-Swati Y Bhave -Sunil Saini


Publishers: SAGE publications India pvt. Ltd. B1/I-1 Mohan cooperative Industrial Area Mathura Road, New Delhi 110 044, India


She has also worked as a senior consultant and PG teacher at the Bombay Hospital institute of medical sciences. She has also written many books for the layman 3 .About the author: About the Author ‡ Swati Y Bhave: Visiting consultant. Indraprastha Apollo hospital New Delhi.She has been the president of Indian academy of pediatrics(IAP) in 2000 and presently holds the post of coordinator in the International Paedtriac Association(IPA). is an internationally known pediatrician and adolescent specialist. She is executive Director of an NGO-Association of adolescent and child care in India (AACCI).

4 . Swati Bhave. He has published about 40 research papers in national and international journals and has edited a book with Dr.‡ Sunil Saini: He is currently doing research work in the dept of Applied Psychology in Hisar. Haryana and has a lot of research experience on anger and anger related problems. He is currently Associate Executive Editor of the journal Indian psychologist.

and types ‡ Section two: Various Effects of Anger on People ‡ Section three: Dealing with anger 5 . Expressions.‡ Section one: Anger causes.

which dispose him or her to feel think and behave in a particular way ‡ There are 2 factors which contribute to anger internal and external factors 6 . but growing children must learn to modify their emotion expression.ANGER:CAUSES. day to life situations are filled with a lot of negative emotions leading to anger stress and depression ‡ Emotions are very complex in their origins and in their effects. Each emotions has inherently adaptive function. relatively stable and consistent pattern of personality. Emotions and emotional styles are the building blocks of person s unique. EXPRESSIONS AND TYPES ‡ In the chaotic world of today.

‡ The presence of a prior negative affect may intensify anger and lower the ability to control self 7 . unpleasant memories .Internal factors ‡ Include type of personality. lack of problem solving skills. effects of hormones anxiety depression hostility tension agitation problems of the nervous system etc.

Many negative emotions especially insecurity and fear can be transformed into the emotion of anger 8 . positive emotions lost their meanings . situational and environmental factors(traffic jams. social stress) ‡ In today s fast growing competitive and technologically advanced life. loud noise.External factors ‡ Include negative thoughts parental practices .terrorist activities around the world have threatened humanity and made everyone feel insecure all the time.

passion) and tamas(ignorance. This awareness is pleasurable and a human being feels desire cause distress because these desires have selfish motives and are fulfilled with the cost of other s discomfort or suffering ‡ According to Hindu mythology. inactivity) are three gunas that determine one s personality and behavior 9 . the root of anger arises only when there is an awareness of one s being i.Anger expression ‡ When does anger occur? ‡ Desire.e. I am . satwa (goodness. knowledge) rajas(activity.

.Cntd. ‡ Anger can be elicited by behaviors of self or others or specific events like given below: ‡ This happens when we don't get recognition or acceptance that we think we deserve ‡ Anger is also likely to occur when a person believes that his personal rights or codes have been violated ‡ People may become violent when they believe that they lose resources that they deserve 10 .

Model for a flight and fight situation Unpleasant situation(pain. discomfort) Negative effect Fight or flight 11 .

Anger inhibition ‡ Inhibition of anger is valuable to change bad habits. to reduce our attention to unwanted thoughts and behaviors or to deal with circumstances that are beyond our control. the individual has not directly dealt with the anger stimulus and consequently may relieve the experience for some time 12 . When anger is inhibited.

Anger expression ‡ Expression of anger or grief can decrease one s well being however. researchers are of the view that neither expression nor inhibition makes us better or worse ‡ It is seen that men more frequently perpetrate violence on women than vice-versa 13 .

Effects of anger External events Hostile reaction internal events effects Mind body changes acute chronic 14 .

In its healthy form. interpersonal relationships etc ‡ It is healthy human emotion. school in public place.Is anger a good emotion? ‡ Anger is a normal reaction and encountered in almost everyday life situations e. workplace. at home. anger provides a warning signal to the brain that something is wrong and supplies the body with energy in the form of adrenaline to correct the situation 15 .g.

Family structure and effect on anger ‡ Constant parental fights have adverse effects on children ‡ Parenting style and anger generation ‡ Child abuse and anger generation ‡ Poor emotional bondage in the family ‡ Poor anger management in parents 16 .

This leads to parental anger and perpetuates anger in adolescents ‡ Adolescents engage in a wide range of antisocial activities.Adolescent anger ‡ They desire to make their own decisions like adults but have not yet acquired the skills nor discipline necessary for effective and appropriate decision-making ‡ There are often continuous fights between parents and adolescents in the form of arguments. withdrawal on everyday issues ‡ Parental rules and values are challenged or broken. which are slowly displaced in angry outbursts to others 17 . These include stealing damaging other s property and setting fires ‡ When there is parental interference these people develop negative feelings towards parents.

Peer structure and anger ‡ Peers typically replace the family as the center of a young person s socializing and leisure activities ‡ Abusing dating relationship is the most frequent problem of adolescence ‡ Day by day increasing family conflicts. and other family strains have made a distance between parents and children and children rely more on peers for emotional support 18 . economic hardship.

e. hostility and aggression is the leading cause of physical.. diabetes eating disorders smoking etc ‡ Highly impulsive and sensation seeking youth do not consider the future outcome 19 . physiological and psychological problems among people of all ages ‡ This is one of the leading causes of today's youth problems ‡ This can lead to health problems like high blood pressure.Youth anger ‡ AHA syndrome i. anger.

Antisocial acts Wrong decisions Consumption of alcohol and drugs Road rage driving accidents Violence. aggression and murder Destroys interpersonal relationships ANGER Physical illness high blood pressure etc 20 .

the body goes instantly into a series of mind body reactions involving hormones nervous system and muscles ‡ This involves a release of a hormone called adrenaline.VARIOUS EFFECTS OF ANGER ON PEOPLE ‡ What happens when you get angry? ‡ When anger occurs . Adrenaline increases heart rate and raises the blood pressure ‡ This results in shortness of breadth flushing of skin muscle rigidity and tightening in jaw. stomach shoulder and hands 21 .

Anger and physical health ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Hypertension Cardiovascular heart disease Stroke or paralysis attack Lung disease and asthma Diabetes Cancer Arthritis Obesity Irritable bowel syndrome Headache 22 .

DEALING WITH ANGER ‡ Anger management tips for self improvement: ‡ Develop empathy ± Empathy is a hallmark of emotional maturity ± The ability to empathize with others helps in controlling anger ‡ Develop tolerance and patience ± Impatience is major reason why a person loses temper ‡ Music is very therapeutic in reducing anger 23 .

Anger management at workplace ‡ When you feel angry with someone. first find out whether the other person had a genuine mistake. don't simply assume that they want to trouble you ‡ Many times there are conflicts due to miscommunication .they can be better solved by calmly approaching to the situation ‡ Time management is of essence ‡ Accept criticism positively ‡ Sleep deficit and deprivation 24 .

Conclusion ‡ In today s world. problems of anger. rage aggression and violent outbursts have reached a critical point where they threaten the ethos of modern society and hence need to be effectively managed 25 .

26 . it provides us useful tips on mastering the art of anger management ‡ Its lucid narration and illustrations makes it interesting and effective ‡ It contains a lot of unnecessary explanations and lot of similar examples.My opinion about the book ‡ It s a good book.

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