 32 from 6400. 60 x 60 = 3600 We are not at our answer yet. 6400 ± 9 = 6391 (Answer) Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. So while working along with my son. I could not find any simple method to multiple two numbers equidistant from a common base. Step 3. Rig Veda 78 . 56 + 4 = 60 60 ± 4 = 60 Step 2: Multiply 60 x 60 instead of 56 x 64. I discovered a very simple and easy method to do that. Subtract 42 from 3600.Multiplying Numbers Near a Base Once while working on Vedic Mathematics. Example 1: 56 x 64 = ? Step 1: Both 56 and 64 are near a common base 60. 42 or 4 x 4 = 16 3600 ± 16 = 3584 (Answer) Example 2: 77 x 83 = ? Step 1: Both 77 and 83 are near 80 Step 2: Multiply 80 x 80 instead of 77 x 83.

Step 2. Step 1. i.e.2) (square of 2) = 64 Number = 105 base = 100. If the number is less than the base. Put these in the formula above square of 8 = (8 . surplus = 5 square of 105 = (105 + 5) (square of 5) = 11025 of the number Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Find the nearest base from the number. deficiency = 2. 100. take the deficiency from the base. 10. Let¶s compute the square of a number. Rig Veda 79 . The meaning of this sloka is all from nine and last from ten. If the number is greater than the base take the surplus. The square of the number = (number -/+ deficiency / surplus) (square of deficiency/surplus) Examples : Number = 8 base = 10. Step 3.Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah This formula is used in special cases on multiplication.

03 14 + 4 --------------------------------------------884. Select a base close to the numbers. 899 -101 45 . 8 Multiplication by 11. Do cross subtraction/addition depending upon deficiency or surplus respectively. 111. In case of half base devide the the first part of the answer by 2. Then multiply the deficiencies or surpluses. 243 x 11 = 2 ( 2 + 4 ) ( 4 + 3 ) 3 = 2673 Dividing by 9 The first digit is the quotient and the sum of the two digits is the remainder.005 47 . 45x47. 25 / 9 = 2 remainder ( 2 + 5 ) = 2 remainder 7 51 / 9 = 5 remainder 6 Let¶s take three digit number. Rig Veda 80 . 111« Put the sum of the two digits in between those two digits to get the result. You are right it's hard without calculator. The sum first two digit is the quotient and the sum of the three digits is the remainder. 15 =>2115 16. 24 x 11 = 2 ( 2 + 4 ) 4 = 2 ( 6 ) 4 = 264 85 x 11 = 8 ( 8 + 5 ) 5 = 8 ( 13 ) 5 = 935 Let¶s take three digits number and multiply by 11.Multiplications of Numbers Near Base Let's do 899x995. Put the sum of the first two digits after first digit and sum of the last two digits before last digit. 259 / 9 = 27 remainder 16 = 28 remainder 7 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.05(base/2 50) 12 + 2 995 . Here is how it works. But using Vedic math you can do it on your finger tips. 12x14. 505 42.

« 12 respectively. 129 etc To Divide 1 by numbers ending in 9 like 1 divided by 19. (Add 1 to the previous term in the divisor). 29. 29. « 119 the factors shall be 3. The Vedic Solution is obtained by applying the Sutra (theorem) Ekadhikena Purvena which when translated means ³One more than the Previous´ ‡ Take for example 1 divided by 19. «. Some of these numbers like 19. In the divisor 19. Similarly when we have to divide by 29.Dividing by 19. «. the previous is 1 and the factor is obtained by adding 1 to it which is 2.4. 59 are prime numbers and so cannot be factorised and division becomes all the more difficult and runs into many pages in the present conventional method and the chances of making mistakes are many.1 Divided by 19. 39. Rig Veda 81 . Thus ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ 1 divided by 19 = 0. 39.0 3 4 4 8 2 7 5 8 6 2 0 6 8 9 6 5 5 1 7 2 4 1 3 7 9 3 1 (28 Digits) Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.0 5 2 6 3 1 5 7 8 9 4 7 3 6 8 4 2 1 (18 Digits) 1 divided by 29 = 0. 39. 29.. 29. After this divide 1 by the factor in a typical Vedic way and the answer is obtained in 1 step. 119 etc. --99 etc ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ 1st Example .

³one less´ ‡ 777 multiplied by 999 = 776. Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.223 ‡ * 776 is one less than multiplicand 777 223 is the compliment (PURAK) of 776 from 999) ‡ 120 35 79 multiplied by 999 99 99 = 120 35 78. Rig Veda 82 . 879 64 21 = ‡ 1234 5678 09 multiplied 9999 9999 99 1234 5678 08 8765 4321 91 ‡ Such multiplications come up in advanced astronomy.Multiplier-digits consist entirely of nines ‡ The Sutra : Ekanyunena Purvena.

Rig Veda 83 .Multiplier-digits consist entirely of nines ‡ Solve any Five ‡ 45 X 99 ‡ 123 X 999 ‡ 9876 X 9999 ‡ 97531 X 99999 54 X 99 234 X 999 9753 X 9999 24608 X 99999 99 X 99 999 X 999 8502 X 9999 10203 X 99999 ‡ 135 792 468 X 999 999 999 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

865 ‡ 97531 X999 99999 = 97530/999 02469 ‡ Special Case when number of 9 in the multiplier is LESS than those of multiplicand ‡ 1 35 X 99 = 134 {-1}/ 65 = 133 65 ‡ 13 579 X 999 = 13 578 {-13} / 421 = 13 565 421 ‡ 2 222 X999 = 2. Rig Veda 84 .Multiplier-digits consist entirely of nines ‡ Special Case when number of 9 in the multiplier is MORE than those of multiplicand ‡ 35 X 999 = 34/9 65 = 34 965 ‡ 135 X 99 999 = 134/99 865 = 13499. 221 {-2}/ 778 = 2 219 778 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

8x -32 +24x + 32 -------------------------12x + 16 Divide 7 x2 + 5x + 3 Divide 7 x2 + 5x + 3 Divide x3 + 7 x2 + 6x + 5 by by by x²1 x+1 x²2 x2 ² x ² 1 R=0 R = 15 R=5 R = 53 ´Transpose and Applyµ (x .Algebraic Divisions ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Sutra: Divide (X ² 2)/2 Paravartya Yojayet (12 x2 ² 8x ² 32) by 12x2 .2). Rig Veda 85 . factor is +2 Q = 7x + 12 Q = 7x ²2 Q = x2 + 9x + 24 Factors are x + 1 R = 5x + 7 Divide x4 ² x3+ x2 + 3x +5 by 2 + 0x + 2 Q=x Divide 6x4 + 13 x3 + 39 x2 + 37x + 45 Factors 2x + 9 by 2 + 25x + 143 Q=6x x2 ² 2x ² 9 R = 548x + 1332 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

Rig Veda 86 . Hence Q = 11 1 3 9 0 5 by 113 R = .Algebraic Divisions ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Division Divide x4 + x2 + 1 x4 + 0 x3 + x2 + 0x + 1 Q = x2 + x + 1 1234 by 112 by x2 ² x +1 (add 0 x3 & 0x) Factors are: x-1 R=0 Factors -1 ²2 Q = 11 R=2 Divide Divide 1 3 4 5 6 by 1123 Q = 12 The Reminder cannot be negative.20 R=1103 Divide Q = 1 24 R = -107 Q = 123 R = 6 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

‡ Draw another square inside it of Z dimension ‡ (A+B)2 = Z2 + 4x1/2 AB ‡ A2 + B2 + 2AB = Z2 + 2AB ‡ A2 + B2 = Z2 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.Shortest Proof of Pythagorus Theorem ‡ Take a square of length A+B. Rig Veda 87 . A+B.

‡ Iswar Chakravartty ‡ (Prof Emeritus. canada) ‡ chakravartty@trentu. But the shortest was given by ancient unknown Indian scholar in just two lines. Rig Veda 88 .ca Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.Quotes on Pythagoras Theorem ‡ There are over 400 different proofs for Pythogorus Theorem.

ca Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 89 . canada) chakravartty@trentu.Quotes on Vedic Sciences Two Line Proof of Pythogorus 2 = z2 + 4 x 1/2 xy (x+y) 2 + y2 + 2xy = z2 + 2 xy x 2 + y2 = z 2 x Iswar Chakravartty (Prof Emeritus.

Factorisations of Quadratics ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Sutras: Anurupyena ³Proportionately´ Adhyam-Adhyena. Antyam-antyena ³first by the first and the last by the last´ Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda 90 .

Rig Veda 91 .Verifying Correctness of answers ‡ A Sub-sutra of immense utility for the purpose of verifying the correctness of our answers in multiplications. divisions and factorisations: ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Gunita-Samuchhayah Samuchhaya-gunitah means ³The product of the sum of the coefficients in the factors is equal to the sum of the coefficients in the product´ Product of the Sc in the factors = Sc of the product ‡ ‡ ‡ (x+7) (x+9) (1+7) (1+9) Or (x+1) (x+2) (x+3) (1+1) (1+2) (1+3) Example = = = = (x2 + 16x + 63) (1 + 16 + 63) = 80 (x3 + 6X2 + 11x + 6) (1 + 6 + 11 + 6) = 24 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.

Eliminate z by putting z = 0. Hence the given expression Ez = 2x2 + 6y2 + 7xy = (x+2y) (2x+3y) Similarly. then Ey = 2x2 + 3z2 + 7zx = (x+3z) (2x+z) Hence E = (x+2y+3z) (2x+3y+z) Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. if y=0.Factorisations of Harder Quadratics ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Lopana-stapana-bhyam (alternate) Elimination and Retention´ It is very difficult to factorise the long quadratic (2x2 + 6y2 + 3z2 + 7xy + 11yz + 7zx) ³by But ³Lopana-Sthapana´ removes the difficulty. Rig Veda 92 .

Rig Veda 93 . = (2y+3) (y-4) E= (x+2y+3) (2x+y-4) * This ³Lopana-sthapana´ method (of alternate elimination and retention) will be found highly useful in HCF. Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. the Asymptotes etc.Factorisations of Harder Quadratics ‡ Factorise 2x2 + 2y2 + 5xy + 2x.5y ±12 = Ey = (x+3) (2x-4) and ‡ ‡ ‡ Ex Hence. the conjugate Hyperbola. in Solid Geometry and in Co-ordinate Geometry of the straight line. the Hyperbola.

Factorisations of Harder Quadratics Special Cases
Sunyam Samya samuccaye (when Samuccaya is the same, that Samuccaya is zero) Samuccaya is a technical term which has several meanings.

Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda

94

Factorisations of Harder Quadratics Special Cases
(when Samuccaya is the same, that Samuccaya is zero) Special Types of seeming Cubics (x- 3)3 + (x 9)3 (x= 2(x 6)3 current method is very lengthy, but Vedic method says, (x-3) + (x-9) = 2x 12 (x(xHence x = 6 (x-149)3 + (x-51)3 = 2(x-100)3 (x(x2(xHence 2x-200 =0 & 2x(x+a+b(x+a+b-c)3 + (x+b+c-a)3 (x+b+cHence = x = 100 2(x+b)3 x = -b

Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions. Rig Veda

95

Factorisations of Harder Quadratics Special Cases
Solve the following equation by both Vedic Maths and conventional methods

X  1 3  .

X  3 3 ! 2.

Rig Veda 96 .X  2 3 Vedic Maths Method Vedic Sutra is: Shunya Samya Samuccaya When we open the LHS and RHS without raising to the power of 3 we get LHS : X -1 + X-3 X= 2X .4 Hence LHS = RHS = Samuccaya = 2x-4 = 0 2xHence x=2 Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.4 RHS: 2 (X-2) (X= 2X .

Factorisations of Harder Quadratics Special Cases Solve .

X  1 3  .

X  3 3 ! 2.

X  2 3 Conventional Method by Opening the brackets LHS: .

X  1 3  .

= Hence = Hence = Let Noble Thoughts come from all directions.X  3 3 = RHS: 2 ( -6 ) = 2 -12 Hence the equation is 2 -12 = 2 -12 Hence . Which is the same as in Vedic Method Rig Veda 97 .

then Samuchaya is Zero. Rig Veda LHS: .3 + -9 98 . (Samuchaya is a special Technical Term and has different meanings at different places) When we open the LHS and RHS without raising to the power of Three we get LHS : X -1 + X-3 X= 2X .Factorisations of Harder Quadratics Special Cases Solve the following equation by both Vedic Maths and conventional methods +=2 Vedic Maths Method Vedic Sutra is: Shunya Samya Samuchaya Meaning: If Samuchaya is same.4 Hence LHS = RHS = Samuchaya = 2x-4 = 0 2xHence x=2 Let Noble Thoughts come Conventional Method by Opening the bracketsfrom all directions.4 RHS: 2 (X-2) (X= 2X .