EUTHANASIA

INTRODUCTION
The concept of death is changing in the light of new knowledge. It may be obtained by redefining life. Descriptions of life are organised at many different levels of complexity - molecular, cellular, organ, system, corporal, mental, spiritual etc. Human life may be described as the ability, actual or potential to respond to others, or to be self-aware. This is based on cerebral function. Silverman and others in 1969 have established this by extensive studies and confirmed it by encephalogram findings. Once cerebral death is confirmed, there is no chance for survival though heart and lung functions continue. So it would be quite unnecessary to continue supportive measures after cerebral death.

the precise definition of euthanasia is "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life.  According to the House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics. . to relieve intractable suffering.WHAT IS EUTHANASIA ?  Euthanasia refers to the practice of ending a life in a manner which relieves pain and suffering.

If death is not intended.(The key word here is "intentional".DEFINITION The intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit. it is not an act of euthanasia) .

CATEGORIZATION .

Voluntary Euthanasia Euthanasia conducted with the consent of the patient is termed voluntary euthanasia. the term assisted suicide is often used instead . When the patient brings about his or her own death with the assistance of a physician.

nonvoluntary Euthanasia Euthanasia conducted where the consent of the patient is unavailable is termed nonvoluntary euthanasia. . Example include child euthanasia.

.Involuntary Euthanasia Euthanasia conducted against the will of the patient is termed involuntary euthanasia.

non-voluntary and involuntary euthanasia can all be further divided into : Passive Active .Procedural decision Voluntary.

such as antibiotics. .Passive Euthanasia Passive euthanasia entails the withholding of common treatments. necessary for the continuance of life.

Active Euthanasia Active euthanasia entails the use of lethal substances or forces to kill and is the most controversial means. .

000 physicians came to the result that approximately 16% of physicians would ever consider halting lifesustaining therapy because the family demands it. it would depend on circumstances. This study also stated that approx. and the remaining 14% think it depends. 46% of physicians agree that physician-assisted suicide should be allowed in some cases. even if believed that it was premature. 41% do not. .Physician sentiment A survey in the United States of more than 10. Approximately 55% would not. and for the remaining 29%.

Belgium became the second country to legalize euthanasia in September in the same year.The first country to legalize euthanasia is Netherlands in April. . The US government has tried to challenge this law but so far has not been successful. Switzerland allows suicide assisted by doctors and those with medical training but euthanasia is not legal in the country. US state of Oregon enacted a law that allows physician assisted suicide in November 1994.

In which countries is legalasied? Euthanasia .

Govt has no plans to legalise Euthanasia Despite strong demands from different corners in favour of euthanasia. it slammed a full stop on future speculation. Minister of state for law and justice K Venkatapathy told RS. "Government is not considering to give legal status to euthanasia." . Significantly. saying that it would not consider any such application. Till date law has not permitted it and application for the same cannot be entertained. Union government on Monday said it had no plans to give legal status to what is popularly known as "mercy killing".

What are the advantages of Euthanasia? .

).Disadvantage Disadvantages may involve the "slippery slope" many ethicists feel may occur. Quality of life is not as significant a theme as is maintenance of a life. etc. directors of health maintenance organizations. thinking that voluntary euthanasia can devalue human life. Many religious groups feel this may eventually lead to such a widespread value system in society that elderly individuals may be pressured against their will to utilize this option by those with a vested interest ( beneficiaries of life insurance policies. .

Doctors should serve and care for their patients in love. is wrong and should not be done.Deliberate attempt to end or shorten life. . whether by omission or commission.Bring in the principle of love as the mainspring. 2. 3.Some practical steps 1.

.Some practical steps 3.Medical personnel and the people at large must be educated in moral and spiritual values. These should lead to sound legislation. It must take a stand against taking innocent lives.Our society should proclaim the way of righteousness and truth and provide compassionate care. 4.

Loving our God with all our heart.harmony and peace. Love is the foundation of ethics.Conclusion Views. are the two foundations for our ethical practice. which protect human life and spiritual values. even concepts of ethics are fast changing in the context or the progress of science and technology. . are gradually being pushed aside or getting eliminated. The traditional institutions in our society. Only a code of ethics based on sound principles can lead our society to lasting happiness. soul and mind and loving our neighbour as ourselves. ideas.

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