IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction

:
Reproduction is the production of new organisms. Reproduction is essential for the continuation and growth of a species. Reproduction can take place in two ways: 1. 2. Asexual Sexual

IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction: Asexual Reproduction:

This type of reproduction involves only one parent and no sex cells, or gametes.

IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction: Asexual Reproduction:Amoeba

IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction: Asexual Reproduction: Yeast

IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction: Asexual Reproduction:Bacteria

IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction: Asexual Reproduction: Fungi

IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction: Asexual Reproduction: Plants

Asexual reproduction in plants is widespread and is generally called Vegetative reproduction. It may involve the growth a development of one or more buds or parts of the stem (shoots) to form a new plant. Organs that contain stems or buds include Bulbs, tubers, runners.

IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction: Asexual Reproduction : Plants
Type of asexual reproduction Part of the plant
Formed from the tips of underground stems. Eyes of the potato are the buds (overwintering stage)

Example

Potato (Solanum tuberosum)

Formed from swollen shoot, stem very short and leaves swollen with food
(overwintering stage)

Onion (Allium) Daffodil (Narcissus)

IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction: Asexual Reproduction : Plants
Type of asexual reproduction Part of the Plant
Overground stem that roots when it comes in contact with soil. (not overwintering)

Description Strawberries (fragaria) Creeping buttercup
(ranunculus repens)

IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction: Artificial Propogation Type
Grafting

Diagram

Description
The stem from one plant is Grafted onto the rooting System of another plant: The Graft is bound a sealed to Prevent air entering the the Vascular system and allow growth

Cuttings

A young shoot is removed, dipped into rooting powder and planted in a pot with sufficient water and covered with polythene to prevent excess water loss.

IGCSE: Reproduction: Reproduction: Cuttings

IGCSE: Reproduction:
Advantages / Disadvantages asexual and sexual reproduction ‡ ‡ ‡ Advantages and disadvantages of Asexual and Sexual Reproduction Variation usually helps a species survive when the environment changes. Asexual reproduction does not require any specialized cells to produce a new plant. It can therefore produce many plants very quickly. This is an advantage in places where the environment doesn't change very much (bacteria). By building a large population of organisms very quickly the species is able to thrive. The great disadvantage is that when the environment changes, all of the organisms will die, if they do not have the ability to adapt to the change. Sexual reproduction has the advantage of providing lots of variation within a species, helping it to survive when the environment changes. The main disadvantage is that this process takes a lot of energy. This means that they can only produce small populations.

‡

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful