Agriculture Sustainability

A sensitization session towards Indian agriculture and agriculture sustainability

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Sustainability is related to the quality of life in a community -- whether the economic, social and environmental systems that make up the community are providing a healthy, productive, meaningful life for all community residents, present and future.

What is sustainable development ?

Environmental stewardship, y Farm profitability, and y prosperous farming communities
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Key success factor

Indian Agri Commodity production

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The total area is 3,287,590 km2. The agricultural sector in India accounts for 18.6% of the GDP and involves 60% of the total labour force. The monsoon is the predominant feature of India's climate and helps to divide the year into four seasons: rainy, the southwest monsoon, June±September; moist, the retreating monsoon, October±November; dry cool, the northeast monsoon, December±March; hot, April±May. The southwest monsoon brings from the Indian Ocean the moisture on which Indian agriculture relies.

India: Facts and Figures

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During the past five years the agricultural sector has witnessed a huge increase in the production and productivity of food grains, oilseeds, commercial crops, fruits, vegetables, poultry and dairy. India has emerged as the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world. In addition, it is also the largest overseas exporter of cashews and spices. Other agricultural products include: cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, poultry, and fish (FAOSTAT, 2005-06). The land use is divided as follows: arable land 49%, permanent crops 3%, other 47% (CIA,2007) .

India: Facts and Figures

Rice Wheat Cow Meat Maize

Which is the largest agri Cow Milk produce of the world 2007?

Top 10 Agri- Produce World Agri-

Top 10 Agri- Produce World AgriRank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Commodity Production (Int $1000) 144976500 130994000 114771400 96440380 85618380 72917380 47921000 44666580 42629460 41856900 Production (MT) 566850186 659590623 55491236 95235648 73402695 605994942 58961474 220532612 86574529 245079450

Cow milk, whole, fresh Rice, paddy Indigenous Cattle Meat Indigenous Pigmeat Indigenous Chicken Meat Wheat Hen eggs, in shell Soybeans Buffalo milk, whole, fresh Vegetables fresh nes

Rice

Which is the largest agri produce of India ? x

Wheat Cow Meat Maize Cow Milk Buffalo Milk

Top 10 Agri- Produce India Agri-

Top 10 Agri- Produce India AgriRank Commodity 1 Rice, paddy 2 Buffalo milk, whole, fresh 3 Cow milk, whole, fresh 4 Wheat 5 Sugar cane 6 Cotton lint 7 Vegetables fresh nes 8 Groundnuts, with shell 9 Chillies and peppers, dry 10 Production (Int $1000) 29968800 29575400 11406170 11242260 6833297 6531712 5463880 4205879 3564204 3287358 Production (MT) 144570000 59210000 42890000 75800000 355520000 4400000 29117400 9183000 1200000 13501000

Mangoes, mangosteens, guavas

Who is at and France in global milk 4 & 5 No y Germany production ? New Zealand y Denmark and
Pakistan and China y China and Pakistan y Pakistan and Denmark y Australia and China
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Top 10 Milk Producing Countries
Rank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Country India United States Germany Pakistan China Russia Brazil France New Zealand United Kingdom Production Mill MT/Y 114.4 79.3 39.4 35.2 32.5 28.5 26.2 24.2 17.3 13.9

Source, http://www.ifcnnetwork.org/media/bilder/inhalt/Output/Press-rele-cha

Topr production India 2008

Agri commodity Production

India : World Ranking:2008

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The agricultural products market consists of cereals, roots and tubers, sugar crops, sugars and sweeteners, oilseeds, fruit, vegetables, vegetable oil, tree nuts, beans and pulses, spices, coffee, tea and cocoa. It does not include forage products. In addition, products consumed at a subsistence level are not given a market value, although they are included in market volumes.

Agri Products market Definition

Indian Agriculture
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Agriculture Sector is changing the socio-economic environments of the population due to liberalization and globalization About 75% people are living in rural areas and are still dependent on Agriculture. About 43% of India¶s geographical area is used for agricultural activity Agriculture continues to play a major role in Indian Economy

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Provides about 65% of the livelihood y Accounts for 17.5% of GDP 2009 y Contributes 21% of Total Exports, and Supplies Raw materials to Industries y Growth Rate in production - 4%
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Land use
arable land: 48.83% permanent crops: 2.8% other: 48.37% (2005)

Indian Agriculture

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Deforestation; soil erosion; overgrazing; desertification; air pollution from industrial effluents and vehicle emissions; water pollution from raw sewage and runoff of agricultural pesticides; tap water is not potable throughout the country; huge and growing population is overstraining natural resources

Environmental issues

Agricultural Resources

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Total Geographical Area (TGA) 329 M.H Potential for Biological Production - 265 M.H Net Sown Area (NSA) 143 M.H Net Irrigated Area 56 M.H Area threatened by land degradation 50% of TGA Drought-prone Area - 190 M.H

Mile Stones in Agricultural Development
Green Revolution (1968) y Ever-Green Revolution (1996) y Blue Revolution (water, fish) y White Revolution (Milk) y Yellow Revolution (flower, edible) y Bio-Technology Revolution y ICT Revolution
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Revitalization of Cooperative Institutions y Improving Rural Credits y Research, Education & Extension y Human Resources Development y Trade & Export Promotion y Land Reforms y Enabling Environment for higher Agricultural Growth
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Development of Indian Agriculture : Basic Issues

Diversification of Agriculture y Inter-cropping The thrust areas: areas: y Micro Management y Water Management y Organic Farming y Agri-Clinics and Agri-business Centres y Bio-Technology
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National Agriculture Policy (2000) National Seeds policy (2002) Cooperative Policy Agricultural Price policy Agricultural Extension Framework (2001) y WTO/GATT agreement (1994)
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Efforts on Policies, schemes (~68) strategies and Frameworks

In addition to, various working groups, taskforces, mid-term appraisals and plan

(for further details www.agricoop.nic.in)

Biotechnology Pre & post harvesting technology Energy saving technology Environment protection technology Information and Communication technology y GIS & RS technology y Internet/Intranet Technology Technologies for Sustainable
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Agricultural Development

Agri Products India¶s Standing : A Snapshot
BEER

The following shows how much levels of processing vary for key segments in the food processing industry : y ‡ Fruit and vegetables (2.2 percent) y ‡ Milk and dairy (35 percent) y ‡ Meat (21 percent) y ‡ Poultry products (6 percent)
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Levels of Processing

Market Segmentation of Indian Agri Products value wise

Market Segmentation of Indian Agri Products value wise in South East Asia

Could India Become Food basket of the world ?
So what¶s the big Question ?

Socio Economic Environment and Demand for Processed Foods y Policy Issues in Food Processing y Traditional and Subsistence Farming, Market Linkages and Infrastructure y Institutional: Poor linkages between industry, Government and institutions y Credit and Finances
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Key Issues in development of Agro Processing Sector

Identify as much of SWOT factors as possible. y Select top 3 of those SWOT factors and prioritize them as 1,2 and 3. y Put them in to the wire frames confrontation matrix as shown and give them weights in Confrontation Matrix : A +5,+3 and +1 only columns wise.
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tool to identify Focus and Challenges

Confrontation Matrix
O1 S1 O2 O3 T1 T2 T3

S2 S3

W1 W2

W3

Confrontation Matrix
O1 S1 Focus Area O2 O3 T1 T2 T3

S2 S3

W1 W2 Challenge Area

W3