JAIN TEMPLES

Introduction To Jain Temples   

India is bestowed with the blessings of the diverse religious faiths. Jainism is one of them, Jain Tirthankars - religious preachers spread the message of peace, non violence, love and enlightenment all over the world. The core of this great religion and its preaching is evident in the cave temples, in the studied molded stones and in the numerous illustrated manuscripts. It is this teaching that has attracted and moulded the sentiments of millions of people across the nation as well as the world. Thousands of devotees visit India from all over the world to seek blessing and also to marvel at the great Jain architectural splendor. Nestling across the Indian sub-continent, these Jain pilgrimage sites are the best destination options for tourists and pilgrims. Major Jain Temples

Chaumukha Temple       Chaumukha Temple is the most remarkable temple amongst all temples within the Jain Temple complex. It is dedicated to ADINATHA. where the idol of Lord Adinath is placed. Constructed during the reigning period of Rana Khumba in 15th century. The complex structure of the temple has four separate entrance doors to penetrate in the chambers. The term 'Chaumukha' means four-faced. . Lord Adinath (the first Jain 'Tirthankara') is the main presiding deity of Chaumukha Temple. These chambers lead to the main hall or 'Grabh-Griha'.

encircled by several smaller shrines and domes. at the main hall. . 24 pillared halls and. 80 domes standing on the support of nearly 800 columns. There are four gates to enter into the sanctum. to your surprise. Enter inside the temple.000 sq feet. While moving throughout different sections of the temple.       This temple has four face along with a basement of 48. you will see the image of Lord Adinath. you will find here:artistically adorned 4 subsidiary shrines. Sum total of 1444 columns in the entire temple complex.

 One Cannot find the end of tails . turrets capolas rises magistically from the slopes of hills.      Light Coloured marble has been used for the construction of this grand temple. shikharas.«  Numerous Tails««««««.. 1 beautiful carving made out of a single marbles rock where there: 108 heads of snakes«««. It occupies an area of approx 60X62 mtrs. Over 1444 marble pillars  Carved with exquisite details  Differently carved«««««  No Two pillars are the same  Impossible to count the pillars Statue Face one or the other statues. Distinctive domes.

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PLAN .

In addition to this. there are not "Gudha-mandapa" (closed hall) and "Trika-mandapa" (vestibule). there are more than 100 statues in total. ." its interior is "Garbagriha" (sanctum). the temple type is "Panchayatana" (five shrined type). making the total composition much more intricate. Abu. two in Mahadara-prasada). assembly hall) in front of four portals of the main shrine.³ In the type of Chaturumukha (four faced) shrine unlike the case of Mt. Each Ranga-mandapa connects with three storyed "Meghanada-mandapa" ( B. high hall) in front. All these shrines hold a statue of Tirthankara or Jina (four in Chaturmukha. its main statue is "Mulanayaka. A line of "Deva-kulika" (small shrine) along "Bhamati" (cloister) surround the whole complex.     Central Main Shrine is called "Mula-prasada. but four "Rangamandapas" ( A. there are two "Bhadra-prasada" east and west sides. Having four "Mahadara-prasada" (two faced shrine) diagonally in four directions of the main shrine.

hall or tabernacle with in. Contrast of the pointed spires with the ovoid domes and the fretted roofs each of the different character and height but each signifying the position of some chappel. yet all are well proportioned and uniformly disposed within the scheme.PRINCIPLES   The principal impression conveyed by this temple is the variety and multiplicity of its parts. .

The complexicity in design of the entire temple justifies the prolonged period of 65years was really worthy to be taken for such a grand construction. .   There is an inscription on pillar near the main shrine stating that in 1439 deepaka an architect constructed the temple at the direction of dharanka (devout worshipper of arhats). a devoted jain. Spellbound after observing the magical change of colour of the columns from golden to pale blue with the passage of every hour during the day.

Known for the fine marble work to carve the Jain tirthankar idols. Mahaveer Swami Temple . Pittalhar Temple.Dilwara Temple       The finest example of Jain temples in india. Luna Vasahi. These idols all over the temple are very exquisitely designed. Five Important Temples in dilwara are Vimal Vasahi. The temples were built during 11th to 13th century AD. Parshavanath Temple. a time when Jainism was very popular and was rising higher. which surpasses anything seen elsewhere. The hallmark of these Dilwara Temples is the crisp translucent shell-like treatment of marble.

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petals. The Gudh mandap is a simple hall once you step inside its heavily decorated doorway. and 'mandaps' or porticoes of the temple are simply amazing. a minister of Raja Bhimdeo. arches. Installed here is the idol of Adi Nath or Lord Rishabdev. The temple is dedicated to the 1st Jain Tirthankara (teacher or guide) Adi Nath. The richly carved corridors. On the pillars are carved female figurines playing musical instruments and 16 Vidhyadevis or the goddesses of knowledge each one holding her own symbol. The ceilings feature engraved designs of lotus-buds. flowers and scenes from Jain and Hindu mythology. The Rang mandap is a grand hall supported by 12 decorated pillars and nicely carved out arches with a breathtaking central dome. . which has numerous cells containing smaller idols of the Tiranthakaras. pillars. The Navchowki is a collection of nine rectangular ceilings. The temple stands in an open courtyard surrounded by a corridor.Vimal Vasahi Temple       This temple carved entirely out of white marble was built in 1021 AD by Vimal Shah. each one containing beautiful carvings of different designs supported on ornate pillars.

Vastupal and Tejpal . The temple built in memory of their late brother Luna was designed after the Vimal Vashi temple.Luna Vasahi Temple     The Luna Vashi temple is dedicated to the 22nd Tirthankara Shri Nemi Nathji. .both ministers of a local ruler. The main hall or Rang mandap features a central dome from which hangs a big ornamental pendent featuring elaborate carving. This magnificent temple was built in 1230 AD by two brothers .

A massive metal statue of Rishab Dev (Adinath). The Shrine consists of a main Garbhagraha. cast in five metals is installed in the temple. Gudh mandap and Navchowki. The main metal used in this statue is 'Pital' (brass). a minister of Sultan Begada of Ahmedabd.Pittalhar Temple    This temple was build by Bhima Shah. . hence the name 'Pittalhar'.

D. Vidhyadevis. . Shalabhanjikas and other decorative sculptures comparable to the ones in Khajuraho and Konark. the tallest of all the shrines at Dilwara. depicting Dikpals. dedicated to Lord Parshavnath was built by Mandlik and his family in 1458-59 A. It consists of a three storied building. On all the four faces of the sanctum on the ground floor are four big mandaps. The outer walls of the sanctum comprise of beautiful sculptures in gray sandstone. Yakshinis.Parshavanath Temple     This temple.

and dedicated to the 24th Jain Tirthankara.D.  There are pictures on the upper walls of the porch painted in 1764 A. by the artists of Sirohi.Mahaveer Swami Temple This is a small structure constructed in 1582 A.  .D. Lord Mahaveer.

ThAnK YoU«.!!! Presentation Made ByDeepika Goel .

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