Environment

ENVIRONMENT

NAME-Shubhanshi Sharma CLASS-X-C ROLL NUMBER-994(39)

microorganisms. It is an environment that encompasses the interaction of all living species. rocks. Universal natural resources and physical phenomena that lack clear-cut boundaries. . soil. as well as energy.atmosph ere and natural phenomena that occur within their boundaries.[1] The concept of the natural environment can be distinguished by components: Complete ecological units that function as natural systems without massive human intervention. not originating from human activity. and magnetism. A geographical area is regarded as a natural environment. The natural environment is contrasted with the built environment. and climate. water. including all vegetation. radiation. such as air.electric charge. which comprises the areas and components that are strongly influenced by humans.‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ The natural environment encompasses all living and non-living things occurring naturally on Earth or some region thereof.

such as chlorine (elementary or in compounds). elementalmercury. carbon dioxide. Various industrial pollutants also may be present. nitrous oxide. The thin layer of gases that envelops the Earth is held in place by the planet's gravity. methane. and sulphur compounds such as sulphur dioxide [SO2]. 1% argon and other inert gases. Air also contains a variable amount of water vapor and suspensions of water droplets and icecrystals seen as clouds. and ozone.[15] among which are the greenhouse gases such as water vapor. including dust. pollen and spores. 21% oxygen.‡ ‡ The atmosphere of the Earth serves as a key factor in sustaining the planetary ecosystem. . such as carbon dioxide. The remaining gases are often referred to as trace gases. Dry air consists of 78% nitrogen. Many natural substances may be present in tiny amounts in an unfiltered air sample. Filtered air includes trace amounts of many other chemical compounds. and meteoroids. fluorine compounds.volcanic ash. sea spray.

and a probable expansion of subtropical deserts.[2] Warming of the climate system is unequivocal. and scientists are more than 90% certain most of it is caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities such asdeforestation and burning fossil fuels. In the last 100 years.8 °C (1.4 °F) with about two thirds of the increase occurring over just the last three decades.‡ ‡ Global warming refers to the rising average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans and its projected continuation.[ . An increase in global temperature will cause sea levels to rise and will change the amount and pattern of precipitation.[3][4][5][6] These findings are recognized by the national science academies of all the major industrialized countries. Earth's average surface temperature increased by about 0.

carbon dioxide (CO2). which causes 9± 26%.‡ ‡ The greenhouse effect is the process by which absorption and emission of infra red radiation by gases in the atmosphere warm a planet's lower atmosphere and surface. methane (CH4). . and ozone (O3). It was proposed by Joseph Fourier in 1824 and was first investigated quantitatively by Svante Arrhenius in 1896. which causes about 36±70% of the greenhouse effect.[45][C] The major greenhouse gases are water vapor. which causes 3±7%.[44] Naturally occurring amounts of greenhouse gases have a mean warming effect of about 33 °C (59 °F). which causes 4±9%.[46][47][48] Clouds also affect the radiation balance through cloud forcings similar to greenhouse gases.

Cynthia .Mrs.THANK YOU TO.

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